Author: Michael A. Liberman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2010-03-14
Most of the material covered in this book deals with the fundamentals of chemistry and physics of key processes and fundamental mechanisms for various combustion and combustion related phenomena in gaseous combustible mixture. It provides the reader with basic knowledge of burning processes and mechanisms of reaction wave propagation. The combustion of a gas mixture (flame, explosion, detonation) is necessarily accompanied by motion of the gas. The process of combustion is therefore not only a chemical phenomenon but also one of gas dynamics. The material selection focuses on the gas phase and with premixed gas combustion. Premixed gas combustion is of practical importance in engines, modern gas turbine and explosions, where the fuel and air are essentially premixed, and combustion occurs by the propagation of a front separating unburned mixture from fully burned mixture. Since premixed combustion is the most fundamental and potential for practical applications, the emphasis in the present work is be placed on regimes of premixed combustion. This text is intended for graduate students of different specialties, including physics, chemistry, mechanical engineering, computer science, mathematics and astrophysics.
Author: Richard Stone
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Release Date: 2012-09-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Now in its fourth edition, Introduction to Internal Combustion Engines remains the indispensable text to guide you through automotive or mechanical engineering, both at university and beyond. Thoroughly updated, clear, comprehensive and well-illustrated, with a wealth of worked examples and problems, its combination of theory and applied practice is sure to help you understand internal combustion engines, from thermodynamics and combustion to fluid mechanics and materials science. Introduction to Internal Combustion Engines: - Is ideal for students who are following specialist options in internal combustion engines, and also for students at earlier stages in their courses - especially with regard to laboratory work - Will be useful to practising engineers for an overview of the subject, or when they are working on particular aspects of internal combustion engines that are new to them - Is fully updated including new material on direct injection spark engines, supercharging and renewable fuels - Offers a wealth of worked examples and end-of-chapter questions to test your knowledge - Has a solutions manual availble online for lecturers at www.palgrave.com/engineering/stone
A textbook for a one-semester or one-quarter course for juniors or seniors in mechanical, aerospace, chemical, or civil engineering. Keeping both the mathematics and the references to a minimum, presents basic information about combustion, mostly in the form of examples. Begins a series whose later volumes will treat such subjects as chemical propellants and laser diagnostics of combustion. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Author: Alexander Fridman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2008-05-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Providing a fundamental introduction to all aspects of modern plasma chemistry, this book describes mechanisms and kinetics of chemical processes in plasma, plasma statistics, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and electrodynamics, as well as all major electric discharges applied in plasma chemistry. Fridman considers most of the major applications of plasma chemistry, from electronics to thermal coatings, from treatment of polymers to fuel conversion and hydrogen production and from plasma metallurgy to plasma medicine. It is helpful to engineers, scientists and students interested in plasma physics, plasma chemistry, plasma engineering and combustion, as well as chemical physics, lasers, energy systems and environmental control. The book contains an extensive database on plasma kinetics and thermodynamics and numerical formulas for practical calculations related to specific plasma-chemical processes and applications. Problems and concept questions are provided, helpful in courses related to plasma, lasers, combustion, chemical kinetics, statistics and thermodynamics, and high-temperature and high-energy fluid mechanics.
The second edition of this practical text offers a broad introduction to the engineering principles of chemical energy conversion. Eugene L. Keating, Ph.D., P.E., a recognized authority within academia, government, and industry, examines combustion science and technology using fundamental principles. Thermochemical engineering data and design formulations of basic performance relationships appear in dual SI and English engineering dimensions and units, helping you save time and avoid conversion errors. New in the Second Edition Streamlined organization that progressively develops fundamental concepts Extended section on fuel cells New section on the nitrogen-oxygen reaction system Additional coverage of environmental aspects of specific combustion characteristics New chapter on thermal destruction Furnishing examples that demonstrate a proper engineering analysis as well as important concepts relevant to the nature of combustion devices, Applied Combustion, Second Edition explores the ideal oxidation-reaction equation, fuel heat release rates, chemical equilibrium, incomplete combustion, chemical kinetics, and detonation, thermal explosion, and basic flame theories. The book treats the features of chemical energy resources and presents a thermochemical overview of current and potential solid, liquid, and gaseous natural and synthetic fuel resources. It also describes the fuel-engine interface characteristics of important external and internal combustion heat engines in terms of fuel compatibility, consumption rates, pollution characteristics, emission controls, and energy conversion efficiencies.
Fundamentals and Technology of Combustion contains brief descriptions of combustion fundamental processes, followed by an extensive survey of the combustion research technology. It also includes mathematical combustion modeling of the processes covering mainly premixed and diffusion flames, where many chemical and physical processes compete in complex ways, for both laminar and turbulent flows. The combustion chemistry models that validate experimental data for different fuels are sufficiently accurate to allow confident predictions of the flame characteristics. This illustrates a unique bridge between combustion fundamentals and combustion technology, which provides a valuable technical reference for many engineers and scientists. Moreover, the book gives the reader sufficient background of basic engineering sciences such as chemistry, thermodynamics, heat transfer and fluid mechanics. The combustion research and mathematical models fit between small-scale laboratory burner flames, and large-scale industrial boilers, furnaces and combustion chambers. The materials have been collected from previous relevant research and some selected papers of the authors and co-workers, which have been presented mainly in different refereed journals, international conferences and symposia, thus providing a comprehensive collection. Furthermore, the book includes some of the many recent general correlations for the characteristics of laminar, turbulent, premixed and diffusion flames in an easily usable form. The authors believe that further progress in optimizing combustion performance and reducing polluting emissions can only be treated through understanding of combustion chemistry.
