Landscape Ecology in Theory and Practice

Author: Monica G. Turner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387216942
Release Date: 2007-05-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering

An ideal text for students taking a course in landscape ecology. The book has been written by very well-known practitioners and pioneers in the new field of ecological analysis. Landscape ecology has emerged during the past two decades as a new and exciting level of ecological study. Environmental problems such as global climate change, land use change, habitat fragmentation and loss of biodiversity have required ecologists to expand their traditional spatial and temporal scales and the widespread availability of remote imagery, geographic information systems, and desk top computing has permitted the development of spatially explicit analyses. In this new text book this new field of landscape ecology is given the first fully integrated treatment suitable for the student. Throughout, the theoretical developments, modeling approaches and results, and empirical data are merged together, so as not to introduce barriers to the synthesis of the various approaches that constitute an effective ecological synthesis. The book also emphasizes selected topic areas in which landscape ecology has made the most contributions to our understanding of ecological processes, as well as identifying areas where its contributions have been limited. Each chapter features questions for discussion as well as recommended reading.

Principles of Terrestrial Ecosystem Ecology

Author: F. Stuart Chapin, III
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387954430
Release Date: 2002-08-12
Genre: Nature

Features review questions at the end of each chapter; Includes suggestions for recommended reading; Provides a glossary of ecological terms; Has a wide audience as a textbook for advanced undergraduate students, graduate students and as a reference for practicing scientists from a wide array of disciplines

Learning Landscape Ecology

Author: Sarah E. Gergel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387952543
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Nature

Landscape ecology continues to grow as an exciting, dynamic ecological d- cipline. With its broadscale emphasis and multidisciplinary approach, la- scape ecology lends itself both to basic research and to applications in land management, land-use planning, wildlife management, ecosystem mana- ment, and conservation biology. Landscape ecology makes a unique cont- bution to the scientific community in its attention to ecological dynamics across a broad range of spatial and temporal scales, and as a result it has - come increasingly important for students in the natural sciences to gain a - sic understanding of the subject. Colleges and universities across the United States are incorporating courses in landscape ecology into their curricula. However, nearly every book on landscape ecology is a book to be read, la- ing a hands-on approach. This text is intended to fill that void by providing a comprehensive collection of landscape ecology laboratory exercises. These teaching exercises stress the fundamental concepts of landscape ec- ogy, rather than highly specialized, technical methods. While students will gain experience using a variety of tools commonly used in landscape ecology, we stress the conceptual understanding necessary to use these techniques app- priately. This book attempts to convey the myriad approaches used by la- scape ecologists (as well as a multitude of approaches to teaching) and include group discussion, thought problems, fieldwork, data analysis, spatial data c- lection, exposure to Geographic Information Systems (GIS), simulation m- eling, analysis of landscape metrics, spatial statistics, and written exercises.

Landscape Ecological Applications in Man Influenced Areas

Author: Sun-Kee Hong
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402054877
Release Date: 2007-01-29
Genre: Science

Landscape Ecological Applications in Man-Influenced Areas not only expands the concept of landscape ecology, but also applies its principles to man-influenced ecosystems. New dimensions of landscape ecological research in a global change such as urbanization, biodiversity, and land transformation are explored in this book. The book also includes case studies concerning landscape analysis and evaluation using spatial analysis and landscape modelling for establishing sustainable management strategy in urban and agricultural landscapes.

Applied Landscape Ecology

Author: Francisco Castro Rego
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9781119368205
Release Date: 2019-01-22
Genre: Science

An insightful guide to the concepts and practices of modern landscape ecology Elements of geography, conservation biology, soil science and other disciplines factor into landscape ecology's rich analyses of the ecological and environmental forces at play across different terrains. With its unique, organism-oriented approach to the subject, Applied Landscape Ecology considers the effects of ecological processes upon particular species and places its findings within the context of larger-scale concerns. Students, researchers, and practitioners alike will find this a rewarding and instructive read that offers practical and detailed information on the latest methods and technologies used in the field today. This essential resource: Takes an interdisciplinary approach to landscape ecology Examines the subject within the contexts of specific organisms Covers cutting-edge technologies and methods Represents a collaboration between an international team of landscape ecology experts Whether new to the practice or an established ecologist, anyone with an interest in this exciting and developing field should have a copy of Applied Landscape Ecology at their disposal.

