Introduction to Mathematical Systems Theory

Author: Christiaan Heij
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783764375492
Release Date: 2006-12-18
Genre: Science

This book provides an introduction to the theory of linear systems and control for students in business mathematics, econometrics, computer science, and engineering; the focus is on discrete time systems. The subjects treated are among the central topics of deterministic linear system theory: controllability, observability, realization theory, stability and stabilization by feedback, LQ-optimal control theory. Kalman filtering and LQC-control of stochastic systems are also discussed, as are modeling, time series analysis and model specification, along with model validation.

Introduction to Mathematical Systems Theory

Author: J.C. Willems
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781475729535
Release Date: 2013-11-11
Genre: Mathematics

Using the behavioural approach to mathematical modelling, this book views a system as a dynamical relation between manifest and latent variables. The emphasis is on dynamical systems that are represented by systems of linear constant coefficients. The first part analyses the structure of the set of trajectories generated by such dynamical systems, and derives the conditions for two systems of differential equations to be equivalent in the sense that they define the same behaviour. In addition the memory structure of the system is analysed through state space models. The second part of the book is devoted to a number of important system properties, notably controllability, observability, and stability. In the third part, control problems are considered, in particular stabilisation and pole placement questions. Suitable for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students in mathematics and engineering, this text contains numerous exercises, including simulation problems, and examples, notably of mechanical systems and electrical circuits.

Identification of Dynamic Systems

Author: Rolf Isermann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540788794
Release Date: 2010-11-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Precise dynamic models of processes are required for many applications, ranging from control engineering to the natural sciences and economics. Frequently, such precise models cannot be derived using theoretical considerations alone. Therefore, they must be determined experimentally. This book treats the determination of dynamic models based on measurements taken at the process, which is known as system identification or process identification. Both offline and online methods are presented, i.e. methods that post-process the measured data as well as methods that provide models during the measurement. The book is theory-oriented and application-oriented and most methods covered have been used successfully in practical applications for many different processes. Illustrative examples in this book with real measured data range from hydraulic and electric actuators up to combustion engines. Real experimental data is also provided on the Springer webpage, allowing readers to gather their first experience with the methods presented in this book. Among others, the book covers the following subjects: determination of the non-parametric frequency response, (fast) Fourier transform, correlation analysis, parameter estimation with a focus on the method of Least Squares and modifications, identification of time-variant processes, identification in closed-loop, identification of continuous time processes, and subspace methods. Some methods for nonlinear system identification are also considered, such as the Extended Kalman filter and neural networks. The different methods are compared by using a real three-mass oscillator process, a model of a drive train. For many identification methods, hints for the practical implementation and application are provided. The book is intended to meet the needs of students and practicing engineers working in research and development, design and manufacturing.

System Identification

Author: Karel J. Keesman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0857295225
Release Date: 2011-05-16
Genre: Technology & Engineering

System Identification shows the student reader how to approach the system identification problem in a systematic fashion. The process is divided into three basic steps: experimental design and data collection; model structure selection and parameter estimation; and model validation, each of which is the subject of one or more parts of the text. Following an introduction on system theory, particularly in relation to model representation and model properties, the book contains four parts covering: • data-based identification – non-parametric methods for use when prior system knowledge is very limited; • time-invariant identification for systems with constant parameters; • time-varying systems identification, primarily with recursive estimation techniques; and • model validation methods. A fifth part, composed of appendices, covers the various aspects of the underlying mathematics needed to begin using the text. The book uses essentially semi-physical or gray-box modeling methods although data-based, transfer-function system descriptions are also introduced. The approach is problem-based rather than rigorously mathematical. The use of finite input–output data is demonstrated for frequency- and time-domain identification in static, dynamic, linear, nonlinear, time-invariant and time-varying systems. Simple examples are used to show readers how to perform and emulate the identification steps involved in various control design methods with more complex illustrations derived from real physical, chemical and biological applications being used to demonstrate the practical applicability of the methods described. End-of-chapter exercises (for which a downloadable instructors’ Solutions Manual is available from fill in URL here) will both help students to assimilate what they have learned and make the book suitable for self-tuition by practitioners looking to brush up on modern techniques. Graduate and final-year undergraduate students will find this text to be a practical and realistic course in system identification that can be used for assessing the processes of a variety of engineering disciplines. System Identification will help academic instructors teaching control-related to give their students a good understanding of identification methods that can be used in the real world without the encumbrance of undue mathematical detail.

Mathematical Control Theory

Author: Jerzy Zabczyk
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0817647333
Release Date: 2009-11-03
Genre: Science

Mathematical Control Theory: An Introduction presents, in a mathematically precise manner, a unified introduction to deterministic control theory. In addition to classical concepts and ideas, the author covers the stabilization of nonlinear systems using topological methods, realization theory for nonlinear systems, impulsive control and positive systems, the control of rigid bodies, the stabilization of infinite dimensional systems, and the solution of minimum energy problems. "Covers a remarkable number of topics....The book presents a large amount of material very well, and its use is highly recommended." --Bulletin of the AMS

Wissenschaftliches Rechnen

Author: Gilbert Strang
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783540784951
Release Date: 2010-06-01
Genre: Mathematics

Das Ziel des nun auch in deutscher Übersetzung erhältlichen Buches ist es, angewandte Mathematik und Ingenieurmathematik so darzustellen, wie sie heutzutage Anwendung findet. Das Buch basiert auf dem Kurs „Wissenschaftliches Rechnen" des Massachusetts Institute of Technology und versucht, Konzepte und Algorithmen zusammenzuführen. Beginnend mit der angewandten linearen Algebra entwickeln die Autoren die Methoden der finiten Differenzen und finiten Elemente – stets in Verbindung mit Anwendungen in zahlreichen Wissensgebieten.

