Introduction to Partial Differential Equations

Author: Peter J. Olver
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783319020990
Release Date: 2013-11-08
Genre: Mathematics

This textbook is designed for a one year course covering the fundamentals of partial differential equations, geared towards advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students in mathematics, science, engineering, and elsewhere. The exposition carefully balances solution techniques, mathematical rigor, and significant applications, all illustrated by numerous examples. Extensive exercise sets appear at the end of almost every subsection, and include straightforward computational problems to develop and reinforce new techniques and results, details on theoretical developments and proofs, challenging projects both computational and conceptual, and supplementary material that motivates the student to delve further into the subject. No previous experience with the subject of partial differential equations or Fourier theory is assumed, the main prerequisites being undergraduate calculus, both one- and multi-variable, ordinary differential equations, and basic linear algebra. While the classical topics of separation of variables, Fourier analysis, boundary value problems, Green's functions, and special functions continue to form the core of an introductory course, the inclusion of nonlinear equations, shock wave dynamics, symmetry and similarity, the Maximum Principle, financial models, dispersion and solutions, Huygens' Principle, quantum mechanical systems, and more make this text well attuned to recent developments and trends in this active field of contemporary research. Numerical approximation schemes are an important component of any introductory course, and the text covers the two most basic approaches: finite differences and finite elements.

Applied Partial Differential Equations

Author: J David Logan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319124933
Release Date: 2014-12-05
Genre: Mathematics

This textbook is for the standard, one-semester, junior-senior course that often goes by the title "Elementary Partial Differential Equations" or "Boundary Value Problems". The audience consists of students in mathematics, engineering, and the sciences. The topics include derivations of some of the standard models of mathematical physics and methods for solving those equations on unbounded and bounded domains, and applications of PDE's to biology. The text differs from other texts in its brevity; yet it provides coverage of the main topics usually studied in the standard course, as well as an introduction to using computer algebra packages to solve and understand partial differential equations. For the 3rd edition the section on numerical methods has been considerably expanded to reflect their central role in PDE's. A treatment of the finite element method has been included and the code for numerical calculations is now written for MATLAB. Nonetheless the brevity of the text has been maintained. To further aid the reader in mastering the material and using the book, the clarity of the exercises has been improved, more routine exercises have been included, and the entire text has been visually reformatted to improve readability.

Applications of Lie Groups to Differential Equations

Author: Peter J. Olver
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781468402742
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics

This book is devoted to explaining a wide range of applications of con tinuous symmetry groups to physically important systems of differential equations. Emphasis is placed on significant applications of group-theoretic methods, organized so that the applied reader can readily learn the basic computational techniques required for genuine physical problems. The first chapter collects together (but does not prove) those aspects of Lie group theory which are of importance to differential equations. Applications covered in the body of the book include calculation of symmetry groups of differential equations, integration of ordinary differential equations, including special techniques for Euler-Lagrange equations or Hamiltonian systems, differential invariants and construction of equations with pre scribed symmetry groups, group-invariant solutions of partial differential equations, dimensional analysis, and the connections between conservation laws and symmetry groups. Generalizations of the basic symmetry group concept, and applications to conservation laws, integrability conditions, completely integrable systems and soliton equations, and bi-Hamiltonian systems are covered in detail. The exposition is reasonably self-contained, and supplemented by numerous examples of direct physical importance, chosen from classical mechanics, fluid mechanics, elasticity and other applied areas.

Introduction to Partial Differential Equations with Applications

Author: E. C. Zachmanoglou
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486132174
Release Date: 2012-04-20
Genre: Mathematics

This text explores the essentials of partial differential equations as applied to engineering and the physical sciences. Discusses ordinary differential equations, integral curves and surfaces of vector fields, the Cauchy-Kovalevsky theory, more. Problems and answers.

