What is psychology? When did it begin? Where did it come from? How does psychology compare with related subjects such as psychiatry and psychotherapy? To what extent is it scientific? "Introducing Psychology" answers all these questions and more, explaining what the subject has been in the past and what it is now. The main "schools" of thought and the sections within psychology are described, including Introspection, Biopsychology, Psychoanalysis, Behaviourism, Comparative (Animal) Psychology, Cognitive Approaches (including the Gestalt movement), Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology and Humanism. The key figures covered include: Freud, Pavlov, Skinner, Bandura, Piaget, Bowlby, Maslow and Rogers, as well as many lesser-known but important psychologists.
Author: Jennifer L. Hodgson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2017-03-20
Veterinary Medical Education: A Practical Guide offers a complete resource to fundamental information on key areas of veterinary education. Provides a practical guide to the key principles of veterinary medical education Takes a real-world approach, with concrete guidance for teaching veterinary skills and knowledge Covers all aspects of designing and implementing a veterinary curriculum Emphasizes key points and helpful tips Offers a veterinary-specific resource for any veterinary educator worldwide
How did the mind evolve? How does the human mind differ from the minds of our ancestors, and from the minds of our nearest relatives, the apes? What are the universal features of the human mind, and why are they designed the way they are? If our minds are built by selfish genes, why are we so cooperative? Can the differences between male and female psychology be explained in evolutionary terms? These questions are at the centre of a rapidly growing research programme called evolutionary psychology.
"Introducing Consciousness" provides a comprehensive guide to the current state of consciousness studies. It starts with the history of the philosophical relation between mind and matter, and proceeds to scientific attempts to explain consciousness in terms of neural mechanisms, cerebral computation and quantum mechanics. Along the way, readers will be introduced to zombies and Chinese Rooms, ghosts in machines and Schrodinger's cat.
Logic is the backbone of Western civilization, holding together its systems of philosophy, science and law. Yet despite logic's widely acknowledged importance, it remains an unbroken seal for many, due to its heavy use of jargon and mathematical symbolism.This book follows the historical development of logic, explains the symbols and methods involved and explores the philosophical issues surrounding the topic in an easy-to-follow and friendly manner. It will take you through the influence of logic on scientific method and the various sciences from physics to psychology, and will show you why computers and digital technology are just another case of logic in action.
Half a century of research has resulted in machines capable of beating the best human chess players and humanoid robots that can interact. But can machines really think? Is the mind just a complicated computer program? "Introducing Artificial Intelligence" focuses on the issues behind one of science's most difficult problems.
Author: Dean Buonomano
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
Release Date: 2017-04-04
"Beautifully written, eloquently reasoned…Mr. Buonomano takes us off and running on an edifying scientific journey." —Carol Tavris, Wall Street Journal In Your Brain Is a Time Machine, leading neuroscientist Dean Buonomano embarks on an "immensely engaging" exploration of how time works inside the brain (Barbara Kiser, Nature). The human brain, he argues, is a complex system that not only tells time, but creates it; it constructs our sense of chronological movement and enables "mental time travel"—simulations of future and past events. These functions are essential not only to our daily lives but to the evolution of the human race: without the ability to anticipate the future, mankind would never have crafted tools or invented agriculture. This virtuosic work of popular science will lead you to a revelation as strange as it is true: your brain is, at its core, a time machine.
In 1859, Charles Darwin shocked the world with a radical theory - evolution by natural selection. One hundred and fifty years later, his theory still challenges some of our most precious beliefs. "Introducing Evolution" provides a step-by-step guide to 'Darwin's dangerous idea' and takes a fresh look at the often misunderstood concepts of natural selection and the selfish gene. Drawing on the latest findings from genetics, ecology and animal behaviour - as well as the work of best-selling science writers such as Richard Dawkins and Steven Pinker - a string of brilliant examples, superbly illustrated by Howard Selina, reveals how the evidence in favour of evolutionary theory is stronger than ever. With wit and clarity, Dylan Evans addresses many puzzling issues: Did life first evolve on other planets? What's the advantage of having sex? Why do your parents look after you? And what good to a bird is half a wing? From the death of the dinosaurs to the development of digital organisms, "Introducing Evolution" brings Darwin up-to-date with the latest scientific discoveries. This is the ideal guide to the most important idea ever to appear in the history of science.
Author: Bernard J. Baars
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date: 2010-02-04
Cognition, Brain, and Consciousness, Second Edition, provides students and readers with an overview of the study of the human brain and its cognitive development. It discusses brain molecules and their primary function, which is to help carry brain signals to and from the different parts of the human body. These molecules are also essential for understanding language, learning, perception, thinking, and other cognitive functions of our brain. The book also presents the tools that can be used to view the human brain through brain imaging or recording. New to this edition are Frontiers in Cognitive Neuroscience text boxes, each one focusing on a leading researcher and their topic of expertise. There is a new chapter on Genes and Molecules of Cognition; all other chapters have been thoroughly revised, based on the most recent discoveries. This text is designed for undergraduate and graduate students in Psychology, Neuroscience, and related disciplines in which cognitive neuroscience is taught. New edition of a very successful textbook Completely revised to reflect new advances, and feedback from adopters and students Includes a new chapter on Genes and Molecules of Cognition Student Solutions available at http://www.baars-gage.com/ For Teachers: Rapid adoption and course preparation: A wide array of instructor support materials are available online including PowerPoint lecture slides, a test bank with answers, and eFlashcords on key concepts for each chapter. A textbook with an easy-to-understand thematic approach: in a way that is clear for students from a variety of academic backgrounds, the text introduces concepts such as working memory, selective attention, and social cognition. A step-by-step guide for introducing students to brain anatomy: color graphics have been carefully selected to illustrate all points and the research explained. Beautifully clear artist's drawings are used to 'build a brain' from top to bottom, simplifying the layout of the brain. For students: An easy-to-read, complete introduction to mind-brain science: all chapters begin from mind-brain functions and build a coherent picture of their brain basis. A single, widely accepted functional framework is used to capture the major phenomena. Learning Aids include a student support site with study guides and exercises, a new Mini-Atlas of the Brain and a full Glossary of technical terms and their definitions. Richly illustrated with hundreds of carefully selected color graphics to enhance understanding.
