Infectious Disease Ecology

Author: Richard S. Ostfeld
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400837885
Release Date: 2010-12-16
Genre: Science

News headlines are forever reporting diseases that take huge tolls on humans, wildlife, domestic animals, and both cultivated and native plants worldwide. These diseases can also completely transform the ecosystems that feed us and provide us with other critical benefits, from flood control to water purification. And yet diseases sometimes serve to maintain the structure and function of the ecosystems on which humans depend. Gathering thirteen essays by forty leading experts who convened at the Cary Conference at the Institute of Ecosystem Studies in 2005, this book develops an integrated framework for understanding where these diseases come from, what ecological factors influence their impacts, and how they in turn influence ecosystem dynamics. It marks the first comprehensive and in-depth exploration of the rich and complex linkages between ecology and disease, and provides conceptual underpinnings to understand and ameliorate epidemics. It also sheds light on the roles that diseases play in ecosystems, bringing vital new insights to landscape management issues in particular. While the ecological context is a key piece of the puzzle, effective control and understanding of diseases requires the interaction of professionals in medicine, epidemiology, veterinary medicine, forestry, agriculture, and ecology. The essential resource on the subject, Infectious Disease Ecology seeks to bridge these fields with an ecological approach that focuses on systems thinking and complex interactions.

Under the Weather

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309132959
Release Date: 2001-05-29
Genre: Science

Since the dawn of medical science, people have recognized connections between a change in the weather and the appearance of epidemic disease. With today's technology, some hope that it will be possible to build models for predicting the emergence and spread of many infectious diseases based on climate and weather forecasts. However, separating the effects of climate from other effects presents a tremendous scientific challenge. Can we use climate and weather forecasts to predict infectious disease outbreaks? Can the field of public health advance from "surveillance and response" to "prediction and prevention?" And perhaps the most important question of all: Can we predict how global warming will affect the emergence and transmission of infectious disease agents around the world? Under the Weather evaluates our current understanding of the linkages among climate, ecosystems, and infectious disease; it then goes a step further and outlines the research needed to improve our understanding of these linkages. The book also examines the potential for using climate forecasts and ecological observations to help predict infectious disease outbreaks, identifies the necessary components for an epidemic early warning system, and reviews lessons learned from the use of climate forecasts in other realms of human activity.

Naturgeschichte der Infektionskrankheiten des Menschen

Author: Frank Macfarlane Burnet
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 9783105614099
Release Date: 2016-10-17
Genre: Reference

Der Nobelpreisträger Frank Macfarlane Burnet schildert die Infektionskrankheiten als ein Schlüsselthema der Conditio humana. Er zeigt, wie sich in dem die Erkrankung auslösenden Kampf zwischen Erreger und Opferorganismus Grundprozesse des Lebens, Wachstum und Tod, enthüllen. Das Buch gibt Einblick in den chemischen Bauplan der Erreger, schildert anschaulich die Angriffs- und Abwehrstrategien, die komplizierten ökologischen Beziehungen des Menschen zu den Organismen seiner Umwelt. Indem es die schrittweise Eindämmung großer Seuchen, die jahrtausendelang die Menschheit dezimiert haben, nacherzählt, aber auch die Negativfolgen dieses Fortschritts – die Gefahr der Übervölkerung und die Entwicklung biologischer Massenvernichtungsmittel – eindringlich beim Namen nennt, ist das Buch gleichzeitig ein fesselndes Stück Evolutions-, Wissenschafts- und Kulturgeschichte. (Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)

Fowler s Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine Current Therapy Volume 7 E Book

Author: R. Eric Miller
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9781437719857
Release Date: 2011-07-11
Genre: Medical

