Knowledge and Action

Author: Peter Meusburger
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319445885
Release Date: 2017-01-11
Genre: Social Science

This volume explores interdependencies between knowledge, action, and space from different interdisciplinary perspectives. Some of the contributors discuss knowledge as a social construct based on collective action, while others look at knowledge as an individual capacity for action. The chapters contain theoretical frameworks as well as experimental outcomes. Readers will gain insight into key questions such as: How does knowledge function as a prerequisite for action? Why are knowledge gaps growing and not diminishing in a knowledge society? How much knowledge is necessary for action? How do various types of knowledge influence the steps from cognition to action? How do different representations of knowledge shape action? What impact have spatial conditions for the formation of knowledge? What is the relationship between social and geographical space? The contributors consider rationality in social and economic theories as well as in everyday life. Attention is also given to action theoretic approaches and rationality from the viewpoints of psychology, post-structuralism, and human geography, making this an attractive book for students, researchers and academics of various backgrounds. This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.

Knowledge Space Economy

Author: John Bryson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781134656783
Release Date: 2002-01-04
Genre: Science

First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Simulation and Knowledge of Action

Author: Jérôme Dokic
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027251703
Release Date: 2002-01-01
Genre: Psychology

The current debate between theory theory and simulation theory on the nature of mentalisation has reached no consensus yet, although many now think that some hybrid theory is needed. This collection of essays represents an effort at re-evaluating the scope of simulation theory, while also considering areas in which it could be submitted to experimental tests. The volume explores the two main versions of simulation theory, Goldman s introspectionism and Gordon s radical simulationism, and enquires whether they allow a non-circular account of mentalisation. The originality of the volume is to confront conceptual views on simulation with data from pragmatics, developmental psychology and the neurosciences. Individual chapters contain discussions of specific issues such as autism, imitation, motor imagery, conditional reasoning, joint attention and the understanding of demonstratives. It will be of interest primarily to advanced students and researchers in the philosophy of mind, language and action, but also to everyone interested in the nature of interpretation and communication. (Series B)

Clashes of Knowledge

Author: Peter Meusburger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402055552
Release Date: 2008-04-15
Genre: Social Science

Do traditional distinctions between "belief" and "knowledge" still make sense? How are differences between knowledge and belief understood in different cultural contexts? This book explores conflicts between various types of knowledge, especially between orthodox and heterodox knowledge systems, ranging from religious fundamentalism to heresies within the scientific community itself. Beyond addressing many fields in the academy, the book discusses learned individuals interested in the often puzzling spatial and cultural disparities of knowledge and clashes of knowledge.

Knowledge and Action

Author: Dieter Frey
Publisher: Hogrefe Publishing
ISBN: 9781616762995
Release Date: 2006-07
Genre: Psychology

Understanding the relationship between knowledge and action is vital, because without knowledge there is often no action and because knowledge can strongly influence actions. However, there is often considerable inconsistency between knowledge and action, and the research available on this relationship is not widely known. This intriguing volume provides help, by summarizing the findings of the research group “Knowledge and Action,” which was funded by the German Science Foundation and includes leading scholars from relevant areas such as social psychology, cognitive psychology, work and organizational psychology, educational psychology and developmental psychology.The chapters included in this book therefore examine the action-relevant function of knowledge in different areas, as well as investigating the effects that the acquisition of knowledge has on action in certain fields.

Mobilities of Knowledge

Author: Heike Jöns
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319446547
Release Date: 2017-01-16
Genre: Social Science

This collection of essays examines how spatial mobilities of people and practices, technologies and objects, knowledge and ideas have shaped the production, circulation, and transfer of knowledge in different historical and geographical contexts. Targeting an interdisciplinary audience, Mobilities of Knowledge combines detailed empirical analyses with innovative conceptual approaches. The first part scrutinizes knowledge circulation, transfer, and adaption, focussing on the interpersonal communication process, early techniques of papermaking, a geographical text, indigenous knowledge in exploration, the genealogy of spatial analysis, and different disciplinary knowledges about the formation of cities, states, and agriculture. The second part analyses the interplay of mediators, networks, and learning by studying academic careers, travels, and collaborations within the British Empire, public internationalism in Geneva, the global transfer of corporate knowledge through expatriation, graduate mobility from the global south to the global north, and the international mobility of degree programs in higher education.This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.

Knowledge in Action

Author: Annemarie van Paassen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789086867240
Release Date: 2011-10-05
Genre: Science

Wageningen Univerisity and Research Centre is known for its practical and societally relevant research in spatial development. Stakeholders currently put much emphasis on participatory processes in landscape planning procedures. This poses a special challenge for research. What role does research play in our present world characterised by complexity, competing claims and development needs, and an increased concern for climate change and environmental impact? In the book 'Knowledge in Action' we explore different types of transdisciplinary research that scientists engage in. Depending on the societal context and the interests of local citizens, researchers apply different research approaches to optimally incorporate the various points of view in their research and promote processes enhancing dialogue and shared results. In the book authors present their research experiences: their theoretical inspiration, the research methodology applied to consult, share and collaborate with societal actors in order to create options for change. The book includes several striking examples from The Netherlands (both successful and less effective), and also innovative examples from communities in Africa and Asia. The authors reflect on opportunities, problems and dilemma's they had to deal with. They especially address how far the role and theoretical perspectives of collaborative researchers can lead them in action research. Can they limit themselves to joint knowledge production and learning processes or should they engage in strategic positioning, advocacy and entrepreneurship to make it happen? The book discusses the issues that researchers should consider when they position their research activities within ongoing developments at landscape level. Read the book and judge for yourself.

