Learning Scrapy

Author: Dimitrios Kouzis-Loukas
Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 9781784390914
Release Date: 2016-01-30
Genre: Computers

Learn the art of efficient web scraping and crawling with Python About This Book Extract data from any source to perform real time analytics. Full of techniques and examples to help you crawl websites and extract data within hours. A hands-on guide to web scraping and crawling with real-life problems and solutions Who This Book Is For If you are a software developer, data scientist, NLP or machine-learning enthusiast or just need to migrate your company's wiki from a legacy platform, then this book is for you. It is perfect for someone , who needs instant access to large amounts of semi-structured data effortlessly. What You Will Learn Understand HTML pages and write XPath to extract the data you need Write Scrapy spiders with simple Python and do web crawls Push your data into any database, search engine or analytics system Configure your spider to download files, images and use proxies Create efficient pipelines that shape data in precisely the form you want Use Twisted Asynchronous API to process hundreds of items concurrently Make your crawler super-fast by learning how to tune Scrapy's performance Perform large scale distributed crawls with scrapyd and scrapinghub In Detail This book covers the long awaited Scrapy v 1.0 that empowers you to extract useful data from virtually any source with very little effort. It starts off by explaining the fundamentals of Scrapy framework, followed by a thorough description of how to extract data from any source, clean it up, shape it as per your requirement using Python and 3rd party APIs. Next you will be familiarised with the process of storing the scrapped data in databases as well as search engines and performing real time analytics on them with Spark Streaming. By the end of this book, you will perfect the art of scarping data for your applications with ease Style and approach It is a hands on guide, with first few chapters written as a tutorial, aiming to motivate you and get you started quickly. As the book progresses, more advanced features are explained with real world examples that can be reffered while developing your own web applications.

Learning Scrapy

Author: Dimitris Kouzis - Loukas
Publisher:
ISBN: 1784399787
Release Date: 2016-01-29
Genre: Computers

Learn the art of efficient web scraping and crawling with PythonAbout This Book• Extract data from any source to perform real time analytics.• Full of techniques and examples to help you crawl websites and extract data within hours.• A hands-on guide to web scraping and crawling with real-life problems and solutionsWho This Book Is ForIf you are a software developer, data scientist, NLP or machine-learning enthusiast or just need to migrate your company's wiki from a legacy platform, then this book is for you. It is perfect for someone , who needs instant access to large amounts of semi-structured data effortlessly.What You Will Learn• Understand HTML pages and write XPath to extract the data you need• Write Scrapy spiders with simple Python and do web crawls• Push your data into any database, search engine or analytics system• Configure your spider to download files, images and use proxies• Create efficient pipelines that shape data in precisely the form you want• Use Twisted Asynchronous API to process hundreds of items concurrently• Make your crawler super-fast by learning how to tune Scrapy's performance• Perform large scale distributed crawls with scrapyd and scrapinghubIn DetailThis book covers the long awaited Scrapy v 1.0 that empowers you to extract useful data from virtually any source with very little effort. It starts off by explaining the fundamentals of Scrapy framework, followed by a thorough description of how to extract data from any source, clean it up, shape it as per your requirement using Python and 3rd party APIs. Next you will be familiarised with the process of storing the scrapped data in databases as well as search engines and performing real time analytics on them with Spark Streaming. By the end of this book, you will perfect the art of scarping data for your applications with easeStyle and approachIt is a hands on guide, with first few chapters written as a tutorial, aiming to motivate you and get you started quickly. As the book progresses, more advanced features are explained with real world examples that can be reffered while developing your own web applications.

Data Visualization with Python and JavaScript

Author: Kyran Dale
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 9781491920541
Release Date: 2016-06-30
Genre: Computers

Learn how to turn raw data into rich, interactive web visualizations with the powerful combination of Python and JavaScript. With this hands-on guide, author Kyran Dale teaches you how build a basic dataviz toolchain with best-of-breed Python and JavaScript libraries—including Scrapy, Matplotlib, Pandas, Flask, and D3—for crafting engaging, browser-based visualizations. As a working example, throughout the book Dale walks you through transforming Wikipedia’s table-based list of Nobel Prize winners into an interactive visualization. You’ll examine steps along the entire toolchain, from scraping, cleaning, exploring, and delivering data to building the visualization with JavaScript’s D3 library. If you’re ready to create your own web-based data visualizations—and know either Python or JavaScript— this is the book for you. Learn how to manipulate data with Python Understand the commonalities between Python and JavaScript Extract information from websites by using Python’s web-scraping tools, BeautifulSoup and Scrapy Clean and explore data with Python’s Pandas, Matplotlib, and Numpy libraries Serve data and create RESTful web APIs with Python’s Flask framework Create engaging, interactive web visualizations with JavaScript’s D3 library