With coverage of current issues and emerging trends, Fowler's Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine, Volume 7 provides a comprehensive, all-new reference for the management of zoo and wildlife diseases. A Current Therapy format emphasizes the latest advances in the field, including nutrition, diagnosis, and treatment protocols. Cutting-edge coverage includes topics such as the "One Medicine" concept, laparoscopic surgery in elephants and rhinoceros, amphibian viral diseases, and advanced water quality evaluation for zoos. Editors R. Eric Miller and Murray E. Fowler promote a philosophy of animal conservation, bridging the gap between captive and free-ranging wild animal medicine with chapters contributed by more than 100 international experts. The Current Therapy format focuses on emerging trends, treatment protocols, and diagnostic updates new to the field, providing timely information on the latest advances in zoo and wild animal medicine. Content ranges from drug treatment, nutrition, husbandry, surgery, and imaging to behavioral training. Coverage of species ranges from giraffes, elephants, lions, and orangutans to sea turtles, hellbenders, bats, kakapos, and more. An extensive list of contributors includes recognized authors from around the world, offering expert information with chapters focusing on the latest research and clinical management of captive and free-ranging wild animals. A philosophy of animal conservation helps zoo and wildlife veterinarians fulfill not only the technical aspects of veterinary medicine, but contribute to the overall biological teams needed to rescue many threatened and endangered species from extinction. All content is new, with coverage including coverage of cutting-edge issues such as white-nose disease in bats, updates on Ebola virus in wild great apes, and chytrid fungus in amphibians. Full-color photographs depict external clinical signs for more accurate clinical recognition. Discussions of the "One Medicine" concept include chapters addressing the interface between wildlife, livestock, human, and ecosystem health. New sections cover Edentates, Marsupials, Carnivores, Perrissodactyla, and Camelids. Over 100 new tables provide a quick reference to a wide range of topics. An emphasis on conserving threatened and endangered species globally involves 102 expert authors representing 12 different countries.

One Health

Author: Jakob Zinsstag
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 9781780643410
Release Date: 2015-03-06
Genre: Medical

The One Health concept of combined veterinary and human health continues to gain momentum, but the supporting literature is sparse. In this book, the origins of the concept are examined and practical content on methodological tools, data gathering, monitoring techniques, study designs, and mathematical models is included. Zoonotic diseases, with discussions of diseases of wildlife, farm animals, domestic pets and humans, and real-world issues such as sanitation, economics, food security and evaluating the success of vaccination programmes are covered in detail. Discussing how to put policy into practice, and with case studies throughout, this book combines research and practice in one broad-ranging volume.

Disease Ecology

Author: Sharon K. Collinge
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198567081
Release Date: 2006-01-26
Genre: Medical

Disease Ecology highlights exciting advances in theoretical and empirical research towards understanding the importance of community structure in the emergence of infectious diseases. The chapters in this book illustrate aspects of community ecology that influence pathogen transmission rates and disease dynamics in a wide variety of study systems. The innovative studies presented here communicate a clear message: studies of epidemiology can be approached from the perspective of community ecology, and students of community ecology can contribute significantly to epidemiology.

New Directions in Conservation Medicine

Author: A. Alonso Aguirre
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 9780199731473
Release Date: 2012-06-08
Genre: Medical

New Directions of Conservation Medicine: Applied Cases of Ecological Health covers topics from emerging diseases and toxicants to the EcoHealth/One Health explosion. It challenges the notion that human health is an isolated concern removed from the bounds of ecology and species interactions.

Fifty Years of Invasion Ecology

Author: David M. Richardson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444330007
Release Date: 2011-02-23
Genre: Science

Invasion ecology is the study of the causes and consequences of the introduction of organisms to areas outside their native range. Interest in this field has exploded in the past few decades. Explaining why and how organisms are moved around the world, how and why some become established and invade, and how best to manage invasive species in the face of global change are all crucial issues that interest biogeographers, ecologists and environmental managers in all parts of the world. This book brings together the insights of more than 50 authors to examine the origins, foundations, current dimensions and potential trajectories of invasion ecology. It revisits key tenets of the foundations of invasion ecology, including contributions of pioneering naturalists of the 19th century, including Charles Darwin and British ecologist Charles Elton, whose 1958 monograph on invasive species is widely acknowledged as having focussed scientific attention on biological invasions.