Author: Bob Garrett
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
Release Date: 2009
The Innovative Biopsychology Text is Now Published By SAGE!Thoroughly updated from the previous edition, Brain &BAD:amp; Behavior: An Introduction to Biological Psychology, Second Editionáengages students with its progressive and accessible content and useful pedagogy. The integration of sensory material into behavioral contexts enhances student interest in topics they often regard as boring. The text includes two chapters not found in other biopsychology texts, on the biological bases of intelligence and consciousness. These discussions build on material from earlier chapters to make a final and convincing case for the power of biological psychology to explain human behavior.New to the Second EditionIncludes more than 500 new references, with 37% of them from 2004 and later. Expands on and combines the material on research techniques that was previously in the appendix with two topics from the first editionÆs introductory chapter, Science, Research, and Theory and Research Ethics, to form the new chapter The Methods and Ethics of Research. Contains more than 60 new illustrations, and 25 others were significantly revised to increase their informational and educational value. Presents new tables where there was a need to organize or summarize complex material. Incorporates thoroughly updated In the News and Application features with the most current information.Integrates the latest findings in our rapidly increasing understanding of genetic influences on behavior Strengthens the theme of the broader societal relevance of biopsychologyPopular features retainedáfrom the earlier edition:Containsáan eye-catching four-color interior design and extensive illustrative art programCovers intelligence &BAD:amp; consciousness in their own separate chapters, which is unique compared to the competition Explores drugs and addiction in a separate chapterBrings the focus on behavior to the forefront. Contains opening vignettes of real life topics that help to make the chapter content come aliveGives ôConcept Checksö at the end of each main section within the chapter that are designed to assist the student in assessing their comprehension of that section. Offers marginal questions throughout the text help keep students focused on the most important points in the chaptersProvides useful end-of- chapter pedagogy such as: ôIn Perspectiveö sections followed by a summary of the key points in the chapter; ôFor Further Thoughtö sections that require the student to think about and complete brief projects that will assist them in their understanding of the chapter content; and ôTest Your Understandingö sections that appear at the end of every chapter help students assess their progress in learning the material presented. This feature contains short answer and multiple choice questions.The robust ancillaries include:InstructorÆs Resource CD-ROM that contains a computerized test bank, PowerPoint Slides, sample syllabi, and suggested in-class and homework assignments.The Student Study Site at www.sagepub.com/garrettbb2study that consists of 14 animations of key biological phenomena, self-quizzes, key term flashcards, SAGE journal articles with accompanying exercises, and web links with accompanying exercises.The Student Study Guide that offers chapter outlines; learning objectives; summary and guided reviews (incorporating key terms and concepts); short-answer and essay questions; and a chapter post-test
In this revitalized, redesigned, and thoroughly updated Ninth Edition of his best-selling text, Dennis Coon presents psychology in a way readers will find fascinating, relevant, and above all, accessible. Built into every chapter are a number of features-originated by Coon-that help readers grasp major concepts, develop a broad understanding of psychology's diversity, and see for themselves how psychology relates to the challenges of everyday life. Dennis Coon's delight in the subject matter of psychology and in the readers' curiosity, insights, imagination, and interest is apparent on every page. In a course where professors are frequently confronted by students who haven't actually read their textbooks, Coon's text offers a solution. Coon effectively presents the latest research, the latest controversies, and the key scientific content in an involving way that gets students hooked on psychology and eager to read on. Because readers become actively involved with the material, they develop a basic understanding of psychology that they take with them into their future courses and careers. Coon was the first textbook author to make effective use of cognitive principles to teach psychology by building each chapter around the SQ3R study-reading formula: survey, question, read, recite, and review. In the Ninth Edition, Coon has added a fourth R-Relate-to create an SQ4R structure, designed to help students better retain the material by encouraging them to relate it directly to their own lives. A new subtitle-Gateways to Mind and Behavior-highlights the relevance of psychology to everyday life. There are certain takeaway concepts (or Gateways) within each area of introductory psychology (and infused within each chapter) that, once mastered, will provide students with the ability to unlock a deeper understanding of themselves and the world around them, throughout the course and beyond.
Using a unique "magazine-style" format, this THOMSON ADVANTAGE BOOKS version of INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGYoffers a modular, visually-oriented approach to the fundamentals that makes even the toughest concepts engaging and entertaining.. Incorporating the latest research updates, the text breaks concepts down into small, easily digested chunks.