Basic work on two-dimensional homotopy theory dates back to K. Reidemeister and J. H. C. Whitehead. Much work in this area has been done since then, and this book considers the current state of knowledge in all the aspects of the subject. The editors start with introductory chapters on low-dimensional topology, covering both the geometric and algebraic sides of the subject, the latter including crossed modules, Reidemeister-Peiffer identities, and a concrete and modern discussion of Whitehead's algebraic classification of 2-dimensional homotopy types. Further chapters have been skilfully selected and woven together to form a coherent picture. The latest algebraic results and their applications to 3- and 4-dimensional manifolds are dealt with. The geometric nature of the subject is illustrated to the full by over 100 diagrams. Final chapters summarize and contribute to the present status of the conjectures of Zeeman, Whitehead, and Andrews-Curtis. No other book covers all these topics. Some of the material here has been used in courses, making this book valuable for anyone with an interest in two-dimensional homotopy theory, from graduate students to research workers.
Author: Gunnar E. Carlsson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-12-06
In 1989-90 the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute conducted a program on Algebraic Topology and its Applications. The main areas of concentration were homotopy theory, K-theory, and applications to geometric topology, gauge theory, and moduli spaces. Workshops were conducted in these three areas. This volume consists of invited, expository articles on the topics studied during this program. They describe recent advances and point to possible new directions. They should prove to be useful references for researchers in Algebraic Topology and related fields, as well as to graduate students.
Author: Steven C. Ferry
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 1995-11-23
The Novikov conjecture is the single most important unsolved problem in the topology of high-dimensional non-simply connected manifolds. These two volumes give a snapshot of the status of work on the Novikov conjecture and related topics from many points of view: geometric topology, homotopy theory, algebra, geometry, and analysis. Volume 1 contains a detailed historical survey and bibliography of the Novikov conjecture and of related subsequent developments, including an annotated reprint (both in the original Russian and in English translation) of Novikov's original 1970 statement of his conjecture; an annotated problem list; the texts of several important unpublished classic papers by Milnor, Browder, and Kasparov; and research/survey papers on the Novikov conjecture by Ferry/Weinberger, Gromov, Mishchenko, Quinn, Ranicki, and Rosenberg. Volume 2 contains fundamental long research papers by G. Carlsson on "Bounded K-theory and the assembly map in algebraic K-theory" and by S. Ferry and E. Pedersen on "Epsilon surgery theory"; and shorter research and survey papers on various topics related to the Novikov conjecture, by Bekka, Cherix, Valette, Eichhorn, and others. These volumes will appeal to researchers interested in learning more about this intriguing area.
Author: Ian F. Blake
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2005-04-25
Since the appearance of the authors' first volume on elliptic curve cryptography in 1999 there has been tremendous progress in the field. In some topics, particularly point counting, the progress has been spectacular. Other topics such as the Weil and Tate pairings have been applied in new and important ways to cryptographic protocols that hold great promise. Notions such as provable security, side channel analysis and the Weil descent technique have also grown in importance. This second volume addresses these advances and brings the reader up to date. Prominent contributors to the research literature in these areas have provided articles that reflect the current state of these important topics. They are divided into the areas of protocols, implementation techniques, mathematical foundations and pairing based cryptography. Each of the topics is presented in an accessible, coherent and consistent manner for a wide audience that will include mathematicians, computer scientists and engineers.
Author: Alexander Grigor’yan
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
Release Date: 2018-08-23
Genre: Finite groups
A central object of this book is the discrete Laplace operator on finite and infinite graphs. The eigenvalues of the discrete Laplace operator have long been used in graph theory as a convenient tool for understanding the structure of complex graphs. They can also be used in order to estimate the rate of convergence to equilibrium of a random walk (Markov chain) on finite graphs. For infinite graphs, a study of the heat kernel allows to solve the type problem—a problem of deciding whether the random walk is recurrent or transient. This book starts with elementary properties of the eigenvalues on finite graphs, continues with their estimates and applications, and concludes with heat kernel estimates on infinite graphs and their application to the type problem. The book is suitable for beginners in the subject and accessible to undergraduate and graduate students with a background in linear algebra I and analysis I. It is based on a lecture course taught by the author and includes a wide variety of exercises. The book will help the reader to reach a level of understanding sufficient to start pursuing research in this exciting area.
