Articulates an imaginationist solution to the question of how purely instrumental music can be perceived by a listener as having emotional content. Both musicians and laypersons can perceive purely instrumental music without words or an associated story or program as expressing emotions such as happiness and sadness. But how? In this book, Saam Trivedi discusses and critiques the leading philosophical approaches to this question, including formalism, metaphorism, expression theories, arousalism, resemblance theories, and persona theories. Finding these to be inadequate, he advocates an “imaginationist” solution, by which absolute music is not really or literally sad but is only imagined to be so in a variety of ways. In particular, he argues that we as listeners animate the music ourselves, imaginatively projecting life and mental states onto it. Bolstering his argument with empirical data from studies in neuroscience, psychology, and cognitive science, Trivedi also addresses and explores larger philosophical questions such as the nature of emotions, metaphors, and imagination.
Author: Tobias Klauk
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Release Date: 2014-04-01
Genre: Literary Criticism
This volume includes 22 articles that provide an introduction to fundamental issues in the theory of fiction. It covers the most influential approaches used to demarcate the boundary between fictional and non-fictional media based on pragmatic, receptive, and contextual theories. The handbook explores core philosophical and psychological questions about the functions and the institutional history of fictionality since ancient times.
Author: Arthur P. Shimamura
Publisher: OUP USA
Release Date: 2012-01-02
What does it mean to have an "aesthetic" experience? In this book, philosophers, psychologists, and neuroscientists address the nature of aesthetic experiences from their own discipline's perspective. These scholars discuss whether a multidisciplinary approach, an aesthetic science, can help connect mind, brain, and aesthetics.
Wie viel Gefühl verträgt eine Gesellschaft, die nach Gerechtigkeit strebt? Nicht viel, könnte man meinen und auf die Gefahren politischer Instrumentalisierung von Ängsten und Ressentiments verweisen. Emotionen, so eine verbreitete Ansicht, setzen das Denken außer Kraft und sollten deshalb keine Rolle spielen. Martha C. Nussbaum hingegen behauptet: um der Gerechtigkeit politisch zur Geltung zu verhelfen, bedarf es nicht nur eines klaren Verstandes, sondern auch einer positiv-emotionalen Bindung der Bürgerinnen und Bürger an die gemeinsame Sache. Manche sprechen von Hingabe, Nussbaum nennt es Liebe. Sie zeigt, welche Ausdrucksformen diese und verwandte politische Emotionen annehmen können und wie sie sich kultivieren lassen.
Author: Mr. Bruce Adolphe
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2013-09-05
The Mind's Ear offers a unique approach to stimulating the musical imagination and inspiring creativity, as well as providing detailed exercises aimed at improving the ability to read and imagine music in silence, in the "mind's ear." Modeling his exercises on those used in theater games and acting classes, and drawing upon years of experience with improvisation and composition, Bruce Adolphe has written a compelling, valuable, and practical guide to musical creativity that can benefit music students at all levels and help music teachers be more effective and inspiring. The book also provides provocative ideas and useful tools for professional performers and composers, as well as offering games and exercises to serious listeners that can increase their musical understanding and level of engagement with music in a variety of ways.
Author: Warren A. Shibles
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 1995-09-30
Emotion in Aesthetics is the first book on aesthetics to provide an extensive theory of emotion; application of the cognitive-emotive theory to aesthetics; analysis of the relationship between aesthetics, metaphor and emotion; a full theory of meaning and its application to aesthetics; discussion of the relationship between aesthetics, music and language in terms of phonetics, phonology and intonation; an analysis of humanistic aesthetics; a well-developed naturalistic theory of ethics as applied to aesthetics and emotion. Stress is placed on the views of contemporary philosophers as well as some of the main historical accounts of emotion in aesthetics. The important recent work on emotion has not hitherto been applied to aesthetics. As a result there is still much confusion in aesthetics about aesthetic emotion and related concepts, such as the expression theory of emotion. The present book has been written to show how the theory can be used to clarify the issue, resulting in a major breakthrough in aesthetics. In addition, the theory presented is valuable in relating aesthetics to ethics and humanism.
Author: Dr Maria Semi
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Release Date: 2013-01-28
Music as a Science of Mankind offers a philosophical and historical perspective on the intellectual representation of music in British eighteenth-century culture. From the field of natural philosophy, involving the science of sounds and acoustics, to the realm of imagination, involving resounding music and art, the branches of modern culture that were involved in the intellectual tradition of the science of music proved to be variously appealing to men of letters. Among these, a particularly rich field of investigation was the British philosophy of the mind and of human understanding, developed between the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, which looked at music and found in its realm a way of understanding human experience. Focussing on the world of sensation – trying to describe how the human mind could develop ideas and emotions by its means – philosophers and physicians often took their cases from art's products, be it music (sounds), painting (colours) or poetry (words as signs of sound conveying a meaning), thus looking at art from a particular point of view: that of the perceiving mind. The relationship between music and the philosophies of mind is presented here as a significant part of the construction of a Science of Man: a huge and impressive 'project' involving both the study of man's nature, to which – in David Hume's words – 'all sciences have a relation', and the creation of an ideal of what Man should be. Maria Semi sheds light on how these reflections moved towards a Science of Music: a complex and articulated vision of the discipline that was later to be known as 'musicology'; or Musikwissenschaft.
