Judicial Review in an Objective Legal System

Author: Tara Smith
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781316404737
Release Date: 2015-08-07
Genre: Law

How should courts interpret the law? While all agree that courts must be objective, people differ sharply over what this demands in practice: fidelity to the text? To the will of the people? To certain moral ideals? In Judicial Review in an Objective Legal System, Tara Smith breaks through the false dichotomies inherent in dominant theories - various forms of originalism, living constitutionalism, and minimalism - to present a new approach to judicial review. She contends that we cannot assess judicial review in isolation from the larger enterprise of which it is a part. By providing careful clarification of both the function of the legal system as well as of objectivity itself, she produces a compelling, firmly grounded account of genuinely objective judicial review. Smith's innovative approach marks a welcome advance for anyone interested in legal objectivity and individual rights.

Judicial Review

Author: Susana Galera
Publisher: Council of Europe
ISBN: 9287167230
Release Date: 2010-01-01
Genre: Law

"The traditional state model, based on a domestic approach to rule of law, is currently evolving towards a new one, where international factors and relations play a prominent role. This trend is also characterized by the pre-eminence of executive powers, along with a weakening of parliamentary balances and judicial controls. This work seeks to answer two essential questions concerning the rule of law: how can citizens challenge public decisions affecting them, and what kinds of public decisions can be judicially controlled. Two groups of legal regulations are considered in this analysis: the so-called European legal tradition, covering nine national laws strongly influenced by Council of Europe legal standards since 1950, and the more recent body of European Union law. The authors conclude that the issue of individual guarantees vis-à-vis public powers should be carefully monitored in Europe."--

Demokratische Gesetzgebung in der Europ ischen Union

Author: Jelena von Achenbach
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783642239175
Release Date: 2014-08-01
Genre: Law

Das Mitentscheidungsverfahren (Art. 294 AEUV) ist seit dem Vertrag von Lissabon das ordentliche Gesetzgebungsverfahren der Europäischen Union. Mit der Monographie wird die Co-Gesetzgeberschaft von Europäischem Parlament und Rat als Mittel der demokratischen Legitimation europäischer Gesetzgebung untersucht. Im Zentrum steht dabei eine demokratietheoretische Auseinandersetzung mit dem Modell der dualen demokratischen Legitimation europäischer Hoheitsgewalt, das mit Art. 10 EUV nunmehr im Demokratieprinzip der Union verankert ist. Daneben steht eine empirisch gestützte Untersuchung der Praxis des Mitentscheidungsverfahrens, die sich insbesondere der zunehmenden Informalisierung des Gesetzgebungsprozesses („Triloge“) kritisch widmet.

The Principle of Effective Legal Protection in Administrative Law

Author: Zoltán Szente
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317019244
Release Date: 2016-08-05
Genre: Law

This collection presents a comparative analysis of the principle of effective legal protection in administrative law in Europe. It examines how European states consider and enforce the related requirements in their domestic administrative law. The book is divided into three parts: the first comprises a theoretical introductory chapter along with perspectives from International and European Law; part two presents 15 individual country reports on the principle of effective legal protection in mostly EU member states. The core function of the reports is to provide an analysis of the domestic instruments and procedures. Adopting a contextual approach, they consider the historical, political and legal circumstances as well as analysing the relevant case law of the domestic courts; the third part provides a comparative analysis of the country reports. The final chapter assesses the influence and relevance of EU law and the ECHR. The book thus identifies the most important trends and makes a valuable contribution to the debate around convergence and divergence in European national administrative systems.

Politics Judicial Review and the Russian Constitutional Court

Author: C. Thorson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9780230368972
Release Date: 2012-02-07
Genre: Social Science

Analysis of why politicians are driven to create an independent judicial institution with the authority to overrule their decisions. It focuses on a country with no tradition of independent judicial review - Russia. History does not support an independent judiciary here; yet a potentially powerful constitutional court has existed for 20 years.

