Introduction to Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion

Author: Francis F. Chen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319223094
Release Date: 2015-12-17
Genre: Science

This complete introduction to plasma physics and controlled fusion by one of the pioneering scientists in this expanding field offers both a simple and intuitive discussion of the basic concepts of this subject and an insight into the challenging problems of current research. In a wholly lucid manner the work covers single-particle motions, fluid equations for plasmas, wave motions, diffusion and resistivity, Landau damping, plasma instabilities and nonlinear problems. For students, this outstanding text offers a painless introduction to this important field; for teachers, a large collection of problems; and for researchers, a concise review of the fundamentals as well as original treatments of a number of topics never before explained so clearly. This revised edition contains new material on kinetic effects, including Bernstein waves and the plasma dispersion function, and on nonlinear wave equations and solitons. For the third edition, updates was made throughout each existing chapter, and two new chapters were added; Ch 9 on “Special Plasmas” and Ch 10 on Plasma Applications (including Atmospheric Plasmas).

Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics

Author: Kenro Miyamoto
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1584887095
Release Date: 2006-10-23
Genre: Science

Resulting from ongoing, international research into fusion processes, the International Tokamak Experimental Reactor (ITER) is a major step in the quest for a new energy source.The first graduate-level text to cover the details of ITER, Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics introduces various aspects and issues of recent fusion research activities through the shortest access path. The distinguished author breaks down the topic by first dealing with fusion and then concentrating on the more complex subject of plasma physics. The book begins with the basics of controlled fusion research, followed by discussions on tokamaks, reversed field pinch (RFP), stellarators, and mirrors. The text then explores ideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) instabilities, resistive instabilities, neoclassical tearing mode, resistive wall mode, the Boltzmann equation, the Vlasov equation, and Landau damping. After covering dielectric tensors of cold and hot plasmas, the author discusses the physical mechanisms of wave heating and noninductive current drive. The book concludes with an examination of the challenging issues of plasma transport by turbulence, such as magnetic fluctuation and zonal flow. Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics clearly and thoroughly promotes intuitive understanding of the developments of the principal fusion programs and the relevant fundamental and advanced plasma physics associated with each program.

Introduction to Plasma Physics

Author: Francis F. Chen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781475704594
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Science

This book grew out of lecture notes for an undergraduate course in plasma physics that has been offered for a number of years at UCLA. With the current increase in interest in controlled fusion and the wide spread use of plasma physics in space research and relativistic as trophysics, it makes sense for the study of plasmas to become a part of an undergraduate student's basic experience, along with subjects like thermodynamics or quantum mechanics. Although the primary purpose of this book was to fulfill a need for a text that seniors or juniors can really understand, I hope it can also serve as a painless way for scientists in other fields-solid state or laser physics, for instance to become acquainted with plasmas. Two guiding principles were followed: Do not leave algebraic steps as an exercise for the reader, and do not let the algebra obscure the physics. The extent to which these opposing aims could be met is largely due to the treatment of a plasma as two interpenetrating fluids. The two-fluid picture is both easier to understand and more accurate than the single-fluid approach, at least for low-density plasma phe nomena.

Lecture Notes on Principles of Plasma Processing

Author: Francis F. Chen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306474972
Release Date: 2003-01-31
Genre: Science

Plasma processing of semiconductors is an interdisciplinary field requiring knowledge of both plasma physics and chemical engineering. The two authors are experts in each of these fields, and their collaboration results in the merging of these fields with a common terminology. Basic plasma concepts are introduced painlessly to those who have studied undergraduate electromagnetics but have had no previous exposure to plasmas. Unnecessarily detailed derivations are omitted; yet the reader is led to understand in some depth those concepts, such as the structure of sheaths, that are important in the design and operation of plasma processing reactors. Physicists not accustomed to low-temperature plasmas are introduced to chemical kinetics, surface science, and molecular spectroscopy. The material has been condensed to suit a nine-week graduate course, but it is sufficient to bring the reader up to date on current problems such as copper interconnects, low-k and high-k dielectrics, and oxide damage. Students will appreciate the web-style layout with ample color illustrations opposite the text, with ample room for notes. This short book is ideal for new workers in the semiconductor industry who want to be brought up to speed with minimum effort. It is also suitable for Chemical Engineering students studying plasma processing of materials; Engineers, physicists, and technicians entering the semiconductor industry who want a quick overview of the use of plasmas in the industry.


