Space Science and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations

Author: Space Studies Board
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309116091
Release Date: 2008-02-04
Genre: Political Science

ITAR, which controls defense trade, includes the U.S. Munitions List (USML) which specifies categories of defense articles and services covered by the regulations. In 1999, space satellites were added to the USML. In 2002 ITAR was amended to exclude U.S. universities from having to obtain ITAR licenses when performing fundamental research involving foreign countries and/or persons. Despite this provision, there remains considerable uncertainty among university researchers about whether the regulations apply to their research leading to a rather conservative interpretation of the regulations and the imposition of burdens that might not be necessary. To explore this concern, NASA asked the NRC to organize a workshop of all stakeholders on the implications of ITAR for space science. This book presents a summary of the workshop discussions including those on perspectives on recent developments and implementation of ITAR; overarching issues; problems arising from ITAR's implementation; and opportunities for near-term actions and improvements.

International Traffic in Arms Regulation Itar

Author: Jeffrey W. Bennett
Publisher: Jeffrey W Bennett
ISBN: 098162068X
Release Date: 2011-12
Genre: Business & Economics

Updated for 2016. From DDTC "Any person who engages in the United States in the business of either manufacturing or exporting defense articles or furnishing defense services is required to register..." ITAR "It is the contractor's responsibility to comply with all applicable laws and regulations regarding export-controlled items." DFAR Companies that provide defense goods and services need to know the rules; the ITAR provides the answers. The International Traffic in Arms Regulation (ITAR) is the defense product and service provider's guide book for knowing when and how to obtain an export license. This book provides answers to: Which defense contractors should register with the DDTC? Which defense commodities require export licenses? Which defense services require export licenses? What are corporate and government export responsibilities? What constitutes an export? How does one apply for a license or technical assistance agreement?

International Traffic in Arms Regulations ITAR 22 CFR 120 130

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: OCLC:227829013
Release Date: 1996
Genre:

Section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778) authorizes the President to control the export and import of defense articles and defense services. The statutory authority of the President to promulgate regulations with respect to exports of defense articles and defense services was delegated to the Secretary of State by Executive Order 11958, as amended (42 FR 4311). This subchapter implements that authority By virtue of delegations of authority by the Secretary of State, these regulations are primarily administered by the Director of the Office of Defense Trade Controls, Bureau of Politico-Military Affairs, Department of State.

International Traffic in Arms Regulations United States Munitions List Category XI Military Electronics Etc U S Department of State Regulation Dos 2018 Edition

Author: The Law The Law Library
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 1722332743
Release Date: 2018-07-03
Genre:

International Traffic in Arms Regulations - United States Munitions List Category XI (Military Electronics), etc. (U.S. Department of State Regulation) (DOS) (2018 Edition) The Law Library presents the complete text of the International Traffic in Arms Regulations - United States Munitions List Category XI (Military Electronics), etc. (U.S. Department of State Regulation) (DOS) (2018 Edition). Updated as of May 29, 2018 As part of the President's Export Control Reform (ECR) effort, the Department of State is amending the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) to revise U.S. Munitions List (USML) Category XI (Military Electronics). The Department is also amending Category VIII (Aircraft and Related Articles) with respect to wing folding systems and both Categories VIII and XIX to remove three paragraphs superseded by the revision of Category XI. The revisions contained in this rule are part of the Department of State's retrospective plan under E.O. 13563. This book contains: - The complete text of the International Traffic in Arms Regulations - United States Munitions List Category XI (Military Electronics), etc. (U.S. Department of State Regulation) (DOS) (2018 Edition) - A table of contents with the page number of each section

Export Controls

Author: Bert Chapman
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 9780761862345
Release Date: 2013-10-30
Genre: History

Export Controls examines how the U.S. has attempted to restrict the export of national security sensitive equipment, finance, knowledge, and technology since World War II. It also examines attempts to influence U.S. policies while concluding that some export controls are essential for promoting and defending U.S. national security interests.

