Beyond the Sociology of Development

Author: Ivar Oxaal
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136856921
Release Date: 2012-08-21
Genre: Social Science

Conceived as a response to the economic naïvety and implicit metropolitan bias of many 1950s and 60s studies of ‘the sociology of development’ , this volume, first published in 1975, provides actual field studies and theoretical reviews to indicate the directions which a conceptually more adequate study of developing societies should take. Much of the book reflects strongly the influence of Andre Gunder Frank, but the contributors adopt a critical attitude to his ideas, applying them in empirical situations within such African and American countries as Kenya, Guyana, Tanzania and Peru. Others pursue the lines of enquiry opened up by Latin American theories of economic ‘dependency’ and by the new school of French economic anthropology.

Critical Perspectives on Globalization and Neoliberalism in the Developing Countries

Author: Richard Legé Harris
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004118500
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Social Science

This book gives a critique of the contemporary global capitalist system and the adverse consequences suffered by the developing countries as a result of their 'integration' into this system. The current neoliberal paradigm of capitalist development as the only or the best alternative for the economic, social and political development of the developing countries is rejected. The authors search for more human and ecologically sustainable alternatives, focusing on Latin America, Asia and women.

Wellbeing in Developing Countries

Author: Ian Gough
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139464079
Release Date: 2007-05-31
Genre: Social Science

In a world where many experience unprecedented levels of wellbeing, chronic poverty remains a major concern for many developing countries and the international community. Conventional frameworks for understanding development and poverty have focused on money, commodities and economic growth. This 2007 book challenges these conventional approaches and contributes to a new paradigm for development centred on human wellbeing. Poor people are not defined solely by their poverty and a wellbeing approach provides a better means of understanding how people become and stay poor. It examines three perspectives: ideas of human functioning, capabilities and needs; the analysis of livelihoods and resource use; and research on subjective wellbeing and happiness. A range of international experts from psychology, economics, anthropology, sociology, political science and development evaluate the state-of-the-art in understanding wellbeing from these perspectives. This book establishes a new strategy and methodology for researching wellbeing that can influence policy.

Health and Health Care in Developing Countries

Author: Peter Conrad
Publisher: Temple University Press
ISBN: 1439901406
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Medical

The volume covers a range of areas, central Africa, Nigeria, Singapore, Taiwan, Indonesia, Nepal, China, United Arab Emirates, Oman, and Mexico, and a broad scope of topics, from emergency care, the AIDS epidemic, and women's health care, to public health programs and national health care policies. Contributors address the central question of whether health systems in developing areas should emphasize the role of clinical medicine and individual physicians or community and preventive medical resources. The major health problems faced by these societies, inadequate sanitation, infectious disease, high infant-child mortality, and a lack of family planning, indicate the greater need for health educators and public health workers despite many poor nations' desire for Western doctors. Other topics that are examined include the process of seeking medical aid; the relationship between traditional and modern medicines; medical education, hospital care, and communication between doctors and patients in developing countries; and the relevance and application of sociology in Third World settings. This volume seeks to draw attention to the significance of medical sociology for understanding Third World health problems and to show how examining developing societies may necessitate reframing or modifying some Western sociological notions.

Beyond the Sociology of Development

Author: Ivar Oxaal
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136856938
Release Date: 2013-05-13
Genre: Business & Economics

Conceived as a response to the economic naïvety and implicit metropolitan bias of many 1950s and 60s studies of ‘the sociology of development’ , this volume, first published in 1975, provides actual field studies and theoretical reviews to indicate the directions which a conceptually more adequate study of developing societies should take. Much of the book reflects strongly the influence of Andre Gunder Frank, but the contributors adopt a critical attitude to his ideas, applying them in empirical situations within such African and American countries as Kenya, Guyana, Tanzania and Peru. Others pursue the lines of enquiry opened up by Latin American theories of economic ‘dependency’ and by the new school of French economic anthropology.

Introduction to the Sociology of Development

Author: Andrew Webster
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 9781349205844
Release Date: 1990-03-01
Genre: Social Science

An introduction to the subject, covering key sociological questions such as, the Third World and its poverty, modernization theory, theories of underdevelopment, and critiques of aid and industrialization.

