Author: Paul Craven
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
Release Date: 2014
Until the late nineteenth-century, the most common form of local government in rural England and the British Empire was administration by amateur justices of the peace: the sessions system. Petty Justice uses an unusually well-documented example of the colonial sessions system in Loyalist New Brunswick to examine the role of justices of the peace and other front-line low law officials like customs officers and deputy land surveyors in colonial local government. Using the rich archival resources of Charlotte County, Paul Craven discusses issues such as the impact of commercial rivalries on local administration, the role of low law officials in resolving civil and criminal disputes and keeping the peace, their management of public works, social welfare, and liquor regulation, and the efforts of grand juries, high court judges, colonial governors, and elected governments to supervise them. A concluding chapter explains the demise of the sessions system in Charlotte County in the decade of Confederation.
Author: Johan Findlay
Publisher: The Saltire Society
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Justices of the peace
This text provides the history of the justices of the peace in Scotland from their foundation in 1609 to the present. The vast range of duties which fell to the justices are described using surviving justice court records.
Author: J. P. Kenyon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 1986-02-20
Originally published in 1966, this text established itself as the standard work in 17th century English history in the course of time. The second edition includes a rewritten commentary and has been thoroughly revised and updated in several important areas.
Author: Professor Alan Reed
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Release Date: 2013-02-28
This book provides a leading point of reference in the field of partial defences to murder and with respect to the mental condition defences of loss of control and diminished responsibility in general. The work includes contributions from leading specialists from different jurisdictions. Divided into two parts, the first provides an analysis from the perspective of the UK, looking at particular concerns such as domestic violence, revenge and mixed motive killings, mistaken beliefs. The second part presents a comparative and international view to provide a wider background of how alternative systems treat issues of human frailty short of full insanity (loss of control, diminished responsibility) in the context of the criminal law.
Author: William Lambarde
Publisher: William S. Hein
Release Date: 2002-12-01
First published in 1581, this treatise is esteemed for its comprehensive and systematic account of the organization of local government under the justices of the peace at the end of the sixteenth century. It was the standard authority for several decades and often reprinted. Like many books of its kind, Eirenarcha offers a unique perspective on the society that produced it. This is evident in the descriptions of detailed indictments for such offenses as killing a man through witchcraft, raping a child or maid (the age of distinction was ten), hearing a Catholic Mass, practicing usury and operating a bowling alley. Lambard, a barrister and legal historian, was the keeper of records at the Rolls Chapel and the Tower of London.