Introduction to Aberrations in Optical Imaging Systems

Author: José Sasián
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107006331
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Science

An accessible, well presented introduction to the theory of optical aberrations, covering key topics that are often missing from comparable books.

Introduction to Aberrations in Optical Imaging Systems

Author: José Sasián
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139619363
Release Date: 2012-12-20
Genre: Science

The competent and intelligent optical design of today's state-of-the-art products requires an understanding of optical aberrations. This accessible book provides an excellent introduction to the wave theory of aberrations and will be valuable to graduate students in optical engineering, as well as to researchers and technicians in academia and industry interested in optical imaging systems. Using a logical structure, uniform mathematical notation and high quality figures, the author helps readers to learn the theory of optical aberrations in a modern and efficient manner. In addition to essential topics such as the aberration function, wave aberrations, ray caustics and aberration coefficients, this text covers pupil aberrations, the irradiance function, aberration fields and polarization aberrations. It also provides a historical perspective by explaining the discovery of aberrations and two chapters provide insight into classical image formation; these topics of discussion are often missing in comparable books.

Optical Wavefront Analysis

Author: Virendra N. Mahajan
ISBN: 081949111X
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Aberration

Wavefront Analysis is Part III of a series of books on Optical Imaging and Aberrations. It has evolved out of the author's work and lectures over the years on wavefront analysis as applied to optical design and testing. Its focus is on the use of orthonormal polynomials that represent balanced classical aberrations in optical imaging systems with pupils of various shapes. After a brief introduction to optical imaging, aberrations, and orthonormalization of a set of polynomials over a certain domain to obtain polynomials that are orthonormal over another domain, this book describes in detail the polynomials appropriate for various shapes of the system pupil. Starting with a system that is most common in imaging, namely, the one with a circular pupil, systems with annular, hexagonal, elliptical, rectangular, square, and slit pupils are considered. Included in this list are also systems with circular and annular pupils with Gaussian illumination, anamorphic systems with square and circular pupils, and those with circular and annular sector pupils. These chapters start with a brief discussion of aberration-free imaging that includes both the PSF and the OTF of a system. A separate chapter is devoted to a discussion of the pitfalls of using the Zernike circle polynomials for systems with noncircular pupils by applying them to systems with annular and hexagonal pupils. Similarly, a chapter is devoted to the calculation of orthonormal aberration coefficients from the wavefront or the wavefront slope data. Each chapter ends with a brief summary that describes the essence of its content.

Aberration Theory Made Simple

Author: Virendra N. Mahajan
Publisher: SPIE Press
ISBN: 0819405361
Release Date: 1991-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book provides a clear, concise, and consistent exposition of what aberrations are, how they arise in optical imaging systems, and how they affect the quality of images formed by them. The emphasis of the book is on physical insight, problem solving, and numerical results, and the text is intended for engineers and scientists who have a need and a desire for a deeper and better understanding of aberrations and their role in optical imaging and wave propagation. Some knowledge of Gaussian optics and an appreciation for aberrations would be useful but is not required.

Applied Optics and Optical Design Part Two

Author: A. E. Conrady
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486162621
Release Date: 2014-05-05
Genre: Science

Classic detailed treatment for practical designer. Fundamental concepts, systematic study and design of all types of optical systems. Reader can then design simpler optical systems without aid. Part Two of Two.

Adaptive Optics for Biological Imaging

Author: Joel A Kubby
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439850183
Release Date: 2013-04-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Adaptive Optics for Biological Imaging brings together groundbreaking research on the use of adaptive optics for biological imaging. The book builds on prior work in astronomy and vision science. Featuring contributions by leaders in this emerging field, it takes an interdisciplinary approach that makes the subject accessible to nonspecialists who want to use adaptive optics techniques in their own work in biology and bioengineering. Organized into three parts, the book covers principles, methods, and applications of adaptive optics for biological imaging, providing the reader with the following benefits: Gives a general overview of applied optics, including definitions and vocabulary, to lay a foundation for clearer communication across disciplines Explains what kinds of optical aberrations arise in imaging through various biological tissues, and what technology can be used to correct for these aberrations Explores research done with a variety of biological samples and imaging instruments, including wide-field, confocal, and two-photon microscopes Discusses both indirect wavefront sensing, which uses an iterative approach, and direct wavefront sensing, which uses a parallel approach Since the sample is an integral part of the optical system in biological imaging, the field will benefit from participation by biologists and biomedical researchers with expertise in applied optics. This book helps lower the barriers to entry for these researchers. It also guides readers in selecting the approach that works best for their own applications.

Advanced Optical Imaging Theory

Author: Min Gu
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783540484714
Release Date: 2013-06-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Optical microscopy and associated technologies have advanced rapidly along with laser technology. These techniques have stimulated further development of the optical imaging theory, including 3-dimensional microscopy imaging theory, the theory of imaging with ultrashort pulsed beam illumination and the aberration theory for high numerical-aperture objectives. This book introduces these new theories in modern optical microscopy, providing comparisons with classical imaging as appropriate.

Introduction to Optical Testing

Author: Joseph M. Geary
Publisher: SPIE Press
ISBN: 0819413771
Release Date: 1993
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This volume in the SPIE Tutorial Text series presents a practical approach to optical testing, with emphasis on techniques, procedures, and instrumentation rather than mathematical analysis. The author provides the reader with a basic understanding of the measurements made and the tools used to make those measurements. Detailed information is given on how to measure and characterize imaging systems, perform optical bench measurements to determine first- and third-order properties of optical systems, set up and operate a Fizeau interferometer and evaluate fringe data, conduct beam diagnostics (such as wavefront sensing), and perform radiometric calibrations.

