Author: J. Richard Christman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
Release Date: 1997
This popular book incorporates modern approaches to physics. It not only tells readers how physics works, it shows them. Applications have been enhanced to form a bridge between concepts and reasoning.
Author: Steven Judd
Release Date: 2013-10-01
Religious Scholars and the Umayyads analyzes legal and theological developments during the Marwānid period (64/684--132/750), focusing on religious scholars who supported the Umayyads. Their scholarly network extended across several generations and significantly influenced the development of the Islamic faith. Umayyad qādòīs, who represented the intersection of religious authority and imperial power, were particularly important. This book challenges the long-standing paradigm that the emerging Muslim faith was shaped by religious dissenters who were hostile to the Umayyads. A prosopographical analysis of Umayyad-era scholars demonstrates that piety and opposition were not necessarily synonymous. Reputable scholars served as qādòīs, tutors and advisors to Umayyad caliphs and governors. Their religious credentials were untarnished by their association with the Umayyads and they appear prominently in later hòadīth collections and fiqh works. This historiographical study demonstrates that excessive reliance on al-Tòabarī’s chronicle has distorted the image of the Umayyads. Alternatively, biographical sources produced by later hòadīth scholars reveal a rich tradition of Umayyad-era religious scholarship that undermines al-Tòabarī’s assumptions. Offering a better understanding of early Islamic religious development, this book is a valuable resource for students and researchers in the fields of Islamic history, Islamic legal studies and Arabic historiography.
Author: Peter Cane
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date: 2008
For any reader needing a concise explanation of a subject in law The New Oxford Companion to Law is the ideal reference work. Providing greater depth than legal dictionaries but always accessible to the non-expert, entries in the Companion cover all areas of law and legal systems and are extensively cross-referenced for ease of navigation.
Author: Laetitia Hattingh
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date: 2013-08-01
A new edition of this excellent pharmacy law text, fully updated and unique to the Australian marketplace. Australian Pharmacy Law and Practice 2nd edition is the key law and ethics resource for pharmacists and students. Fully revised and updated, this new edition provides an introduction to contemporary pharmacy practice in Australia, looking at the various laws, policies and standards that govern the profession. Australian Pharmacy Law and Practice 2nd edition features excerpts of the relevant legislation, addressing all the pharmacy laws and regulations Australia’s pharmacists need to know. This updated pharmacy law text also includes a wealth of new content, such as pharmacy-specific case scenarios. Plus, all chapters are clearly mapped to the National Competency Standards Framework for Pharmacists 2010, which cover aspects of medicine regulation and pharmacy practice. An essential resource in the ever-changing area of pharmacy practice, this new edition of Australian Pharmacy Law and Practice is ideal for both pharmacy students wanting to understand the legal and regulatory implications of pharmacy practice and practicing pharmacists seeking clarification of their position in relation to the state and national legislation and regulation under which they practice. End-of-chapter questions and activities Further reading lists in every chapter State-specific and up-to-date legislation Clear, easy-to-follow layout Additional case study resources on Elsevier’s Evolve portal Case scenarios incorporated throughout chapters. Listing of National Competency Standards Framework for Pharmacists 2010 covered in each chapter.
Author: Shenggen Fan
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date: 2014
Genre: Business & Economics
This Oxford Companion to the Economics of China presents a new collection of perspectives on the Chinese economy's past, present and future. The contributors of these entries include: the best of young Chinese researchers based in China and outside; renowned academics from the top universities in China, Europe and North America; present and past senior officials of international agencies like the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund; seniorChinese government officials from the Centre and the Provinces; and four recipients of the Nobel Prize in Economics. The Editors are four global leaders in Chinese economic analysis and policy who between them have held or hold the following positions: Director General, International Food Policy ResearchInstitute; Co-Editor, China Economic Review; President Chinese Economists Society; Assistant Director of Research at the IMF; Principal Adviser to the Chief Economist of the World Bank; and Professors of Economics at Ivy League Universities.
