Introduction to Aberrations in Optical Imaging Systems

Author: José Sasián
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107006331
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Science

An accessible, well presented introduction to the theory of optical aberrations, covering key topics that are often missing from comparable books.

Introduction to Aberrations in Optical Imaging Systems

Author: José Sasián
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139619363
Release Date: 2012-12-20
Genre: Science

The competent and intelligent optical design of today's state-of-the-art products requires an understanding of optical aberrations. This accessible book provides an excellent introduction to the wave theory of aberrations and will be valuable to graduate students in optical engineering, as well as to researchers and technicians in academia and industry interested in optical imaging systems. Using a logical structure, uniform mathematical notation and high quality figures, the author helps readers to learn the theory of optical aberrations in a modern and efficient manner. In addition to essential topics such as the aberration function, wave aberrations, ray caustics and aberration coefficients, this text covers pupil aberrations, the irradiance function, aberration fields and polarization aberrations. It also provides a historical perspective by explaining the discovery of aberrations and two chapters provide insight into classical image formation; these topics of discussion are often missing in comparable books.

Aberration Theory Made Simple

Author: Virendra N. Mahajan
Publisher: SPIE Press
ISBN: 0819405361
Release Date: 1991-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book provides a clear, concise, and consistent exposition of what aberrations are, how they arise in optical imaging systems, and how they affect the quality of images formed by them. The emphasis of the book is on physical insight, problem solving, and numerical results, and the text is intended for engineers and scientists who have a need and a desire for a deeper and better understanding of aberrations and their role in optical imaging and wave propagation. Some knowledge of Gaussian optics and an appreciation for aberrations would be useful but is not required.

Optical Wavefront Analysis

Author: Virendra N. Mahajan
Publisher:
ISBN: 081949111X
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Aberration

Wavefront Analysis is Part III of a series of books on Optical Imaging and Aberrations. It has evolved out of the author's work and lectures over the years on wavefront analysis as applied to optical design and testing. Its focus is on the use of orthonormal polynomials that represent balanced classical aberrations in optical imaging systems with pupils of various shapes. After a brief introduction to optical imaging, aberrations, and orthonormalization of a set of polynomials over a certain domain to obtain polynomials that are orthonormal over another domain, this book describes in detail the polynomials appropriate for various shapes of the system pupil. Starting with a system that is most common in imaging, namely, the one with a circular pupil, systems with annular, hexagonal, elliptical, rectangular, square, and slit pupils are considered. Included in this list are also systems with circular and annular pupils with Gaussian illumination, anamorphic systems with square and circular pupils, and those with circular and annular sector pupils. These chapters start with a brief discussion of aberration-free imaging that includes both the PSF and the OTF of a system. A separate chapter is devoted to a discussion of the pitfalls of using the Zernike circle polynomials for systems with noncircular pupils by applying them to systems with annular and hexagonal pupils. Similarly, a chapter is devoted to the calculation of orthonormal aberration coefficients from the wavefront or the wavefront slope data. Each chapter ends with a brief summary that describes the essence of its content.

Adaptive Optics for Biological Imaging

Author: Joel A Kubby
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439850183
Release Date: 2013-04-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Adaptive Optics for Biological Imaging brings together groundbreaking research on the use of adaptive optics for biological imaging. The book builds on prior work in astronomy and vision science. Featuring contributions by leaders in this emerging field, it takes an interdisciplinary approach that makes the subject accessible to nonspecialists who want to use adaptive optics techniques in their own work in biology and bioengineering. Organized into three parts, the book covers principles, methods, and applications of adaptive optics for biological imaging, providing the reader with the following benefits: Gives a general overview of applied optics, including definitions and vocabulary, to lay a foundation for clearer communication across disciplines Explains what kinds of optical aberrations arise in imaging through various biological tissues, and what technology can be used to correct for these aberrations Explores research done with a variety of biological samples and imaging instruments, including wide-field, confocal, and two-photon microscopes Discusses both indirect wavefront sensing, which uses an iterative approach, and direct wavefront sensing, which uses a parallel approach Since the sample is an integral part of the optical system in biological imaging, the field will benefit from participation by biologists and biomedical researchers with expertise in applied optics. This book helps lower the barriers to entry for these researchers. It also guides readers in selecting the approach that works best for their own applications.

