Author: Joanna Jemielniak
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2010-04-08
Capturing the Change: Universalising Tendencies in Legal Interpretation Joanna Jemielniak and Przemys aw Mik aszewicz International and supranational integration on the European continent, as well as the harmonisation of the rules of international trade and the accompanying dev- opment and global popularity of the resolution of commercial disputes through arbitration, constantly exerts a considerable in uence on modern legal systems. The sources of each of these phenomena are different, and their action is dissimilar. Each can be described as reaching either from the top to the bottom, through the direct involvement of interested States and consequently affecting their internal legal s- tems (international and supranational integration; harmonisation of trade regulations through public international law instruments), or bottom-up, as a result of activity by private parties, leading to the achievement of uniform practices and standards (ar- tration, lex mercatoria). Nonetheless, they both enrich national legal cultures and contribute to transgressing the limits of national (local) particularisms in creating, interpreting and applying the law. The aim of this book is to demonstrate how these processes have in uenced the interpretation of law, how they have shaped the methods and techniques of the interpretation and with what consequences for the outcomes of the interpretative procedures. In assessing the extent of this in uence, due regard must be paid to the fact that the interpretation of law is not, in principle, directly determined by the provisions of law itself.
This book fills a gap in legal academic study and practice in International Commercial Arbitration (ICA) by offering an in-depth analysis on legal discourse and interpretation. Written by a specialist in international business law, arbitration and legal theory, it examines the discursive framework of arbitral proceedings, through an exploration of the unique status of arbitration as a legal and semiotic phenomenon. Historical and contemporary aspects of legal discourse and interpretation are considered, as well as developments in the field of discourse analysis in ICA. A section is devoted to institutional and structural determinants of legal discourse in ICA in which ad hoc and institutional forms are examined. The book also deals with functional aspects of legal interpretation in arbitral discourse, focusing on interpretative standards, methods and considerations in decision-making in ICA. The comparative examinations of existing legal framework and case law reflect the international nature of the subject and the book will be of value to both academic and professional readers.
Author: Neil Walker
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2014-11-22
A strain of law reaching beyond any bounded international or transnational remit to assert a global jurisdiction has recently acquired a new prominence. Intimations of Global Law detects this strain in structures of international law claiming a planetary scope independent of state consent, in new threads of global constitutional law, administrative law and human rights, and in revived notions of ius gentium and the global rule of law. It is also visible in the legal pursuit of functionally differentiated global public goods, general conflict rules, norms of 'legal pluralism' and new legal hybrids such as the global law of peace and humanity law. The coming of global law affects how law manifests itself in a global age and alters the shape of our legal-ethical horizons. Global law presents a diverse, unsettled and sometimes conflicted legal category, and one which challenges our very understanding of the rudiments of legal authority.
Author: Lauri Mälksoo
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Release Date: 2015-03-05
This book addresses a simple question: how do Russians understand international law? Is it the same understanding as in the West or is it in some ways different and if so, why? It answers these questions by drawing on from three different yet closely interconnected perspectives: history, theory, and recent state practice. The work uses comparative international law as starting point and argues that in order to understand post-Soviet Russia's state and scholarly approaches to international law, one should take into account the history of ideas in Russia. To an extent, Russian understandings of international law differ from what is considered the mainstream in the West. One specific feature of this book is that it goes inside the language of international law as it is spoken and discussed in post-Soviet Russia, especially the scholarly literature in the Russian language, and relates this literature to the history of international law as discipline in Russia. Recent state practice such as the annexation of Crimea in 2014, Russia's record in the UN Security Council, the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights, prominent cases in investor-state arbitration, and the creation of the Eurasian Economic Union are laid out and discussed in the context of increasingly popular 'civilizational' ideas, the claim that Russia is a unique civilization and therefore not part of the West. The implications of this claim for the future of international law, its universality, and regionalism are discussed.
