Job Placements and Job Shifts in China

Author: Lijuan Wu
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814579261
Release Date: 2014-05-27
Genre: Social Science

The book investigates the impact of the market-oriented economic reform in China on a unique aspect of the labor market outcomes — individuals' access to different employment sectors, that is, the state and collective sector, the private sector, and the sector of family contract farming in the 1990s. Using the longitudinal data of China Health and Nutrition Survey, the author finds that the access to different employment sectors is not equally distributed among Chinese workers during the market transition. And the hierarchy of employment sectors is reproduced through the procedure that assorts individual workers to different employment sectors. In addition to achieved characteristics such as human capital, ascribed characteristics such as family background and gender are important factors in understanding the procedure of social stratification in the reform era. The book will be of value to social scientists interested in the market transition of socialist societies in general and the social transformation of contemporary China in particular. Contents:IntroductionThe Structure of Employment Sectors in ChinaLiterature Review and Research HypothesesData and MethodsWhere to Start? Job Placement Across Employment Sectors Among Young WorkersTo Change or Not to Change? Job Shifts Across Employment Sectors Among Older WorkersConclusion and Discussion Readership: Graduates, academics and professionals who are interested in Chinese economic reform, social stratification and mobility, social transformation, and labor market. Key Features:Offers a study of the market transition in China critical in the 1990sDiscloses the mechanisms of social stratification through detailed analysis of the factors contributing to the patterns of job placement and job shift across employment sectorsProvides one of the few large-scale empirical work on this topicKeywords:Social Stratification;Employment;Education;Family Background;Gender;China;Job Placement;Job Shift;Collective Sector;Private Sector;Labor Market;Market Transition;Social Transformation;Social Capital

Job Placements and Job Shifts in China

Author: Lijuan Wu
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
ISBN: 9814579246
Release Date: 2014
Genre: Business & Economics

Introduction; The Structure of Employment Sectors in China; Literature Review and Research Hypotheses; Data and Methods; Where to Start? Job Placement Across Employment Sectors Among Young Workers; To Change or Not to Change? Job Shifts Across Employment Sectors Among Older Workers; Conclusion and Discussion;

Topography of Politics in Rural China

Author: Xiaoyang Zhu
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814522717
Release Date: 2015
Genre: Electronic books

Contemporary Chinese rural life is placed in sharp theoretical and practical focus in this book. State-of-the-art techniques and perspectives are combined to take the reader into Xiaocun, a small village on the east bank of the Dianchi Lake in Kunming City. In 2003, the author published the book Crime and Punishment: The Story of Xiaocun (1931–1997), which dealt with disputes, mediation and punishment in the village following the legal anthropology tradition. At that time, neither the villagers nor the author foresaw the vast changes that were to appear a few years later. Their main economic activity then was growing vegetables and flowers; urbanisation was tsunami-like in its speed and impact. Land requisition for urban development was so swift that five years later, in 2008, there was no farmland left. Instead, there were many landmark real estate and development projects. Xiaocun has become the centre of an enlarged Kunming City. Observers, including the Xiaocun residents, are unavoidably shocked at the changes to the physical landscape in the wake of its rapid urbanisation. This book, Topography of Politics in Rural China: The Story of Xiaocun, reports the author's revisits to the village starting in early 2007. In the past few years of research on this village, the author deeply felt that the problems that make people passionate are fully exposed through issues surrounding land and housing. Well written in narrative, this book tells the story of Xiaocun in this new century from the perspective of topography, exploring the peasantry and its relations to the state in more fundamental terms.

Rising Tide

Author: Ronald Inglehart
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521529506
Release Date: 2003-04-14
Genre: Political Science

The twentieth century gave rise to profound changes in traditional sex roles. However, the force of this 'rising tide' has varied among rich and poor societies around the globe, as well as among younger and older generations. Rising Tide sets out to understand how modernization has changed cultural attitudes towards gender equality and to analyze the political consequences of this process. The core argument suggests that women and men's lives have been altered in a two-stage modernization process consisting of (i) the shift from agrarian to industrialized societies and (ii) the move from industrial towards post industrial societies. This book is the first to systematically compare attitudes towards gender equality worldwide, comparing almost 70 nations that run the gamut from rich to poor, agrarian to postindustrial. Rising Tide is essential reading for those interested in understanding issues of comparative politics, public opinion, political behavior, political development, and political sociology.

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

Release Date: 1966-06

The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is the premier public resource on scientific and technological developments that impact global security. Founded by Manhattan Project Scientists, the Bulletin's iconic "Doomsday Clock" stimulates solutions for a safer world.

