Introduction to Mathematical Sociology

Author: Phillip Bonacich
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691145495
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Mathematics

Mathematical models and computer simulations of complex social systems have become everyday tools in sociology. Yet until now, students had no up-to-date textbook from which to learn these techniques. Introduction to Mathematical Sociology fills this gap, providing undergraduates with a comprehensive, self-contained primer on the mathematical tools and applications that sociologists use to understand social behavior. Phillip Bonacich and Philip Lu cover all the essential mathematics, including linear algebra, graph theory, set theory, game theory, and probability. They show how to apply these mathematical tools to demography; patterns of power, influence, and friendship in social networks; Markov chains; the evolution and stability of cooperation in human groups; chaotic and complex systems; and more. Introduction to Mathematical Sociology also features numerous exercises throughout, and is accompanied by easy-to-use Mathematica-based computer simulations that students can use to examine the effects of changing parameters on model behavior. Provides an up-to-date and self-contained introduction to mathematical sociology Explains essential mathematical tools and their applications Includes numerous exercises throughout Features easy-to-use computer simulations to help students master concepts

James S Coleman

Author: Dr Jon Clark
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781135717377
Release Date: 2005-08-10
Genre: Education

James S. Coleman was one of a distinguished generation of sociology students who passed through the Columbia Sociology Department in the 1940s and `50s. This book critically debates his work and his contribution to society and the social sciences more generally. It consists of 18 major papers by 20 authors from six countries on a range of themes. The volume is framed by an extended editorial introduction reflecting on the five- year exchange of correspondence between James Coleman and the editor, together with two of Coleman's own works.

Mathematics of Collective Action

Author: James Samuel Coleman
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 0202367312
Release Date: 1973
Genre: SOCIAL SCIENCE

"Philosophers, social scientists, and laymen have used two perspectives in analyzing social action. One sees man's action as the result of causal forces, and the other sees action as purposive and goal directed. Mathematical treatment of social action has shown this same dichotomy. Some models of behavior describe a causal process, in which there is no place for intention or purpose. Most stochastic models of behavior, whether individual or group, are like this. Another body of work, however, employs purpose, anticipation of some future state, and action designed to maximize the proximity to some goal. Classical microeconomic theory, statistical decision theory, and game theory exemplify this direction.This book examines these two directions of work, and makes original contributions to the second. An introductory chapter outlines these two bodies of work, and casts them in a common frame, to display their similarities and differences. Chapter 2 reviews at length recent work in stochastic processes that makes up the first body of work, which sees social action as the resultant of causal forces. The remaining chapters develop a mathematical framework for the study of systems of social action using a purposive theoretical base. These chapters are designed particularly to contribute to the study of collective decisions, a form of social action that has proved particularly challenging to theoretical analysis. First published in 1973, this became a significant work both in problem solving and in the future career of the author. It is of continuing importance to researchers and students interested in statistical analysis."--Provided by publisher.

Frontiers of Sociology

Author: Peter Hedström
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789047442462
Release Date: 2009-01-27
Genre: Social Science

This volume constitutes a sustained effort by prominent sociologists and other social scientists to assess the current standing of sociology. It is a stocktaking of the unique nature of sociology in the light of advances within the discipline itself and within a range of neighbouring disciplines.

21st Century Sociology A Reference Handbook

Author: Clifton D. Bryant
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 9781506320212
Release Date: 2006-11-17
Genre: Social Science

21st Century Sociology: A Reference Handbook provides a concise forum through which the vast array of knowledge accumulated, particularly during the past three decades, can be organized into a single definitive resource. The two volumes of this Reference Handbook focus on the corpus of knowledge garnered in traditional areas of sociological inquiry, as well as document the general orientation of the newer and currently emerging areas of sociological inquiry.

Soziologie

Author: Anthony Giddens
Publisher:
ISBN: 3901402160
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Soziologie - Lehrbuch

Anthony Giddens "Soziologie" gilt weltweit als das Einführungswerk in das gleichnamige Fach. Gekennzeichnet durch hohe Lesbarkeit und eine für Lehrbücher ungemeine Aktualität und Zeitbezogenheit, hat es diesen Ruf auch zu Recht: Man wird förmlich in das Werk hineingezogen; der Autor führt einen Dialog mit der LeserIn Waren Sie schon einmal verliebt?, in dem zuerst einmal in groben Zügen die Geschichte der Soziologie präsentiert wird. Danach wird es immer spezifischer: Über Kultur, Gesellschaft und Individuum und Gesellschaftstypen führt der Dialog weiter zu Geschlecht und Sexualität, Körper und Familie, um schließlich Moderne Organisationen, Massenmedien, Arbeit und Wirtschaftsleben oder den Globalen Wandel und die Umweltkrise zu diskutieren. Immer wird dabei mit plastischen Bildern gearbeitet, und immer hat man als LeserIn den Eindruck, mittendrin und dabei zu sein was die Lektüre des Buches zu einem beeindruckenden Gespräch über Soziologie macht und den Lerneffekt garantiert. (Verlagstext).

