Knowledge and Action

Author: Peter Meusburger
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319445885
Release Date: 2017-01-11
Genre: Social Science

This volume explores interdependencies between knowledge, action, and space from different interdisciplinary perspectives. Some of the contributors discuss knowledge as a social construct based on collective action, while others look at knowledge as an individual capacity for action. The chapters contain theoretical frameworks as well as experimental outcomes. Readers will gain insight into key questions such as: How does knowledge function as a prerequisite for action? Why are knowledge gaps growing and not diminishing in a knowledge society? How much knowledge is necessary for action? How do various types of knowledge influence the steps from cognition to action? How do different representations of knowledge shape action? What impact have spatial conditions for the formation of knowledge? What is the relationship between social and geographical space? The contributors consider rationality in social and economic theories as well as in everyday life. Attention is also given to action theoretic approaches and rationality from the viewpoints of psychology, post-structuralism, and human geography, making this an attractive book for students, researchers and academics of various backgrounds. This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.

Knowledge Space Economy

Author: John Bryson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781134656783
Release Date: 2002-01-04
Genre: Science

First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Clashes of Knowledge

Author: Peter Meusburger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402055552
Release Date: 2008-04-15
Genre: Social Science

Do traditional distinctions between "belief" and "knowledge" still make sense? How are differences between knowledge and belief understood in different cultural contexts? This book explores conflicts between various types of knowledge, especially between orthodox and heterodox knowledge systems, ranging from religious fundamentalism to heresies within the scientific community itself. Beyond addressing many fields in the academy, the book discusses learned individuals interested in the often puzzling spatial and cultural disparities of knowledge and clashes of knowledge.

Gesellschaft Handlung und Raum

Author: Benno Werlen
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag
ISBN: 3515070311
Release Date: 1997-01-01
Genre: History

Die politische Brisanz und soziale Bedeutung des "Gesellschaft-Raum-Verhaltnisses" hat die juengere europaische Geschichte nachdruecklich in Erinnerung gerufen. Was lange primar Gegenstand sozialgeographischer Theoriebildung war, ist damit ins Bewuatsein breiter Bevolkerungskreise gelangt und erweckt zunehmend auch das Interesse der Sozialwissenschaften. Damit wird neben der praktischen auch die sozialwissenschaftliche Relevanz geographischer Forschung offensichtlich. Hier wird deren Neuorientierung als Handlungswissenschaft zur Diskussion gestellt und es werden die dafuer notwendigen erkenntnis- und sozialtheoretischen Grundlagen erarbeitet. Dies schlieat in wichtigen Teilbereichen allerdings auch deren Reinterpretation ein. zu den vorherigen Auflagen: a... key reading for anyone concerned with the theory of social action and spatiality.o Society and Space aEs geschieht nicht allzu haufig, daa man bei der Lektuere einer geographischen Neuerscheinung sehr spontan und mit Nachdruck zur Uberzeugung kommt, ein wirklich grundlegendes Werk, sozusagen einen fachwissenschaftlichen Meilenstein, in Handen zu haben. Benno Werlens Buch war fuer den Rezensenten der seltene und ueberaus eindrucksvolle Beispielfall fuer ein derartiges Erlebnis.o Mitteilungen der Osterreichischen Geographischen Gesellschaft.

Knowledge in Action

Author: Annemarie van Paassen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789086867240
Release Date: 2011-10-05
Genre: Science

Wageningen Univerisity and Research Centre is known for its practical and societally relevant research in spatial development. Stakeholders currently put much emphasis on participatory processes in landscape planning procedures. This poses a special challenge for research. What role does research play in our present world characterised by complexity, competing claims and development needs, and an increased concern for climate change and environmental impact? In the book 'Knowledge in Action' we explore different types of transdisciplinary research that scientists engage in. Depending on the societal context and the interests of local citizens, researchers apply different research approaches to optimally incorporate the various points of view in their research and promote processes enhancing dialogue and shared results. In the book authors present their research experiences: their theoretical inspiration, the research methodology applied to consult, share and collaborate with societal actors in order to create options for change. The book includes several striking examples from The Netherlands (both successful and less effective), and also innovative examples from communities in Africa and Asia. The authors reflect on opportunities, problems and dilemma's they had to deal with. They especially address how far the role and theoretical perspectives of collaborative researchers can lead them in action research. Can they limit themselves to joint knowledge production and learning processes or should they engage in strategic positioning, advocacy and entrepreneurship to make it happen? The book discusses the issues that researchers should consider when they position their research activities within ongoing developments at landscape level. Read the book and judge for yourself.

Realising Systems Thinking Knowledge and Action in Management Science

Author: John Mingers
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387298412
Release Date: 2006-09-13
Genre: Business & Economics

This book deals with the contribution of a systems approach to a range of disciplines from philosophy and biology to social theory and management. It weaves together material from some of the pre-eminent thinkers of the day. In doing so it creates a coherent path from fundamental work on philosophical issues of ontology and epistemology through specific domains of knowledge about the nature of information and meaning, human communication, and social intervention.

Knowledge and Action

Author: Dieter Frey
Publisher: Hogrefe Publishing
ISBN: 9781616762995
Release Date: 2006-07
Genre: Psychology

Understanding the relationship between knowledge and action is vital, because without knowledge there is often no action and because knowledge can strongly influence actions. However, there is often considerable inconsistency between knowledge and action, and the research available on this relationship is not widely known. This intriguing volume provides help, by summarizing the findings of the research group “Knowledge and Action,” which was funded by the German Science Foundation and includes leading scholars from relevant areas such as social psychology, cognitive psychology, work and organizational psychology, educational psychology and developmental psychology.The chapters included in this book therefore examine the action-relevant function of knowledge in different areas, as well as investigating the effects that the acquisition of knowledge has on action in certain fields.

