The Emergence of Modern Business Enterprise in France 1800 1930

Author: Michael Stephen Smith
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674019393
Release Date: 2006-01
Genre: Business & Economics

"Arguing against the long-standing view that French economic and business development was crippled by missed opportunities and entrepreneurial failures, Smith presents a story of considerable achievement. French companies made major contributions to the Second Industrial Revolution of 1880-1930, especially in ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, electrochemicals, industrial gases, and motor vehicles. Rejecting the notion that France took a separate route to economic modernity, Smith argues that it tracked other industrial nations along a path dominated by large-scale production and corporate enterprise."--Jacket.

French and Japanese Economic Relations with Vietnam Since 1975

Author: Henrich Dahm
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0700710841
Release Date: 1999
Genre: Political Science

This study compares the strategies of France and Japan in trying to win economic and political influence in the newly emerging Vietnam. With the end of the Cold War, the fight for power in the world has changed from the political-military field to a race for economic power. Nations worldwide are associating themselves with Asian countries in order to profit from the growth in the region. Vietnam opened to the international community only recently after the Vietnamese Communist Party had started economic reforms in 1986. These reforms are aimed at transforming the country's centrally planned economy into a government-controlled market economy and at opening Vietnam to foreign capital, technology, and know-how. This setting provides a unique opportunity for comparing the strategies of two nations from different continents in conducting their economic relations with Vietnam. Considering Japan's success in other parts of Southeast Asia, it is clearly interesting to analyse Japan's strategies in Vietnam. France was chosen for its long-standing relations with Vietnam and the massive efforts it is undertaking to re-establish its influence in Vietnam.

The Road from Paris

Author: Cyrena N. Pondrom
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521086813
Release Date: 1974-03-29
Genre: Literary Criticism

'For the best part of a thousand years English poets have gone to school to the French,' declared Ezra Pound in 1913. Whatever the truth of this assertion for all of English literature its accuracy for Pound's own period is well established. Both he and T. S. Eliot wrote frankly of the debt which they owed to their French predecessors and this fact has long been recognised by students of English literature. With the recognition of this influence went the assumption that Eliot and Pound were themselves responsible for its transmission from France to England. That this was not so is demonstrated by the documents reprinted in this volume. Dr Pondrom presents a selection of extracts and complete essays and letters by the critics and poets who together were principally responsible for channelling into English writing the ideas and theories of the French poetic avant-garde.

Reading Culture Writing Practices in Nineteenth Century France

Author: Martyn Lyons
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9781442692039
Release Date: 2008-06-15
Genre: History

Between about 1830 and the outbreak of the First World War, print culture, reading, and writing transformed cultural life in Western Europe in many significant ways. Book production and consumption increased dramatically, and practices such as letter- and diary-writing were widespread. This study demonstrates the importance of the nineteenth century in French cultural change and illustrates the changing priorities and concerns of l'histoire du livre since the 1970s. From the 1830s on, book production experienced an industrial revolution which led to the emergence of a mass literary culture by the close of the century. At the same time, the western world acquired mass literacy. New categories of readers became part of the reading public while western society also learned to write. Reading Culture and Writing Practices in Nineteenth-Century France examines how the concerns of historians have shifted from a search for statistical sources to more qualitative assessments of readers' responses. Martyn Lyons argues that autobiographical sources are vitally important to this investigation and he considers examples of the intimate and everyday writings of ordinary people. Featuring original and intriguing insights as well as references to material hitherto inaccessible to English readers, this study presents a form of 'history from below' with emphasis on the individual reader and writer, and his or her experiences and perceptions.

English Etymology

Author: George William Lemon
Publisher:
ISBN: UCSD:31822038198081
Release Date: 1783
Genre: English language


That Greece Might Still be Free

Author: William St. Clair
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
ISBN: 9781906924003
Release Date: 2008
Genre: History

When in 1821, the Greeks rose in violent revolution against the rule of the Ottoman Turks, waves of sympathy spread across Western Europe and the United States. More than a thousand volunteers set out to fight for the cause. The Philhellenes, whether they set out to recreate the Athens of Pericles, start a new crusade, or make money out of a war, all felt that Greece had unique claim on the sympathy of the world. As Byron wrote, 'I dreamed that Greece might Still be Free'; and he died at Missolonghi trying to translate that dream into reality. William St Clair's meticulously researched and highly readable account of their aspirations and experiences was hailed as definitive when it was first published. Long out of print, it remains the standard account of the Philhellenic movement and essential reading for any students of the Greek War of Independence, Byron, and European Romanticism. Its relevance to more modern ethnic and religious conflicts is becoming increasingly appreciated by scholars worldwide. This new and revised edition includes a new Introduction by Roderick Beaton, an updated Bibliography and many new illustrations.

For Peace and Money

Author: Jennifer Siegel
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199387830
Release Date: 2014-11-03
Genre: History

From the late imperial period until 1922, the British and French made private and government loans to Russia, making it the foremost international debtor country in pre-World War I Europe. To finance the modernization of industry, the construction of public works projects, the building of railroads, and the development of the military-industrial complex, Russia's ministers of finance, municipal leaders, and nascent manufacturing class turned, time and time again, to foreign capital. From the forging of the Franco-Russian alliance onwards, Russia's needs were met, first and foremost, by France and Great Britain, its allies, and diplomatic partners in the developing Triple Entente. Russia's continued access to those ready lenders ensured that the empire of the Tsars would not be tempted away from its alliance and entente partners. This web of financial and political interdependence affected both foreign policy and domestic society in all three countries. The Russian state was so heavily indebted to its western creditors, rendering those western economies almost prisoners to this debt, that the debtor nation in many ways had the upper hand; the Russian government at times was actually able to dictate policy to its French and British counterparts. Those nations' investing classes-which, in France in particular, spanned not only the upper classes but the middle, rentier class, as well-had such a vast proportion of their savings wrapped up in Russian bonds that any default would have been catastrophic for their own economies. That default came not long after the Bolshevik Revolution brought to power a government who felt no responsibility, whatsoever, for the debts accrued by the tsars for the purpose of oppressing Russia's workers and peasants. The ensuing effect on allied morale, the Anglo-French relationship, and, ultimately, on international relations in the twentieth century, was grim and far-reaching. Jennifer Siegel narrates a classic tale of money and power in the modern era-an age of economic interconnectivity and great power interdependency-involving such figures as Lord Revelstoke, chairman of Baring Brothers, the British and French Rothschild cousins, and Sergei Witte, Russia's authoritative finance minister during much of this age of expansion. For Peace and Money highlights the importance of foreign capital in policymaking on the origins and conduct of World War I.

French and Italian Lexical Influences in German speaking Switzerland

Author: Felicity J. Rash
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110868500
Release Date: 1989-01-01
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

The series Studia Linguistica Germanica, founded in 1968 by Ludwig Erich Schmitt and Stefan Sonderegger, is one of the standard publication organs for German Linguistics. The series aims to cover the whole spectrum of the subject, while concentrating on questions relating to language history and the history of linguistic ideas. It includes works on the historical grammar and semantics of German, on the relationship of language and culture, on the history of language theory, on dialectology, on lexicology / lexicography, text linguistics and on the location of German in the European linguistic context.