Intelligent Systems Principles Paradigms and Pragmatics

Author: Robert J. Schalkoff
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 9780763780173
Release Date: 2011-08-24
Genre: Computers

Artificial Intelligence has changed significantly in recent years and many new resources and approaches are now available to explore and implement this important technology. Intelligent Systems: Principles, Paradigms, and Pragmatics takes a modern, 21st-century approach to the concepts of Artificial Intelligence and includes the latest developments, developmental tools, programming, and approaches related to AI. The author is careful to make the important distinction between theory and practice, and focuses on a broad core of technologies, providing students with an accessible and comprehensive introduction to key AI topics.

Introduction to Computer and Network Security

Author: Richard R. Brooks
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781482214123
Release Date: 2013-08-19
Genre: Computers

Guides Students in Understanding the Interactions between Computing/Networking Technologies and Security Issues Taking an interactive, "learn-by-doing" approach to teaching, Introduction to Computer and Network Security: Navigating Shades of Gray gives you a clear course to teach the technical issues related to security. Unlike most computer security books, which concentrate on software design and implementation, cryptographic tools, or networking issues, this text also explores how the interactions between hardware, software, and users affect system security. The book presents basic principles and concepts, along with examples of current threats to illustrate how the principles can either enable or neutralize exploits. Students see the importance of these concepts in existing and future technologies. In a challenging yet enjoyable way, they learn about a variety of technical topics, including current security exploits, technical factors that enable attacks, and economic and social factors that determine the security of future systems. Extensively classroom-tested, the material is structured around a set of challenging projects. Through staging exploits and choosing countermeasures to neutralize the attacks in the projects, students learn: How computer systems and networks operate How to reverse-engineer processes How to use systems in ways that were never foreseen (or supported) by the original developers Combining hands-on work with technical overviews, this text helps you integrate security analysis into your technical computing curriculum. It will educate your students on security issues, such as side-channel attacks, and deepen their understanding of how computers and networks work.

Artificial Intelligence Illuminated

Author: Ben Coppin
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 0763732303
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Computers

Artificial Intelligence Illuminated presents an overview of the background and history of artificial intelligence, emphasizing its importance in today’s society and potential for the future. The book covers a range of AI techniques, algorithms, and methodologies, including game playing, intelligent agents, machine learning, genetic algorithms, and Artificial Life. Material is presented in a lively and accessible manner and the author focuses on explaining how AI techniques relate to and are derived from natural systems, such as the human brain and evolution, and explaining how the artificial equivalents are used in the real world. Each chapter includes student exercises and review questions, and a detailed glossary at the end of the book defines important terms and concepts highlighted throughout the text.

Artificial Intelligence A Systems Approach

Author: M. Tim Jones
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 1449631150
Release Date: 2015-06-16
Genre: Computers

This book offers students and AI programmers a new perspective on the study of artificial intelligence concepts. The essential topics and theory of AI are presented, but it also includes practical information on data input & reduction as well as data output (i.e., algorithm usage). Because traditional AI concepts such as pattern recognition, numerical optimization and data mining are now simply types of algorithms, a different approach is needed. This “sensor / algorithm / effecter” approach grounds the algorithms with an environment, helps students and AI practitioners to better understand them, and subsequently, how to apply them. The book has numerous up to date applications in game programming, intelligent agents, neural networks, artificial immune systems, and more. A CD-ROM with simulations, code, and figures accompanies the book.

Database Systems

Author: Elvis C. Foster
Publisher: Apress
ISBN: 9781484211915
Release Date: 2016-11-07
Genre: Computers