Author: Ulrich Stroth
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783662552360
Release Date: 2017-12-31
Genre: Science

Ausgehend von den Grundlagen der Plasmaphysik spannt das Buch einen Bogen zwischen den verschiedenen Feldern der Wissenschaft sowie zwischen Experiment und Theorie. Es wurde der anschauliche Zugang des Experimentalphysikers gewählt, um die vielfältigen Phänomene der Plasmaphysik zur erklären, ohne dabei die mathematisch korrekte Beschreibung zu vernachlässigen. Die entwickelten Grundlagen finden Anwendung in Beispielen aus dem weiten Bereich der Plasmatechnologie bis zur Fusionsforschung, von Labor- zu extraterrestrischen Plasmen, wobei die Fusionsforschung ein Schwerpunkt bildet.

Reviews of Plasma Physics

Author: Vitalii D. Shafranov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540745761
Release Date: 2008-07-24
Genre: Science

This book presents two reviews from the cutting-edge of Russian plasma physics research. The first review is devoted to the mechanisms of transverse conductivity and generation of self-consistent electric fields in strongly ionized magnetized plasma. The second review considers numerous aspects of turbulent transport in plasma and fluids. This second review is focused on scaling arguments for describing anomalous diffusion in the presence of complex structures.

Basic Space Plasma Physics

Author: Wolfgang Baumjohann
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 186094079X
Release Date: 1997
Genre: Science

This textbook deals with the requirements of space physics. The first part starts with a description of the Earth's plasma environment, followed by a derivation of single particle motions in electromagnetic fields, with applications to the Earth's magnetosphere. Then the origin and effects of collisions and conductivities, formation of the ionosphere, magnetospheric convection and dynamics, and solar wind-magnetosphere coupling are discussed.The second part of the book presents a more theoretical foundation of plasma physics, starting from kinetic theory. Introducing moments of the distribution function permits derivation of the fluid equations, followed by an analysis of fluid boundaries, with the Earth's magnetopause and bow shock as examples. Finally, fluid and kinetic theory are applied to derive the relevant wave modes in a plasma.A representative selection of the many space plasma instabilities and relevant aspects of nonlinear theory is given in a companion textbook, Advanced Space Plasma Physics, by the same authors.

Physics of Plasma Wall Interactions in Controlled Fusion

Author: D. E. Post
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781475700671
Release Date: 2013-11-21
Genre: Science

Controlled thermonuclear fusion is one of the possible candidates for long term energy sources which will be indispensable for our highly technological society. However, the physics and technology of controlled fusion are extremely complex and still require a great deal of research and development before fusion can be a practical energy source. For producing energy via controlled fusion a deuterium-tritium gas has to be heated to temperatures of a few 100 Million °c corres ponding to about 10 keV. For net energy gain, this hot plasma has to be confined at a certain density for a certain time One pro mising scheme to confine such a plasma is the use of i~tense mag netic fields. However, the plasma diffuses out of the confining magnetic surfaces and impinges on the surrounding vessel walls which isolate the plasma from the surrounding air. Because of this plasma wall interaction, particles from the plasma are lost to the walls by implantation and are partially reemitted into the plasma. In addition, wall atoms are released and can enter the plasma. These wall atoms or impurities can deteriorate the plasma performance due to enhanced energy losses through radiation and an increase of the required magnetic pressure or a dilution of the fuel in the plasma. Finally, the impact of the plasma and energy on the wall can modify and deteriorate the thermal and mechanical pro perties of the vessel walls.

Nano and Micromaterials

Author: Kaoru Ohno
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540745572
Release Date: 2008-01-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The future focus of nanotechnology will be on realizing new functions over greater scales. This book describes the creation of nano- and microscale structures and functions by controlling temperature, light, pressure, or carrier injections. It includes novel nano-integration technologies such as self-organization of surface nanostructures, quantum well structures, microlithography and micromachines, as well as new techniques of laser spectroscopy and new computational methods.

Plasma Material Interaction in Controlled Fusion

Author: Dirk Naujoks
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540321491
Release Date: 2006-08-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book deals with the specific contact between the fourth state of matter, i.e. plasma, and the first state of matter, i.e. a solid wall, in controlled fusion experiments. A comprehensive analysis of the main processes of plasma-surface interaction is given together with an assessment of the most critical questions within the context of general criteria and operation limits. It also contains a survey on other important aspects in nuclear fusion.