Biologie von Parasiten

Author: Richard Lucius
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783662548622
Release Date: 2018-02-16
Genre: Science

Die 3. vollständig überarbeitete Auflage dieses Buches führt in die Biologie parasitärer Einzeller, Würmer und Arthropoden ein. Die Autoren bieten auf Grundlage der aktuellen Systematik eine Übersicht über die verschiedenen Parasitengruppen. Ausführlich wird auf wichtige Infektionserreger, wie die der Malaria, Schlafkrankheit und Toxoplasmose eingegangen, wobei die molekularen Grundlagen der Pathogene erläutert werden. Außerdem werden Parasiten als Krankheitsüberträger dargestellt und wichtige Infektionskrankheiten, die bei Tieren vorkommen, besprochen. Daher wendet sich dieses Buch sowohl an Biologen, als auch an Veterinärmediziner und Mediziner. In den einzelnen Kapiteln kommen die Anpassungen an die parasitische Lebensweise zur Sprache. Anhand häufiger Vertreter werden exemplarisch typische Lebenszyklen, die Immunreaktionen und die resultierenden Krankheitsbilder erklärt. Viele Abbildungen veranschaulichen dabei den Text. Die Prüfungsfragen am Ende eines jeden Kapitels helfen den Lerninhalt zu rekapitulieren und zu verinnerlichen.

Ecology of Invertebrate Diseases

Author: Ann E. Hajek
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781119256076
Release Date: 2018-01-16
Genre: Science

A rapidly growing interdisciplinary field, disease ecology merges key ideas from ecology, medicine, genetics, immunology, and epidemiology to study how hosts and pathogens interact in populations, communities, and entire ecosystems. Bringing together contributions from leading international experts on the ecology of diseases among invertebrate species, this book provides a comprehensive assessment of the current state of the field. Beginning with an introductory overview of general principles and methodologies, the book continues with in-depth discussions of a range of critical issues concerning invertebrate disease epidemiology, molecular biology, vectors, and pathogens. Topics covered in detail include: Methods for studying the ecology of invertebrate diseases and pathogens Invertebrate pathogen ecology and the ecology of pathogen groups Applied ecology of invertebrate pathogens Leveraging the ecology of invertebrate pathogens in microbial control Prevention and management of infectious diseases of aquatic invertebrates Ecology of Invertebrate Diseases is a necessary and long overdue addition to the world literature on this vitally important subject. This volume belongs on the reference shelves of all those involved in the environmental sciences, genetics, microbiology, marine biology, immunology, epidemiology, fisheries and wildlife science, and related disciplines.

Grundkurs Mathematik f r Ingenieure Natur und Wirtschaftswissenschaftler

Author: Kurt Marti
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783790826784
Release Date: 2013-03-07
Genre: Business & Economics

Moderne Techniken bauen mehr denn je auf der Mathematik auf. So durchdringen Informationsverarbeitung, Modellierung, Systemanalyse, Stochastik, Simulations- und Optimierungsmethoden alle Bereiche der Naturwissenschaften, Ingenieur- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften. Selbst Sprachwissenschaftler, Psychologen oder Soziologen benötigen heute ein ausreichendes mathematisches Rüstzeug, um in ihrem Beruf bestehen zu können. Andererseits haben Studienanfänger sehr häufig ungenügende mathematische Kenntnisse in der Differential- und Integralrechnung für Funktionen einer Variablen. Zur Schaffung solider mathematischer Grundlagen vermittelt dieses Buch durch eine behutsame Einführung und Veranschaulichung der Begriffe und Methoden eine lebendige Vorstellung des Stoffes und eine saubere Beherrschung der grundlegenden analytischen Techniken, um die verschiedenartigsten Aufgaben zu lösen.

