Liberalism

Author: Edmund Fawcett
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400889679
Release Date: 2018-05-22
Genre: Political Science

Despite playing a decisive role in shaping the past two hundred years of American and European politics, liberalism is no longer the dominant force it once was. In this expanded and updated edition of what has become a classic history of liberalism, Edmund Fawcett traces its ideals, successes, and failures through the lives and ideas of exemplary thinkers and politicians from the early nineteenth century to today. Significant revisions--including a new conclusion--reflect recent changes affecting the world political order that many see as presenting new and very potent threats to the survival of liberal democracy as we know it. A richly detailed account of a vulnerable but critically important political creed, this book reminds us that to defend liberalism it is vital to understand its character and history.

An Intellectual History of Liberalism

Author: Pierre Manent
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691029113
Release Date: 1996
Genre: Philosophy

Highlighting the social tensions that confront the liberal tradition, Pierre Manent draws a portrait of what we, citizens of modern liberal democracies, have become. For Manent, a discussion of liberalism encompasses the foundations of modern society, its secularism, its individualism, and its conception of rights. The frequent incapacity of the morally neutral, democratic state to further social causes, he argues, derives from the liberal stance that political life does not serve a higher purpose. Through quick-moving, highly synthetic essays, he explores the development of liberal thinking in terms of a single theme: the decline of theological politics. The author traces the liberal stance to Machiavelli, who, in seeking to divorce everyday life from the pervasive influence of the Catholic church, separated politics from all notions of a cosmological order. What followed, as Manent demonstrates in his analyses of Locke, Hobbes, Rousseau, Guizot, and Constant, was the evolving concept of an individual with no goals outside the confines of the self and a state with no purpose but to prevent individuals from dominating one another. Weighing both the positive and negative effects of such a political arrangement, Manent raises important questions about the fundamental political issues of the day, among them the possibility of individual rights being reconciled with the necessary demands of political organization, and the desirability of a government system neutral about religion but not about public morals.

Human Dignity and Contemporary Liberalism

Author: Brad Stetson
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 0275946258
Release Date: 1998
Genre: Philosophy

Stetson's (director, David Institute) aim is to make a constructive critique of liberalism focusing on American public life. His argument is divided into two distinct parts, the theoretical and the practical. In the theoretical section, he examines contemporary liberalism's emphasis on individual ri

The Idea of a Liberal Theory

Author: David Johnston
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400821517
Release Date: 1996-07-08
Genre: Philosophy

Liberalism, the founding philosophy of many constitutional democracies, has been criticized in recent years from both the left and the right for placing too much faith in individual rights and distributive justice. In this book, David Johnston argues for a reinterpretation of liberal principles he contends will restore liberalism to a position of intellectual leadership from which it can guide political and social reforms. He begins by surveying the three major contemporary schools of liberal political thought--rights-based, perfectionist, and political liberalism--and, by weeding out their weaknesses, sketches a new approach he calls humanist liberalism. The core of Johnston's humanist liberalism is the claim that the purpose of political and social arrangements should be to empower individuals to be effective agents. Drawing on and modifying the theories of John Rawls, Michael Walzer, Ronald Dworkin, Joseph Raz, Amartya Sen, and others, Johnston explains how this purpose can be realized in a world in which human beings hold fundamentally different conceptions of the ends of life. His humanist liberalism responds constructively to feminist, neo-Marxist, and other criticisms while remaining faithful to the core values of the liberal tradition.

The Idea of a Political Liberalism

Author: Victoria Davion
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0847687945
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Philosophy

In this unique volume, some of today's most eminent political philosophers examine the thought of John Rawls, focusing in particular on his most recent work. These original essays explore diverse issues, including the problem of pluralism, the relationship between constitutive commitment and liberal institutions, just treatment of dissident minorities, the constitutional implications of liberalism, international relations, and the structure of international law. The first comprehensive study of Rawls's recent work, The Idea of Political Liberalism will be indispensable for political philosophers and theorists interested in contemporary political thought.

The Tragedy of Liberalism

Author: Bert van den Brink
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 0791446700
Release Date: 2000-08-24
Genre: Political Science

A defense of liberalism, understood as a perfectionist doctrine that presupposes an ideal but controversial notion of human well-being.

Political Liberalism

Author: John Rawls
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231527535
Release Date: 2005-03-24
Genre: Philosophy

This book continues and revises the ideas of justice as fairness that John Rawls presented in A Theory of Justice but changes its philosophical interpretation in a fundamental way. That previous work assumed what Rawls calls a "well-ordered society," one that is stable and relatively homogenous in its basic moral beliefs and in which there is broad agreement about what constitutes the good life. Yet in modern democratic society a plurality of incompatible and irreconcilable doctrines—religious, philosophical, and moral—coexist within the framework of democratic institutions. Recognizing this as a permanent condition of democracy, Rawls asks how a stable and just society of free and equal citizens can live in concord when divided by reasonable but incompatible doctrines? This edition includes the essay "The Idea of Public Reason Revisited," which outlines Rawls' plans to revise Political Liberalism, which were cut short by his death. "An extraordinary well-reasoned commentary on A Theory of Justice...a decisive turn towards political philosophy." —Times Literary Supplement

Liberalism and Skepticism

Author: Alexander Mitjashin
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 9781443807067
Release Date: 2009-03-26
Genre: Philosophy

The book Liberalism and Skepticism is devoted to political philosophy. It argues that there are very solid grounds to infer that libertarianism, as political order is able to provide more efficient decision-making than any other conceivable order. Methods that have been applied to support this idea turn out to be appropriate for the theory of knowledge, which points out the link between knowledge acquiring itself and the political order. Among the issues discussed in the book are Hume’s and Cartesian skepticism, theory of mind as it is understood within the conception held in the book, Nozick’s and Hayek’s libertarianism, the concept of manipulability of the social choice theory, the cause of Nazis coming to power, and many other themes.