Optical Design Fundamentals for Infrared Systems

Author: Max J. Riedl
Publisher: SPIE Press
ISBN: 0819440515
Release Date: 2001-01-01
Genre: Science

The practical, popular 1995 tutorial has been thoroughly revised and updated, reflecting developments in technology and applications during the past decade. New chapters address wave aberrations, thermal effects, design examples, and diamond turning.

Introduction to the Optical Transfer Function

Author: Charles Sumner Williams
Publisher: SPIE Press
ISBN: 0819443360
Release Date: 1989
Genre: Science

Originally published by Wiley in 1989, this timeless classic provides a well-illustrated treatment of the fundamental concepts of spatial frequency, spread function, wave aberration, and transfer function--and how these concepts are related in an optical system, how they are measured and calculated, and how they may be useful.

Optical Imaging in Projection Microlithography

Author: Alfred Kwok-Kit Wong
Publisher: SPIE Press
ISBN: 0819458295
Release Date: 2005-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Here for the first time is an integrated mathematical view of the physics and numerical modeling of optical projection lithography that efficiently covers the full spectrum of the important concepts. Alfred Wong offers rigorous underpinning, clarity in systematic formulation, physical insight into emerging ideas, as well as a system level view of the parameter tolerances required in manufacturing. Readers with a good working knowledge of calculus can follow the step-by-step development, and technologists can gather general concepts and the key equations that result. Even the casual reader will gain a perspective on the key concepts, which will likely help facilitate dialog among technologists.

Optical System Design

Author: Rudolf Kingslake
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780323141109
Release Date: 2012-12-02
Genre: Science

Optical System Design covers the basic knowledge of optics and the flow of light through an optical system. This book is organized into 16 chapters that deal with various components of an optical system, from light and images to spectroscopic apparatus. The book first discusses the simple components of an optical system, including its light, lens, oblique beams, and photochemical aspects. It then deals with the system’s projection, plane mirrors, prisms, magnifying instruments, and telescope. Other components considered are the surveying instruments, mirror imaging systems, photographic optics, and spectroscopic apparatus. This book is of value to undergraduate students with courses in geometrical optics and system design.

Introduction to Adaptive Optics

Author: Robert K. Tyson
Publisher: SPIE Press
ISBN: 0819435112
Release Date: 2000-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Adaptive optics systems and components have achieved a level of sophistication and simplicity that goes beyond traditional applications in astronomy and the military and into developments in medicine, manufacturing, and communications. This book was written for those interested in the multidisciplinary technology and those who need a broad-brush explanation without wading through thousands of journal articles. It follows the structure of a one-day tutorial taught by the author, including humor and sidebars of historical material.

Fundamentals of Geometrical Optics

Author: Virendra N. Mahajan
Publisher: Society of Photo Optical
ISBN: 0819499986
Release Date: 2014-06-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Optical imaging starts with geometrical optics, and ray tracing lies at its forefront. This book starts with Fermat’s principle and derives the three laws of geometrical optics from it. After discussing imaging by refracting and reflecting systems, paraxial ray tracing is used to determine the size of imaging elements and obscuration in mirror systems. Stops, pupils, radiometry, and optical instruments are also discussed. The chromatic and monochromatic aberrations are addressed in detail, followed by spot sizes and spot diagrams of aberrated images of point objects. Each chapter ends with a summary and a set of problems. The book ends with an epilogue that summarizes the imaging process and outlines the next steps within and beyond geometrical optics.

Subsea Optics and Imaging

Author: John Watson
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780857093523
Release Date: 2013-10-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The use of optical methodology, instrumentation and photonics devices for imaging, vision and optical sensing is of increasing importance in understanding our marine environment. Subsea optics can make an important contribution to the protection and sustainable management of ocean resources and contribute to monitoring the response of marine systems to climate change. This important book provides an authoritative review of key principles, technologies and their applications. The book is divided into three parts. The first part provides a general introduction to the key concepts in subsea optics and imaging, imaging technologies and the development of ocean optics and colour analysis. Part two reviews the use of subsea optics in environmental analysis. An introduction to the concepts of underwater light fields is followed by an overview of coloured dissolved organic matter (CDOM) and an assessment of nutrients in the water column. This section concludes with discussions of the properties of subsea bioluminescence, harmful algal blooms and their impact and finally an outline of optical techniques for studying suspended sediments, turbulence and mixing in the marine environment. Part three reviews subsea optical systems technologies. A general overview of imaging and visualisation using conventional photography and video leads onto advanced techniques like digital holography, laser line-scanning and range-gated imaging as well as their use in controlled observation platforms or global observation networks. This section also outlines techniques like Raman spectroscopy, hyperspectral sensing and imaging, laser Doppler anemometry (LDA) and particle image velocimetry (PIV), optical fibre sensing and LIDAR systems. Finally, a chapter on fluorescence methodologies brings the volume to a close. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Subsea optics and imaging is a standard reference for those researching, developing and using subsea optical technologies as well as environmental scientists and agencies concerned with monitoring the marine environment. Provides an authoritative review of key principles, technologies and their applications Outlines the key concepts in subsea optics and imaging, imaging technologies and the development of ocean optics and colour analysis Reviews the properties of subsea bioluminescence, harmful algal blooms and their impact