Ecological Risk Assessment

Author: Glenn W. Suter II
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0873718755
Release Date: 1992-10-23
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Recently, environmental scientists have been required to perform a new type of assessment-ecological risk assessment. This is the first book that explains how to perform ecological risk assessments and gives assessors access to the full range of useful data, models, and conceptual approaches they need to perform an accurate assessment. It explains how ecological risk assessment relates to more familiar types of assessments. It also shows how to organize and conduct an ecological risk assessment, including defining the source, selecting endpoints, describing the relevant features of the receiving environment, estimating exposure, estimating effects, characterizing the risks, and interacting with the risk manager. Specific technical topics include finding and selecting toxicity data; statistical and mathematical models of effects on organisms, populations, and ecosystems; estimation of chemical fate parameters; modeling of chemical transport and fate; estimation of chemical uptake by organisms; and estimation, propagation, and presentation of uncertainty. Ecological Risk Assessment also covers conventional risk assessments, risk assessments for existing contamination, large scale problems, exotic organisms, and risk assessments based on environmental monitoring. Environmental assessors at regulatory agencies, consulting firms, industry, and government labs need this book for its approaches and methods for ecological risk assessment. Professors in ecology and other environmental sciences will find the book's practical preparation useful for classroom instruction. Environmental toxicologists and chemists will appreciate the discussion of the utility for risk assessment of particular toxicity tests and chemical determinations.

Site Analysis

Author: James A. LaGro, Jr.
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118416266
Release Date: 2013-01-31
Genre: Architecture

The process-oriented guide to context-sensitive siteselection, planning, and design Sustainable design is responsive to context. And each site has aunique set of physical, biological, cultural, and legal attributesthat presents different opportunities and constraints foralternative uses of the site. Site analysis systematicallyevaluates these on-site and off-site factors to inform the designof places—including neighborhoods and communities—thatare attractive, walkable, and climate-resilient. This Third Edition of Site Analysis is fullyupdated to cover the latest topics in low-impact,location-efficient design and development. This complete, user-friendly guide: Blends theory andpractice from the fields of landscapearchitecture, urban planning, architecture, geography, and urbandesign Addresses important sustainability topics, including LEED-ND,Sustainable Sites, STAR community index, and climateadaptation Details the objectives and visualization methods used in eachphase of the site planning and design process Explains the influence of codes, ordinances, and site planapproval processes on the design of the built environment Includes more than 200 illustrations and eight case studies ofprojects completed by leading planning and design firms Site Analysis, Third Edition is the ideal guide forstudents taking courses in site analysis, site planning, andenvironmental design. New material includes review questions at theend of each chapter for students as well as early-careerprofessionals preparing for the ARE, LARE, or AICP exams.

Introduction to Ecological Modelling

Author: Mike Gillman
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 0632036346
Release Date: 1997-04-21
Genre: Science

At present, most books on ecological modelling rely on very complex mathematics, resulting in students and researchers shying away from investigating the potential uses of ecological models and their methods of construction. This new book aims to open up this exciting area to a much wider audience. Assuming only basic mathematical knowledge, the text uses case studies to show how a relatively small set of techniques of model construction can be used in a wide range of important applications. Researchers will find it an invaluable guide to using ecological models in their work. Uses case studies to clearly demonstrate the applications of ecological models. Avoids complex mathematics. A practical how-to guide for ecological researchers. Sample ecological models available via this web site.

