Inaccuracies in Children s Testimony

Author: Letitia C Pallone
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136375088
Release Date: 2013-03-07
Genre: Law

Inaccuracies in Children’s Testimony combines the literature on obedience to authority with that on suggestibility to create a third literature. This book examines children’s testimony from several perspectives and gives you insightful suggestions for increasing children’s abilities to testify accurately about traumatic things that have happened to them. In doing so, you’ll learn how to ensure that those who abuse or sexually exploit children are brought to justice while those falsely accused are adequately protected. How children are questioned to learn what they have witnessed is crucial due to the effects the questioning sessions may have on their testimonies--improper questioning may lead to inaccurate answers. This is just one of the many areas of children’s testimony covered in Inaccuracies in Children’s Testimony. In each of the chapters you’ll discover new ways for increasing the accuracy and dependability of children’s testimony as you read about: factors that affect children’s testimonies suggestibility--definition and research, including sources of suggestibility how obedience to authority can explain children’s behavior as witnesses children’s memory in the courtroom and what they are able to remember how children’s involvement in the courts can be problematic free versus prompted recall--which is more accurate and why the “worst” method is often used with children Milgram’s theory of obedience to authority tied to children as witnesses review of the literature on the effects of stress, prompting, and imagination on children’s recall ideas for future research Experts in the field of legal testimony, legal personnel, child counselors, psychologists, social workers, and faculty and students of related courses will find Inaccuracies in Children’s Testimony an essential resource for understanding the importance of making the child victim/witness more believable and reliable.

Kids Who Commit Adult Crimes

Author: R. Barri Flowers
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780789011305
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Family & Relationships

Examine the factors that contribute to increasingly violent youth crimes in the United States! Kids Who Commit Adult Crimes: Serious Criminality by Juvenile Offenders is an examination of today’s serious, chronic, and violent youthful offender. This vital book explores the relationship between youth and serious, violent antisocial behavior in America, examining its antecedents, its onset, and its situational and motivating factors. From the Editor’s introduction: “The increasingly serious nature of juvenile criminal behavior has been felt across the country as youth violence, violent youth gangs, drug-related offenses, and other delinquent and criminal conduct has changed the way we regard minors and delinquent behavior. Recent times have seen an explosion in school tragedies, juvenile homicides, teen battering, date rape, youth family violence, teenage alcohol and drug abuse, and related youthful offenses.” Kids Who Commit Adult Crimes, divided into four parts, takes an incisive look at these issues and more: Part I explores serious juvenile crime, including its magnitude; youth violence; kids, drugs, and crime; school crime and violence; youth gangs and criminality; dating violence; and family violence. Part II examines explanations of juvenile delinquency and criminal behavior from biological, psychological, and sociological perspectives. Part III addresses juvenile crime and the justice system, including the police and juvenile offenders, youths and the juvenile and adult courts, and juvenile offenders in custody and confinement. Part IV examines responses to the problem of serious and violent juvenile offending and its precursors, including federal laws and prevention, intervention, and control strategies. Kids Who Commit Adult Crimes goes farther in its examination of youth who commit adult-like violence than other books in the field, with chapters on dating violence and family violence, in addition to school and gang violence, substance abuse issues, and more. Visit the author’s website at http://www.rbarriflowers.com

Treating Sex Offenders

Author: Letitia C Pallone
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317826163
Release Date: 2014-01-21
Genre: Law