Introduction to Plasma Dynamics

Author: A. I. Morozov
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439881330
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Science

As the twenty-first century progresses, plasma technology will play an increasing role in our lives, providing new sources of energy, ion–plasma processing of materials, wave electromagnetic radiation sources, space plasma thrusters, and more. Studies of the plasma state of matter not only accelerate technological developments but also improve the understanding of natural phenomena. Beginning with an introduction to the characteristics and types of plasmas, Introduction to Plasma Dynamics covers the basic models of classical diffuse plasmas used to describe such phenomena as linear and shock waves, stationary flows, elements of plasma chemistry, and principles of plasma lasers. The author presents specific examples to demonstrate how to use the models and to familiarize readers with modern plasma technologies. The book describes structures of magnetic fields—one- and zero-dimensional plasma models. It considers single-, two-, and multi-component simulation models, kinetics and ionization processes, radiation transport, and plasma interaction with solid surfaces. The text also examines self-organization and general problems associated with instabilities in plasma systems. In addition, it discusses cosmic plasma dynamic systems, such as Earth’s magnetosphere, spiral nebulas, and plasma associated with the Sun. This text provides wide-range coverage of issues related to plasma dynamics, with a final chapter addressing advanced plasma technologies, including plasma generators, plasma in the home, space propulsion engines, and controlled thermonuclear fusion. It demonstrates how to approach the analysis of complex plasma systems, taking into account the diversity of plasma environments. Presenting a well-rounded introduction to plasma dynamics, the book takes into consideration the models of plasma phenomena and their relationships to one another as well as their applications.

Die ersten Menschen auf dem Mond

Author: H. G. Wells
Publisher: Null Papier Verlag
ISBN: 9783954189199
Release Date: 2017-08-02
Genre: Fiction

Zwei britische Gentlemen, Bedford und Cavor, sind die ersten Menschen auf dem Mond. Cavor hat ein neues Material entwickelt, das immun gegen Schwerkraft ist, und nennt es großspurig Cavorit. Beide bauen in Cavors Haus eine große Hohlkugel mit der sie zum Mond fliegen. Aber der Mond ist belebt, mit Mondkühen und deren Hirten, mit merkwürdigen Pflanzen und halluzinogen Pilzen. Wells berichtet von ihren Abenteuern, diesmal etwas weniger ernsthaft als bei seinen bekannten dystopischen Romanen und Geschichten, dafür aber mit einer gründlichen Portion Humor. Mit blühender Fantasie erschafft er für den Leser eine bunte Welt. »Sehen Sie,« sagte Cavor, »ich glaube nicht, daß wir die Seleniten nach dem beurteilen können, was wir von ihnen gesehen haben. Ihre Zentralwelt, ihre zivilisierte Welt wird weit unten in den tieferen Höhlen um ihr Meer liegen. Diese Region der Kruste, in der wir sind, ist nur ein vorgeschobener Distrikt, eine Hirtengegend. Jedenfalls ist das meine Interpretation. Diese Seleniten, die wir gesehen haben, sind vielleicht nur die Äquivalente von Kuhhirten und Maschinenheizern. Daß sie Stacheln anwenden – höchst wahrscheinlich Mondkalbstacheln – der Mangel an Phantasie, den sie zeigen, wenn sie erwarten, wir müßten tun können, was sie tun können, ihre unbestreitbare Brutalität, alles scheint auf etwas der Art hinzudeuten. Aber wenn wir aushielten – –« ISBN 978-3-95418-920-5 (Kindle) ISBN 978-3-95418-919-9 (Epub) ISBN 978-3-95418-921-2 (PDF) Null Papier Verlag

Der geheimnisvolle Highlander

Author: Monica McCarty
Publisher: Blanvalet Taschenbuch Verlag
ISBN: 9783641111779
Release Date: 2013-03-29
Genre: Fiction

Die Highlands – ungezähmt und voller Leidenschaft Ein historischer Liebesroman, wie er sinnlicher nicht sein könnte. Die schöne Schottin Meg Mackinnon weiß, was ihre Pflicht ist. Daher ist sie fest entschlossen, einen Mann zu heiraten, der über genug politische Macht verfügt, um ihrem Bruder die Clansführung zu erhalten. Da lernt sie den leidenschaftlichen Söldner Alex MacLeod kennen. Von nun an fällt ihr die Suche nach einem geeigneten Ehemann schwer – denn jede Nacht träumt sie von dem kühnen Alex, von seinen blauen Augen und seiner fesselnden Männlichkeit ...