Inside an Internal Labor Market

Author: Kees Van Veen
Publisher: Thesis Publishers
ISBN: 9051704097
Release Date: 1997
Genre: Business & Economics

Within internal labor markets the allocation of employees is governed by formal rule structures which subsequently affect the careers of employees. Although these rigid structures are often regarded as efficient, the situation raises a question as to how organizational flexibility can still be realized. This book argues that, from a theorectical perspective, organizaitons have two options: deviating from the formal rule structure or changing the structure itself. The stiuation in a large Dutch manufacturing company was analyzed and it was discovered that the company is confronted, over time, with a large number of changes - technological innovations, labor market fluctuations, management philosophies - which lead to production problems and/or relational difficulties. The subsequent need for flexibility is solved by changing the formal rule structure. This however creates an endogenous need for flexibility. When the new formal structure is introduced, current employees have to be transferred, which makes temporary deviations from the formal rules necessary. Finally, it was recognised that understanding change and deviation from formal rules is necessary to interpret the patterns in the observed career lines of the company's employees in the period 1977-1992.


ISBN: CORNELL:31924078669979
Release Date: 1997
Genre: Management

Being Fair Faring Better

Author: Roberta Gatti
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9781464806193
Release Date: 2016-02-05
Genre: Social Science

In Central and Eastern European countries, inequalities for Roma families living in marginalized communities start early and are striking. Some of these inequalities reflect hard-wired family circumstances such as being born in poverty. Others reflect lack of opportunities such as limited access to those basic goods and services that are necessary not only for realizing one's potential in life, but also for living with dignity. Gaps between Roma and non-Roma widen over the lifecycle in a way that reinforces and perpetuates disadvantage and translates into significantly unequal outcomes, despite the fact that Roma report having similar aspirations to those of their non-Roma neighbors. Promoting equal opportunities for disadvantaged Roma is not only an imperative for societies that want to call themselves fair, but it is also a smart economic choice, especially in those countries where populations are aging rapidly. Investing early, with a particular emphasis on supporting healthy and cognitive development for disadvantaged Roma children, is likely to go a long way in promoting fair chances. However, leveling the playing field in childhood is likely not enough: disadvantaged Roma continue being exposed to unequal opportunities at key nodes in their lives, such as when pursuing education or when looking for a job. Therefore, it is as important that a broader set of policies address some of the circumstances in which a large share of Roma children grow up, including access to employment and decent living conditions for their families. Implementing interventions that help overcome these interrelated barriers will require strong ownership at the national level, coordinated policies across different ministries and government levels, and an integrated delivery system that is grounded in approaches that are customized to local conditions and implemented in a participatory manner. Good practices in Europe and elsewhere show that inclusion of the most disadvantaged - including many Roma - is possible and the current programming cycle for European Funds represents a unique opportunity to fund such interventions.

City in Sight

Author: Jan Willem Duyvendak
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9789089641694
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Social Science

This book highlights the latest urban research in the Netherlands. From urban citizenship and civic participation to immigrant integration and urban governance, "City in sight" provides valuable new perspectives on and insightful analysis of urban transformations and challenges in Dutch cities.

Moral Sentiments and Material Interests

Author: Herbert Gintis
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262072521
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Business & Economics

Multidisciplinary research into cooperation and the implications for public policy, drawing on insights from economics, anthropology, biology, social psychology, and sociology.

Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research

Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309165482
Release Date: 2005-04-04
Genre: Science

Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research examines current interdisciplinary research efforts and recommends ways to stimulate and support such research. Advances in science and engineering increasingly require the collaboration of scholars from various fields. This shift is driven by the need to address complex problems that cut across traditional disciplines, and the capacity of new technologies to both transform existing disciplines and generate new ones. At the same time, however, interdisciplinary research can be impeded by policies on hiring, promotion, tenure, proposal review, and resource allocation that favor traditional disciplines. This report identifies steps that researchers, teachers, students, institutions, funding organizations, and disciplinary societies can take to more effectively conduct, facilitate, and evaluate interdisciplinary research programs and projects. Throughout the report key concepts are illustrated with case studies and results of the committee’s surveys of individual researchers and university provosts.

Breaking the Barriers to Higher Economic Growth

Author: Mustapha Kamel Nabli
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821374160
Release Date: 2007-01-01
Genre: Business & Economics

The world's attention to the countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has often been dominated by headline issues: conflict, sanctions, political turmoil, and rising oil prices. Little of this international attention has considered the broad range of development challenges facing this diverse group of countries. Breaking the Barriers reflects the collected thinking of the World Bank's Office of the Chief Economist for the MENA Region on the long-term development challenges facing the region and the reform priorities and strategies for effectively meeting these challenges. It.

Foundations of Social Cognition

Author: Galen V. Bodenhausen
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9781135637798
Release Date: 2004-05-20
Genre: Mathematics

A tribute to Robert S. Wyer, Jr.'s remarkable contributions to social psychology, Foundations of Social Cognition offers a compelling analysis of the underlying processes that have long been the focus of Bob Wyer's own research, including attention, perception, inference, and memory. Leading scholars provide an in-depth analysis of these processes as they pertain to one or more substantive areas, including attitudes, construct accessibility, impressions of persons and groups, the interplay between affect and cognition, motivated reasoning, and stereotypes. Each chapter reviews and synthesizes past scholarship with the assessment of current understanding and cutting-edge trends and issues. A "must have" for scholars, researchers, and advanced students in the fields of social and cognitive psychology, as well as those in related fields such as consumer, organizational, and political psychology, neuroscience, marketing, advertising, and communication.

Systems Education for a Sustainable Planet

Author: Ockie Bosch
Publisher: MDPI
ISBN: 9783038427896
Release Date: 2018-04-24
Genre: Social Science

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Systems Education for a Sustainable Planet" that was published in Systems

Social Networks and Trust

Author: Vincent Buskens
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306476457
Release Date: 2006-04-11
Genre: Business & Economics

Social Networks and Trust discusses two possible explanations for the emergence of trust via social networks. If network members can sanction untrustworthiness of actors, these actors may refrain from acting in an untrustworthy manner. Moreover, if actors are informed regularly about trustworthy behavior of others, trust will grow among these actors. A unique combination of formal model building and empirical methodology is used to derive and test hypotheses about the effects of networks on trust. The models combine elements from game theory, which is mainly used in economics, and social network analysis, which is mainly used in sociology. The hypotheses are tested (1) by analyzing contracts in information technology transactions from a survey on small and medium-sized enterprises and (2) by studying judgments of subjects in a vignette experiment related to hypothetical transactions with a used-car dealer.