Machine Learning for the Web

Author: Andrea Isoni
Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 9781785888724
Release Date: 2016-07-29
Genre: Computers

Explore the web and make smarter predictions using Python About This Book Targets two big and prominent markets where sophisticated web apps are of need and importance. Practical examples of building machine learning web application, which are easy to follow and replicate. A comprehensive tutorial on Python libraries and frameworks to get you up and started. Who This Book Is For The book is aimed at upcoming and new data scientists who have little experience with machine learning or users who are interested in and are working on developing smart (predictive) web applications. Knowledge of Django would be beneficial. The reader is expected to have a background in Python programming and good knowledge of statistics. What You Will Learn Get familiar with the fundamental concepts and some of the jargons used in the machine learning community Use tools and techniques to mine data from websites Grasp the core concepts of Django framework Get to know the most useful clustering and classification techniques and implement them in Python Acquire all the necessary knowledge to build a web application with Django Successfully build and deploy a movie recommendation system application using the Django framework in Python In Detail Python is a general purpose and also a comparatively easy to learn programming language. Hence it is the language of choice for data scientists to prototype, visualize, and run data analyses on small and medium-sized data sets. This is a unique book that helps bridge the gap between machine learning and web development. It focuses on the difficulties of implementing predictive analytics in web applications. We focus on the Python language, frameworks, tools, and libraries, showing you how to build a machine learning system. You will explore the core machine learning concepts and then develop and deploy the data into a web application using the Django framework. You will also learn to carry out web, document, and server mining tasks, and build recommendation engines. Later, you will explore Python's impressive Django framework and will find out how to build a modern simple web app with machine learning features. Style and approach Instead of being overwhelmed with multiple concepts at once, this book provides a step-by-step approach that will guide you through one topic at a time. An intuitive step-by step guide that will focus on one key topic at a time. Building upon the acquired knowledge in each chapter, we will connect the fundamental theory and practical tips by illustrative visualizations and hands-on code examples.

Web Scraping with Python

Author: Richard Lawson
Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 9781782164371
Release Date: 2015-10-28
Genre: Computers

Successfully scrape data from any website with the power of Python About This Book A hands-on guide to web scraping with real-life problems and solutions Techniques to download and extract data from complex websites Create a number of different web scrapers to extract information Who This Book Is For This book is aimed at developers who want to use web scraping for legitimate purposes. Prior programming experience with Python would be useful but not essential. Anyone with general knowledge of programming languages should be able to pick up the book and understand the principals involved. What You Will Learn Extract data from web pages with simple Python programming Build a threaded crawler to process web pages in parallel Follow links to crawl a website Download cache to reduce bandwidth Use multiple threads and processes to scrape faster Learn how to parse JavaScript-dependent websites Interact with forms and sessions Solve CAPTCHAs on protected web pages Discover how to track the state of a crawl In Detail The Internet contains the most useful set of data ever assembled, largely publicly accessible for free. However, this data is not easily reusable. It is embedded within the structure and style of websites and needs to be carefully extracted to be useful. Web scraping is becoming increasingly useful as a means to easily gather and make sense of the plethora of information available online. Using a simple language like Python, you can crawl the information out of complex websites using simple programming. This book is the ultimate guide to using Python to scrape data from websites. In the early chapters it covers how to extract data from static web pages and how to use caching to manage the load on servers. After the basics we'll get our hands dirty with building a more sophisticated crawler with threads and more advanced topics. Learn step-by-step how to use Ajax URLs, employ the Firebug extension for monitoring, and indirectly scrape data. Discover more scraping nitty-gritties such as using the browser renderer, managing cookies, how to submit forms to extract data from complex websites protected by CAPTCHA, and so on. The book wraps up with how to create high-level scrapers with Scrapy libraries and implement what has been learned to real websites. Style and approach This book is a hands-on guide with real-life examples and solutions starting simple and then progressively becoming more complex. Each chapter in this book introduces a problem and then provides one or more possible solutions.