Advanced Optical Imaging Theory

Author: Min Gu
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783540484714
Release Date: 2013-06-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Optical microscopy and associated technologies have advanced rapidly along with laser technology. These techniques have stimulated further development of the optical imaging theory, including 3-dimensional microscopy imaging theory, the theory of imaging with ultrashort pulsed beam illumination and the aberration theory for high numerical-aperture objectives. This book introduces these new theories in modern optical microscopy, providing comparisons with classical imaging as appropriate.

Introduction to the Optical Transfer Function

Author: Charles Sumner Williams
Publisher: SPIE Press
ISBN: 0819443360
Release Date: 1989
Genre: Science

Originally published by Wiley in 1989, this timeless classic provides a well-illustrated treatment of the fundamental concepts of spatial frequency, spread function, wave aberration, and transfer function--and how these concepts are related in an optical system, how they are measured and calculated, and how they may be useful.

Optical Design for Biomedical Imaging

Author: Rongguang Liang
Publisher: SPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering
ISBN: 0819483699
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Designing an efficient imaging system for biomedical optics requires a solid understanding of the special requirements of the optical systems for biomedical imaging and the optical components used in the systems. However, a lack of reference books on optical design (imaging and illumination) for biomedical imaging has led to some inefficient systems. This book fills the gap between biomedical optics and optical design by addressing the fundamentals of biomedical optics and optical engineering, and biomedical imaging systems. The first half provides a brief introduction to biomedical optics and then covers the fundamentals of optics, optical components, light sources, detectors, optical imaging system design, and illumination system design. This also includes important issues related to biomedical imaging, such as autofluorescence from optical materials. The second half of the text covers various biomedical imaging techniques and their optical systems, along with design examples.

Optical System Design

Author: Rudolf Kingslake
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780323141109
Release Date: 2012-12-02
Genre: Science

Optical System Design covers the basic knowledge of optics and the flow of light through an optical system. This book is organized into 16 chapters that deal with various components of an optical system, from light and images to spectroscopic apparatus. The book first discusses the simple components of an optical system, including its light, lens, oblique beams, and photochemical aspects. It then deals with the system’s projection, plane mirrors, prisms, magnifying instruments, and telescope. Other components considered are the surveying instruments, mirror imaging systems, photographic optics, and spectroscopic apparatus. This book is of value to undergraduate students with courses in geometrical optics and system design.

Subsea Optics and Imaging

Author: John Watson
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780857093523
Release Date: 2013-10-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The use of optical methodology, instrumentation and photonics devices for imaging, vision and optical sensing is of increasing importance in understanding our marine environment. Subsea optics can make an important contribution to the protection and sustainable management of ocean resources and contribute to monitoring the response of marine systems to climate change. This important book provides an authoritative review of key principles, technologies and their applications. The book is divided into three parts. The first part provides a general introduction to the key concepts in subsea optics and imaging, imaging technologies and the development of ocean optics and colour analysis. Part two reviews the use of subsea optics in environmental analysis. An introduction to the concepts of underwater light fields is followed by an overview of coloured dissolved organic matter (CDOM) and an assessment of nutrients in the water column. This section concludes with discussions of the properties of subsea bioluminescence, harmful algal blooms and their impact and finally an outline of optical techniques for studying suspended sediments, turbulence and mixing in the marine environment. Part three reviews subsea optical systems technologies. A general overview of imaging and visualisation using conventional photography and video leads onto advanced techniques like digital holography, laser line-scanning and range-gated imaging as well as their use in controlled observation platforms or global observation networks. This section also outlines techniques like Raman spectroscopy, hyperspectral sensing and imaging, laser Doppler anemometry (LDA) and particle image velocimetry (PIV), optical fibre sensing and LIDAR systems. Finally, a chapter on fluorescence methodologies brings the volume to a close. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Subsea optics and imaging is a standard reference for those researching, developing and using subsea optical technologies as well as environmental scientists and agencies concerned with monitoring the marine environment. Provides an authoritative review of key principles, technologies and their applications Outlines the key concepts in subsea optics and imaging, imaging technologies and the development of ocean optics and colour analysis Reviews the properties of subsea bioluminescence, harmful algal blooms and their impact

Principles of Electron Optics

Author: Peter W. Hawkes
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0080962432
Release Date: 2012-12-02
Genre: Science

This is a complete handbook and reference volume which covers everything that one needs to know about electron optics. It is a comprehensive coverage of theoretical background and modern computing methods. It contains a detailed and unique account of numerical methods and an extensive bibliography.

