Imperial Meridian

Author: C. A. Bayly
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317870678
Release Date: 2016-09-16
Genre: History

In this impressive and ambitious survey Dr Bayly studies the rise, apogee and decline of what has come to be called `the Second British Empire' -- the great expansion of British dominion overseas (particularly in Asia and the Middle East) during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic era that, coming between the loss of America and the subsequent partition of Africa, constitutes the central phase of British imperial history.

Bengalen im Umbruch

Author: Michael Mann
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag
ISBN: 3515076034
Release Date: 2000
Genre: History

In der Mitte des 18. Jahrhunderts ging die bislang ausschlie�lich Handel treibende englische Ostindiengesellschaft in Bengalen schrittweise zur Territorialherrschaft ueber. Durch gezielte Destabilisierung des politischen Systems in Bengalen gelang es der Ostindiengesellschaft schlie�lich 1765, die gesamte Steuerhoheit und die zivile Gerichtsbarkeit des Landes an sich zu ziehen. Der Kolonialstaat in Bengalen, wie er sich schlie�lich 1793 pr�sentierte, war alles andere als ein stabiles Gebilde; viel eher ein fragiler administrativer �berbau. Nur eine ausgepr�gte Zusammenarbeit, vielschichtige Kooperation bis hin zur Kollaboration machte die Kolonialherrschaft ueberhaupt m�glich. Ganz wesentlich war jedoch die stabilisierende Wirkung des englischen Mutterlandes, das in Form seines Parlamentes und dessen verbrieften Rechten zur alleinigen Steuererhebung bald Einfluss auf alle finanziellen Belange der Ostindiengesellschaft ausuebte. Letztlich war es die seit 1767 einsetzende Ausweitung der parlamentarischen Kontrolle gegenueber dem Handelsunternehmen, was den Kolonialstaat in Bengalen zu Wege brachte. "Der Autor hat ein Werk vorgelegt, das in der Weite des Zugriffs nicht nur in der deutsch-, sondern auch in der englischsprachigen Literatur seinesgleichen sucht." Periplus.

India in the Shadows of Empire

Author: Mithi Mukherjee
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199088119
Release Date: 2009-11-25
Genre: History

This book explains the postcolonial Indian polity by presenting an alternative historical narrative of the British Empire in India and India's struggle for independence. It pursues this narrative along two major trajectories. On the one hand, it focuses on the role of imperial judicial institutions and practices in the making of both the British Empire and the anti-colonial movement under the Congress, with the lawyer as political leader. On the other hand, it offers a novel interpretation of Gandhi's non-violent resistance movement as being different from the Congress. It shows that the Gandhian movement, as the most powerful force largely responsible for India's independence, was anchored not in western discourses of political and legislative freedom but rather in Indic traditions of renunciative freedom, with the renouncer as leader. This volume offers a comprehensive and new reinterpretation of the Indian Constitution in the light of this historical narrative. The book contends that the British colonial idea of justice and the Gandhian ethos of resistance have been the two competing and conflicting driving forces that have determined the nature and evolution of the Indian polity after independence.

Die europ ische Expansion und ihre Feinde

Author: Benedikt Stuchtey
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 9783486713831
Release Date: 2010-01-01
Genre: History

Die koloniale Expansion Europas wurde seit ihren Anfängen von kritischen Stimmen begleitet, die als präzise Kolonialismustheorien zutage traten. Durch den Streit der Imperialismusgegner und -befürworter gewannen beide Seiten ein scharfes Profil. Benedikt Stuchtey untersucht die kommunikativen Kontexte der gelehrten Öffentlichkeiten der Kolonialmächte unter Einbeziehung des amerikanischen Imperialismus vom 18. bis ins 20. Jahrhundert. Kolonialismuskritik kann im Zusammenhang transnationaler Verflechtungen von der europäischen Aufklärungsphilosophie bis zur pluralisierten Massenkommunikationsgesellschaft des 20. Jahrhunderts nachvollzogen werden.

Die Geburt der modernen Welt

Author: Christopher A. Bayly
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 9783593404882
Release Date: 2008-08-11
Genre: History

Christopher Baylys weltumspannender Blick auf das Agieren der Staaten, die vielfältigen Ausprägungen von Gesellschaftsordnungen, Religionen und Lebensweisen zeigt auf verblüffende Weise, wie eng schon im 19. Jahrhundert die Entwicklung Europas mit dem Geschehen in den anderen Erdteilen verknüpft war. »Ein mutiger Wurf, der geeignet ist, eingefahrene Sichtweisen aufzubrechen.« Johannes Willms, Süddeutsche Zeitung »Dieses Werk schafft ein neues Geschichtsbild; wie viele Bücher können das schon von sich behaupten?« Frankfurter Rundschau Ausgezeichnet als "Historisches Buch des Jahres" der Zeitschrift DAMALS Ausgezeichnet von H-Soz-u-Kult als "Das Historische Buch 2007" in der Kategorie "Entangled History"

Builders of Empire

Author: Jessica L. Harland-Jacobs
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 9781469606651
Release Date: 2012-09-01
Genre: Social Science