Liberalism Conservatism and Hayek s Idea of Spontaneous Order

Author: P. McNamara
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9780230609228
Release Date: 2007-10-29
Genre: Political Science

For Hayek, spontaneous order - the emergence of complex order as the unintended consequence of individual actions that have no such end in view - is both the origin of the Great Society and its underlying principle. These sometimes critical essays assess Hayek's position and argue that his work can inform contemporary social and political dilemmas.

The Edinburgh Companion to Contemporary Liberalism

Author: Mark Evans
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1579583393
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Philosophy

These extremely entertaining shorter pieces by the leader of Islamic literary culture aim to instruct us on matters of moral and social concern. They cover such uses as chanteuses, the pleasure of girls and boys, this life and the life to come, drink and drinkers, envy, and the superiority of the front to the back. Always taking a moral tone, Jahiz seldom fails to lighten with humour and wit.

Liberalism Ideas of freedom

Author: G. W. Smith
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 041522358X
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Liberalism

Encompassing the relationship between the state and the individual, society and the individual, the nature of freedom and the concept of the person, this four-volume set covers the main tenets of the liberal tradition. The collection includes material from the rich background and history of classical writings, and also emphasizes modern scholarship and contemporary issues.Fully indexed and including a new introduction by the editor, this is an invaluable reference tool for both researchers and students in the field.

Political Liberalism in Muslim Societies

Author: Fevzi Bilgin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136825170
Release Date: 2011-02-01
Genre: Political Science

Having survived the process of modernization and reasserted themselves in public life, religious traditions play an increasingly important public role in shaping and defining social institutions and interactions. This book examines Rawls’s theory of political liberalism in the context of Muslim societies, where religion wields a significant social and political influence. Contrasting a sociological analysis with a theoretical approach, the author explores the political questions brought up by religious individuals, organizations, and minorities, and examines fundamental notions such as neutrality of state, public/private distinction, and individual autonomy. Offering a rich set of conceptual and normative instruments, the author presents new ways to incorporate political liberalism into political discourses and advocating policy prescriptions for the advancement of democracy in Muslim societies. Independent of the focus on Muslim societies, this book makes a significant contribution to the political liberalism debate. As such, it will be of interest not only to students of Islam and the Middle East, but also to those with an interest in political philosophy, democracy, religion and contemporary political theory.

Liberalism and Community

Author: Steven Kautz
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801484812
Release Date: 1997
Genre: Philosophy

"This thoughtfully written book addresses what is perhaps the central political issue of our time: whether liberal societies can hold together as self-sustaining communities, or whether liberal ideology sows the seeds of its own destruction in promoting an asocial individualism."—Foreign Affairs"Steven Kautz's Liberalism and Community is a direct response to those, like Michael Sandel, who argue that persons are constituted by their obligations to communities, rather than that communities are constituted by the participation of rights-bearing persons. . . . Mr. Kautz's [book] provide[s] welcome antidotes to the sentimental gushings about 'community' that one hears so often these days."—Tom G. Palmer, Wall Street Journal"In presenting this spirited commentary, Kautz displays admirable erudition and sure-footedness in handling the texts, both historical and contemporary. He makes subtle distinctions and thoughtful observations. He also practices the toleration he preaches, treating those he criticizes with generosity and a lack of malice."—Review of Politics

Liberalism Beyond Justice

Author: John Tomasi
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691049696
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Political Science

Liberal regimes shape the ethical outlooks of their citizens, relentlessly influencing their most personal commitments over time. On such issues as abortion, homosexuality, and women's rights, many religious Americans feel pulled between their personal beliefs and their need, as good citizens, to support individual rights. These circumstances, argues John Tomasi, raise new and pressing questions: Is liberalism as successful as it hopes in avoiding the imposition of a single ethical doctrine on all of society? If liberals cannot prevent the spillover of public values into nonpublic domains, how accommodating of diversity can a liberal regime actually be? To what degree can a liberal society be a home even to the people whose viewpoints it was formally designed to include? To meet these questions, Tomasi argues, the boundaries of political liberal theorizing must be redrawn. Political liberalism involves more than an account of justified state coercion and the norms of democratic deliberation. Political liberalism also implies a distinctive account of nonpublic social life, one in which successful human lives must be built across the interface of personal and public values. Tomasi proposes a theory of liberal nonpublic life. To live up to their own deepest commitments to toleration and mutual respect, liberals, he insists, must now rethink their conceptions of social justice, civic education, and citizenship itself. The result is a fresh look at liberal theory and what it means for a liberal society to function well.