Southeastern Geographer

Author: David M. Cochran Jr.
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 9780807872604
Release Date: 2012-10-01
Genre: Social Science

Table of Contents for Volume 52, Number 3 (Fall 2012) Cover Art Co-producing Space Along the Sweetgrass Basket Makers' Highway in Mount Pleasant, South Carolina Brian Grabbatin Introduction David M. Cochran, Jr. and Carl A. Reese Part I: Papers Pet Ownership and the Spatial and Temporal Dimensions of Evacuation Decisions Courtney N. Thompson, David M. Brommer, and Kathleen Sherman-Morris Salinity Assessment in Northeast Florida Bay Using Landsat TM Data Caiyun Zhang, Zhixiao Xie, Charles Roberts, Leonard Berry, and Ge Chen An Assessment of Human Vulnerability to Hazards in the US Coastal Northeast and mid-Atlantic Shivangi Prasad Black, White or Green?: The Confederate Battle Emblem and the 2001 Mississippi State Flag Referendum Jonathan I. Leib and Gerald R. Webster The Role of Landscape in the Distribution of Deer-Vehicle Collisions in South Mississippi Jacob J. McKee and David M. Cochran, Jr. Part II: Geographical Notes Dr. John J. Winberry, Jr. (1945–2012) Gregory J. Carbone Part III: Reviews Removing Mountains: Extracting Nature and Identity in the Appalachian Coalfields Rebecca R. Scott Reviewed by Sarah A. Watson Mobile Urbanism: Cities and Policymaking in the Global Age Eugene McCann and Kevin Ward, eds. Reviewed by Brian K. Blickenstaff

Biodiversity and Insect Pests

Author: Geoff M. Gurr
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118231852
Release Date: 2012-04-12
Genre: Science

Biodiversity offers great potential for managing insect pests. Itprovides resistance genes and anti-insect compounds; a huge rangeof predatory and parasitic natural enemies of pests; and communityecology-level effects operating at the local and landscape scalesto check pest build-up. This book brings together world leaders intheoretical, methodological and applied aspects to provide acomprehensive treatment of this fast-moving field. Chapter authors from Europe, Asia, Africa, Australasia and theAmericas ensure a truly international scope. Topics range fromscientific principles, innovative research methods, ecologicaleconomics and effective communication to farmers, as well as casestudies of successful use of biodiversity-based pest managementsome of which extend over millions of hectares or are enshrined asgovernment policy. Written to be accessible to advanced undergraduates whilst alsostimulating the seasoned researcher, this work will help unlock thepower of biodiversity to deliver sustainable insect pestmanagement. Visit spanstyle="font-family: "Calibri","sans-serif"; font-size: 11pt; mso-fareast-font-family: SimSun; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: TH;" toaccess the artwork from the book./span

Toward a Unified Ecology

Author: Timothy F. H. Allen
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231069197
Release Date: 1992
Genre: Science

Two key demands are being made of ecology: that the discipline increasingly be a predictive one; and that ecologists be prepared to consider large-scale systems. These systems become simple or complex based on the level and type of explanation required, and a strict and consistent epistemology is needed in light of new insights into the nature of complexity. T.F.H. Allen and Thomas W. Hoekstra argue that complex systems analysis requires ecologists to distinguish models and to recognize that models must invoke a scale and point of view. Toward a Unified Ecology offers a strategy to attain a unity that brings basic ecology to bear on ecological management. Beginning with hierarchy theory as a basic premise, the book goes on to explain that the conventional "levels"--Ecosystems, landscapes, communities, populations, organisms--are not levels in themselves but criteria for observation. The authors assert that the essential character of ecology's subdisciplines is scale-dependent. Putting scale back into systems of well-defined type captures the richness of the connections in the material ecological system. Allen and Hoekstra present a conceptual framework for a more coherent view of ecology, showing how to link the various parts of ecology into a natural whole.

