The importance of Isocrates (436-338 BCE) for the study of Greek civilization of the fourth century BCE is indisputable. Twenty-one discourses by Isocrates survive; these include political essays, treatises on education and on ethics, and speeches for legal cases. Nine letters, more on public than private matters, are also extant.
Author: Flavius Josephus
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Release Date: 1997-11-03
Josephus, soldier, statesman, historian, was a Jew born at Jerusalem about 37 CE. A man of high descent, he early became learned in Jewish law and Greek literature and was a Pharisee. After pleading in Rome the cause of some Jewish priests he returned to Jerusalem and in 66 tried to prevent revolt against Rome, managing for the Jews the affairs of Galilee. In the troubles which followed he made his peace with Vespasian. Present at the siege of Jerusalem by Titus, he received favours from these two as emperors and from Domitian and assumed their family name Flavius. He died after 97. As a historical source Josephus is invaluable. His major works are: History of the Jewish War, in seven books, from 170 BCE to his own time, first written in Aramaic but translated by himself into the Greek we now have; and Jewish Antiquities, in twenty books, from the creation of the world to 66 CE. The Loeb Classical Library edition of the works of Josephus also includes the autobiographical Life and his treatise Against Apion.
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Release Date: 2017-07-14
The Sylloge Tacticorum is a mid-Byzantine example of the literary genre of military manuals or Taktika which stretches back to antiquity. It was one of a number produced during the tenth century CE, a period when the Byzantine empire enjoyed a large measure of success in its wars against its traditional enemy, the Arabs. Compiled to record and preserve military strategies, know-how, and tactics, the manual discusses a wide variety of matters: battle formations, raids, sieges, ambushes, surprise attacks, the treatment of prisoners of war and defectors, distribution of booty, punishment of military offences, how to mount effective espionage, and how to send and receive envoys. There is even advice on the personal qualities required by generals, on how to neutralize enemy horses, and on how to protect the troops against poisoned food. The work culminates in an account of the stratagems employed by great Greek and Roman military commanders of the past. While, like so much of Byzantine literature, the Sylloge often simply reproduces material found in earlier texts, it also preserves a great deal of information about the military tactics being developed by the Byzantine army during the tenth century. It is the first Byzantine source to record the reappearance of a specialized heavy cavalry (the kataphraktoi) and of a specialized infantry (the menavlatoi) used to repel the attacks of the opposing heavy cavalry. There is also a great deal of information on new infantry and cavalry formations and on the new tactics that required them. This is the first complete translation of the Sylloge into English. It is accompanied by a glossary of the specialised Greek military vocabulary used in the work and by footnotes which explain obscure references and identify the author’s classical and Byzantine sources. An introduction places the work in its historical and literary context and considers some of the questions that have remained unanswered over the centuries, such as its authorship and the date of its composition.
The art of legislation, that had got lost, is reborn in this book from the classic tradition, which conceives the laws like wise and eloquent civic speeches, and the rhetoric as its basic method, of a such way, that the return to the ancient will be a true progress.
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Foreign Language Study
The Lesser Declamations perhaps date from the second century CE and are perhaps derived from Quintilian. The collection originally consisted of 388 sample cases for legal training. 145 survive. Comments and suggestions the instructor adds to his model speeches for fictitious court cases offer insight into Roman law and education.
'Even if everyone else succumbs to slavery, we must still fight for our freedom.' Admired by many in the ancient world as the greatest of the classic Athenian orators, Demosthenes was intimately involved in the political events of his day. As well as showing a master orator at work, his speeches are a prime source for the history of the period, when Athens was engaged in a doomed struggle against the rising power of Macedon under the brilliant father and son, Philip and Alexander. Demosthenes wrote for the courts, both for political trials in which he was involved and for other cases in which he acted as ghost-writer for plaintiff or defendant, and his lawcourt speeches give an unrivalled glimpse of the daily life of ancient Athens. He also played a central role in education in Greece and Rome from the Hellenistic period onward, and was imitated by the greatest of Roman orators, Cicero. This selection includes the fullest range of Demosthenes' speeches, for trials both public and private and for the assembly, in a single volume.
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Release Date: 2010-01-01
Genre: Literary Criticism
This is the seventh volume in the Oratory of Classical Greece. This series presents all of the surviving speeches from the late fifth and fourth centuries BC in new translations prepared by classical scholars who are at the forefront of the discipline. These translations are especially designed for the needs and interests of today's undergraduates, Greekless scholars in other disciplines, and the general public. Classical oratory is an invaluable resource for the study of ancient Greek life and culture. The speeches offer evidence on Greek moral views, social and economic conditions, political and social ideology, law and legal procedure, and other aspects of Athenian culture that have been largely ignored: women and family life, slavery, and religion, to name just a few. The Athenian rhetorician Isocrates (436-338) was one of the leading intellectual figures of the fourth century. This volume contains his orations 4, 5, 6, 8, 12, and 14, as well as all of his letters. These are Isocrates' political works. Three of the discourses—Panathenaicus, On the Peace, and the most famous, Panegyricus—focus on Athens, Isocrates' home. Archidamus is written in the voice of the Spartan prince to his assembly, and Plataicus is in the voice of a citizen of Plataea asking Athens for aid, while in To Philip, Isocrates himself calls on Philip of Macedon to lead a unified Greece against Persia.