Issues and Challenges of Development

Author: B. K. Pattanaik
Publisher: Sage Publications Pvt. Limited
ISBN: 9386062186
Release Date: 2017
Genre: Business & Economics

A balanced and accessible introduction to the core issues and challenges of development The challenges faced by developing countries are multi-dimensional in nature, extending to the fields of economics, sociology, administration, politics and environment. Issues and Challenges of Development: An Introduction aims to provide an overall view of the nature, cause and effects of these challenges, and the plans and programmes of developing countries to address these. This book comprehensively covers the key aspects of development in contemporary times--relationship of development with agriculture, industrialization and services, sustainable and inclusive development, issues of marginalization and women empowerment. With case studies and examples taken from countries around the world and by relating issues closely with the Indian scenario, this book caters to student needs across various disciplines. Key Features � Treats development as a multi-disciplinary concept, covering both theoretical and practical points of view � Presents a holistic view of development taking inputs from economics, socio-politics, administration and so on � Serves as an essential companion for students of development studies, development economics, political science, sociology and civil service aspirants

Refugees and the Transformation of Societies

Author: Philomena Essed
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 085745708X
Release Date: 2004-06-30
Genre: Social Science

The refusal or reception of refugees has had serious implications for the social policies and social realities of numerous countries in east and west. Exploring experiences, interpretations and practices of 'refugees,' 'the internally displaced' and 'returnees' in or emerging from societies in violent conflict, this volume challenges prevailing orthodoxies and encourages new developments in refugee studies. It also addresses the ethics and politics of interventions by professionals and policy makers, using case studies of refugees from or in South Asia, the Middle East, North Africa, Europe and the Americas. These illustrate the dynamic nature of situations where refugees, policy- makers and practitioners interact in trying to construct new livelihoods in transforming societies. Without a proper understanding of this dynamic nature, so the volume argues overall, it is not possible to develop successful strategies for the accommodation and integration of refugees.

Cultures and Societies in a Changing World

Author: Wendy Griswold
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 9781452289403
Release Date: 2012-01-10
Genre: Social Science

In the Fourth Edition of Cultures and Societies in a Changing World, author Wendy Griswold illuminates how culture shapes our social world and how society shapes culture. Through this book, students will gain an understanding of the sociology of culture and explore stories, beliefs, media, ideas, art, religious practices, fashions, and rituals from a sociological perspective. Cultural examples from multiple countries and time periods will broaden students' global understanding. Students will develop a deeper appreciation of culture and society from this text, gleaning insights that will help them overcome cultural misunderstandings, conflicts, and ignorance and that will help equip them to live their professional and personal lives as effective, wise citizens of the world.

Trust

Author: Tarun Khanna
Publisher: Berrett-Koehler Publishers
ISBN: 9781523094851
Release Date: 2018-07-17
Genre: Business & Economics

Trust Creating the Foundation for Entrepreneurship in Developing Countries Entrepreneurial ventures often fail in the developing world because of the lack of something taken for granted in the developed world: trust. Over centuries the developed world has built up customs and institutions like enforceable contracts, an impartial legal system, credible regulatory bodies, even unofficial but respected sources of information like Yelp or Consumer Reports that have created a high level of what scholar and entrepreneur Tarun Khanna calls “ambient trust.” If a product is FDA-approved we feel confident it's safe. If someone makes an untrue claim or breaks an agreement we can sue. Police don't demand bribes to do their jobs. Certainly there are exceptions, but when brought to light they provoke a scandal, not a shrug. This is not the case in the developing world. But rather than become casualties of mistrust, Khanna shows that smart entrepreneurs adopt the mindset that, like it or not, it's up to them to weave their own independent web of trust—with their employees, their partners, their clients, their customers and with society as a whole. This can certainly be challenging, and requires innovative approaches in places where the level of societal mistrust is so high that, as in one example Khanna provides, an official certification of quality simply arouses suspicion—and lowers sales! Using vivid examples from Brazil, China, India, Mexico and elsewhere, Khanna shows how entrepreneurs can build on existing customs and practices instead of trying to push against them. He highlights the role new technologies can play (but cautions that these are not panaceas), and explains how entrepreneurs can find dependable partners in national and local governments to create impact at scale. As far back as the 18th century Adam Smith recognized trust as what Khanna calls “the hidden engine of economic progress.” “Frankness and openness conciliate confidence,” Smith wrote. “We trust the man who seems willing to trust us.” That kind of confidence is critical to entrepreneurial success, but in the developing world entrepreneurs have to establish it through their own efforts. As Khanna puts it, “the entrepreneur must not just create, she must create the conditions to create.”