Author: Maximilian Lackner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2013-07-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Combustion, the process of burning, is defined as a chemical reaction between a combustible reactant (the fuel) and an oxidizing agent (such as air) in order to produce heat and in most cases light while new chemical species (e.g., flue gas components) are formed. This book covers a gap on the market by providing a concise introduction to combustion. Most of the other books currently available are targeted towards the experienced users and contain too many details and/or contain knowledge at a fairly high level. This book provides a brief and clear overview of the combustion basics, suitable for beginners and then focuses on practical aspects, rather than theory, illustrated by a number of industrial applications as examples. The content is aimed to provide a general understanding of the various concepts, techniques and equipment for students at all level as well as practitioners with little or no prior experience in the field. The authors are all international experts in the field of combustion technology and adopt here a clear didactic style with many practical examples to cover the most common solid, liquid and gaseous fuels. The associated environmental impacts are also discussed so that readers can develop an understanding of the major issues and the options available for more sustainable combustion processes. With a foreword by Katharina Kohse-H?inghaus
Author: V E Borisenko
Publisher: World Scientific
Release Date: 2015-05-04
This book presents invited reviews and original short notes of recent results obtained in studies concerning the fabrication and application of nanostructures, which hold great promise for the new generation of electronic, optoelectronic and energy conversion devices. They present achievements discussed at Special Sessions "Frontiers of Two-Dimensional Crystals", "Nanoelectromagnetics" and Belarus–Korea Workshop "Frontiers of Advanced Nanodevices" organized within Nanomeeting 2015. Governing exciting and relatively new topics such as fast-progressing nanoelectronics and optoelectronics, molecular electronics and spintronics, nanophotonics, nanosensorics and nanoenergetics as well as nanotechnology and quantum processing of information, this book gives readers a more complete understanding of the practical uses of nanotechnology and nanostructures. Contents:Physics of NanostructuresFrontiers of Two-Dimensional CrystalsNanoelectromagneticsChemistry of NanostructuresNanotechnologyNanomaterials and Nanostructures for Biology and MedicineNanostructure Based DevicesBelarus-Korea Workshop Readership: Graduate students and researchers of nanoscience and nanotechnology specifically the applications of nanostructures. Key Features:It is the latest collection of recent resultsThe areas covered have not been presented in any other competitive titleMost of the contributors (authors) are well-known specialists in the fieldAll papers contain new experimental and/or theoretical resultsKeywords:Nanostructures;Nanotechnology;Nanoelectronics;Spintronics;Nanosensorics;Nanoenergetics
Author: Arthur H. Lefebvre
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2011-06-22
This book presents a complete global examination of the complications, diagnoses, and management of HIV infections. This is essential for the HIV specialist and for those involved in HIV care, this book provides: information on the constantly changing and expanding drug therapies and treatment strategies for HIV the latest developments and frequently updated treatment guidelines includes new chapter on global efforts against HIV/AIDS. Draws from author's international experience includes a chapter on HIV and aging-hot topic in the field looks at the expansion and routinization of HIV testing a complete global examination of the complications, diagnoses, and management of HIV infections expert and authoriatative advice from Joseph R. Masci; Director of Medicine at Elmhurst Hospital Center in New York, who is highly respected in the field user friendly sections: core curriculum in HIV medicine, special populations, and systems of care up-to-date references, ensuring you have access to the most recent information
This unique book investigates the synthesis, kinetics, and thermal decomposition properties and processing of energy-producing materials used in propellants, explosives, pyrotechnic, and gas-generating compositions. Thermal Decomposition and Combustion of Explosives and Propellants provides several mechanisms and stages for the thermal decomposition and combustion reactions of most flammable compounds and their mixtures, such asaliphatic and aromatic nitrocompounds, nitramines, nitroesters, organic azides, furazanes, tetrazols, difluoroamines, polynitrous heterocycles, and onium salts. The authors examine the classic problem of the dependence of explosive activity on molecular structure, using applications to predict the stability, compatibility, and the stabilization of explosives and propellant components. They also offer experimental results examining factors such as subsurface decomposition, evaporation, and dispersion of materials, which can be used to control combustion of condensed systems. Providing several approaches to stability, safety, and controlled combustion of flammable substances, Thermal Decomposition and Combustion of Explosives and Propellants is a multi-dimensional resource for graduate students, researchers and professionals interested in chemical kinetics, the combustion and synthesis of high-energy materials, criminal forensics, and the field of explosives, powders, and solid rocket propellants.
Author: D. P. Mishra
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release Date: 2007-12-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Designed for both undergraduate and postgraduate students of mechanical, aerospace, chemical and metallurgical engineering, this compact and well-knitted textbook provides a sound conceptual basis in fundamentals of combustion processes, highlighting the basic principles of natural laws. In the initial part of the book, chemical thermodynamics, kinetics, and conservation equations are reviewed extensively with a view to preparing students to assimilate quickly intricate aspects of combustion covered in later chapters. Subsequently, the book provides extensive treatments of ‘pre-mixed laminar flame’, and ‘gaseous diffusion flame’, emphasizing the practical aspects of these flames. Besides, liquid droplet combustion under quiescent and convective environment is covered in the book. Simplified analysis of spray combustion is carried out which can be used as a design tool. An extensive treatment on the solid fuel combustion is also included. Emission combustion systems, and how to control emission from them using the latest techniques, constitute the subject matter of the final chapter. Appropriate examples are provided throughout to foster better understanding of the concepts discussed. Chapter-end review questions and problems are included to reinforce the learning process of students.