Aberration Corrected Imaging in Transmission Electron Microscopy

Author: Rolf Erni
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9781783265305
Release Date: 2015-03-23
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Aberration-Corrected Imaging in Transmission Electron Microscopy provides an introduction to aberration-corrected atomic-resolution electron microscopy imaging in materials and physical sciences. It covers both the broad beam transmission mode (TEM; transmission electron microscopy) and the scanning transmission mode (STEM; scanning transmission electron microscopy). The book is structured in three parts. The first part introduces the basics of conventional atomic-resolution electron microscopy imaging in TEM and STEM modes. This part also describes limits of conventional electron microscopes and possible artefacts which are caused by the intrinsic lens aberrations that are unavoidable in such instruments. The second part introduces fundamental electron optical concepts and thus provides a brief introduction to electron optics. Based on the first and second parts of the book, the third part focuses on aberration correction; it describes the various aberrations in electron microscopy and introduces the concepts of spherical aberration correctors and advanced aberration correctors, including correctors for chromatic aberration. This part also provides guidelines on how to optimize the imaging conditions for atomic-resolution STEM and TEM imaging. This second edition has been completely revised and updated in order to incorporate the very recent technological and scientific achievements that have been realized since the first edition appeared in 2010.

CMOS Circuit Design Layout and Simulation

Author: R. Jacob Baker
Publisher: Wiley-IEEE Press
ISBN: 0780334167
Release Date: 1997-08-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering

"This exceptionally comprehensive tutorial presentation of complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) integrated circuits will guide you through the process of implementing a chip from the physical definition through the design and simulation of the finished chip. CMOS: CIRCUIT DESIGN, LAYOUT, AND SIMULATION provides an important contemporary view of a wide range of circuit blocks, the BSIM model, data converter architectures, and much more. Outstanding features of this text include: * Phase- and delay-locked loops, mixed-signal circuits, and data converters * More than 1,000 figures, 200 examples, and over 500 end-of-chapter problems * In-depth coverage of both analog and digital circuit-level design techniques * Real-world process parameters and design rules * Information on MOSIS fabrication procedures, and other key topics of interest * Information and directions on submitting chips of MOSIS * Tutorial presentation of material suitable for self study or as a university textbook * Numerous examples and homework problems For more information and links related to CMOS design, go to http://cmosedu.com. Professors: To request an examination copy simply e-mail [email protected]" Sponsored by: IEEE Solid-State Circuits Council/Society, IEEE Circuits and Systems Society.

Fundamentals of Geometrical Optics

Author: Virendra N. Mahajan
Publisher: Society of Photo Optical
ISBN: 0819499986
Release Date: 2014-06-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Optical imaging starts with geometrical optics, and ray tracing lies at its forefront. This book starts with Fermat’s principle and derives the three laws of geometrical optics from it. After discussing imaging by refracting and reflecting systems, paraxial ray tracing is used to determine the size of imaging elements and obscuration in mirror systems. Stops, pupils, radiometry, and optical instruments are also discussed. The chromatic and monochromatic aberrations are addressed in detail, followed by spot sizes and spot diagrams of aberrated images of point objects. Each chapter ends with a summary and a set of problems. The book ends with an epilogue that summarizes the imaging process and outlines the next steps within and beyond geometrical optics.

Fourier Ptychographic Imaging

Author: Guoan Zheng
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 9781681742731
Release Date: 2016-06-30
Genre: Science

This book demonstrates the concept of Fourier ptychography, a new imaging technique that bypasses the resolution limit of the employed optics. In particular, it transforms the general challenge of high-throughput, high-resolution imaging from one that is coupled to the physical limitations of the optics to one that is solvable through computation. Demonstrated in a tutorial form and providing many MATLAB® simulation examples for the reader, it also discusses the experimental implementation and recent developments of Fourier ptychography. This book will be of interest to researchers and engineers learning simulation techniques for Fourier optics and the Fourier ptychography concept.