Unter den Bedingungen der Globalisierung können wir uns internationale Politik nicht länger nur als Machtspiel von Nationalstaaten vorstellen. Neue Mechanismen der Koordination bilden sich in vielfältigen Bereichen interund transnationaler Politik heraus
Inhaltsübersicht: 1. Kultur und Management, 2. Das einzig wahre Organisationsmodell ist noch nicht erfunden, 3. Die Bedeutung der Kultur, 4. Beziehungen und Regeln, 5. Die Gruppe und der einzelne, 6. Emotionen und Beziehungen, 7. Betroffenheit und Engagement, 8. Statusfragen, 9. Der Umgang mit der Zeit, 10. Der Bezug zur Natur, 11. Nationalkulturen und Firmenkulturen, 12. Unterwegs zu einem wirklich interkulturellen Management, Anhänge 1-3, Quellen, Dank, Reg.
Author: K. Bruckmeier
Release Date: 2013-01-21
Genre: Political Science
Building on recent developments in social ecology, this book advances a new critical theory of society and nature, exploring social metabolism and global resource flows in contemporary society. Barriers to global sustainability are identified and conditions for transforming industrial economies towards new sustainable resource use are described.
Author: Rhonda L. Callaway
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Political Science
Bringing together key selections that represent the full range of philosophical debates, policy analyses, and first-hand accounts, the editors offer a comprehensive and accessible set of readings on the major themes and issues in the field of international human rights. The reader has been carefully designed to enhance students understanding not only of human rights, but also of differing perspectives on the topic.Rhonda L. Callaway is assistant professor of political science at Sam Houston State University. Julie Harrelson-Stephens is assistant professor of political science at Stephen F. Austin University.Contents: What Are Human Rights? Introductionthe Editors. What Are Human Rights?: Definitions and Typologies of Todays Human Rights Discoursethe Editors. What Future for Economic and Social Rights?D. Beetham. Basic RightsH. Shue. The Philosophical Foundations of Human RightsJ.J. Shestack. Measuring Human Rights. Introductionthe Editors. The Limitations of Using Quantitative Data in Studying Human Rights AbusesR.J. Goldstein. Measuring Human Rights: Some Issues and OptionsD.L. Richards. The Political Terror ScaleM. Gibney and M. Dalton. How are These Pictures Different?: A Quantitative Comparison of the US State Department and Amnesty International Human Rights Reports, 1976-1995S.C. Poe, S.C. Carey, and T.C. Vazquez. Using the Physical Quality of Life Index to Explore the Level of Subsistence RightsW.T. Milner and R.L. Callaway. International Law and Organizations in the Fight for Human Rights. Introductionthe Editors. The Normative and Institutional Evolution of International Human RightsT. Buergenthal. The International Criminal Court ControversyR.W. Tucker. Refugee Flows as Grounds for International ActionA. Dowty and G. Loescher. Activists Beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks In International PoliticsM.E. Keck and K. Sikkink. Are Human Rights Universal? Introductionthe Editors. The Rhetoric of Asian ValuesR.L. Callaway. Relativism and Universalism in Human Rights: The Case of the Islamic Middle EastF. Halliday. American Muslims and a Meaningful Human Rights Discourse in the Aftermath of September 11, 2001I.Z. Shakir. Restraining Universalism: Africanist Perspectives on Cultural Relativism in the Human Rights DiscourseB. Ibhawoh. Witness to Torture. Introductionthe Editors. Auschwitz: A Doctors Eyewitness AccountM. Nyiszli. A Cambodian OdysseyH. Ngor. One Day in My LifeB. Sands. The Tenth Circle of HellR. Hukanović. Machete SeasonJ. Hatzfeld. Gender Based Repression. Introductionthe Editors. Disposable People: New Slavery in the Global EconomyK. Bales. Trafficking in Womens Bodies, Then and Now: The Issue of Military Comfort WomenK. Wantanabe. Rights of Women with Islamic CommunitiesR. Hassan. Female Circumcision Comes to AmericaL. Burstyn. Children as Targets. Introductionthe Editors. Child Labor as a Human Rights Issue: Efforts, Mistakes, and SolutionsZ.F.K. Arat. Child Marriage in Afghanistan and PakistanA. Bushnell. Child Slaves in Modern India: The Bonded Labor ProblemL. Tucker. The Sex Trade Industrys Worldwide Exploitation of ChildrenR.B. Flowers. The Political Economy of War-Affected ChildrenS. Hick. Globalization and Human Rights. Introductionthe Editors. Achieving Human Rights: The Globalization DebateJ. Harrelson-Stephens. Globalization and Human RightsR. McCorquodale and R. Fairbrother. The Tragedy of Tauccamarca: A Human Rights Perspective on the Pesticide Poisoning of 24 Children in the Peruvian AndesE. Rosenthal. Strategic Violations: The Outsourcing of Human Rights AbusesN. Gordon. The Singer Solution to PovertyP. Singer. Human Rights in the War on Terror. Introductionthe Editors. Human Rights Violations as a Catalyst for Terrorist Activitythe Editors. Leading by Example?: US Interrogation of Prisoners in the War on TerrorE. Massimino. Human Rights PostSeptember 11thJ. Mertus and T. Sajjad.