Criminal Judicial Review

Author: Piers von Berg
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781849468305
Release Date: 2014-11-24
Genre: Law

This is a comprehensive guide to challenging decisions of criminal courts and public bodies in the criminal justice system using judicial review. Written by a team of criminal and public law practitioners, it considers claims for judicial review arising in the criminal justice system, which now represent a distinct area of public law. These claims are set apart by special considerations and rules; for example, on the limits of the High Court's jurisdiction or the availability of relief during ongoing proceedings. Criminal practitioners may lack the background to spot public law points. Equally, public law specialists may be unfamiliar with criminal law and types of issues that arise. Criminal Judicial Review is intended as a resource for both. The book deals with the principles, case law, remedies and, the practice and procedure for obtaining legal aid and costs. It will be of assistance to any practitioner preparing or responding to judicial review claims involving the following: - The Police and the Crown Prosecution Service. - Magistrates' courts, the Crown Court and Coroners. - Prisons and the Parole Board. - Statutory bodies such as the Independent Police Complaints Commission and the Legal Aid Agency. - Claimants who are children, young persons or have mental disorders. - The international dimension including extradition proceedings and European Union law. - Practical considerations such as CPR Part 54, remedies, legal aid and costs. From the Foreword by The Rt Hon Lord Judge "The book is offered in clear and simple style, focussing less on esoteric theoretical considerations and more on the practical needs of the practitioner. It brings together materials relating to public law with which a criminal specialist may be less well informed, and material relevant to the criminal justice processes which may not be immediately apparent to the public law specialist. It will assist with the preparation of arguments, and also enable submissions which are unarguable to be discarded. It will therefore provide valuable guidance in this broad and developing area of practice.??

Betrachtungen ber die Repr sentativregierung

Author: John Stuart Mill
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 9783518735176
Release Date: 2013-08-19
Genre: Political Science

Die anhaltende Diskussion um die »Krise des Parlamentarismus« zeigt, dass die normative Begründung und systematische Bestimmung von Parlamentsfunktionen und demokratischer Öffentlichkeit von entscheidender Bedeutung für die Zukunft der repräsentativen Demokratie ist. Das Problem ist aber nicht neu, wie John Stuart Mills klassischer Text zeigt. Er kreist um die Frage, wie sich die Gefahr einer »Tyrannei der Mehrheit« mit den Partizipationsanforderungen demokratischen Regierens versöhnen lässt. Mill begründet darin u. a. ein deliberatives Verständnis von Politik und erörtert die Gefahren einer bürokratischen Strangulierung politischer Freiheit. Ein Schlüsselwerk der Demokratietheorie und Parlamentarismusforschung.

American Law and Legal Systems

Author: James V. Calvi
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781317225522
Release Date: 2016-09-19
Genre: Political Science

American Law and Legal Systems examines the philosophy of law within a political, social, and economic framework with great clarity and insight. Readers are introduced to operative legal concepts, everyday law practices, substantive procedures, and the intricacies of the American legal system. Eliminating confusing legalese, the authors skillfully explain the basics, from how a lawsuit is filed through the final appeal. This new edition provides essential updates to forensic and scientific evidence, contract law, and family law, and includes new text boxes and tables to help students understand, remember, and apply central concepts. New to the 8th Edition Updates the coverage of environmental law, especially in relation to climate change. Updates the coverage of family law, especially in relation to gay marriage. Includes new coverage of challenges to the Voting Rights Act, campaign finance, and cybersecurity. Covers the effects of social media on judicial proceedings. Includes 16 new cases, including Obergefell v. Hodges. Adds new text boxes on intriguing subjects throughout. Accompanied by an author-written Instructor’s Manual that includes Learning Objectives, Chapter Summaries, Chapter Outlines, Key Terms and Concepts, as well as Test Questions for each chapter.

Gerechtigkeit f r Igel

Author: Ronald Dworkin
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 9783518780206
Release Date: 2012-07-02
Genre: Philosophy

»Der Fuchs weiß viele Dinge, aber der Igel weiß eine große Sache.« Der griechische Dichter Archilochos hat diesen Satz formuliert, Isaiah Berlin hat ihn mit seinem Tolstoi-Essay berühmt gemacht. Aber was ist diese »eine große Sache«? Ronald Dworkin liefert eine Antwort: Es sind Werte in all ihren Erscheinungsformen. Wenn wir verstehen wollen, was Wahrheit und Schönheit sind, was dem Leben Sinn verleiht, was die Moral fordert und die Gerechtigkeit verlangt, so müssen wir der Spur jener moralischen Einstellungen nachgehen, die menschliches Denken, Fühlen und Handeln durchdringen und zu einer Einheit formen. »Gerechtigkeit für Igel« ist eines jener Bücher, wie es sie in Zeiten der Füchse – der Spezialisten und Skeptiker – immer seltener gibt: eines, das aus einem einzigen Prinzip eine ganze Welt erklären und zugleich Orientierung geben möchte.