Explorations in Information Space

Author: Max H. Boisot
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199250875
Release Date: 2007-12-27
Genre: Business & Economics

With the rise of the knowledge economy, the knowledge content of goods and services is going up just as their material content is declining. Economic value is increasingly seen to reside in intangible assets, rather than material. This book explores the framework of 'I-Space' - a theoretical approach to the production and distribution of knowledge.

Planning in the Public Domain

Author: John Friedmann
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691022682
Release Date: 1987
Genre: Political Science

John Friedmann addresses a central question of Western political theory: how, and to what extent, history can be guided by reason. In this comprehensive treatment of the relation of knowledge to action, which he calls planning, he traces the major intellectual traditions of planning thought and practice. Three of these--social reform, policy analysis, and social learning--are primarily concerned with public management. The fourth, social mobilization, draws on utopianism, anarchism, historical materialism, and other radical thought and looks to the structural transformation of society "from below." After developing a basic vocabulary in Part One, the author proceeds in Part Two to a critical history of each of the four planning traditions. The story begins with the prophetic visions of Saint-Simon and assesses the contributions of such diverse thinkers as Comte, Marx, Dewey, Mannheim, Tugwell, Mumford, Simon, and Habermas. It is carried forward in Part Three by Friedmann's own nontechnocratic, dialectical approach to planning as a method for recovering political community.

Creative Space

Author: Andrzej P. Wierzbicki
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540284583
Release Date: 2005-12-02
Genre: Mathematics

Creative Space summarizes and integrates the various up-to-date approaches of computational intelligence to knowledge and technology creation including the specific novel feature of utilizing the creative abilities of the human mind, such as tacit knowledge, emotions and instincts, and intuition. It analyzes several important approaches of this new paradigm such as the Shinayakana Systems Approach, the organizational knowledge creation theory, in particular SECI Spiral, and the Rational Theory of Intuition – resulting in the concept of Creative Space. This monograph presents and analyzes in detail this new concept together with its ontology – the list and meanings of the analyzed nodes of this space and of the character of transitions linking these nodes.

Gesellschaft Handlung und Raum

Author: Benno Werlen
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag
ISBN: 3515070311
Release Date: 1997-01-01
Genre: History

Die politische Brisanz und soziale Bedeutung des "Gesellschaft-Raum-Verhaltnisses" hat die juengere europaische Geschichte nachdruecklich in Erinnerung gerufen. Was lange primar Gegenstand sozialgeographischer Theoriebildung war, ist damit ins Bewuatsein breiter Bevolkerungskreise gelangt und erweckt zunehmend auch das Interesse der Sozialwissenschaften. Damit wird neben der praktischen auch die sozialwissenschaftliche Relevanz geographischer Forschung offensichtlich. Hier wird deren Neuorientierung als Handlungswissenschaft zur Diskussion gestellt und es werden die dafuer notwendigen erkenntnis- und sozialtheoretischen Grundlagen erarbeitet. Dies schlieat in wichtigen Teilbereichen allerdings auch deren Reinterpretation ein. zu den vorherigen Auflagen: a... key reading for anyone concerned with the theory of social action and spatiality.o Society and Space aEs geschieht nicht allzu haufig, daa man bei der Lektuere einer geographischen Neuerscheinung sehr spontan und mit Nachdruck zur Uberzeugung kommt, ein wirklich grundlegendes Werk, sozusagen einen fachwissenschaftlichen Meilenstein, in Handen zu haben. Benno Werlens Buch war fuer den Rezensenten der seltene und ueberaus eindrucksvolle Beispielfall fuer ein derartiges Erlebnis.o Mitteilungen der Osterreichischen Geographischen Gesellschaft.

Realising Systems Thinking Knowledge and Action in Management Science

Author: John Mingers
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387298412
Release Date: 2006-09-13
Genre: Business & Economics

This book deals with the contribution of a systems approach to a range of disciplines from philosophy and biology to social theory and management. It weaves together material from some of the pre-eminent thinkers of the day. In doing so it creates a coherent path from fundamental work on philosophical issues of ontology and epistemology through specific domains of knowledge about the nature of information and meaning, human communication, and social intervention.

Knowledge Spaces

Author: Dietrich Albert
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9781135681821
Release Date: 1999-08-01
Genre: Psychology

Based on the formal concept of "knowledge structures" originally proposed by Jean-Claude Falmagne and Jean-Paul Doignon, this book contains descriptions of methodological developments and experimental investigations as well as applications for various knowledge domains. The authors address three main topics: * theoretical issues and extensions of Doignon & Falmagne's theory of knowledge structures; * empirical validations of specific problem types and knowledge domains, such as sentence comprehension, problem solving in chess, inductive reasoning, elementary mathematical reasoning, and others; and * application of knowledge structures in various contexts, including knowledge assessment, intelligent tutoring systems, and motor learning. Unlike most other approaches in the literature in cognitive psychology, this book provides both a rigorous mathematical formulation of knowledge-related psychological concepts and its empirical validation by experimental data.