Imagination allows individuals and groups to think beyond the here-and-now, to envisage alternatives, to create parallel worlds, and to mentally travel through time. Imagination is both extremely personal (for example, people imagine unique futures for themselves) and deeply social, as our imagination is fed with media and other shared representations. As a result, imagination occupies a central position within the life of mind and society. Expanding the boundaries of disciplinary approaches, the Handbook of Imagination and Culture expertly illustrates this core role of imagination in the development of children, adolescents, adults, and older persons today. Bringing together leading scholars in sociocultural psychology and neighboring disciplines from around the world, this edited volume guides readers towards a much deeper understanding of the conditions of imagining, its resources, its constraints, and the consequences it has on different groups of people in different domains of society. Summarily, this Handbook places imagination at the center, and offers readers new ways to examine old questions regarding the possibility of change, development, and innovation in modern society.
Author: Elisabeth Schellekens
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2011-10-13
The Aesthetic Mind breaks new ground in bringing together empirical sciences and philosophy to enhance our understanding of art and the aesthetic. An eminent international team of experts explores the roles of emotion, imagination, empathy, and beauty in this realm of human experience, discussing visual and literary art, music, and dance.
Author: Estelle Ruth Jorgensen
Publisher: Univ of Illinois Pr
Release Date: 1991
In Philosopher, Teacher, Musician, fifteen influential thinkers in aesthetics and arts education explore the intersection of the philosophy of music and music education. Several themes link the contributions, originally presented as the fall 1991 issue of the journal of Aesthetic Education. The first theme concerns epistemological issues related to the nature of the symbolic understandings and the distinct semantic and syntactic "language" of music. Second is the role of music in education and of education in music. A third theme centers on philosophical perspectives on music curricula and instruction. Last, contributors consider the nature and place of philosophy in music education and its contribution to research and practice. Taken as a whole, the essays point to a rich future in the philosophy of music and music education and provide a much-needed addition to the scholarly literature in this area.
Author: Roger Scruton
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 1999
Starting from the metaphysics of sound, Scruton distinguishes sound from tone, analyses rhythm, melody and harmony, looks at the various dimensions of musical meaning and offers principles for musical criticism. He ends with a theory of culture.
Author: Carl R. Plantinga
Release Date: 1999
Genre: Performing Arts
The movie theater has always been a place where people come together to share powerful emotional experiences, from the fear generated by horror films and the anxiety induced by thrillers to the laughter elicited by screwball comedies and the tears precipitated by melodramas. Indeed, the dependability of movies to provide such experiences lies at the center of the medium's appeal and power. Yet cinema's ability to influence, even manipulate, the emotions of the spectator is one of the least-explored topics in film theory today. In "Passionate Views," thirteen internationally recognized scholars of film studies, philosophy, and psychology explore the emotional appeal of the cinema. Employing a novel cognitive perspective, the volume investigates the relationship between genre and emotion; explores how film narrative, music, and cinematic techniques such as the close-up are used to elicit emotion; and examines the spectator's identification with and response to film characters. An impressive range of films and topics is brought together by Carl Plantinga and Greg M. Smith, including: the success of "Stella Dallas" and "An Affair to Remember" as tearjerkers; the power of "Night of the Living Dead" to inspire fear and disgust; the sublime evoked in "The Passion of Joan of Arc," "Aguirre, the Wrath of God," and "The Children of Paradise;" the emotional basis of film comedy as seen in "When Harry Met Sally;" the use of cinematic cues in "Raiders of the Lost Ark" and "Local Hero" to arouse emotions; the relationship between narrative flow and emotion in "Once Upon a Time in the West" and "E.T.;" the emotive use of music in "The Elephant Man" and "A Clockwork Orange;" "Stranger than Paradise"'s sense of timing; desire and resolution in "Casablanca"; audience identification with the main characters in "Groundhog Day" and "The Crying Game;" portrayal of perversity in "The Silence of the Lambs," "Flaming Creatures," and "Shivers;" and empathy elicited through closeups of actors' faces in "Yankee Doodle Dandy" and "Blade Runner." "Passionate Views" offers a new approach to our understanding of film and will be of interest to anyone fascinated by the emotional power of motion pictures and their relationship to the central concerns of our lives, as well as by the techniques filmmakers use to move an audience.