Judicial Review of National Security

Author: David Scharia
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199393381
Release Date: 2014-10-30
Genre: Political Science

In recent years, countries around the world introduced numerous national security programs and military campaigns. Despite the complex legal questions they raise, very few of these measures have been the subject of rigorous judicial review. Nevertheless, the absence of real-time review has had an enormous effect on human rights, rule of law, and on national security. The Supreme Court of Israel provides an excellent case study of a different approach, which allows judges to assess military action in real-time and to issue non-binding results of their evaluation. This raises the question: How was the Court actually able to uphold this challenge? In Judicial Review of National Security, David Scharia explains how the Supreme Court of Israel developed unconventional judicial review tools and practices that allowed it to provide judicial guidance to the Executive in real-time. In this book, he argues that courts could play a much more dominant role in reviewing national security, and demonstrates the importance of intensive real-time inter-branch dialogue with the Executive, as a tool used by the Israeli Court to provide such review. This book aims to show that if one Supreme Court was able to provide rigorous judicial review of national security in real-time, then we should reconsider the conventional wisdom regarding the limits of judicial review of national security.

The Role of Islam in the Legal System of Pakistan

Author: Martin Lau
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004149274
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Law

Starting in 1947, this volume examines the way Pakistani judges have dealt with the controversial issue of Islam in the past 50 years. The book's focus on reported case-law offers a new perspective on the Islamisation of Pakistan's legal system in which Islam emerges as more than just a challenge to Western conceptions of human rights.

Introduction to the Law and Legal System of the United States

Author: William Burnham
Publisher: West Group
ISBN: STANFORD:36105063699461
Release Date: 2006-01-01
Genre: Law

" This text provides an introduction to U.S. law. It is intended for law students, lawyers, and legal scholars from foreign countries; U.S. graduate and undergraduate college students; and anyone who seeks a "big picture" of the law and legal system. Not a casebook, it explains the major substantive areas of the law in narrative form and includes citations to cases and sources for additional detail. In addition, the book has chapters on the essential basic history and governmental structure necessary to understand the legal system; the legal profession; the theory and practice of the adversary system of justice; and statutory interpretation and caselaw reasoning."--Publisher's website.

An Introduction to the American Legal System

Author: John M. Scheb
Publisher: Aspen Pub
ISBN: 0735579253
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Law

The Second Edition of this successful text, An Introduction to the American Legal System, continues to offer an accessible, practical overview of the American Legal System. It introduces students to legal concepts, procedures, and principles while giving them a solid grounding in important areas of substantive law as well as in legal history. Among the features that make this text such an excellent teaching tool: organization into four parts progresses logically from the origins of the law through legislation and procedure Part I, Foundation of the Legal System, sets forth the fundamental concepts of the law and examines the historical development of the legal system Part II, Substance of the Law, provides an overview of constitutional law, criminal law, torts, property, contracts, business, and family law Part III, the Legal Process, surveys civil and criminal procedure Part IV, Legislative and Administrative Developments in the Law, covers legislation and administrative law concise "Cases in Point" illustrate the applicability of the law to real world issues capture student interest questions in every chapter stimulate thought and classroom discussion a strong pedagogy includes learning objectives, chapter outlines, and a glossary New to the Second Edition: expanded coverage of torts and property law increased focus on crimes and criminal procedure new and expanded discussion of the PATRIOT Act, including new amendments and results of recent litigation, as well as material on terrorism and immigration offenses updated cases include new, hot-button cases, such as Hamdan v. Rumsfeld, Crawford v. Washington on the admissibility of hearsay evidence in criminal cases an expanded section on battered woman syndrome and battered child syndrome Appendices on how to find the law and how to brief a case