Laughter Out of Place

Author: Donna M. Goldstein
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520276048
Release Date: 2013-09-29
Genre: Social Science

Drawing on the author's experience in Brazil, this text provides a portrait of everyday life among the women of the favelas - a portrait that challenges much of what we think we know about the 'culture of poverty'. It helps us understand the nature of joking and laughter in the shantytown.

Unimagined Community

Author: Robert Thornton
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520942655
Release Date: 2008-09-02
Genre: Social Science

This groundbreaking work, with its unique anthropological approach, sheds new light on a central conundrum surrounding AIDS in Africa. Robert J. Thornton explores why HIV prevalence fell during the 1990s in Uganda despite that country's having one of Africa's highest fertility rates, while during the same period HIV prevalence rose in South Africa, the country with Africa's lowest fertility rate. Thornton finds that culturally and socially determined differences in the structure of sexual networks—rather than changes in individual behavior—were responsible for these radical differences in HIV prevalence. Incorporating such factors as property, mobility, social status, and political authority into our understanding of AIDS transmission, Thornton's analysis also suggests new avenues for fighting the disease worldwide.

Why America s Top Pundits Are Wrong

Author: Catherine Besteman
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520243560
Release Date: 2005
Genre: History

This absorbing collection of essays subjects such popular commentators as Thomas Friedman, Samuel Huntington, Robert Kaplan, and Dinesh D'Souza to cold, hard scrutiny and finds that their writing is often misleadingly simplistic, culturally ill-informed, and politically dangerous. Mixing critical reflection with insights from their own fieldwork, twelve distinguished anthropologists respond by offering fresh perspectives on globalization, ethnic violence, social justice, and the biological roots of behavior. They take on such topics as the collapse of Yugoslavia, the consumer practices of the American poor, American foreign policy in the Balkans, and contemporary debates over race, welfare, and violence against women. In the clear, vigorous prose of the pundits themselves, these contributors reveal the hollowness of what often passes as prevailing wisdom and passionately demonstrate the need for a humanistically complex and democratic understanding of the contemporary world.

The Land of Open Graves

Author: Jason De Leon
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520958685
Release Date: 2015-10-23
Genre: Social Science

In his gripping and provocative debut, anthropologist Jason De León sheds light on one of the most pressing political issues of our time—the human consequences of US immigration policy. The Land of Open Graves reveals the suffering and deaths that occur daily in the Sonoran Desert of Arizona as thousands of undocumented migrants attempt to cross the border from Mexico into the United States. Drawing on the four major fields of anthropology, De León uses an innovative combination of ethnography, archaeology, linguistics, and forensic science to produce a scathing critique of “Prevention through Deterrence,” the federal border enforcement policy that encourages migrants to cross in areas characterized by extreme environmental conditions and high risk of death. For two decades, this policy has failed to deter border crossers while successfully turning the rugged terrain of southern Arizona into a killing field. In harrowing detail, De León chronicles the journeys of people who have made dozens of attempts to cross the border and uncovers the stories of the objects and bodies left behind in the desert. The Land of Open Graves will spark debate and controversy.

Global Outlaws

Author: Carolyn Nordstrom
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520940635
Release Date: 2007-06-20
Genre: Social Science

Carolyn Nordstrom explores the pathways of global crime in this stunning work of anthropology that has the power to change the way we think about the world. To write this book, she spent three years traveling to hot spots in Africa, Europe, Asia, and the United States investigating the dynamics of illegal trade around the world—from blood diamonds and arms to pharmaceuticals, exotica, and staples like food and oil. Global Outlaws peels away the layers of a vast economy that extends from a war orphan in Angola selling Marlboros on the street to powerful transnational networks reaching across continents and oceans. Nordstrom's extraordinary fieldwork includes interviews with scores of informants, including the smugglers, victims, power elite, and profiteers who populate these economic war zones. Her compelling investigation, showing that the sum total of extra-legal activities represents a significant part of the world's economy, provides a new framework for understanding twenty-first-century economics and economic power. Global Outlaws powerfully reveals the illusions and realities of security in all areas of transport and trade and illuminates many of the difficult ethical problems these extra-legal activities pose.

An uncertain cure

Author: Cassandra White
Publisher: Rutgers Univ Pr
ISBN: 0813544572
Release Date: 2009-02
Genre: Medical

In many cultures, leprosy elicits fear, stigma, and misunderstanding. Historically, people affected by leprosy were banished or isolated from the rest of society. Although the worldwide incidence of leprosy has declined markedly over the past quarter century with the advent of new multidrug therapies, developing nations are still encountering a high number of cases.In An Uncertain Cure, Cassandra White goes deep into the shantytowns of Rio de Janeiro to give a riveting account of the contemporary leprosy experience among poor and working class Brazilians. In this ethnographic treatment of leprosy sufferers, White exposes the web of historical, socioeconomic, religious, and political forces that complicate the path to wellness and perpetuate high rates of infection. Drawing on nearly ten years of research, White shows how anthropological research can contribute to more effective treatment of chronic infectious diseases around the world.

