Political Reform in Post Mao China

Author: Barrett L. McCormick
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520067657
Release Date: 1990-01-01
Genre: Political Science

Since the death of Mao the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party has embarked on a series of ambitious political reforms. In his new book, Barrett McCormick develops a theory of Leninist states to explore the prospect for these reforms. He finds that, while significant economic and political gains have been made for the Chinese people, the basic contours of the state remain unchanged; and as events in June 1989 clearly showed, reform has not diminished the state's ability to impose its perogatives on society. Drawing on Weber's political sociology, McCormick argues that patronage and corruption are integral aspects of Leninist rulership. Reformers have attempted to promote democracy and law and to fight corruption, but when they attempt to implement their programs through traditional hierarchical Leninist institutions, lower-level cadres have been able to utilize patronage networks to blunt the impact of reform and protect their personal agenda. In his case studies of the legal system, the people's congress, and party rectification, McCormick points up these obstacles to progressive change and assesses the extent to which reformers' goals have been realized. He shows that, despite the often radical nature of the reform movements, the principal dimensions of the Leninist system--one party rule, state domination of the economy, a confining ideology--remain largely intact. These findings will be of interest to China specialists as well as students of comparative communism and Leninist states. Since the death of Mao the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party has embarked on a series of ambitious political reforms. In his new book, Barrett McCormick develops a theory of Leninist states to explore the prospect for these reforms. He finds that, while significant economic and political gains have been made for the Chinese people, the basic contours of the state remain unchanged; and as events in June 1989 clearly showed, reform has not diminished the state's ability to impose its perogatives on society. Drawing on Weber's political sociology, McCormick argues that patronage and corruption are integral aspects of Leninist rulership. Reformers have attempted to promote democracy and law and to fight corruption, but when they attempt to implement their programs through traditional hierarchical Leninist institutions, lower-level cadres have been able to utilize patronage networks to blunt the impact of reform and protect their personal agenda. In his case studies of the legal system, the people's congress, and party rectification, McCormick points up these obstacles to progressive change and assesses the extent to which reformers' goals have been realized. He shows that, despite the often radical nature of the reform movements, the principal dimensions of the Leninist system--one party rule, state domination of the economy, a confining ideology--remain largely intact. These findings will be of interest to China specialists as well as students of comparative communism and Leninist states.

The Limits of the Rule of Law in China

Author: Karen G. Turner
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 9780295803890
Release Date: 2015-05-01
Genre: History

In The Limits of the Rule of Law in China, fourteen authors from different academic disciplines reflect on questions that have troubled Chinese and Western scholars of jurisprudence since classical times. Using data from the early 19th century through the contemporary period, they analyze how tension between formal laws and discretionary judgment is discussed and manifested in the Chinese context. The contributions cover a wide range of topics, from interpreting the rationale for and legacy of Qing practices of collective punishment, confession at trial, and bureaucratic supervision to assessing the political and cultural forces that continue to limit the authority of formal legal institutions in the People�s Republic of China.

Lawyers Practice and Ideals

Author: John J. Barceló
Publisher:
ISBN: 9041193928
Release Date: 1999-01-01
Genre: Law

As the process of internationalization accelerates, comparative law scholars inevitably focus on the adaptation of legal cultures to new realities. It is particularly important, in the global world order as it stands today, to understand (as best we can) the `inner workings' of two groups of lawyers: those in the United States, and those in the major European countries. In which ways do the two groups understand each other, and where do they go their separate ways? And what are the implications for the legal profession and its beneficiaries of their cultural and ideological differences? At a symposium held in Paris twelve scholars from Europe and the United States met to investigate and clarify these issues under two intimately related rubrics: realities and trends on the one hand, and ethics, rules and professional ideologies on the other. The participants have updated their original papers for this publication. In the course of their discussion they reveal which cultural realities persist and are likely to remain, and which trends are broadening the common ground on which lawyers act in both cultures. The result is the sharpest delineation we have yet of this vital concern of current comparative law.

The People s Law Review

Author: Ralph E. Warner
Publisher: Addison Wesley Publishing Company
ISBN: STANFORD:36105043670459
Release Date: 1980-01-01
Genre: Law

This collection of articles and interviews provides a wide range of information on the history of self-help law, thoughts on its future, and alternative methods of solving legal problems.

Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice

Author: Joshua Dressler
Publisher: MacMillan Reference Library
ISBN: 0028653203
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Criminal justice, Administration of

This interdisciplinary resource covers legal, sociological, psychological, historical and economic aspects of crime and justice worldwide. Entries cover civil and criminal issues, from domestic violence to terrorism. Entries cite pertinent legal cases as well as publications for further information. Also includes a glossary of related terms.