Mathematics in Society and History

Author: S. Restivo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789401129442
Release Date: 2013-12-01
Genre: Science

This is the first book by a sociologist devoted exclusively to a general sociology of mathematics. The author provides examples of different ways of thinking about mathematics sociologically. The survey of mathematical traditions covers ancient China, the Arabic-Islamic world, India, and Europe. Following the leads of classical social theorists such as Emile Durkheim, Restivo develops the idea that mathematical concepts and ideas are collective representations, and that it is mathematical communities that create mathematics, not individual mathematicians. The implications of the sociology of mathematics, and especially of pure mathematics, for a sociology of mind are also explored. In general, the author's objective is to explore, conjecture, suggest, and stimulate in order to introduce the sociological perspective on mathematics, and to broaden and deepen the still narrow, shallow path that today carries the sociology of mathematics. This book will interest specialists in the philosophy, history, and sociology of mathematics, persons interested in mathematics education, students of science and society, and people interested in current developments in the social and cultural analysis of science and mathematics.

Mathematik

Author: Timothy Gowers
Publisher:
ISBN: 3150187060
Release Date: 2011
Genre:


Rational choice

Author: Volker Kunz
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593372371
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Political science


The Dynamics and Evolution of Social Systems

Author: Jürgen Klüver
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789401595704
Release Date: 2013-03-09
Genre: Philosophy

When I started with this book several years ago I originally intended to write an introduction to mathematical systems theory for social scientists. Yet the more I thought about systems theory on the one side and theoretical sociology on the other the more I became convinced that the classical mathematical tools are not very well suited for the problems of sociology. Then I became acquainted with the researches on complex systems by the Santa Fe Institute and in particular with cellular automata, Boolean networks and genetic algorithms. These mathematically very simple but extremely efficient tools are, in my opinion, very well appropriate for modeling social dynamics. Therefore I tried to reformulate several classical problems of theoretical sociology in terms of these formal systems and outline new possibilities for a mathematical sociology which is able to join immediately on the great traditions of theoretical sociology. The result is this book; whether I succeeded with it is of course up to the readers. As the readers will perceive, the book could not have been written by me alone but only by the joint labors of the computer group at the Interdisciplinary Center of Research in Higher Education at the University of Essen. The members of the group, Christina Stoica, Jom Schmidt and Ralph Kier, are named in several subchapters as co-authors. Yet even more important than their contributions to this book were the permanent discussions with them and their patience with my new and very speculative ideas. Many thanks.

Schl sselwerke der Wirtschaftssoziologie

Author: Klaus Kraemer
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783658081843
Release Date: 2016-10-07
Genre: Social Science

Das Buch bietet einen fundierten Überblick über die zentralen Inspirationsquellen und Schlüsselwerke der Wirtschaftssoziologie und ordnet sie historisch wie systematisch ein. Die moderne Wirtschaft ist ohne soziologisches Wissen über ihre sozialen, kulturellen und politisch-institutionellen Grundlagen nicht angemessen zu verstehen. Von dieser Grundannahme ausgehend untersucht die Wirtschaftssoziologie Märkte und Unternehmen, Geld und Eigentum, Tauschformen und Wirtschaftsordnungen. Wie wirken Netzwerke und Kooperationen, Wertideen und Konventionen, Konflikte und Machtasymmetrien auf Märkten und in Unternehmen? Welchen Einfluss haben kulturelle und staatliche Ordnungen auf Wirtschaftssysteme? Wie kann der Aufstieg und der Niedergang von Märkten soziologisch erklärt werden? Warum sind zahllose Tauschbeziehungen in modernen Gesellschaften marktförmig organisiert, während in anderen Bereichen Märkte abgelehnt werden oder sogar untersagt sind?

Causality in Sociological Research

Author: Jakub Karpinski
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400904958
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Social Science

The general treatment of problems connected with the causal conditioning of phenomena has traditionally been the domain of philosophy, but when one examines the relationships taking place in the various fields, the study of such conditionings belongs to the empirical sciences. Sociology is no exception in that respect. In that discipline we note a certain paradox. Many problems connected with the causal conditioning of phenomena have been raised in sociology in relatively recent times, and that process marked its empirical or even so-called empiricist trend. That trend, labelled positivist, seems in this case to be in contradiction with a certain type of positivism. Those authors who describe positivism usually include the Humean tradition in its genealogy and, remembering Hume's criticism of the concept of cause, speak about positivism as about a trend which is inclined to treat lightly the study of causes and confines itself to the statements on co-occurrence of phenomena.

Approaches to Sociology RLE Social Theory

Author: John Rex
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317652533
Release Date: 2014-08-21
Genre: Social Science

These essays, commissioned by John Rex, reflect the state of sociology in Britain today. Leading representatives of the diverse ‘schools’ provide lucid accounts of their own particular approaches to this complex discipline and in doing so demonstrate the techniques described. Topics covered include the empirical study of stratification, social evolution, survey techniques, mathematical sociology, systems theory, phenomenological approaches, Weberian sociology, structuralism, contemporary Marxism, and the development of theory after Talcott Parsons.