Partial Differential Equations and Boundary value Problems with Applications

Author: Mark A. Pinsky
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821868898
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Mathematics

Building on the basic techniques of separation of variables and Fourier series, the book presents the solution of boundary-value problems for basic partial differential equations: the heat equation, wave equation, and Laplace equation, considered in various standard coordinate systems--rectangular, cylindrical, and spherical. Each of the equations is derived in the three-dimensional context; the solutions are organized according to the geometry of the coordinate system, which makes the mathematics especially transparent. Bessel and Legendre functions are studied and used whenever appropriate throughout the text. The notions of steady-state solution of closely related stationary solutions are developed for the heat equation; applications to the study of heat flow in the earth are presented. The problem of the vibrating string is studied in detail both in the Fourier transform setting and from the viewpoint of the explicit representation (d'Alembert formula). Additional chapters include the numerical analysis of solutions and the method of Green's functions for solutions of partial differential equations. The exposition also includes asymptotic methods (Laplace transform and stationary phase). With more than 200 working examples and 700 exercises (more than 450 with answers), the book is suitable for an undergraduate course in partial differential equations.

An Introduction to Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations

Author: J. David Logan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470225950
Release Date: 2008-04-11
Genre: Mathematics

An Introduction to Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations is a textbook on nonlinear partial differential equations. It is technique oriented with an emphasis on applications and is designed to build a foundation for studying advanced treatises in the field. The Second Edition features an updated bibliography as well as an increase in the number of exercises. All software references have been updated with the latest version of [email protected], the corresponding graphics have also been updated using [email protected] An increased focus on hydrogeology...

Ordinary Differential Equations

Author: William A. Adkins
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461436188
Release Date: 2012-07-01
Genre: Mathematics

Unlike most texts in differential equations, this textbook gives an early presentation of the Laplace transform, which is then used to motivate and develop many of the remaining differential equation concepts for which it is particularly well suited. For example, the standard solution methods for constant coefficient linear differential equations are immediate and simplified, and solution methods for constant coefficient systems are streamlined. By introducing the Laplace transform early in the text, students become proficient in its use while at the same time learning the standard topics in differential equations. The text also includes proofs of several important theorems that are not usually given in introductory texts. These include a proof of the injectivity of the Laplace transform and a proof of the existence and uniqueness theorem for linear constant coefficient differential equations. Along with its unique traits, this text contains all the topics needed for a standard three- or four-hour, sophomore-level differential equations course for students majoring in science or engineering. These topics include: first order differential equations, general linear differential equations with constant coefficients, second order linear differential equations with variable coefficients, power series methods, and linear systems of differential equations. It is assumed that the reader has had the equivalent of a one-year course in college calculus.

Essential Partial Differential Equations

Author: David F. Griffiths
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319225692
Release Date: 2015-09-24
Genre: Mathematics

This volume provides an introduction to the analytical and numerical aspects of partial differential equations (PDEs). It unifies an analytical and computational approach for these; the qualitative behaviour of solutions being established using classical concepts: maximum principles and energy methods. Notable inclusions are the treatment of irregularly shaped boundaries, polar coordinates and the use of flux-limiters when approximating hyperbolic conservation laws. The numerical analysis of difference schemes is rigorously developed using discrete maximum principles and discrete Fourier analysis. A novel feature is the inclusion of a chapter containing projects, intended for either individual or group study, that cover a range of topics such as parabolic smoothing, travelling waves, isospectral matrices, and the approximation of multidimensional advection–diffusion problems. The underlying theory is illustrated by numerous examples and there are around 300 exercises, designed to promote and test understanding. They are starred according to level of difficulty. Solutions to odd-numbered exercises are available to all readers while even-numbered solutions are available to authorised instructors. Written in an informal yet rigorous style, Essential Partial Differential Equations is designed for mathematics undergraduates in their final or penultimate year of university study, but will be equally useful for students following other scientific and engineering disciplines in which PDEs are of practical importance. The only prerequisite is a familiarity with the basic concepts of calculus and linear algebra.

Introduction to Partial Differential Equations

Author: Aslak Tveito
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540225515
Release Date: 2005-01-01
Genre: Computers

This is the softcover reprint of a popular book teaching the basic analytical and computational methods of partial differential equations. It includes coverage of standard topics such as separation of variables, Fourier analysis, and energy estimates.

Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations

Author: G. Evans
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781447103776
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics

The subject of partial differential equations holds an exciting and special position in mathematics. Partial differential equations were not consciously created as a subject but emerged in the 18th century as ordinary differential equations failed to describe the physical principles being studied. The subject was originally developed by the major names of mathematics, in particular, Leonard Euler and Joseph-Louis Lagrange who studied waves on strings; Daniel Bernoulli and Euler who considered potential theory, with later developments by Adrien-Marie Legendre and Pierre-Simon Laplace; and Joseph Fourier's famous work on series expansions for the heat equation. Many of the greatest advances in modern science have been based on discovering the underlying partial differential equation for the process in question. James Clerk Maxwell, for example, put electricity and magnetism into a unified theory by establishing Maxwell's equations for electromagnetic theory, which gave solutions for prob lems in radio wave propagation, the diffraction of light and X-ray developments. Schrodinger's equation for quantum mechanical processes at the atomic level leads to experimentally verifiable results which have changed the face of atomic physics and chemistry in the 20th century. In fluid mechanics, the Navier Stokes' equations form a basis for huge number-crunching activities associated with such widely disparate topics as weather forecasting and the design of supersonic aircraft. Inevitably the study of partial differential equations is a large undertaking, and falls into several areas of mathematics.

Partial Differential Equations of Mathematical Physics

Author: S. L. Sobolev
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 048665964X
Release Date: 1964
Genre: Science

This volume presents an unusually accessible introduction to equations fundamental to the investigation of waves, heat conduction, hydrodynamics, and other physical problems. Topics include derivation of fundamental equations, Riemann method, equation of heat conduction, theory of integral equations, Green's function, and much more. The only prerequisite is a familiarity with elementary analysis. 1964 edition.

Basic Partial Differential Equations

Author: David. Bleecker
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781351086981
Release Date: 2018-01-18
Genre: Mathematics

Methods of solution for partial differential equations (PDEs) used in mathematics, science, and engineering are clarified in this self-contained source. The reader will learn how to use PDEs to predict system behaviour from an initial state of the system and from external influences, and enhance the success of endeavours involving reasonably smooth, predictable changes of measurable quantities. This text enables the reader to not only find solutions of many PDEs, but also to interpret and use these solutions. It offers 6000 exercises ranging from routine to challenging. The palatable, motivated proofs enhance understanding and retention of the material. Topics not usually found in books at this level include but examined in this text: the application of linear and nonlinear first-order PDEs to the evolution of population densities and to traffic shocks convergence of numerical solutions of PDEs and implementation on a computer convergence of Laplace series on spheres quantum mechanics of the hydrogen atom solving PDEs on manifolds The text requires some knowledge of calculus but none on differential equations or linear algebra.

Introduction to Partial Differential Equations

Author: David Borthwick
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319489360
Release Date: 2017-01-12
Genre: Mathematics

This modern take on partial differential equations does not require knowledge beyond vector calculus and linear algebra. The author focuses on the most important classical partial differential equations, including conservation equations and their characteristics, the wave equation, the heat equation, function spaces, and Fourier series, drawing on tools from analysis only as they arise. Within each section the author creates a narrative that answers the five questions: What is the scientific problem we are trying to understand? How do we model that with PDE? What techniques can we use to analyze the PDE? How do those techniques apply to this equation? What information or insight did we obtain by developing and analyzing the PDE? The text stresses the interplay between modeling and mathematical analysis, providing a thorough source of problems and an inspiration for the development of methods.

Partial Differential Equations

Author: David Colton
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486438344
Release Date: 2004-11-30
Genre: Mathematics

This text offers students in mathematics, engineering, and the applied sciences a solid foundation for advanced studies in mathematics. Classical topics presented in a modern context include coverage of integral equations and basic scattering theory. Includes examples of inverse problems arising from improperly posed applications as well as exercises, many with answers. 1988 edition.