Learn the concepts, principles, design, implementation, and management issues of databases. You will adopt a methodical and pragmatic approach to solving database systems problems. Database Systems: A Pragmatic Approach provides a comprehensive, yet concise introduction to database systems, with special emphasis on the relational database model. This book discusses the database as an essential component of a software system, as well as a valuable, mission-critical corporate resource. New in this second edition is updated SQL content covering the latest release of the Oracle Database Management System along with a reorganized sequence of the topics which is more useful for learning. Also included are revised and additional illustrations, as well as a new chapter on using relational databases to anchor large, complex management support systems. There is also added reference content in the appendixes. This book is based on lecture notes that have been tested and proven over several years, with outstanding results. It combines a balance of theory with practice, to give you your best chance at success. Each chapter is organized systematically into brief sections, with itemization of the important points to be remembered. Additionally, the book includes a number of author Elvis Foster's original methodologies that add clarity and creativity to the database modeling and design experience. What You'll Learn Understand the relational model and the advantages it brings to software systems Design database schemas with integrity rules that ensure correctness of corporate data Query data using SQL in order to generate reports, charts, graphs, and other business results Understand what it means to be a database administrator, and why the profession is highly paid Build and manage web-accessible databases in support of applications delivered via a browser Become familiar with the common database brands, their similarities and differences Explore special topics such as tree-based data, hashing for fast access, distributed and object databases, and more Who This Book Is For Students who are studying database technology, who aspire to a career as a database administrator or designer, and practicing database administrators and developers desiring to strengthen their knowledge of database theory

The Quest for Artificial Intelligence

Author: Nils J. Nilsson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139642828
Release Date: 2009-10-30
Genre: Computers

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a field within computer science that is attempting to build enhanced intelligence into computer systems. This book traces the history of the subject, from the early dreams of eighteenth-century (and earlier) pioneers to the more successful work of today's AI engineers. AI is becoming more and more a part of everyone's life. The technology is already embedded in face-recognizing cameras, speech-recognition software, Internet search engines, and health-care robots, among other applications. The book's many diagrams and easy-to-understand descriptions of AI programs will help the casual reader gain an understanding of how these and other AI systems actually work. Its thorough (but unobtrusive) end-of-chapter notes containing citations to important source materials will be of great use to AI scholars and researchers. This book promises to be the definitive history of a field that has captivated the imaginations of scientists, philosophers, and writers for centuries.

Programming Language Pragmatics

Author: Michael L. Scott
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780124104778
Release Date: 2015-11-30
Genre: Computers

Programming Language Pragmatics, Fourth Edition, is the most comprehensive programming language textbook available today. It is distinguished and acclaimed for its integrated treatment of language design and implementation, with an emphasis on the fundamental tradeoffs that continue to drive software development. The book provides readers with a solid foundation in the syntax, semantics, and pragmatics of the full range of programming languages, from traditional languages like C to the latest in functional, scripting, and object-oriented programming. This fourth edition has been heavily revised throughout, with expanded coverage of type systems and functional programming, a unified treatment of polymorphism, highlights of the newest language standards, and examples featuring the ARM and x86 64-bit architectures. Updated coverage of the latest developments in programming language design, including C & C++11, Java 8, C# 5, Scala, Go, Swift, Python 3, and HTML 5 Updated treatment of functional programming, with extensive coverage of OCaml New chapters devoted to type systems and composite types Unified and updated treatment of polymorphism in all its forms New examples featuring the ARM and x86 64-bit architectures

Intelligent Systems for Engineers and Scientists Third Edition

Author: Adrian A. Hopgood
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781498783798
Release Date: 2016-02-23
Genre: Computers

The third edition of this bestseller examines the principles of artificial intelligence and their application to engineering and science, as well as techniques for developing intelligent systems to solve practical problems. Covering the full spectrum of intelligent systems techniques, it incorporates knowledge-based systems, computational intelligence, and their hybrids. Using clear and concise language, Intelligent Systems for Engineers and Scientists, Third Edition features updates and improvements throughout all chapters. It includes expanded and separated chapters on genetic algorithms and single-candidate optimization techniques, while the chapter on neural networks now covers spiking networks and a range of recurrent networks. The book also provides extended coverage of fuzzy logic, including type-2 and fuzzy control systems. Example programs using rules and uncertainty are presented in an industry-standard format, so that you can run them yourself. The first part of the book describes key techniques of artificial intelligence—including rule-based systems, Bayesian updating, certainty theory, fuzzy logic (types 1 and 2), frames, objects, agents, symbolic learning, case-based reasoning, genetic algorithms, optimization algorithms, neural networks, hybrids, and the Lisp and Prolog languages. The second part describes a wide range of practical applications in interpretation and diagnosis, design and selection, planning, and control. The author provides sufficient detail to help you develop your own intelligent systems for real applications. Whether you are building intelligent systems or you simply want to know more about them, this book provides you with detailed and up-to-date guidance. Check out the significantly expanded set of free web-based resources that support the book at: http://www.adrianhopgood.com/aitoolkit/