International Business is a well-established research field, in which regionalisation has recently gained significant prominence. Europe comprises marketplaces characterised by unique patterns of highly advanced economic integration. No other marketplace in the world has progressed to the same levels of harmonisation across sovereign countries and economies. European Business is a subject in its own right with its own research momentum. Contemporary research evidences that firms view Europe as a challenging, mostly – yet not entirely – mature market location. Yet this location, often seen from a multi-country perspective, is subject to complexities revealing strategic corporate strengths and weaknesses. Theory, concepts and models known from International Business hence often vary in their applicability and relevance in this business environment. This comprehensive reference volume brings together a global team of contributors to analyse and overview the key issues, themes and phenomena that affect business in Europe. With interdisciplinary perspectives, the book covers crucial themes that any European Business research needs to acknowledge, including business cultures and identity, entrepreneurship and innovation, M&A and institutional trends, European HRM, migration, climate change issues, Brexit, and more. The selection of authors, from 17 countries worldwide, reflects the international scope of this research field and its agenda. A unique resource, this book provides an essential guide to researchers, research students and scholars of business and the social sciences, as well as the informed business community.
Author: Devin J. Stewart
Release Date: 1998
Stewart points to an underlying tension in Shi'ite intellectual history between assimilationist and nativist impulses in the debate over consensus, dissimulation, and in the lives of certain Shi'ite scholars who lived and studied among Sunnis. One of the most far-reaching developments in the history of Islam was the rise of the four classic Sunni schools of law between the ninth and eleventh centuries CE. Consolidation of these schools went hand in hand with the establishment of jurists' dominance over religious discourse and social institutions. Orthodoxy came to be defined as the consensus (ijma') of the Sunni jurists. Devin Stewart argues that it is to the margins of the emerging system that investigators must look to understand its historical dynamics. The development of Twelve Shi'ite jurisprudence in relation and reaction to the Sunni schools is particularly informative. In Islamic Legal Orthodoxy, Stewart explores the process by which Shi'ite jurists participated in the mainstream of Islamic jurisprudence and were influenced by Sunni legal doctrines. He identifies three main reactions to Sunni legal definitions of othodoxy and the concept of consensus on which it was based. The Akhbaris rejected Sunni legal consensus and juristic authority for a scripture-based system; many Shi'ite outwardly accepted the ground rules of Sunni legal consensus and joined the Shafi'i school of jurisprudence; a third option was to adopt the concept of consensus to create a "fifth," Shi'ite, legal system. The development of the Sunni legal system effectively set the ground rules for the marginal sect's negotiation of their identity with respect to Islamic legal orthodoxy. Accordingly, Shi'ite jurists developed a legal institution that is structurally similar to the four Sunni madhhabs and even today serves as means to position themselves in the Muslim world. Stewart points to an underlying tension in Shi'ite intellectual history between assimilationist and nativist impulses in the debate over consensus, dissmulation (taqiyyah) and the lives of certain Shi'ite scholars who lived and studies among Sunnis.
Routledge Q&As give you the tools to practice and refine your exam technique, showing you how to apply your knowledge to maximum effect in assessment. Each book contains essay and problem-based questions on the most commonly examined topics, complete with expert guidance and model answers that help you to: Plan your revision and know what examiners are looking for: Introducing how best to approach revision in each subject Identifying and explaining the main elements of each question, and providing marker annotation to show how examiners will read your answer Understand and remember the law: Using memorable diagram overviews for each answer to demonstrate how the law fits together and how best to structure your answer Gain marks and understand areas of debate: Providing revision tips and advice to help you aim higher in essays and exams Highlighting areas that are contentious and on which you will need to form an opinion Avoid common errors: Identifying common pitfalls students encounter in class and in assessment The series is supported by an online resource that allows you to test your progress during the run-up to exams. Features include: multiple choice questions, bonus Q&As and podcasts.