Doing Fieldwork in China

Author: Maria Heimer
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
ISBN: 0824830709
Release Date: 2006-01
Genre: Social Science

Doing fieldwork inside the PRC is an eye-opening but sometimes also deeply frustrating experience. In this volume scholars from around the world reflect on their own fieldwork practice to give practical advice and discuss more general theoretical points. The contributors come from a wide range of disciplines such as political science, anthropology, economics, media studies, history, cultural geography, and sinology. The book also contains an extensive bibliography. Contributors: Bu Wei, Bjorn Gustafsson, Mette Halskov Hansen, Baogang He, Maria Heimer, Bjorn Kjellgren, Li Shi, Kevin J. O Brien, Dorothy J. Solinger, Maria Svensson, Elin Saether, Mette Thuno, Stig Thogersen, Emily T. Yeh. "

The Anthropology of Development and Globalization

Author: Marc Edelman
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 0631228799
Release Date: 2005-01-14
Genre: Social Science

The Anthropology of Development and Globalization is a collection of readings that provides an unprecedented overview of this field that ranges from the field’s classical origins to today’s debates about the “magic” of the free market. Explores the foundations of the anthropology of development, a field newly animated by theories of globalization and transnationalism Framed by an encyclopedic introduction that will prove indispensable to students and experts alike Includes readings ranging from Weber and Marx and Engels to contemporary works on the politics of development knowledge, consumption, environment, gender, international NGO networks, the IMF, campaigns to reform the World Bank, the collapse of socialism, and the limits of “post-developmentalism” Fills a crucial gap in the literature by mingling historical, cultural, political, and economic perspectives on development and globalization Present a wide range of theoretical approaches and topics

Sourcebook of Labor Markets

Author: Ivar Berg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461512257
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Social Science

A distinguished roster of contributors considers the state of the art of the field at the turn of the 21st century and charts an ambitious agenda for the future. Following what the editors describe as an `evolutionist' approach to the study of labor markets, the chapters address issues of continuity and discontinuity in a wide range of topics including: markets and institutional structures; employment relations and work structures; patterns of stratification in the United States; and public policies, opportunity structures, and economic outcomes.

Beyond Access

Author: Sheila Aikman
Publisher: Oxfam
ISBN: 0855985291
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Social Science

This book combines analysis of policy and empirically based studies on gender, education, and development.

Chinese Urban Life Under Reform

Author: Wenfang Tang
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521778654
Release Date: 2000-01-28
Genre: History

This book examines how urban China is experiencing the shift from a planned to a market economy.

Human Development Report 2016

Author: United Nations Development Programme
Publisher: Human Development Report (Pape
ISBN: 9211264138
Release Date: 2017-03-21
Genre: Business & Economics

This report focuses on how human development can be ensured for everyone, now and in future. It starts with an account of the hopes and challenges of today's world, envisioning where humanity wants to go. This vision draws from and builds on the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals. It explores who has been left behind in human development progress and why. It argues that to ensure that human development reaches everyone, some aspects of the human development framework and assessment perspectives have to be brought to the fore. The Report also identifies the national policies and key strategies to ensure that will enable every human being achieve at least basic human development and to sustain and protect the gains.

Essentials of Sociology

Author: James M. Henslin
Publisher: Pearson
ISBN: 9780134205984
Release Date: 2016-03-08
Genre: Social Science

For courses in Introductory Sociology A down-to-earth approach to sociology Essentials of Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach highlights the sociology of everyday life and its relevance to students’ lives. With wit, personal reflection, and illuminating examples, author James Henslin stimulates students’ sociological imaginations so they can better perceive how the pieces of society fit together. Six central themes guide students through this concise overview of the discipline: a down-to-earth approach, globalization, cultural diversity, critical thinking, the new technology, and the influence of the mass media on our lives. The Twelfth Edition has been extensively revised to include contemporary examples and fresh topics that bring sociology to life. Also available with MySocLab® MySocLab for the Introductory Sociology course extends learning online to engage students and improve results. Media resources with assignments bring concepts to life, and offer students opportunities to practice applying what they’ve learned. Please note: this version of MySocLab does not include an eText. Essentials of Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach, Twelfth Edition is also available via REVEL™, an interactive learning environment that enables students to read, practice, and study in one continuous experience. Note: You are purchasing a standalone product; MyLab™ & Mastering™ does not come packaged with this content. Students, if interested in purchasing this title with MyLab & Mastering, ask your instructor for the correct package ISBN and Course ID. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information. If you would like to purchase both the physical text and MyLab & Mastering, search for: 0134495926 / 9780134495927 Essentials of Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach plus MySocLab® for Introductory Sociology — Access Card Package, 12/e Package consists of: 0134205588 / 9780134205588 Essentials of Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach, 12/e 0133878104 / 9780133878103 MySocLab for Introductory Sociology Access Card

Child Poverty Youth Un Employment and Social Inclusion

Author: Maria Petmesidou
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9783838269122
Release Date: 2016-10-11
Genre: Political Science

Worldwide child and youth poverty remain the biggest barrier to achieving a better life in adulthood. Progress in lifting children out of poverty in the last decades has been slow and limited in the developing world, while the recent global economic crisis has exacerbated child poverty, youth unemployment, and social exclusion in many developed countries. This book critically examines the long-term consequences of growing up poor, the close linkages between deprivation and human rights violations in childhood and adolescence, and their effects on labor market entry and future career in a number of developing and developed countries. Drawing on multiple disciplinary perspectives, it makes a forceful case for the eradication of child poverty to take center stage in the Sustainable Development Goals.