Health and Sustainability

Author: Tee L. Guidotti
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199325689
Release Date: 2015-02-27
Genre: Medical

Health and sustainability have become ubiquitous topics in all realms of popular discourse. What these discussions often overlook is the fact that the two concepts are interrelated, and that their surrounding policies and practices can often inform and reinforce each other. As sustainability measures are already in place across many levels of government, there is now an opportunity to extend these principles to improve health care and health care policy. Health and Sustainability: An Introduction details how the values of sustainability can be applied to the design of health systems and the delivery of primary care. By providing a practical framework for understanding complicated sustainability problems related to health, the book offers an authoritative resource for understanding: - health and environmental rights - parallels between human toxicology and ecotoxicology - how health promotion strategy can be a template for sustainability - health science and how it can be used to support decisions in health and sustainability - how scientific knowledge is achieved, understood, accepted, and used in health and environmental advocacy, and how this relates to sustainability Students and practitioners in health will benefit from this introduction to sustainability, and those in sustainability and environmental studies will benefit from this application to human health. Health and Sustainability offers a roadmap for successfully integrating these approaches for healthier people and environment.

Der stumme Fr hling

Author: Rachel Carson
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406704222
Release Date: 2017-03-17
Genre: Nature

Der stumme Frühling erschien erstmals 1962. Der Titel bezieht sich auf das eingangs erzählte Märchen von der blühenden Stadt, in der sich eine seltsame, schleichende Seuche ausbreitet … Das spannend geschriebene Sachbuch wirkte bei seinem Erscheinen wie ein Alarmsignal und avancierte rasch zur Bibel der damals entstehendenÖkologie-Bewegung. ZumerstenMal wurde hier in eindringlichem Appell die Fragwürdigkeit des chemischen Pflanzenschutzes dargelegt. An einer Fülle von Tatsachen machte Rachel Carson seine schädlichen Auswirkungen auf die Natur und die Menschen deutlich. Ihre Warnungen haben seither nichts von ihrer Aktualität verloren.

Biologische Vielfalt und Naturschutz

Author: Andrew P. Dobson
Publisher:
ISBN: 3827401240
Release Date: 1997
Genre:

Die Dezimierung der Elefanten in Afrika, um Elfenbein zu gewinnen, und der Nash rner wegen ihres angeblich potenzsteigernden Horns sind zwei ausehenerregende Beispiele, die den Artenr ckgang oder gar Artenverlust belegen. Heute sehen wir uns einem Massensterben ungeahnten Ausma es gegen ber, das um ein Vielfaches h her ist als jemals zuvor in erdgeschichtlichen Zeiten. L sungen zu finden, die reiche Vielfalt an Arten auf unserem Planeten zu erhalten, ist eine Herausforderung, der sich Naturschutzbiologen stellen. Das Wissen in kologie, Genetik und der Populationsdynamik tragen dazu bei, effiziente Strategien zu entwickeln, um die biologische Vielfalt zu bewahren.Wie gro ist eigentlich das Ausma des Biodiversit tsverlustes, und wie l t sich das feststellen? Warum wird der biologischen Vielfalt ein so gro er Wert f r die Erde und f r uns selbst beigemessen, und was k nnen wir tun, um sie zu bewahren? Dies sind die Fragen, denen sich Andrew Dobson in diesem Buch widmet.Veranschaulicht an Fallstudien und ausgezeichneten Abbildungen sowie einer ausgezeichneten qualitativen und quantitativen Bewertung, wendet sich das Buch an eine breite Leserschaft, die sich f r Belange aus kologie und die Umwelt interessiert.

Marine Pollution

Author: Tobias N. Hofer
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 1604562420
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Science

Marine pollution is the harmful effect caused by the entry into the ocean of chemicals or particles. An associated problem is that many potentially toxic chemical's adhere to tiny particles which are then taken up by plankton and benthos animals, most of which are either deposit or filter feeders, concentrating upward within ocean food chains. Also, because most animal feeds contain high fish meal and fish oil content, toxins can be found a few weeks later in commonly consumed food items derived from livestock and animal husbandry such as meat, eggs, milk, butter and margarine. One common path of entry by contaminants to the sea are rivers. Many particles combine chemically in a manner highly depletive of oxygen, causing estuaries to become anoxic. This book presents the latest research in the field from around the world.