Gain important new insights into religious personnel who molest children! Treating Sex Offenders: A Guide to Clinical Practice with Adults, Clerics, Children, and Adolescents, Second Edition updates the groundbreaking original with new material that integrates adolescent and adult sex offenders, emphasizing similarities and differences in personality type, behavior, and treatment. Author William Prendergast draws on four decades' experience in working in the diagnosis and treatment of habitual sex offenders to present a straightforward look at what makes them tick. This vital new edition includes appropriate additions and changes to treatment techniques, progress reports on case study subjects, reader feedback on the original book, and perhaps most important, new information on religious personnel who molest children. Treating Sex Offenders provides training in clear language for those working with sexual offenders and explanations in simple terms for those suffering as a result of their actions. The book parallels workshops and courses conducted by the author, detailing how to identify major characteristics and traits of offenders, different types of offenders, child and adolescent offenders, how to recognize warning signs of deviant behavior, and how to apply specific treatment techniques that really work. Individual aspects of the makeup and treatment of the compulsive adult and adolescent sex offender are addressed through factors, traits, treatment, and candid cases studies. Treating Sex Offenders addresses the most vital issues involving sexual pathology, including: inadequate personality theory sexual performance problems imprinting self-confrontation sex as the chosen deviation the five c's of sex offender treatment and much more! Treating Sex Offenders: A Guide to Clinical Practice with Adults, Clerics, Children, and Adolescents, Second Edition is an essential resource for psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, counselors, and those in the criminal justice field who deal with sex offenders on a daily basis. Family members involved in the lives of sex offenders and survivors of sexual abuse or assault will find the case studies enlightening in making sense of a tragic situation.

Substance Abuse Treatment with Correctional Clients

Author: Letitia C Pallone
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136413513
Release Date: 2012-10-12
Genre: Medical

Explore the possibilities for successfully treating incarcerated or community-based substance abusers Substance Abuse Treatment with Correctional Clients: Practical Implications for Institutional and Community Settings provides key research findings and policy implications for treating alcohol- and drug-addicted correctional clients. This book addresses a range of critical issues associated with delivering treatment in institutional and community settings. The critical thinking questions, tables, extensive bibliographies, and name and subject index will help academics and practitioners in criminal justice, sociology, counseling/psychology, and public policy. Substance Abuse Treatment with Correctional Clients shares the practical knowledge of researchers and practitioners in the fields of drug and alcohol addictions, substance abuse counseling, and criminal justice. The first section provides a review of the theoretical explanations for substance abuse, “best practice” treatment programs for substance abusers, and the use of coerced/mandated treatment. The second section addresses the substance-addicted offender in the institutional setting, the third includes works that describe community-based treatment programs and the problems associated with them, and the fourth looks at special treatment populations, including juveniles and adolescent females. In Substance Abuse Treatment with Correctional Clients, you will find: reviews of various types of treatment programs being used to treat substance-addicted individuals a study of the predictors of success and/or failure in corrections-based substance abuse programming—how to identify and use the predictors to prevent relapse arguments for and against coerced treatment in the correctional environment, and the concept of “motivation” a thorough investigation of the therapeutic community (TC) program for institutional-based substance abusers descriptions of treatment programming designed specifically for substance abusing community corrections clients—drug courts and Pennsylvania’s Restrictive Intermediate Punishment treatment program Substance Abuse Treatment with Correctional Clients guides you through the major policy issues faced by those who provide substance abuse treatment under what can only be described as coercive circumstances. In this important resource, you will discover major treatment modules as well as advice for working with adult, juvenile, and male or female offenders. This book provides you with the techniques that treatment communities need for helping offenders stay clean after they re-enter the community environment.

Family Empowerment Intervention

Author: Letitia C Pallone
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317719366
Release Date: 2014-02-25
Genre: Family & Relationships

Use this important intervention to improve your practice with substance-using youths and their families! This vital book gives you a detailed review of a National Institute on Drug Abuse-funded, long-term clinical trial of the Family Empowerment Intervention (FEI). The subjects are youths who have been arrested and processed at the Hillsborough County Juvenile Assessment Center and their families. With information on the conceptual foundations and clinical practices of the intervention and an examination of its one-year and longer-term impact on these youths’ recidivism and psychosocial functioning, Family Empowerment Intervention: An Innovative Service for High-Risk Youth and Their Families will help you provide better services to these difficult-to-serve clients. Bringing you up-to-date on all aspects of this unique intervention, this book: examines the pressing need for this kind of intervention gives you an essential overview of the FEI describes the selection process for subject involvement in the project and the methods of data collection used examines the FEI’s impact on crime as well as its short- and long-term impact on and drug and alcohol use suggests ways to improve the FEI Complete with dozens of easy-to-understand tables and figures as well as five helpful appendixes, this well-referenced volume is essential reading for anyone working with this highly volatile population. Make it a part of your collection today!