Mathematical Systems Theory I

Author: Diederich Hinrichsen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540441250
Release Date: 2011-08-03
Genre: Mathematics

This book presents the mathematical foundations of systems theory in a self-contained, comprehensive, detailed and mathematically rigorous way. It is devoted to the analysis of dynamical systems and combines features of a detailed introductory textbook with that of a reference source. The book contains many examples and figures illustrating the text which help to bring out the intuitive ideas behind the mathematical constructions.

Functional Analysis and Control Theory

Author: Stefan Rolewicz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9027721866
Release Date: 1987-10-31
Genre: Mathematics

Approach your problems from the right It isn't that they can't see the solution. end and begin with the answers. Then, It is that they can't see the problem. one day, perhaps you will find the final G.K. Chesterton, The Scandal of Fa question. ther Brown 'The point of a Pin'. 'The Hermit Clad in Crane Feathers' in R. Van Gulik's The Chinese Maze Murders. Growing specialization and diversification have brought a host of mono graphs and textbooks on increasingly specialized topics. However, the "tree" of knowledge of mathematics and related fields does not grow only by putting forth new branches. It also happens, quite often in fact, that branches which were thought to be completely disparate are suddenly seen to be related. Further, the kind and level of sophistication of mathematics applied in various sciences has changed drastically in recent years: measure theory is used (non-trivially) in regional and theoretical economics; algebraic geometry interacts with physics; the Minkowsky lemma, cod ing theory and the structure of water meet one another in packing and covering theory; quantum fields, crystal defects and mathematical pro gramming profit from homotopy theory; Lie algebras are relevant to filtering; and prediction and electrical engineering can use Stein spaces.

Linear Operators and Linear Systems

Author: Jonathan R. Partington
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521546192
Release Date: 2004-03-15
Genre: Mathematics

"Suitable for students of analysis, this book also acts as an introduction to a mathematical approach to systems and control for graduate students in departments of applied mathematics or engineering."--Jacket.

An Introduction to Infinite Dimensional Linear Systems Theory

Author: Ruth F. Curtain
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461242246
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics

Infinite dimensional systems is now an established area of research. Given the recent trend in systems theory and in applications towards a synthesis of time- and frequency-domain methods, there is a need for an introductory text which treats both state-space and frequency-domain aspects in an integrated fashion. The authors' primary aim is to write an introductory textbook for a course on infinite dimensional linear systems. An important consideration by the authors is that their book should be accessible to graduate engineers and mathematicians with a minimal background in functional analysis. Consequently, all the mathematical background is summarized in an extensive appendix. For the majority of students, this would be their only acquaintance with infinite dimensional systems.

Control Systems Theory with Engineering Applications

Author: Sergey E. Lyshevski
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 081764203X
Release Date: 2001-06-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Dynamics systems (living organisms, electromechanical and industrial systems, chemical and technological processes, market and ecology, and so forth) can be considered and analyzed using information and systems theories. For example, adaptive human behavior can be studied using automatic feedback control. As an illustrative example, the driver controls a car changing the speed and steer ing wheels using incoming information, such as traffic and road conditions. This book focuses on the most important and manageable topics in applied multivariable control with application to a wide class of electromechanical dynamic systems. A large spectrum of systems, familiar to electrical, mechanical, and aerospace stu dents, engineers, and scholars, are thoroughly studied to build the bridge between theory and practice as well as to illustrate the practical application of control theory through illustrative examples. It is the author's goal to write a book that can be used to teach undergraduate and graduate classes in automatic control and nonlin ear control at electrical, mechanical, and aerospace engineering departments. The book is also addressed to engineers and scholars, and the examples considered allow one to implement the theory in a great variety of industrial systems. The main purpose of this book is to help the reader grasp the nature and significance of multivariable control.

Mathematical Control Theory

Author: Eduardo D. Sontag
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461205777
Release Date: 2013-11-21
Genre: Mathematics

Geared primarily to an audience consisting of mathematically advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students, this text may additionally be used by engineering students interested in a rigorous, proof-oriented systems course that goes beyond the classical frequency-domain material and more applied courses. The minimal mathematical background required is a working knowledge of linear algebra and differential equations. The book covers what constitutes the common core of control theory and is unique in its emphasis on foundational aspects. While covering a wide range of topics written in a standard theorem/proof style, it also develops the necessary techniques from scratch. In this second edition, new chapters and sections have been added, dealing with time optimal control of linear systems, variational and numerical approaches to nonlinear control, nonlinear controllability via Lie-algebraic methods, and controllability of recurrent nets and of linear systems with bounded controls.

Introduction to Dynamic Systems

Author: David G. Luenberger
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: UOM:39015009828958
Release Date: 1979-05-28
Genre: Science

Integrates the traditional approach to differential equations with the modern systems and control theoretic approach to dynamic systems, emphasizing theoretical principles and classic models in a wide variety of areas. Provides a particularly comprehensive theoretical development that includes chapters on positive dynamic systems and optimal control theory. Contains numerous problems.

Analysis and Design of Descriptor Linear Systems

Author: Guang-Ren Duan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441963979
Release Date: 2010-09-14
Genre: Mathematics

Descriptor linear systems theory is an important part in the general field of control systems theory, and has attracted much attention in the last two decades. In spite of the fact that descriptor linear systems theory has been a topic very rich in content, there have been only a few books on this topic. This book provides a systematic introduction to the theory of continuous-time descriptor linear systems and aims to provide a relatively systematic introduction to the basic results in descriptor linear systems theory. The clear representation of materials and a large number of examples make this book easy to understand by a large audience. General readers will find in this book a comprehensive introduction to the theory of descriptive linear systems. Researchers will find a comprehensive description of the most recent results in this theory and students will find a good introduction to some important problems in linear systems theory.