Web Scraping with Python

Author: Ryan Mitchell
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 9781491985526
Release Date: 2018-03-21
Genre: Computers

If programming is magic then web scraping is surely a form of wizardry. By writing a simple automated program, you can query web servers, request data, and parse it to extract the information you need. The expanded edition of this practical book not only introduces you web scraping, but also serves as a comprehensive guide to scraping almost every type of data from the modern web. Part I focuses on web scraping mechanics: using Python to request information from a web server, performing basic handling of the server’s response, and interacting with sites in an automated fashion. Part II explores a variety of more specific tools and applications to fit any web scraping scenario you’re likely to encounter. Parse complicated HTML pages Develop crawlers with the Scrapy framework Learn methods to store data you scrape Read and extract data from documents Clean and normalize badly formatted data Read and write natural languages Crawl through forms and logins Scrape JavaScript and crawl through APIs Use and write image-to-text software Avoid scraping traps and bot blockers Use scrapers to test your website

Python Web Scraping Cookbook

Author: Michael Heydt
Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 9781787286634
Release Date: 2018-02-09
Genre: Computers

Untangle your web scraping complexities and access web data with ease using Python scripts Key Features Hands-on recipes for advancing your web scraping skills to expert level One-stop solution guide to address complex and challenging web scraping tasks using Python Understand web page structures and collect data from a website with ease Book Description Python Web Scraping Cookbook is a solution-focused book that will teach you techniques to develop high-performance Scrapers, and deal with cookies, hidden form fields, Ajax-based sites and proxies. You'll explore a number of real-world scenarios where every part of the development or product life cycle will be fully covered. You will not only develop the skills to design reliable, high-performing data flows, but also deploy your codebase to Amazon Web Services (AWS). If you are involved in software engineering, product development, or data mining or in building data-driven products, you will find this book useful as each recipe has a clear purpose and objective. Right from extracting data from websites to writing a sophisticated web crawler, the book's independent recipes will be extremely helpful while on the job. This book covers Python libraries, requests, and BeautifulSoup. You will learn about crawling, web spidering, working with AJAX websites, and paginated items. You will also understand to tackle problems such as 403 errors, working with proxy, scraping images, and LXML. By the end of this book, you will be able to scrape websites more efficiently and deploy and operate your scraper in the cloud. What you will learn Use a variety of tools to scrape any website and data, including Scrapy and Selenium Master expression languages, such as XPath and CSS, and regular expressions to extract web data Deal with scraping traps such as hidden form fields, throttling, pagination, and different status codes Build robust scraping pipelines with SQS and RabbitMQ Scrape assets like image media and learn what to do when Scraper fails to run Explore ETL techniques of building a customized crawler, parser, and convert structured and unstructured data from websites Deploy and run your scraper as a service in AWS Elastic Container Service Who this book is for This book is ideal for Python programmers, web administrators, security professionals, and anyone who wants to perform web analytics. Familiarity with Python and basic understanding of web scraping will be useful to make the best of this book.

Getting Started with Beautiful Soup

Author: Vineeth G. Nair
Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 9781783289561
Release Date: 2014-01-24
Genre: Computers

This book is a practical, hands-on guide that takes you through the techniques of web scraping using Beautiful Soup. Getting Started with Beautiful Soup is great for anybody who is interested in website scraping and extracting information. However, a basic knowledge of Python, HTML tags, and CSS is required for better understanding.

Learn Python 3 the Hard Way

Author: Zed A. Shaw
Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional
ISBN: 9780134693903
Release Date: 2017-06-26
Genre: Computers

You Will Learn Python 3! Zed Shaw has perfected the world’s best system for learning Python 3. Follow it and you will succeed—just like the millions of beginners Zed has taught to date! You bring the discipline, commitment, and persistence; the author supplies everything else. In Learn Python 3 the Hard Way, you’ll learn Python by working through 52 brilliantly crafted exercises. Read them. Type their code precisely. (No copying and pasting!) Fix your mistakes. Watch the programs run. As you do, you’ll learn how a computer works; what good programs look like; and how to read, write, and think about code. Zed then teaches you even more in 5+ hours of video where he shows you how to break, fix, and debug your code—live, as he’s doing the exercises. Install a complete Python environment Organize and write code Fix and break code Basic mathematics Variables Strings and text Interact with users Work with files Looping and logic Data structures using lists and dictionaries Program design Object-oriented programming Inheritance and composition Modules, classes, and objects Python packaging Automated testing Basic game development Basic web development It’ll be hard at first. But soon, you’ll just get it—and that will feel great! This course will reward you for every minute you put into it. Soon, you’ll know one of the world’s most powerful, popular programming languages. You’ll be a Python programmer. This Book Is Perfect For Total beginners with zero programming experience Junior developers who know one or two languages Returning professionals who haven’t written code in years Seasoned professionals looking for a fast, simple, crash course in Python 3