Mobilities of Knowledge

Author: Heike Jöns
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319446547
Release Date: 2017-01-16
Genre: Social Science

This collection of essays examines how spatial mobilities of people and practices, technologies and objects, knowledge and ideas have shaped the production, circulation, and transfer of knowledge in different historical and geographical contexts. Targeting an interdisciplinary audience, Mobilities of Knowledge combines detailed empirical analyses with innovative conceptual approaches. The first part scrutinizes knowledge circulation, transfer, and adaption, focussing on the interpersonal communication process, early techniques of papermaking, a geographical text, indigenous knowledge in exploration, the genealogy of spatial analysis, and different disciplinary knowledges about the formation of cities, states, and agriculture. The second part analyses the interplay of mediators, networks, and learning by studying academic careers, travels, and collaborations within the British Empire, public internationalism in Geneva, the global transfer of corporate knowledge through expatriation, graduate mobility from the global south to the global north, and the international mobility of degree programs in higher education.This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.

Knowledge Spaces

Author: Dietrich Albert
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9781135681821
Release Date: 1999-08-01
Genre: Psychology

Based on the formal concept of "knowledge structures" originally proposed by Jean-Claude Falmagne and Jean-Paul Doignon, this book contains descriptions of methodological developments and experimental investigations as well as applications for various knowledge domains. The authors address three main topics: * theoretical issues and extensions of Doignon & Falmagne's theory of knowledge structures; * empirical validations of specific problem types and knowledge domains, such as sentence comprehension, problem solving in chess, inductive reasoning, elementary mathematical reasoning, and others; and * application of knowledge structures in various contexts, including knowledge assessment, intelligent tutoring systems, and motor learning. Unlike most other approaches in the literature in cognitive psychology, this book provides both a rigorous mathematical formulation of knowledge-related psychological concepts and its empirical validation by experimental data.

Globalisierung Region und Regionalisierung

Author: Benno Werlen
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh
ISBN: 351509105X
Release Date: 2007-01-01
Genre: Political Science

A new perspective on geographic practices in the context of economy, society and culture, and regionalization within the frame of globalization. German text. 434p (Franz Steiner 2007) ..".really outstanding. It is a remarkable achievement." Anthony Giddens

Explorations in Information Space

Author: Max H. Boisot
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191608285
Release Date: 2007-12-27
Genre: Business & Economics

With the rise of the knowledge economy, the knowledge content of goods and services is going up just as their material content is declining. Economic value is increasingly seen to reside in the former - that is, in intangible assets - rather than in the latter. Yet we keep wanting to turn knowledge back into something tangible, something with definite boundaries which can be measured, manipulated, appropriated, and traded. In short, we want to reify knowledge. Scholars have been debating the nature of knowledge since the time of Plato. Many new insights have been gained from these debates, but little theoretical consensus has been achieved. Through six thematically linked chapters, the book articulates the theoretical approach to the production and distribution of knowledge that underpins Max Boisot's conceptual framework, the Information Space or I-Space. In this way the book looks to provide theoretical and practical underpinnings to Boisot's book Knowledge Assets (OUP, 1998). Following an introductory chapter, how knowledge relates to data and information is first examined in chapter 1, and how different economic actors - entrepreneurs, managers, etc - use knowledge as a basis for action is explored in chapter 2. Chapter 3 looks at how the heterogeneity of economic actors arises naturally from their respective data processing strategies in spite of any similarities in the data that they might share. Chapter 4 argues, contra much transaction-based economics, that an organizational order must have preceded a market order, something that should be reflected in any knowledge-based theory of the firm. Chapter 5 discusses the cultural and institutional significance of different kinds of knowledge flows. Finally, chapter 6 presents an agent-based simulation model, SimISpace, that illustrates how the I-Space might be applied to concrete problems such those of intellectual property rights. A concluding chapter proposes a research agenda based on the theorizing developed in the book. The approach the book sets out is used by a whole range of organizations to issues of knowledge management, policy, economics, and organizational and cultural change.

Simulation and Knowledge of Action

Author: Jérôme Dokic
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027251703
Release Date: 2002-01-01
Genre: Psychology

The current debate between theory theory and simulation theory on the nature of mentalisation has reached no consensus yet, although many now think that some hybrid theory is needed. This collection of essays represents an effort at re-evaluating the scope of simulation theory, while also considering areas in which it could be submitted to experimental tests. The volume explores the two main versions of simulation theory, Goldman s introspectionism and Gordon s radical simulationism, and enquires whether they allow a non-circular account of mentalisation. The originality of the volume is to confront conceptual views on simulation with data from pragmatics, developmental psychology and the neurosciences. Individual chapters contain discussions of specific issues such as autism, imitation, motor imagery, conditional reasoning, joint attention and the understanding of demonstratives. It will be of interest primarily to advanced students and researchers in the philosophy of mind, language and action, but also to everyone interested in the nature of interpretation and communication. (Series B)

Gesellschaftliche R umlichkeit

Author: Benno Werlen
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh
ISBN: 3515094296
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Social Science

With the change of social theory in geography and the spatial turn in the social sciences and humanities, the way is paved for an interdisciplinary study of the relationship between society and space. This selection of essays for Gesellschaftliche Raumlichkeit from the geographical point of departure provide an overview of the treatment of this issue from a practice-based perspective. With this the call is made to avoid the pitfalls of the mechanical worldview and the hasty spatialization of socio-cultural, economic, and political realities. Volume 2 traces the basic shape of the constitution of spatial relations and shows how it can be conceptualized as a more specific form of everyday geography making in the cultural, political, social, and environmental dimensions of social practice. The social practice with its spatial implications are interpreted as the current practice and made the focal point of reference for a social sciences and humanities research perspective. German text.