Distributed Systems

Author: Maarten van Steen
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 1543057381
Release Date: 2017-02
Genre:

For this third edition of -Distributed Systems, - the material has been thoroughly revised and extended, integrating principles and paradigms into nine chapters: 1. Introduction 2. Architectures 3. Processes 4. Communication 5. Naming 6. Coordination 7. Replication 8. Fault tolerance 9. Security A separation has been made between basic material and more specific subjects. The latter have been organized into boxed sections, which may be skipped on first reading. To assist in understanding the more algorithmic parts, example programs in Python have been included. The examples in the book leave out many details for readability, but the complete code is available through the book's Website, hosted at www.distributed-systems.net. A personalized digital copy of the book is available for free, as well as a printed version through Amazon.com.

The Pragmatic Programmer

Author: Andrew Hunt
Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional
ISBN: 9780132119177
Release Date: 1999-10-20
Genre: Computers

What others in the trenches say about The Pragmatic Programmer... “The cool thing about this book is that it’s great for keeping the programming process fresh. The book helps you to continue to grow and clearly comes from people who have been there.” —Kent Beck, author of Extreme Programming Explained: Embrace Change “I found this book to be a great mix of solid advice and wonderful analogies!” —Martin Fowler, author of Refactoring and UML Distilled “I would buy a copy, read it twice, then tell all my colleagues to run out and grab a copy. This is a book I would never loan because I would worry about it being lost.” —Kevin Ruland, Management Science, MSG-Logistics “The wisdom and practical experience of the authors is obvious. The topics presented are relevant and useful.... By far its greatest strength for me has been the outstanding analogies—tracer bullets, broken windows, and the fabulous helicopter-based explanation of the need for orthogonality, especially in a crisis situation. I have little doubt that this book will eventually become an excellent source of useful information for journeymen programmers and expert mentors alike.” —John Lakos, author of Large-Scale C++ Software Design “This is the sort of book I will buy a dozen copies of when it comes out so I can give it to my clients.” —Eric Vought, Software Engineer “Most modern books on software development fail to cover the basics of what makes a great software developer, instead spending their time on syntax or technology where in reality the greatest leverage possible for any software team is in having talented developers who really know their craft well. An excellent book.” —Pete McBreen, Independent Consultant “Since reading this book, I have implemented many of the practical suggestions and tips it contains. Across the board, they have saved my company time and money while helping me get my job done quicker! This should be a desktop reference for everyone who works with code for a living.” —Jared Richardson, Senior Software Developer, iRenaissance, Inc. “I would like to see this issued to every new employee at my company....” —Chris Cleeland, Senior Software Engineer, Object Computing, Inc. “If I’m putting together a project, it’s the authors of this book that I want. . . . And failing that I’d settle for people who’ve read their book.” —Ward Cunningham Straight from the programming trenches, The Pragmatic Programmer cuts through the increasing specialization and technicalities of modern software development to examine the core process--taking a requirement and producing working, maintainable code that delights its users. It covers topics ranging from personal responsibility and career development to architectural techniques for keeping your code flexible and easy to adapt and reuse. Read this book, and you'll learn how to Fight software rot; Avoid the trap of duplicating knowledge; Write flexible, dynamic, and adaptable code; Avoid programming by coincidence; Bullet-proof your code with contracts, assertions, and exceptions; Capture real requirements; Test ruthlessly and effectively; Delight your users; Build teams of pragmatic programmers; and Make your developments more precise with automation. Written as a series of self-contained sections and filled with entertaining anecdotes, thoughtful examples, and interesting analogies, The Pragmatic Programmer illustrates the best practices and major pitfalls of many different aspects of software development. Whether you're a new coder, an experienced programmer, or a manager responsible for software projects, use these lessons daily, and you'll quickly see improvements in personal productivity, accuracy, and job satisfaction. You'll learn skills and develop habits and attitudes that form the foundation for long-term success in your career. You'll become a Pragmatic Programmer.

