Author: Yūji Iwasawa
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 1998
The impact international law has had on Japanese law has been substantial, especially in the field of human rights. The author of this volume, one of Japan's leading international lawyers, examines extensively the relationship between his country's domestic rules and regulations, and the numerous international treaties and conventions which it has ratified in recent years. Some changes were made to domestic laws in an attempt to make them conform with these international instruments,but individuals went to the courts to try to obtain further necessary modification. Such direct invocations of international law have met with little success, but the laws concerned are often amended at a later date, due to political pressure. The changes in domestic law thatsuch amendments have wrought, have improved the human rights situation in Japan, and have lead to a growing interest in international law within that country. The author pays particular attention in this volume to the laws governing sexual equality, the legal status of aliens, and the treatment of mental health patients, amongst others. The book details the changes that international law has brought in these areas, despite the skepticism of the Japanese courts regarding the validity of international human rights law as a source of law.
Author: Bardo Fassbender
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2012-11-01
This handbook provides an authoritative and original overview of the origins of public international law. It analyses the modern history of international law from a global perspective, and examines the lives of those who were most responsible for shaping it.
Author: Andrew Byrnes
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Release Date: 2013-03-08
The essays in this volume address various challenges posed by globalization to the international legal order, in fields which include the use of force, humanitarian law, international trade and investment law, dispute resolution, human rights, and environmental law.
Author: Henry J. Steiner
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date: 2008
The third edition of International Human Rights in Context continues to bring sophisticated and thought-provoking analysis to the study of human rights within its wider social and cultural context. This widely acclaimed interdisciplinary coursebook presents a diverse range of carefully edited primary and secondary materials alongside extensive text, editorial commentary, and study questions. Within its conceptual framework, the book thoroughly covers the major topics of internationalhuman rights: the basic characteristics of international law; evolution of the human rights movement movement; civil, political, economic and social rights; the humanitarian laws of war; globalization; self-determination; women's rights; universalism and cultural relativisim; intergovernmental and nongovernmental institutions; implementation and enforcement; internal application of human rights norms; and the spread of constitutionalism. The third edition has been considerably revised and restructured to incoroprate new themes and topics including: human rights in relation to terrorism amd national security; responsibility of nonstate actors for human rights violations; recent substantial changes in sources and processes of international law; achieved and potential reforrm within UN human rights institution; theories about international organizations and their influence on state behavior. Its scope, challenging enquiries, and clarity make it the ideal companion for human rightsstudents, scholars, advocates and practitioners alike. Online Resource Centre The third edition will be accompanied by a new online resource centre which will house the Annex of Documents, allowing them to be updated between editions.
Author: Carl F. Goodman
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
Release Date: 2003-01-01
This book discusses various Japanese legal topics in comparison to the United States approach to these same topics and analyzes whether what you see as the written law in Japan is what you get in reality. The foundation for the present Japanese legal system is explored, as is the structure, makeup, and independence of the Japanese judiciary and legal professions. The application of the Japanese Constitution to activities of and limitations on powers of the Japanese government are analyzed, as are the scope and limitations of the Japanese constitutional guarantees of religious freedom, sexual equality, equal rights, and rights of the criminally accused. The special Renunciation of War clause of the Japanese Constitution and court decisions dealing with the clause are analyzed to discover how the clause has gone from prohibiting all military establishments to permitting a world class military. Substantive legal areas, including contracts, treaties, and corporate law, are discussed. The Japanese civil litigation system, the perceived shortcoming in that system and currently ongoing steps at judicial reform are analyzed. Similarly, the attempt of the American Occupation to significantly change the administrative law of Japan by incorporating American legal concepts in Japanese administrative law is compared to the actual legal state of affairs in Japan. The text discusses the concepts underlying the reasons for the difference between the written law in Japan and the actual working of the Japanese legal system and considers how the ongoing process of judicial reform in Japan, which has as its stated goal the advancement of the Rule of Law, may affect changes in the legal system as Japan moves its legal system into the 21st Century.
The last decade has seen Japan become more aggressive in settling its trade disputes through the WTO process whereas previously it prefered settling such disputes more informally on a bilateral basis. In The Politics of WTO Dispute Settlement, Keisuke Iida demonstrates how and why this transformation has taken place. Professor Iida argues that though Japanese trade policy has become "legalized" it remains distinct from US or the EU where trade laywers are in the driving seat of dispute settlement. Instead, Japan has pursued what might be called "tactical legalization", borrowing expertise, information and leverage from the private sector, foreign lawyers and the other major trading partners such as the EU in particular. The book demonstrates in detail how the multilateral trade system and the trade policy of major trading nations, including that of Japan, interact to increase or restrain the "legalization" of the world trading system.