Die wissenschaftliche Gerechtigkeitsdebatte, jahrelang dominiert von John Rawls'”Theorie der Gerechtigkeit“, erhielt 1983 durch Michael Walzer eine bedeutende Wendung. In Abgrenzung von Rawls und anderen Gerechtigkeitstheoretikern entwickelte Walzer in seinem inzwischen klassisch gewordenen Werk seine Vision einer”komplexen Gleichheit“. Er geht davon aus, dass wahre Gerechtigkeit nicht durch einen wörtlich verstandenen Gleichheitsbegriff verwirklicht werden kann: Vielmehr verlangen verschiedene wichtige Güter - Reichtum, Macht, Arbeit, Liebe - auch verschiedene Modi der Verteilung. Walzer setzt sich nachdrücklich für einen neuen pluralistischen Gleichheitsbegriff ein, der bis heute nichts an Aktualität verloren hat.
Author: Werner Maihofer
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag
Release Date: 1990
Genre: Social Science
Content: I. Revolution and Law: H.P. Glenn: Law, Revolution and Rights u M.A. Simon: Must a Revolution Preserve Rights? u C. Wellman: Locke's Right to Revolution Reexamined u W.E. Murnion: Aquinas on Revolution u Shing-I Liu: Menschenrecht, Widerstandsrecht u. Revolution u II. Human Rights and Democracy: A. Mineau: L'origine des droits de l'homme u H. Kochler: Menschenrechtskonformitat demokrat. Systeme u M. Scheinin: Legal Protection of Human Rights and Different Conceptions of Democracy u J.F. Doyle: Fulfilling Revolutionary Promises u N. Lopez-Calera: Naturaleza dialectica de los derechos humanos u J. Wetlesen: Inherent Dignity as a Ground of Human Rights u M.-R. Ollila: Virtue Ethics and Violations of Human Rights u P. Duran y Lalaguna: Human Rights in Democratic Society u C.B. Gray: Fraternity and Nonobstante u III. Human Rights and International Law: A. Bragyova: Is it Possible to Base Human Rights on Internaional Law? u L. Lukaszuk: The Concept of Protection of Human and Civic Rights According to the Principles and Rules of Both the International and Constitutional Law u A.N. Georgiadou: Les droits fondamentaux en droit communautaire u IV. Human Rights and Socialism: K.A. Mollnau: Entwicklungsdenken in der Rechtswissenschaft u W. Sokolewicz: Constitutionality as a Precondition of the Rule of Law u R. Wieruszewski: The Principle of Interrelation Between Human Rights and Duties u P.D. Swan: The Contributions of J. Habermas and C. Lefort u A. Lopatka: Revolution and Socialist Renewal in Poland u M. Samu: The Connection Between Human Rights and Democracy u D.J. Galligan: The Foundations of Due Process in Socialism u R. Bellamy: Liberal Rights and Socialist Goals .