Knowledge Representation

Author: T.J.M. Bench-Capon
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781483297101
Release Date: 2014-06-28
Genre: Computers

Although many texts exist offering an introduction to artificial intelligence (AI), this book is unique in that it places an emphasis on knowledge representation (KR) concepts. It includes small-scale implementations in PROLOG to illustrate the major KR paradigms and their developments.****back cover copy:**Knowledge representation is at the heart of the artificial intelligence enterprise: anyone writing a program which seeks to work by encoding and manipulating knowledge needs to pay attention to the scheme whereby he will represent the knowledge, and to be aware of the consequences of the choices made.****The book's distinctive approach introduces the topic of AI through a study of knowledge representation issues. It assumes a basic knowledge of computing and a familiarity with the principles of elementary formal logic would be advantageous.****Knowledge Representation: An Approach to Artificial Intelligence develops from an introductory consideration of AI, knowledge representation and logic, through search technique to the three central knowledge paradigms: production rules, structured objects, and predicate calculus. The final section of the book illustrates the application of these knowledge representation paradigms through the Prolog Programming language and with an examination of diverse expert systems applications. The book concludes with a look at some advanced issues in knowledge representation.****This text provides an introduction to AI through a study of knowledge representation and each chapter contains exercises for students. Experienced computer scientists and students alike, seeking an introduction to AI and knowledge representations will find this an invaluable text.

Algorithmic Composition

Author: Gerhard Nierhaus
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783211755402
Release Date: 2009-08-28
Genre: Mathematics

Algorithmic composition – composing by means of formalizable methods – has a century old tradition not only in occidental music history. This is the first book to provide a detailed overview of prominent procedures of algorithmic composition in a pragmatic way rather than by treating formalizable aspects in single works. In addition to an historic overview, each chapter presents a specific class of algorithm in a compositional context by providing a general introduction to its development and theoretical basis and describes different musical applications. Each chapter outlines the strengths, weaknesses and possible aesthetical implications resulting from the application of the treated approaches. Topics covered are: markov models, generative grammars, transition networks, chaos and self-similarity, genetic algorithms, cellular automata, neural networks and artificial intelligence are covered. The comprehensive bibliography makes this work ideal for the musician and the researcher alike.

Handbook of Logic and Language

Author: Johan F.A.K. van Benthem
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444537279
Release Date: 2010-12-17
Genre: Mathematics

The logical study of language is becoming more interdisciplinary, playing a role in fields such as computer science, artificial intelligence, cognitive science and game theory. This new edition, written by the leading experts in the field, presents an overview of the latest developments at the interface of logic and linguistics as well as a historical perspective. It is divided into three parts covering Frameworks, General Topics and Descriptive Themes. Completely revised and updated - includes over 25% new material Discusses the interface between logic and language Many of the authors are creators or active developers of the theories

Computational Intelligence Paradigms

Author: S. Sumathi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439809038
Release Date: 2010-01-05
Genre: Computers

Offering a wide range of programming examples implemented in MATLAB®, Computational Intelligence Paradigms: Theory and Applications Using MATLAB® presents theoretical concepts and a general framework for computational intelligence (CI) approaches, including artificial neural networks, fuzzy systems, evolutionary computation, genetic algorithms and programming, and swarm intelligence. It covers numerous intelligent computing methodologies and algorithms used in CI research. The book first focuses on neural networks, including common artificial neural networks; neural networks based on data classification, data association, and data conceptualization; and real-world applications of neural networks. It then discusses fuzzy sets, fuzzy rules, applications of fuzzy systems, and different types of fused neuro-fuzzy systems, before providing MATLAB illustrations of ANFIS, classification and regression trees, fuzzy c-means clustering algorithms, fuzzy ART map, and Takagi–Sugeno inference systems. The authors also describe the history, advantages, and disadvantages of evolutionary computation and include solved MATLAB programs to illustrate the implementation of evolutionary computation in various problems. After exploring the operators and parameters of genetic algorithms, they cover the steps and MATLAB routines of genetic programming. The final chapter introduces swarm intelligence and its applications, particle swarm optimization, and ant colony optimization. Full of worked examples and end-of-chapter questions, this comprehensive book explains how to use MATLAB to implement CI techniques for the solution of biological problems. It will help readers with their work on evolution dynamics, self-organization, natural and artificial morphogenesis, emergent collective behaviors, swarm intelligence, evolutionary strategies, genetic programming, and the evolution of social behaviors.

Artificial neural networks

Author: Robert J. Schalkoff
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies
ISBN: 007057118X
Release Date: 1997
Genre: Computers

This new text has been designed to present the concepts of artificial neural networks in a concise and logical manner for your computer engineering students.