Inaccuracies in Children s Testimony

Author: Jonʼa F. Meyer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 078900237X
Release Date: 1997-06-16
Genre:

Inaccuracies in Children's Testimony combines the literature on obedience to authority with that on suggestibility to create a third literature. This book examines children's testimony from several perspectives and gives you insightful suggestions for increasing children's abilities to testify accurately about traumatic things that have happened to them. In doing so, you?ll learn how to ensure that those who abuse or sexually exploit children are brought to justice while those falsely accused are adequately protected.How children are questioned to learn what they have witnessed is crucial due to the effects the questioning sessions may have on their testimonies--improper questioning may lead to inaccurate answers. This is just one of the many areas of children's testimony covered in Inaccuracies in Children's Testimony. In each of the chapters you?ll discover new ways for increasing the accuracy and dependability of children's testimony as you read about: factors that affect children's testimoniessuggestibility--definition and research, including sources of suggestibilityhow obedience to authority can explain children's behavior as witnesseschildren's memory in the courtroom and what they are able to rememberhow children's involvement in the courts can be problematicfree versus prompted recall--which is more accurate and why the worst method is often used with childrenMilgram's theory of obedience to authority tied to children as witnessesreview of the literature on the effects of stress, prompting, and imagination on children's recallideas for future researchExperts in the field of legal testimony, legal personnel, child counselors, psychologists, social workers, and faculty andstudents of related courses will find Inaccuracies in Children's Testimony an essential resource for understanding the importance of making the child victim/witness more believable and reliable.

Case Studies in Family Violence

Author: Robert Ammerman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781475795820
Release Date: 2013-06-29
Genre: Psychology

The past 20 years have seen the emergence of family violence as one of the most critical problems facing society. The alarming incidence figures of abuse and neglect directed toward family members justify this atten tion. For example, over 1 million children are thought to be abused and neglected each year. Similarly, almost 2 million women are victims of wife battering each year. Annual rates of elderly mistreatment are thought to be as high as 32 per 1000 population. Accurate epidemiologi cal data only now are being compiled on more recently recognized forms of mistreatment, such as psychological abuse, ritualistic abuse of chil dren, and child witnessing of adult violence. The pervasiveness of do mestic mistreatment makes it a priority for clinicians and researchers alike. For clinicians, intrafamilial violence represents a formidable chal lenge with respect to assessment and treatment. The etiology of abuse and neglect is multidetermined. There are numerous pathways in the development of family violence, and these interact and converge in a nonlinear fashion. The consequences of family violence are equally com plex and divergent. Victims of mistreatment can display a variety of physical injuries and psychological disturbances. No single psychiatric syndrome or symptom constellation has been consistently implicated in any form of family mistreatment. The perpetrators of family violence are equally heterogeneous in their clinical presentations. Illustrative dys functions in perpetrators include skill deficits, substance abuse, mental illness, and impulse-control disorders.

Language in the Legal Process

Author: J. Cotterill
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9780230522770
Release Date: 2002-10-09
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

Linguists and lawyers from a range of countries and legal systems explore the language of the law and its participants, beginning with the role of the forensic linguist in legal proceedings, either as expert witness or in legal language reform. Subsequent chapters analyze different aspects of language and interaction in the chain of events from a police emergency call through the police interview context and into the courtroom, as well as appeal court and alternative routes to justice. A broad-based, coherent introduction to the discourse of language and law.

