Author: Heather Montgomery
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2011-09-09
Genre: Social Science
In An Introduction to Childhood, Heather Montgomery examines the role children have played within anthropology, how they have been studied by anthropologists and how they have been portrayed and analyzed in ethnographic monographs over the last one hundred and fifty years. Offers a comprehensive overview of childhood from an anthropological perspective Draws upon a wide range of examples and evidence from different geographical areas and belief systems Synthesizes existing literature on the anthropology of childhood, while providing a fresh perspective Engages students with illustrative ethnographies to illuminate key topics and themes
Author: Hans Peter Hahn
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Release Date: 2018-09-30
Genre: Social Science
Die Zuverlässigkeit alltäglicher Dinge ist eines der Fundamente der Orientierung in unserer Lebenswelt. Viele Gegenstände offenbaren jedoch auf den zweiten Blick andere, oftmals ganz unerwartete Eigenschaften. Diese zeigen sich in neuen Umgangsweisen, führen zu neuen Kontexten und bedingen mitunter überraschende Umwertungen. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes präsentieren ausgewählte Gegenstände, deren herausfordernder Charakter bei genauerer Betrachtung offenkundig wird. Die auf originärer Forschung basierenden Studien hinterfragen scheinbar selbstverständliche Auffassungen - zum Teil zu alltäglichen und vertrauten Dingen wie Möbeln, zum Teil auch mit Bezug zu besonderen Objekten wie Federhauben -, die im Spannungsfeld sozialer, kultureller und politischer Aushandlungen stehen.
Author: Martin D. Ruck
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Release Date: 2016-12-08
While the notion of young people as individuals worthy or capable of having rights is of relatively recent origin, over the past several decades there has been a substantial increase in both social and political commitment to children’s rights as well as a tendency to grant young people some of the rights that were typically accorded only to adults. In addition, there has been a noticeable shift in orientation from a focus on children’s protection and provision to an emphasis on children’s participation and self-determination. With contributions from a wide range of international scholars, the Handbook of Children’s Rights brings together research, theory, and practice from diverse perspectives on children’s rights. This volume constitutes a comprehensive treatment of critical perspectives concerning children’s rights in their various forms. Its contributions address some of the major scholarly tensions and policy debates comprising the current discourse on children’s rights, including the best interests of the child, evolving capacities of the child, states’ rights versus children’s rights, rights of children versus parental or family rights, children as citizens, children’s rights versus children’s responsibilities, and balancing protection and participation. In addition to its multidisciplinary focus, the handbook includes perspectives from social science domains in which children’s rights scholarship has evolved largely independently due to distinct and seemingly competing assumptions and disciplinary approaches (e.g., childhood studies, developmental psychology, sociology of childhood, anthropology, and political science). The handbook also brings together diverse methodological approaches to the study of children’s rights, including both quantitative and qualitative perspectives, and policy analysis. This comprehensive, cosmopolitan, and timely volume serves as an important reference for both scholarly and policy-driven interest in the voices and perspectives of children and youth.
In the course of last two decades, the notion of care has become prominent in the social and cultural sciences. As a result of this proliferation of care in several disciplinary fields, we are observing not only the expansion of its conceptual meaning, but also an increasing imprecision in its usage. A growing amount of literature focuses on the intersection between work, gender, ethnicity, affect, and mobility regimes. In view of this growing field of literature, Anthropological Perspectives on Care looks at the notion of care from an anthropological perspective. Complementing earlier approaches, Alber and Drotbohm argue that an interpretation of care in relation to three different concepts, namely work, kinship and the life-course, will facilitate empirical and conceptual distinctions between the different activities that are labeled as care.
Childhoods at the Intersection of the Local and the Global examines the imposition of the modern Western notion of childhood, which is now deemed as universal, on other cultures and explores how local communities react to these impositions in various ways such as manipulation, outright rejection and acceptance. The book discusses childhoods in different regions of the world and boasts a range of contributors from several academic disciplines such as Sociology, Social Work, Education, Anthropology, Criminology and Human Rights, who are experts on the regions they discuss. The book argues against the notion of a universal childhood and illustrates that different societies around the world have different notions of childhood. This book is recommended reading for students, scholars and practitioners working with children in the Global South as well as internationally.
Afrikanische Babys schreien viel weniger als deutsche; in japanischen Kitas fühlen sich die Kleinen viel wohler als in unseren; in Finnland leistet die Schul-Ambulanz erste Hilfe bei mangelndem Lernerfolg – es gibt noch viel mehr Beispiele gelingender Kindererziehung auf dieser Welt! Michaela Schonhöft war in Südostasien und Südamerika, in Skandinavien und Frankreich und anderswo und hat mit Eltern rund um den Globus gesprochen. Ihr Rat: Liebe Eltern, lasst euch von den guten Erfahrungen in anderen Ländern inspirieren! Es geht auch ohne die vermeintlichen Patentrezepte deutscher Pädagogen.