They built some of the first communal structures on the empire's frontiers. The empire's most powerful proconsuls sought entrance into their lodges. Their public rituals drew dense crowds from Montreal to Madras. The Ancient Free and Accepted Masons were quintessential builders of empire, argues Jessica Harland-Jacobs. In this first study of the relationship between Freemasonry and British imperialism, Harland-Jacobs takes readers on a journey across two centuries and five continents, demonstrating that from the moment it left Britain's shores, Freemasonry proved central to the building and cohesion of the British Empire. The organization formally emerged in 1717 as a fraternity identified with the ideals of Enlightenment cosmopolitanism, such as universal brotherhood, sociability, tolerance, and benevolence. As Freemasonry spread to Europe, the Americas, Asia, Australasia, and Africa, the group's claims of cosmopolitan brotherhood were put to the test. Harland-Jacobs examines the brotherhood's role in diverse colonial settings and the impact of the empire on the brotherhood; in the process, she addresses issues of globalization, supranational identities, imperial power, fraternalism, and masculinity. By tracking an important, identifiable institution across the wide chronological and geographical expanse of the British Empire, Builders of Empire makes a significant contribution to transnational history as well as the history of the Freemasons and imperial Britain.

Erdbeeren und Piraten

Author: Julia Angster
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 9783647300375
Release Date: 2012-08-15
Genre: History

Die Royal Navy war im frühen 19. Jahrhundert auf allen Weltmeeren präsent. Sie war nicht nur ein Instrument der Seekriegsführung, sondern auch dafür zuständig, die Wildnis Tasmaniens in einen Garten zu verwandeln und den malaysischen Piraten die Landwirtschaft nahezubringen. Die Vermessung der Welt, die »Verbesserung« der Natur und die Eingriffe in die Rechtsvorstellungen und Lebensweisen anderer Kulturen waren Teil einer globalen maritimen Ordnungspolitik, die die Grundlage für Großbritanniens imperiale Weltmachtstellung im 19. Jahrhundert legte. Diese Form der Machtpolitik basierte vor allem auf der Aneignung und Anwendung von Wissen. Das Buch ist die erste deutschsprachige Studie zur Rolle der Royal Navy in der europäischen Übersee-Expansion des 18. und 19. Jahrhunderts.

Warrior Ascetics and Indian Empires

Author: William R. Pinch
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521851688
Release Date: 2006-03-17
Genre: History

This 2006 book is an innovative study of warrior asceticism in India from the 1500s to the present.

The Inner Life of Empires

Author: Emma Rothschild
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400838169
Release Date: 2011-05-09
Genre: History

They were abolitionists, speculators, slave owners, government officials, and occasional politicians. They were observers of the anxieties and dramas of empire. And they were from one family. The Inner Life of Empires tells the intimate history of the Johnstones--four sisters and seven brothers who lived in Scotland and around the globe in the fast-changing eighteenth century. Piecing together their voyages, marriages, debts, and lawsuits, and examining their ideas, sentiments, and values, renowned historian Emma Rothschild illuminates a tumultuous period that created the modern economy, the British Empire, and the philosophical Enlightenment. One of the sisters joined a rebel army, was imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle, and escaped in disguise in 1746. Her younger brother was a close friend of Adam Smith and David Hume. Another brother was fluent in Persian and Bengali, and married to a celebrated poet. He was the owner of a slave known only as "Bell or Belinda," who journeyed from Calcutta to Virginia, was accused in Scotland of infanticide, and was the last person judged to be a slave by a court in the British isles. In Grenada, India, Jamaica, and Florida, the Johnstones embodied the connections between European, American, and Asian empires. Their family history offers insights into a time when distinctions between the public and private, home and overseas, and slavery and servitude were in constant flux. Based on multiple archives, documents, and letters, The Inner Life of Empires looks at one family's complex story to describe the origins of the modern political, economic, and intellectual world.

The Age of Revolutions in Global Context c 1760 1840

Author: David Armitage
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 9781137163837
Release Date: 2009-12-18
Genre: History

A distinguished international team of historians examines the dynamics of global and regional change in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Providing uniquely broad coverage, encompassing North and South America, the Caribbean, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, South and Southeast Asia, and China, the chapters shed new light on this pivotal period of world history. Offering fresh perspectives on: • the American, French, and Haitian Revolutions • the break-up of the Iberian empires • the Napoleonic Wars. The volume also presents ground-breaking treatments of world history from an African perspective, of South Asia's age of revolutions, and of stability and instability in China. The first truly global account of the causes and consequences of the transformative 'Age of Revolutions', this collection presents a strikingly novel and comprehensive view of the revolutionary era as well as rich examples of global history in practice.

A Despotism of Law

Author: Radhika Singha
Publisher:
ISBN: UCSC:32106016909050
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Crime

This volume deals with law-making as a cultural enterprise in which the colonial state had to draw upon existing normative codes of rank, status and gender, and re-order them to a new and more exclusive definition of the state's sovereign right.