Author: Mark Hovey
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
Release Date: 1997
This book gives an axiomatic presentation of stable homotopy theory. It starts with axioms defining a 'stable homotopy category'; using these axioms, one can make various constructions - cellular towers, Bousfield localization, and Brown representability, to name a few. Much of the book is devoted to these constructions and to the study of the global structure of stable homotopy categories. Next, a number of examples of such categories are presented. Some of these arise in topology (the ordinary stable homotopy category of spectra, categories of equivariant spectra, and Bousfield localizations of these), and others in algebra (coming from the representation theory of groups or of Lie algebras, as well as the derived category of a commutative ring). Hence one can apply many of the tools of stable homotopy theory to these algebraic situations.This work: provides a reference for standard results and constructions in stable homotopy theory; discusses applications of those results to algebraic settings, such as group theory and commutative algebra; provides a unified treatment of several different situations in stable homotopy, including equivariant stable homotopy and localizations of the stable homotopy category; and, also provides a context for nilpotence and thick subcategory theorems, such as the nilpotence theorem of Devinatz-Hopkins-Smith and the thick subcategory theorem of Hopkins-Smith in stable homotopy theory, and the thick subcategory theorem of Benson-Carlson-Rickard in representation theory. This book presents stable homotopy theory as a branch of mathematics in its own right with applications in other fields of mathematics. It is a first step toward making stable homotopy theory a tool useful in many disciplines of mathematics.
Author: Douglas C. Ravenel
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Release Date: 2016-03-02
Nilpotence and Periodicity in Stable Homotopy Theory describes some major advances made in algebraic topology in recent years, centering on the nilpotence and periodicity theorems, which were conjectured by the author in 1977 and proved by Devinatz, Hopkins, and Smith in 1985. During the last ten years a number of significant advances have been made in homotopy theory, and this book fills a real need for an up-to-date text on that topic. Ravenel's first few chapters are written with a general mathematical audience in mind. They survey both the ideas that lead up to the theorems and their applications to homotopy theory. The book begins with some elementary concepts of homotopy theory that are needed to state the problem. This includes such notions as homotopy, homotopy equivalence, CW-complex, and suspension. Next the machinery of complex cobordism, Morava K-theory, and formal group laws in characteristic p are introduced. The latter portion of the book provides specialists with a coherent and rigorous account of the proofs. It includes hitherto unpublished material on the smash product and chromatic convergence theorems and on modular representations of the symmetric group.
Author: Robin Wilson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2018-02-22
In 1988 The Mathematical Intelligencer, a quarterly mathematics journal, carried out a poll to find the most beautiful theorem in mathematics. Twenty-four theorems were listed and readers were invited to award each a 'score for beauty'. While there were many worthy competitors, the winner was 'Euler's equation'. In 2004 Physics World carried out a similar poll of 'greatest equations', and found that among physicists Euler's mathematical result came second only to Maxwell's equations. The Stanford mathematician Keith Devlin reflected the feelings of many in describing it as "like a Shakespearian sonnet that captures the very essence of love, or a painting which brings out the beauty of the human form that is far more than just skin deep, Euler's equation reaches down into the very depths of existence". What is it that makes Euler's identity, e]iPi + 1 = 0, so special? In Euler's Pioneering Equation Robin Wilson shows how this simple, elegant, and profound formula links together perhaps the five most important numbers in mathematics, each associated with a story in themselves: the number 1, the basis of our counting system; the concept of zero, which was a major development in mathematics, and opened up the idea of negative numbers; π an irrational number, the basis for the measurement of circles; the exponential e, associated with exponential growth and logarithms; and the imaginary number i, the square root of -1, the basis of complex numbers. Following a chapter on each of the elements, Robin Wilson discusses how the startling relationship between them was established, including the several near misses to the discovery of the formula.
Author: Sylvain E. Cappell
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Release Date: 2000
Surgery theory, the basis for the classification theory of manifolds, is now about forty years old. There have been some extraordinary accomplishments in that time, which have led to enormously varied interactions with algebra, analysis, and geometry. Workers in many of these areas have often lamented the lack of a single source that surveys surgery theory and its applications. Indeed, no one person could write such a survey. The sixtieth birthday of C. T. C. Wall, one of the leaders of the founding generation of surgery theory, provided an opportunity to rectify the situation and produce a comprehensive book on the subject. Experts have written state-of-the-art reports that will be of broad interest to all those interested in topology, not only graduate students and mathematicians, but mathematical physicists as well. Contributors include J. Milnor, S. Novikov, W. Browder, T. Lance, E. Brown, M. Kreck, J. Klein, M. Davis, J. Davis, I. Hambleton, L. Taylor, C. Stark, E. Pedersen, W. Mio, J. Levine, K. Orr, J. Roe, J. Milgram, and C. Thomas.