Advancing Ethnography in Corporate Environments

Author: Brigitte Jordan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781315435442
Release Date: 2016-06-16
Genre: Social Science

In this innovative volume, twelve leading scholars from corporate research labs and independent consultancies tackle the most fundamental and contentious issues in corporate ethnography. Organized in pairs of chapters in which two experts consider different sides of an important topic, these provocative encounters go beyond stale rehearsals of method and theory to explore the entanglements that practitioners wrestle with on a daily basis. The discussions are situated within the broader universe of ethnographic method and theory, as well as grounded in the practical realities of using ethnography to solve problems in the business world. The book represents important advances in the field and is ideal for students and scholars as well as for corporate practitioners and decision makers.

New Tools Old Tasks

Author: Torgeir K. Haavik
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781317087878
Release Date: 2017-09-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering

New Tools, Old Tasks explores how Integrated Operations (IO) will influence the safety of offshore drilling operations. The book is based on several years of practical experience combined with a research study on the safety of IO within the drilling domain. The overall objective of the book is to explore how safety can be understood in the change process of Integrated Operations, and to provide recommendations for how IO may be developed and implemented in a way that will benefit both safety and efficiency of the operations. A crucial thread throughout the book is that the understanding of normal work processes is key to understanding the conditions for safe operations. This is reflected in the book's structure and content; the nature of normal drilling operations is the focus, including how technologies and work processes are aligned to meet the dominating challenges of the industry (these challenges need not be directly linked to safety/risk). It is argued that the influence of IO on the safety of drilling operations depends more on how IO relates to the existing fundamental challenges of drilling operations than on the design and properties of the different IO technologies and work processes as such.

Integrated Operations in the Oil and Gas Industry Sustainability and Capability Development

Author: Rosendahl, Tom
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 9781466620032
Release Date: 2012-08-31
Genre: Business & Economics

The predicted “ICT revolution” has gained increasing attention in the oil industry the last few years. It is enabled by the use of ubiquitous real time data, collaborative techniques, and multiple expertises across disciplines, organizations and geographical locations. Integrated Operations in the Oil and Gas Industry: Sustainability and Capability Development covers the capability approach to integrated operations that documents research and development in the oil industry. By ‘capability’, we refer to the combined capacity and ability to plan and execute in accordance with business objectives through a designed combination of human skills, work processes, organizational change, and technology. This book will serve as a knowledge base for those who are interested in learning about, and those involved in, Integrated Operations in the Oil and Gas Industry.

Imperial Technoscience

Author: Amit Prasad
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262026956
Release Date: 2014-03-14
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The origin of modern science is often located in Europe and the West. This Euro/West-centrism relegates emergent practices elsewhere to the periphery, undergirding analyses of contemporary transnational science and technology with traditional but now untenable hierarchical categories. In this book, Amit Prasad examines features of transnationality in science and technology through a study of MRI research and development in the United States, Britain, and India. In an analysis that is both theoretically nuanced and empirically robust, Prasad unravels the entangled genealogies of MRI research, practice, and culture in these three countries. Prasad follows sociotechnical trails in relation to five aspects of MRI research: invention, industrial development, market, history, and culture. He first examines the well-known dispute between American scientists Paul Lauterbur and Raymond Damadian over the invention of MRI, then describes the post-invention emergence of the technology, as the center of MRI research shifted from Britain to the U.S; the marketing of the MRI and the transformation of MRI research into a corporate-powered "Big Science"; and MRI research in India, beginning with work in India's nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) laboratories in the 1940s. Finally, he explores the different dominant technocultures in each of the three countries, analyzing scientific cultures as shifting products of transnational histories rather than static products of national scientific identities and cultures. Prasad's analysis offers not only an innovative contribution to current debates within science and technology studies but also an original postcolonial perspective on the history of cutting-edge medical technology.

The Social Construction of Technological Systems

Author: Wiebe E. Bijker
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262300872
Release Date: 2012-05-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This pioneering book, first published in 1987, launched the new field of social studies of technology. It introduced a method of inquiry--social construction of technology, or SCOT--that became a key part of the wider discipline of science and technology studies. The book helped the MIT Press shape its STS list and inspired the Inside Technology series. The thirteen essays in the book tell stories about such varied technologies as thirteenth-century galleys, eighteenth-century cooking stoves, and twentieth-century missile systems. Taken together, they affirm the fruitfulness of an approach to the study of technology that gives equal weight to technical, social, economic, and political questions, and they demonstrate the illuminating effects of the integration of empirics and theory. The approaches in this volume--collectively called SCOT (after the volume's title) have since broadened their scope, and twenty-five years after the publication of this book, it is difficult to think of a technology that has not been studied from a SCOT perspective and impossible to think of a technology that cannot be studied that way.

Handbook of Gender and Women s Studies

Author: Kathy Davis
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 144620684X
Release Date: 2006-04-27
Genre: Social Science

"This breathtakingly broad, interdisciplinary reader demonstrates how widely feminist thinking has spread, how deeply it has shaken settled assumptions in the disciplines and how much new light it throws on contemporary controversies." - Myra Marx Ferree, University of Wisconsin-Madison "A timely intervention and highly engaged, thoughtful and scholarly analysis of the state of gender and women's studies in the West by three eminent feminist scholars... Highly cognisant of the central issues that have fractured, blocked and enhanced western feminism." - Bev Skeggs, Goldsmiths "The comprehensiveness and the interdisciplinary range of themes are impressive, and they make the Handbook into a wonderful tool for teachers and students of women's and gender studies." - Nina Lykke, Linkoeping University Gender and women's studies is one of the most challenging fields within the social sciences - the dynamics of gender relations and the social and cultural implications of gender constructions offer a lively forum of debate. The Handbook of Gender and Women's Studies presents a comprehensive and engaging review of the most recent developments within the field, including the study of masculinity, the feminist implications of postmodernism, the 'cultural turn' and globalization. The authors review current research and offer critical analyses of women's and gender studies in work, the welfare state, family, education, religion, violence and war and feminist global politics. Edited by three leading academics from Europe and the United States, and with 25 chapters written by scholars based throughout the world, the Handbook situates the most important debates in the field within a uniquely international and interdisciplinary context. The Handbook is a useful introduction to gender theory and an exciting starting-point for fresh debates.