Street Children in Chile Second Class Citizens in Making

Author: Guadalupe Salazar
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Children with social disabilities

This dissertation investigates the lived experience of marginalized, stigmatized, and criminalized children and youth in Santiago de Chile. Documented are the institutional, structural, symbolic and everyday violence(s) that directly and indirectly impact street children, a category of children for whom society denies childhood and imposes social suffering, on a daily basis. Street Children in Chile: Second Class Citizens in Making illuminates contradictions and boundaries street children constantly negotiate and redefine in order to survive, such as "performing childhood" and using their bodies to earn money, to feel pleasure, and to punish. This ethnography offers glimpses into street children's perceptions and engagement in activities that are undeniably destructive to their physical and social being yet enable them to handle the humiliation and frustration of systematic social indifference and invisibility. Engagement in illicit or pathologized activities, such as crime, drug abuse, sexual activity and self-mutilation, are said by governmental authorities to render street children "dangerous" and deviant individuals. In order to survive, street children constantly and efficiently cross boundaries between childhood and adulthood. Street children are child-adults who are not fully children or adults. Consequently, street children occupy a liminal position within society, for they are neither afforded the special protection given to children nor are they granted the rights and legitimacy given to adult citizens. In contrast to "normative" children who follow acceptable socialization paths to becoming desirable citizens, street children follow non-desirable socialization paths and are therefore considered and treated as "criminals in making." Service agencies and state institutions designed to protect street children, unwittingly propel them along a trajectory toward criminality. Institutional and structural violence(s) that perversely promote children living on the streets are not recognized instead street children are pathologized, labeled non-compliant and willfully deviant, and therefore held responsible for their life circumstances. Citizenship rights are applied unevenly to street children due to these characteristics, specifically they are minors and not perceived as socially valuable. In essence, street children are made to become second class citizens because of their supposedly deviant actions and lifestyle.

Der Vollstrecker

Author: Chris Carter
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
ISBN: 9783843700283
Release Date: 2011-07-15
Genre: Fiction

Ein Priester wird geköpft, seiner Leiche ein Hundekopf aufgesetzt. Eine Frau verbrennt bei lebendigem Leibe in einem verlassenen Haus. Eine weitere wird an den Füßen aufgehängt und in ihrer eigenen Badewanne ertränkt. Detective Robert Hunter und sein Kollege Garcia sind auf der Jagd nach einem brutalen und gewissenlosen Killer. Ein Killer ohne Erbarmen, der weiß, was seine Opfer am meisten fürchten.

Transforming Displaced Women in Sudan

Author: Rogaia Mustafa Abusharaf
Publisher: University Of Chicago Press
ISBN: UOM:39015080840641
Release Date: 2009-07-01
Genre: Social Science

Over twenty years of civil war in predominantly Christian Southern Sudan has forced countless people from their homes. Transforming Displaced Women in Sudan examines the lives of women who have forged a new community in a shantytown on the outskirts of Khartoum, the largely Muslim, heavily Arabized capital in the north of the country. Sudanese-born anthropologist Rogaia Mustafa Abusharaf delivers a rich ethnography of this squatter settlement based on personal interviews with displaced women and careful observation of the various strategies they adopt to reconstruct their lives and livelihoods. Her findings debunk the myth that these settlements are utterly abject, and instead she discovers a dynamic culture where many women play an active role in fighting for peace and social change. Abusharaf also examines the way women’s bodies are politicized by their displacement, analyzing issues such as religious conversion, marriage, and female circumcision. An urgent dispatch from the ongoing humanitarian crisis in northeastern Africa, Transforming Displaced Women in Sudan will be essential for anyone concerned with the interrelated consequences of war, forced migration, and gender inequality.

Behind the Laughter

Author: Michael Czogalla
Publisher: Tectum Wissenschaftsverlag
ISBN: 9783828853836
Release Date: 2011-11-01
Genre: Social Science

Die amerikanische Gesellschaft steckt voller Kontroversen. Dazu gehören auch familiäre und religiöse Gesichtspunkte des gemeinschaftlichen Lebens. Neben verschiedenen Themen aus Kultur und Politik sind diese Aspekte den Simpsons-Machern besonders wichtig. Der animierte Umgang mit postmodernen Gesellschaftsproblemen ist die verdaulichere Variante, Kritik an einem System zu äußern, das kontroverser kaum sein könnte. Homer, Bart, Marge, Lisa und Maggie stellen jeder für sich einen amerikanischen Typus dar, den man in den 'Springfields' Amerikas nicht lange suchen muss. Neben einer Einführung in die Animationsgeschichte und dem Simpsonschen Beitrag zur Populärkultur, werden anhand von unzähligen Originalzitaten und Szenen der Serie "Die Simpsons" verschiedene Kontroversen der amerikanischen Gesellschaft untersucht.

Forthcoming Books

Author: Rose Arny
ISBN: UOM:39015058394100
Release Date: 2003
Genre: American literature