Author: Jackson Spielvogel
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Release Date: 2011-01-01
Best-selling author Jackson Spielvogel helped over one million students learn about the present by exploring the past. Spielvogel’s engaging, chronological narrative weaves the political, economic, social, religious, intellectual, cultural, and military aspects of history into a gripping story that is as memorable as it is instructive. WESTERN CIVILIZATION, VOLUME I includes 92 maps and excerpts of over 125 primary sources that enliven the past while introducing students to the source material of historical scholarship. Additionally, the text is lushly illustrated with 229 photographs that add visual context. A variety of pedagogical tools, including features on relevant films and new end-of-chapter study aids, make this edition accessible to any learning style. Available in the following split options: WESTERN CIVILIZATION, Eighth Edition (Chapters 1-30), ISBN: 978-0-495-91324-5; Volume I: To 1715 (Chapters 1-16), ISBN: 978-1-111-34212-8; Volume II: Since 1500 (Chapters 13-30), ISBN: 978-1-111-34213-5; Volume A: To 1500 (Chapters 1-12), ISBN: 978-1-111-34214-2; Volume B: 1300 to 1815 (Chapters 11-19), ISBN: 978-1-111-34215-9; Volume C: Since 1789 (Chapters 19-30), ISBN: 978-1-111-34216-6; Title: Alternate Volume: Since 1300 (Chapters 11-30), ISBN: 978-1-111-34219-7. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Author: Jackson J. Spielvogel
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Release Date: 2011-01-01
Best-selling author Jackson Spielvogel helped over one million students learn about the present by exploring the past. Spielvogel's engaging, chronological narrative weaves the political, economic, social, religious, intellectual, cultural, and military aspects of history into a gripping story that is as memorable as it is instructive. WESTERN CIVILIZATION includes three to ten maps in each chapter and numerous excerpts from primary sources that enliven the past while introducing students to the source material of historical scholarship. Additionally, the text is lushly illustrated with photographs that add visual context. A variety of pedagogical tools, including features on relevant films and new end-of-chapter study aids, make this edition accessible to any learning style. Available in the following split options: WESTERN CIVILIZATION, Eighth Edition (Chapters 1-30), ISBN: 978-0-495-91324-5; Volume I: To 1715 (Chapters 1-16), ISBN: 978-1-111-34212-8; Volume II: Since 1500 (Chapters 13-30), ISBN: 978-1-111-34213-5; Volume A: To 1500 (Chapters 1-12), ISBN: 978-1-111-34214-2; Volume B: 1300 to 1815 (Chapters 11-19), ISBN: 978-1-111-34215-9; Volume C: Since 1789 (Chapters 19-30), ISBN: 978-1-111-34216-6; Title: Alternate Volume: Since 1300 (Chapters 11-30), ISBN: 978-1-111-34219-7. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Author: Frank Santi Russell
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Release Date: 1999
Cloak-and-dagger work was as much a part of the ancient world as the modern. While gadgets may change, the principles do not: espionage in antiquity was just as dangerous, its stakes just as high. Without Sinon, a double agent for the Greeks, Troy would never have fallen. Frank Russell studies spies in the ancient Greek world and presents fascinating information on the nature of the Great Game, its players, its pawns, and their methods. Information Gathering in Classical Greece opens with chapters on tactical, strategic, and covert agents. Methods of communication are explored, from fire-signals to dead-letter drops. Frank Russell categorizes and defines the collectors and sources of information according to their era, methods, and spheres of operation, and he also provides evidence from ancient authors on interrogation and the handling and weighing of information. Counterintelligence is also explored, together with disinformation through "leaks" and agents. The author concludes this fascinating study with observations on the role that intelligence-gathering has in the kind of democratic society for which Greece has always been famous. This valuable and absorbing volume is accessible to any student of intelligence or ancient history. All passages have been translated, and context is provided for historical figures who might not be widely known. Notes are extensive and offer further avenues of study for the technical or specialist reader. Frank S. Russell has taught at Dartmouth College.
Author: Tarik Wareh
Publisher: Harvard Univ Center for Hellenic
Release Date: 2012
This book is a study of the literary culture within which the works, schools, and careers of Plato, Aristotle, and contemporary Greek intellectuals took shape. It argues that Isocrates' contemporary theory of training and self-formulation was an important provacation and creative inspiration to such works as Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics and Plato's Phaedrus. The second half of the book brings together the fragmentary evidence for the participation of Isocrateans in the philosophical polemics, princely didactics, and literary competition of the fourth century, shedding new light on the lost years of intellectual and literary history that lie before the dawn of the Hellenistic period.