Author: Fabian Saleh
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2014-04-28
The nexus between the digital revolution and adolescent sexual behavior has posed significant challenges to mental health practitioners, attorneys, and educators. These digital technologies may facilitate dangerous behaviors and serious consequences for some youth. Adolescent Sexual Development in the Digital Age considers adolescent sexual behavior in both clinical and legal contexts and provides a basis for clinicians, legal professionals, educators, policy makers, parents and the general public to understand the impact that technology has on human growth and development. The book's contributing authors are leading authorities in adolescent development, law, and ethics, fostering an interdisciplinary dialogue within the text. New technology poses many opportunities for both normal and risky sexual behavior in youth; including "sexting," social networking, cyber-sexual harassment, commercial exploitation of children, and child pornography. Beyond just cataloging the various technologies impacting sexual behavior, this volume offers guidance and strategies for addressing the issues created by the digital age.
The moments in Christ's human life noted in the creeds (his conception, birth, suffering, death, and burial) are events which would likely appear in a syllabus for a course in social anthropology, for they are of special interest and concern in human life, and also sites of contention and controversy, where what it is to be human is discovered, constructed, and contested. In other words, these are the occasions for profound and continuing questioning regarding the meaning of human life, as controversies to do with IVF, abortion, euthanasia, and the use of bodies or body parts post mortem plainly indicate. Thus the following questions arise, how do the instances in Christ's life represent human life, and how do these representations relate to present day cultural norms, expectations, and newly emerging modes of relationship, themselves shaping and framing human life? How does the Christian imagination of human life, which dwells on and draws from the life of Christ, not only articulate its own, but also come into conversation with and engage other moral imaginaries of the human? Michael Banner argues that consideration of these questions requires study of moral theology, therefore, he reconceives its nature and tasks, and in particular, its engagement with social anthropology. Drawing from social anthropology and Christian thought and practice from many periods, and influenced especially by his engagement in public policy matters including as a member of the UK's Human Tissue Authority, Banner aims to develop the outlines of an everyday ethics, stretching from before the cradle to after the grave.
Dieser Klassiker der Entwicklungspsychologie liefert eine gut verständliche und immer noch spannend zu lesende Übersicht über die typischen Wahrnehmungs- und Interpretationsmuster von Vorschulkindern. Wie interpretieren Kinder den Zusammenhang von Wörtern und Dingen, den Ursprung und die Eigenschaften natürlicher Phänomene und die Ursache von Ereignissen? Jean Piaget analysiert in diesem Buch die typischen Eigenheiten des kindlichen Weltverstehens und widmet sich damit grundlegenden Fragen der Entwicklungspsychologie. Auf der Basis eigener Befragungen zu unterschiedlichen Aspekten der Kinderlogik greift er die Resultate der damaligen Forschung auf und setzt diese zu einem umfassenden Erklärungsmodell zusammen.
Author: Nancy Scheper-Hughes
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 1987-10-31
of older children, adults, and the family unit as a whole. These moral evaluations are, in turn, influenced by such external contingencies as popula tion demography, social and economic factors, subsistence strategies, house hold composition, and by cultural ideas concerning the nature of infancy and childhood, definitions of personhood, and beliefs about the soul and its immortality. MOTHER LOVE AND CHILD DEATH Of all the many factors that endanger the lives of young children, by far the most difficult to examine with any degree of dispassionate objectivity is the quality of parenting. Historians and social scientists, no less than the public at large, are influenced by old cultural myths about childhood inno cence and mother love as well as their opposites. The terrible power and significance attributed to maternal behavior (in particular) is a commonsense perception based on the observation that the human infant (specialized as it is for prematurity and prolonged dependency) simply cannot survive for very long without considerable maternal love and care. The infant's life depends, to a very great extent, on the good will of others, but most especially, of course, that of the mother. Consequently, it has been the fate of mothers throughout history to appear in strange and distorted forms. They may appear as larger than life or as invisible; as all-powerful and destructive; or as helpless and angelic. Myths of the maternal instinct compete, historically, witli -myths of a universal infanticidal impulse.
Author: Carol R. Ember
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2003-12-31
Genre: Social Science
Medical practitioners and the ordinary citizen are becoming more aware that we need to understand cultural variation in medical belief and practice. The more we know how health and disease are managed in different cultures, the more we can recognize what is "culture bound" in our own medical belief and practice. The Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology is unique because it is the first reference work to describe the cultural practices relevant to health in the world's cultures and to provide an overview of important topics in medical anthropology. No other single reference work comes close to marching the depth and breadth of information on the varying cultural background of health and illness around the world. More than 100 experts - anthropologists and other social scientists - have contributed their firsthand experience of medical cultures from around the world.