Developmental Psychology for Family Law Professionals

Author: Dr. Benjamin D. Garber, PhD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826105262
Release Date: 2009-09-09
Genre: Psychology

"[T]he best and most useful social science text I have read in a decadeÖ.It is comprehensive in its research and scope, clearly written and uses excellent case studies and examples to illustrate in simple terms what might otherwise be complex phenomena." --Dr. Tom Altobelli Federal Magistrate, Family Law Courts Sydney, Australia The goal of every family law professional and mental health practitioner is to improve family court outcomes in the best interests of the child. This book will assist readers in meeting this critical goal. Developmental Psychology for Family Law Professionals serves as a practical application of developmental theory to the practice of family law. This book helps family law and mental health professionals gain a broader understanding of each child's unique needs when in the midst of family crisis. It presents developmental theories with which professionals might better assess the developmental needs, synchronies, and trajectories of a given child. Ultimately, this book presents guidelines for making appropriate legal decisions and recommendations for children who have experienced crises such as abuse, neglect, relocation, divorce, and much more. Key topics include: Custodial schedules Foster and adoptive care Post-divorce disputes Termination of parental rights Psychological assessment and diagnosis Incarcerated parents and visitation rights Relocation and "distance parenting" Visitation resistance and refusal/reunification Parental Alienation/alignment and estrangement Theories of cognitive, language, and social development

The Life of Paul

Author: F. B. Meyer
Publisher: YWAM Publishing
ISBN: 1883002222
Release Date: 1995
Genre: Biography & Autobiography

"F.B. Meyer's devotional studies on biblical characters reflect a rare depth of spiritual experience. These great figures were not so different from ourselves--sometimes weak, indifferent, willful. Yet they had their moments of faith, humility, and courage, and God was able to use these for His greater purposes. God's faithfulness, which not only accepts but transforms such inconsistency, calls us to more effective Christian living.

Perception of English

Author: Anita Dewi
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 9781443873949
Release Date: 2015-01-12
Genre: Foreign Language Study

There has been a significant increase in the number of English speakers globally, with the majority of them being non-native speakers who rely on diverse varieties of the language. Throughout its history, English has been disseminated through a number of processes, ranging from colonialism to globalisation. This has ultimately resulted in the formation of various relationships between English and target communities. English has also spread to countries where Muslims constitute the majority of the population. As religious teachings are embedded in local or national cultures, and thus result in non-homogeneous Islamic communities across the globe, it is a frequently used oversimplification to conclude that English consistently stands in opposition to Islam in every Islamic society. Given such misperceptions, studies directed towards perceptions of English in Indonesia, the fourth most populated country and the largest Muslim community in the world, are particularly important. This book examines a variety of perceptions of English in this context, focusing on staff and students at universities in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Five research questions were used as the basis for conducting this study, which analyse the themes of English and its acceptance in Indonesia; English at the tertiary level; the roles of English; English in relation to identity; and the perception of World Englishes. Employing a mixed-methods approach, the study was carried out at nine public and private universities with differing religious viewpoints – namely, secular, Catholic, and Islamic. There are five different groups of participants for individual interviews and questionnaire surveys: students, English language lecturers, non-English lecturers, and leaders at each of the nine universities. The results reveal that English is viewed as a tool and asset for advancing knowledge, facilitating international communication, gaining global competitiveness, and improving employment opportunities. However, perceived tensions between English and Indonesian constantly occur throughout all facets of the study. Even though Indonesian people’s “repository of cultural identity” (Tan and Rubdy, 2008, p. 5) is located within local languages rather than in Indonesian as the national language, the Indonesian language actually unites them as one people and differentiates them from people of other nations. This suggests a demand for a “contemporary global linguistic ecology” (Phillipson and Skutnabb-Kangas, 1999, p. 20). In such ecology, English would keep developing in a way that does not impact negatively on the national language. Indeed, such demand for a balance between English and Indonesian is politically desirable.

Popular Psychology

Author: Luis A. Cordón
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 0313324573
Release Date: 2005-01-01
Genre: Psychology

Entries cover a variety of topics in the field of popular psychology, including acupuncture, emotional intelligence, brainwashing, chemical inbalance, and seasonal affective disorder.