Private Milit rfirmen der Gegenwart

Author: Matthias Döring
Publisher: diplom.de
ISBN: 9783836607537
Release Date: 2014-04-11
Genre: Political Science

Inhaltsangabe:Gang der Untersuchung: Ziel dieser Arbeit ist es, die konkreten Herausforderungen, welche die aktuelle Entwicklung auf dem Sicherheitssektor an die einzelnen Staaten und die internationale Staatengemeinschaft stellt, herauszuarbeiten und dort, wo ein Handlungsbedarf zur Lösung identifizierbarer Problemstellungen erkennbar ist, praktikable Vorschläge für eine Verbesserung der momentanen völkerrechtlichen und damit auch politischen Situation zu entwickeln. Um der diffizilen Greifbarkeit und Eingrenzbarkeit der zu behandelnden Materie entgegenzuwirken, beginnt diese Arbeit mit einer Zusammenschau der geschichtlichen Entwicklungslinien des Söldnerbegriffs und der entsprechenden völkerrechtlichen Reaktionen auf diese Privatisierungstendenzen staatlicher Gewalt. Obwohl die Angestellten der PMFs mit ihren Vorläufern nur noch bedingt vergleichbar sind, können die Beispiele aus der Historie doch hilfreich sein, um den Blick für die Entstehungsbedingungen des Söldnertums zu schärfen und negative wie positive Folgen besser zu verstehen, die mit der Privatisierung äußerer Sicherheit verbunden sind. Kapitel 3 dient der anschließenden Differenzierung der modernen privaten Militäranbieter von ihren historischen Wurzeln. Um dies zu komplettieren, enthält der letzte Abschnitt von Kapitel 3 den Versuch einer typologischen Erfassung und Abgrenzung der einzelnen Akteure der Gewaltprivatisierung über einen tätigkeitsbezogenen Ansatz mit graphischer Umsetzung. Diese Erfassung des Tätigkeitsbereichs fungiert als Basis für die im Kapitel 4 erfolgende Identifikation sich aktuell stellender Problemfelder. Neben den mit der Entstehung des modernen Gewaltmarkts verknüpften Fragestellungen ist hierbei vor allem die völkerrechtliche Problematik von Interesse. Zur Untersuchung der diesbezüglichen Aspekte wird zuerst der Status der Mitarbeiter solcher Firmen in internationalen und nicht-internationalen bewaffneten Konflikten bestimmt. Im darauf folgenden Abschnitt wird dann geklärt, welche Konsequenzen sich daraus für die Rechtsposition der Mitarbeiter solcher Firmen in Konfliktregionen ergeben. Ergänzt werden diese Untersuchungen von einer Betrachtung der existierenden Regelungen zur jeweiligen Verantwortlichkeit von Staaten und Firmen bei einer PMF-Operation. Durch die im letzten Abschnitt dieses Kapitels erfolgende zusammenfassende Lagefeststellung der mit einem PMF-Einsatz verbundenen Vor- und Nachteile kann schließlich ergründet werden, ob ein genereller [...]

The Export Control and Embargo Handbook

Author: Eric L. Hirschhorn
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195391510
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Law

The Export Control and Embargo Handbook, Third Edition is a comprehensive examination of export administration regulations. While most currently available titles covering export control and embargo law carry a broader international focus, U.S. regulations are the central topic of this book. The Export Control and Embargo Handbook provides the very latest information on the embargo, transaction, and currency controls administered by the Commerce, State, Energy, and Treasury Departments, as well as the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. This fully updated third edition is useful for individuals involved in issues surrounding both the exporting from the U.S. and re-exporting U.S.-origin goods and technology, as well as for transactions involving embargoed countries and their products. Offering a detailed analysis of licensing requirements and exceptions from a well-known expert in the field, the book also provides convenient access to the relevant excerpts from the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR). Blending information with practical application, Eric L. Hirschorn's in-depth analysis of the key U.S. export restrictions on 'dual use' goods, software and technology, defense articles, technology and services, and nuclear equipment and technology, along with the rules governing dealings with embargoed countries, make this an invaluable asset for legal practitioners in the export industry. Any lawyer or government official involved in embargo issues can easily access necessary information using the detailed Table of Contents and thorough index. Law students preparing for a career in trade law will also benefit from the book's accessible style.