ICIE2013 International Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Author: Dr. Radwan A. Kharabsheh
Publisher: Academic Conferences Limited
ISBN: 9781909507043
Release Date: 2013-02-05
Genre:

Edited by: Dr. Radwan A. Kharabsheh, The Hashemite University, Amman, Jordan. PRINT version of the proceedings of the International Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship ICIE 2013 hosted by The Hashemite University in cooperation with The Arab Administrative Development Organization, Amman, Jordan on the 4-5 March 2013. This is a single volume with 199 pages.

Biomedicalization

Author: Adele E. Clarke
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822391258
Release Date: 2009-01-01
Genre: Social Science

The rise of Western scientific medicine fully established the medical sector of the U.S. political economy by the end of the Second World War, the first “social transformation of American medicine.” Then, in an ongoing process called medicalization, the jurisdiction of medicine began expanding, redefining certain areas once deemed moral, social, or legal problems (such as alcoholism, drug addiction, and obesity) as medical problems. The editors of this important collection argue that since the mid-1980s, dramatic, and especially technoscientific, changes in the constitution, organization, and practices of contemporary biomedicine have coalesced into biomedicalization, the second major transformation of American medicine. This volume offers in-depth analyses and case studies along with the groundbreaking essay in which the editors first elaborated their theory of biomedicalization. Contributors. Natalie Boero, Adele E. Clarke, Jennifer R. Fishman, Jennifer Ruth Fosket, Kelly Joyce, Jonathan Kahn, Laura Mamo, Jackie Orr, Elianne Riska, Janet K. Shim, Sara Shostak

Science and Democracy

Author: Stephen Hilgartner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136748202
Release Date: 2015-03-05
Genre: Social Science

In the life sciences and beyond, new developments in science and technology and the creation of new social orders go hand in hand. In short, science and society are simultaneously and reciprocally coproduced and changed. Scientific research not only produces new knowledge and technological systems but also constitutes new forms of expertise and contributes to the emergence of new modes of living and new forms of exchange. These dynamic processes are tightly connected to significant redistributions of wealth and power, and they sometimes threaten and sometimes enhance democracy. Understanding these phenomena poses important intellectual and normative challenges: neither traditional social sciences nor prevailing modes of democratic governance have fully grappled with the deep and growing significance of knowledge-making in twenty-first century politics and markets. Building on new work in science and technology studies (STS), this book advances the systematic analysis of the coproduction of knowledge and power in contemporary societies. Using case studies in the new life sciences, supplemented with cases on informatics and other topics such as climate science, this book presents a theoretical framing of coproduction processes while also providing detailed empirical analyses and nuanced comparative work. Science and Democracy: Knowledge as Wealth and Power in the Biosciences and Beyond will be interesting for students of sociology, science & technology studies, history of science, genetics, political science, and public administration.

Routledge Handbook of Science Technology and Society

Author: Daniel Lee Kleinman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136237157
Release Date: 2014-06-05
Genre: Political Science

Over the last decade or so, the field of science and technology studies (STS) has become an intellectually dynamic interdisciplinary arena. Concepts, methods, and theoretical perspectives are being drawn both from long-established and relatively young disciplines. From its origins in philosophical and political debates about the creation and use of scientific knowledge, STS has become a wide and deep space for the consideration of the place of science and technology in the world, past and present. The Routledge Handbook of Science, Technology and Society seeks to capture the dynamism and breadth of the field by presenting work that pushes the reader to think about science and technology and their intersections with social life in new ways. The interdisciplinary contributions by international experts in this handbook are organized around six topic areas: embodiment consuming technoscience digitization environments science as work rules and standards This volume highlights a range of theoretical and empirical approaches to some of the persistent – and new – questions in the field. It will be useful for students and scholars throughout the social sciences and humanities, including in science and technology studies, history, geography, critical race studies, sociology, communications, women’s and gender studies, anthropology, and political science.

From Control to Drift

Author: Claudio Ciborra
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199246637
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Business & Economics

A revealing insight into the issues surrounding information infrastructure implementation in large, global corporations. Case study material from six different international corporations -- AstraZeneca, IBM, Norsk Hydro, Roche, SKF, and Statoil -- shows a complex picture of implementation, and one that cannot be interpreted using current management thinking. The author suggests that the economics of standards and increasing returns be joined with the perspectives from the social studies of science and technology to provide the fundamentals for a fresh view of the management of IT in global corporations.

Technoscience and Cyberculture

Author: Stanley Aronowitz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781135206178
Release Date: 2014-04-08
Genre: Art

Technoculture is culture--such is the proposition posited in Technoscience and Cyberculture, arguing that technology's permeation of the cultural landscape has so irrevocably reconstituted this terrain that technology emerges as the dominant discourse in politics, medicine and everyday life. The problems addressed in Technoscience and Cyberculture concern the ways in which technology and science relate to one another and organize, orient and effect the landscape and inhabitants of contemporary culture.

American Sociological Review

Author: Frank Hamilton Hankins
Publisher:
ISBN: UOM:39076002373491
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Sociology

Includes sections "Book reviews" and "Periodical literature."