Applying Nature s Design

Author: Anthony B. Anderson
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231508674
Release Date: 2006-01-11
Genre: Science

The fragmenting of habitats is endangering animal populations and degrading or destroying many plant populations throughout the world. To address this problem, conservationists have increasingly turned to biological corridors, areas of land set aside to facilitate the movement of species and ecological processes. However, while hundreds of corridor initiatives are under way worldwide, there is little practical information to guide their design, location, and management. Applying Nature's Design offers a comprehensive overview of current knowledge on corridors, their design, and their implementation. Anthony B. Anderson and Clinton N. Jenkins examine a variety of conceptual and practical issues associated with corridors and provide detailed case studies from around the world. Their work considers how to manage and govern corridors, how to build support among various interest groups for corridors, and the obstacles to implementation. In addition to assessing various environmental and ecological challenges, the authors are the first to consider the importance of socioeconomic and political issues in creating and maintaining corridors.

Discontinuities in Ecosystems and Other Complex Systems

Author: Craig R. Allen
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231516822
Release Date: 2008-07-01
Genre: Science

Following the publication of C. S. Holling's seminal work on the relationship between animal body mass patterns and scale-specific landscape structure, ecologists began to explore the theoretical and applied consequences of discontinuities in ecosystems and other complex systems. Are ecosystems and their components continuously distributed and do they adhere to scaling laws, or are they discontinuous and more complex than early models would have us believe? The resulting propositions over the structure of complex systems sparked an ongoing debate regarding the mechanisms generating discontinuities and the statistical methods used for their detection. This volume takes the view that ecosystems and other complex systems are inherently discontinuous and that such fields as ecology, economics, and urban studies greatly benefit from this paradigm shift. Contributors present evidence of the ubiquity of discontinuous distributions in ecological and social systems and how their analysis provides insight into complex phenomena. The book is divided into three sections. The first focuses on background material and contrasting views concerning the discontinuous organization of complex systems. The second discusses discontinuous patterns detected in a number of different systems and methods for detecting them, and the third touches on the potential significance of discontinuities in complex systems. Science is still dominated by a focus on power laws, but the contributors to this volume are convinced power laws often mask the interesting dynamics of systems and that those dynamics are best revealed by investigating deviations from assumed power law distributions. In 2008, a grand conference on resilience was held in Stockholm, hosting 600 participants from around the world. There are now three big centers established with resilience, the most recent one being the Stockholm Resilience Center, with others in Australia (an international coral reef center), Arizona State University's new sustainability center focusing on anthropology, and Canada's emerging social sciences and resilience center. Activity continues to flourish in Alaska, South Africa, and the Untied Kingdom, and a new center is forming in Uruguay.

Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering Theory and Practice

Author: Wei Zhang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642294556
Release Date: 2012-06-30
Genre: Computers

2012 International Conference on Software Engineering, Knowledge Engineering and Information Engineering (SEKEIE 2012) will be held in Macau, April 1-2, 2012 . This conference will bring researchers and experts from the three areas of Software Engineering, Knowledge Engineering and Information Engineering together to share their latest research results and ideas. This volume book covered significant recent developments in the Software Engineering, Knowledge Engineering and Information Engineering field, both theoretical and applied. We are glad this conference attracts your attentions, and thank your support to our conference. We will absorb remarkable suggestion, and make our conference more successful and perfect.

The Ecology of Bird Communities

Author: John A. Wiens
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521426340
Release Date: 1992-03-12
Genre: Nature

The two volumes of John Wiens' Ecology of Bird Communities, first published in 1992, are recognised as having applications and importance beyond the study of birds to the wider study of ecology in general. The books contain a detailed synthesis of our understanding of the patterns of organisation of bird communities and of the factors that may determine them, drawing from studies from all over the world. The author, however, does more than simply review findings in bird community ecology. By emphasizing how proper logic and methods have or have not been followed and how different viewpoints have developed historically and have led to controversy, he extends the scope of these books far beyond the study of birds. Volume 1 Foundations and Patterns explores why avian community ecologists ask the questions they do and what philosophical and methodological approaches they have used to answer such questions. Most of the book is devoted to a critical evaluation of what is known about the nature and organisation of bird communities.