Test Driven Machine Learning

Author: Justin Bozonier
Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 9781784396367
Release Date: 2015-11-27
Genre: Computers

Control your machine learning algorithms using test-driven development to achieve quantifiable milestones About This Book Build smart extensions to pre-existing features at work that can help maximize their value Quantify your models to drive real improvement Take your knowledge of basic concepts, such as linear regression and Naive Bayes classification, to the next level and productionalize their models Play what-if games with your models and techniques by following the test-driven exploration process Who This Book Is For This book is intended for data technologists (scientists, analysts, or developers) with previous machine learning experience who are also comfortable reading code in Python. You may be starting, or have already started, a machine learning project at work and are looking for a way to deliver results quickly to enable rapid iteration and improvement. Those looking for examples of how to isolate issues in models and improve them will find ideas in this book to move forward. What You Will Learn Get started with an introduction to test-driven development and familiarize yourself with how to apply these concepts to machine learning Build and test a neural network deterministically, and learn to look for niche cases that cause odd model behaviour Learn to use the multi-armed bandit algorithm to make optimal choices in the face of an enormous amount of uncertainty Generate complex and simple random data to create a wide variety of test cases that can be codified into tests Develop models iteratively, even when using a third-party library Quantify model quality to enable collaboration and rapid iteration Adopt simpler approaches to common machine learning algorithms Take behaviour-driven development principles to articulate test intent In Detail Machine learning is the process of teaching machines to remember data patterns, using them to predict future outcomes, and offering choices that would appeal to individuals based on their past preferences. Machine learning is applicable to a lot of what you do every day. As a result, you can't take forever to deliver your first iteration of software. Learning to build machine learning algorithms within a controlled test framework will speed up your time to deliver, quantify quality expectations with your clients, and enable rapid iteration and collaboration. This book will show you how to quantifiably test machine learning algorithms. The very different, foundational approach of this book starts every example algorithm with the simplest thing that could possibly work. With this approach, seasoned veterans will find simpler approaches to beginning a machine learning algorithm. You will learn how to iterate on these algorithms to enable rapid delivery and improve performance expectations. The book begins with an introduction to test driving machine learning and quantifying model quality. From there, you will test a neural network, predict values with regression, and build upon regression techniques with logistic regression. You will discover how to test different approaches to naive bayes and compare them quantitatively, along with how to apply OOP (Object-Oriented Programming) and OOP patterns to test-driven code, leveraging SciKit-Learn. Finally, you will walk through the development of an algorithm which maximizes the expected value of profit for a marketing campaign by combining one of the classifiers covered with the multiple regression example in the book. Style and approach An example-driven guide that builds a deeper knowledge and understanding of iterative machine learning development, test by test. Each topic develops solutions using failing tests to illustrate problems; these are followed by steps to pass the tests, simply and straightforwardly. Topics which use generated data explore how the data was generated, alongside explanations of the assumptions behind different machine learning techniques.

Learning Python

Author: Mark Lutz
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 9781449355692
Release Date: 2013-06-12
Genre:

Get a comprehensive, in-depth introduction to the core Python language with this hands-on book. Based on author Mark Lutz’s popular training course, this updated fifth edition will help you quickly write efficient, high-quality code with Python. It’s an ideal way to begin, whether you’re new to programming or a professional developer versed in other languages. Complete with quizzes, exercises, and helpful illustrations, this easy-to-follow, self-paced tutorial gets you started with both Python 2.7 and 3.3— the latest releases in the 3.X and 2.X lines—plus all other releases in common use today. You’ll also learn some advanced language features that recently have become more common in Python code. Explore Python’s major built-in object types such as numbers, lists, and dictionaries Create and process objects with Python statements, and learn Python’s general syntax model Use functions to avoid code redundancy and package code for reuse Organize statements, functions, and other tools into larger components with modules Dive into classes: Python’s object-oriented programming tool for structuring code Write large programs with Python’s exception-handling model and development tools Learn advanced Python tools, including decorators, descriptors, metaclasses, and Unicode processing