Innovation is a State of Mind

Author: James O'Loghlin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780730324409
Release Date: 2016-01-20
Genre: Business & Economics

A modern framework for practical innovation—from individual ideas to an innovative organisational culture Everyone says that innovation is important. The problem is that no one tells you how to be innovative. Innovation is a State of Mind sets out a step-by-step guide to creating innovative ideas and putting them into action. You'll learn how to generate more ideas with greater potential, how to grow and evaluate them, test their effectiveness and then implement the ones that are going to improve your business. Author James O'Loghlin has worked with over a thousand of Australia's best inventors and innovators in the eight years he hosted ABC-TV's The New Inventors. He studied what they do differently and how they are able to identify and take advantage of opportunities that the rest of us miss. Packed with engaging stories and a good dose of humour, this insightful guide helps you to make innovation a part of what you do every day. Change your thinking and identify overlooked opportunities Step around common roadblocks to innovation Generate better ideas, and find the ones that will improve your business Create a culture where innovation is part of everyone's job Harvest innovative ideas from the entire staff and find the ones that will make a difference Innovators see things differently. They solve problems that the rest of us can't, and create solutions to problems that we never noticed we had. Getting stuck in routine and procedure is the death knell for modern business. Most companies undervalue and underuse the creative potential of their people, because they underestimate the impact of continuous innovation. Innovation is a State of Mind shows you how to think like an innovator and create a culture of innovation, so you can stay out in front of the future of business.

Serial Offenders

Author: Louis B. Schlesinger
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420039008
Release Date: 2000-07-31
Genre: Law

Although serial offenders have been a recognized problem in society for centuries, only recently have the complexities of these individuals come to light. Serial Offenders: Current Thought, Recent Findings presents current and inclusive information on serial offending in a clear and straightforward manner. Citing numerous case examples, this book will provide forensic psychologists and psychologists, as well as criminologists, social workers and corrections officials with relevant and informative data. Author Louis B. Schlesinger presents current thinking on serial offenders in the first of three parts contained in the text. In Part I, he covers serial homicide, child molestation, rape, arson, and the nonviolent serial offender, while offering new information and perspectives on these traditional problems. Part II reverses thought, and takes a look at recent clinical and research findings. From profiling by law-enforcement and health-care workers to the neurobiological approach to understanding why people continually commit these crimes, Part II delves beyond right and wrong to illuminate and identify the many shades of gray. Part III focuses on the unusual aspects of serial offending and on special populations of offenders. From infantophilia to serial offending by females, adolescents and members of the clergy, Schlesinger provides insight into a world that few have witnessed in such a comprehensive manner.

Deconstructing Developmental Psychology

Author: Erica Burman
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781317538981
Release Date: 2016-11-22
Genre: Psychology

In this completely revised and updated edition, Deconstructing Developmental Psychology interrogates the assumptions and practices surrounding the psychology of child development, providing a critical evaluation of the role and contribution of developmental psychology within social practice. Since the second edition was published, there have been many major changes. This book addresses how shifts in advanced capitalism have produced new understandings of children, and a new (and more punitive) range of institutional responses to children. It engages with the paradoxes of childhood in an era when young adults are increasingly economically dependent on their families, and in a political context of heightened insecurity. The new edition includes an updated review of developments in psychological theory (in attachment, evolutionary psychology, theory of mind, cultural-historical approaches), as well as updating and reflecting upon the changed focus on fathers and fathering. It offers new perspectives on the connections between Piaget and Vygotsky and now connects much more closely with discussions from the sociology of childhood and critical educational research. Coverage has been expanded to include more material on child rights debates, and a new chapter addresses practice dilemmas around child protection, which engages even more with the "raced" and gendered effects of current policies involving children. This engaging and accessible text provides key resources to inform better professional practice in social work, education and health contexts. It offers critical insights into the politics and procedures that have shaped developmental psychological knowledge. It will be essential reading for anyone working with children, or concerned with policies around children and families. It was also be of interest to students at undergraduate and postgraduate levels across a range of professional and practitioner groups, as well as parents and policy makers.