Data Wrangling with Python

Author: Jacqueline Kazil
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 9781491956809
Release Date: 2016-02-04
Genre: Computers

How do you take your data analysis skills beyond Excel to the next level? By learning just enough Python to get stuff done. This hands-on guide shows non-programmers like you how to process information that’s initially too messy or difficult to access. You don't need to know a thing about the Python programming language to get started. Through various step-by-step exercises, you’ll learn how to acquire, clean, analyze, and present data efficiently. You’ll also discover how to automate your data process, schedule file- editing and clean-up tasks, process larger datasets, and create compelling stories with data you obtain. Quickly learn basic Python syntax, data types, and language concepts Work with both machine-readable and human-consumable data Scrape websites and APIs to find a bounty of useful information Clean and format data to eliminate duplicates and errors in your datasets Learn when to standardize data and when to test and script data cleanup Explore and analyze your datasets with new Python libraries and techniques Use Python solutions to automate your entire data-wrangling process

Learning Penetration Testing with Python

Author: Christopher Duffy
Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 9781785289552
Release Date: 2015-09-30
Genre: Computers

Utilize Python scripting to execute effective and efficient penetration tests About This Book Understand how and where Python scripts meet the need for penetration testing Familiarise yourself with the process of highlighting a specific methodology to exploit an environment to fetch critical data Develop your Python and penetration testing skills with real-world examples Who This Book Is For If you are a security professional or researcher, with knowledge of different operating systems and a conceptual idea of penetration testing, and you would like to grow your knowledge in Python, then this book is ideal for you. What You Will Learn Familiarise yourself with the generation of Metasploit resource files Use the Metasploit Remote Procedure Call (MSFRPC) to automate exploit generation and execution Use Python's Scapy, network, socket, office, Nmap libraries, and custom modules Parse Microsoft Office spreadsheets and eXtensible Markup Language (XML) data files Write buffer overflows and reverse Metasploit modules to expand capabilities Exploit Remote File Inclusion (RFI) to gain administrative access to systems with Python and other scripting languages Crack an organization's Internet perimeter Chain exploits to gain deeper access to an organization's resources Interact with web services with Python In Detail Python is a powerful new-age scripting platform that allows you to build exploits, evaluate services, automate, and link solutions with ease. Python is a multi-paradigm programming language well suited to both object-oriented application development as well as functional design patterns. Because of the power and flexibility offered by it, Python has become one of the most popular languages used for penetration testing. This book highlights how you can evaluate an organization methodically and realistically. Specific tradecraft and techniques are covered that show you exactly when and where industry tools can and should be used and when Python fits a need that proprietary and open source solutions do not. Initial methodology, and Python fundamentals are established and then built on. Specific examples are created with vulnerable system images, which are available to the community to test scripts, techniques, and exploits. This book walks you through real-world penetration testing challenges and how Python can help. From start to finish, the book takes you through how to create Python scripts that meet relative needs that can be adapted to particular situations. As chapters progress, the script examples explain new concepts to enhance your foundational knowledge, culminating with you being able to build multi-threaded security tools, link security tools together, automate reports, create custom exploits, and expand Metasploit modules. Style and approach This book is a practical guide that will help you become better penetration testers and/or Python security tool developers. Each chapter builds on concepts and tradecraft using detailed examples in test environments that you can simulate.

NLTK Essentials

Author: Nitin Hardeniya
Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 9781784398507
Release Date: 2015-07-27
Genre: Computers

Natural Language Processing (NLP) is the field of artificial intelligence and computational linguistics that deals with the interactions between computers and human languages. With the instances of human-computer interaction increasing, it's becoming imperative for computers to comprehend all major natural languages. Natural Language Toolkit (NLTK) is one such powerful and robust tool. You start with an introduction to get the gist of how to build systems around NLP. We then move on to explore data science-related tasks, following which you will learn how to create a customized tokenizer and parser from scratch. Throughout, we delve into the essential concepts of NLP while gaining practical insights into various open source tools and libraries available in Python for NLP. You will then learn how to analyze social media sites to discover trending topics and perform sentiment analysis. Finally, you will see tools which will help you deal with large scale text. By the end of this book, you will be confident about NLP and data science concepts and know how to apply them in your day-to-day work.

Spidering Hacks

Author: Kevin Hemenway
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 0596005776
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Computers

Provides techniques on creating spiders and scrapers to retrieve information from Web sites and data sources.