Logical Effort

Author: Ivan Edward Sutherland
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 1558605576
Release Date: 1999
Genre: Computers

Designers of high-speed integrated circuits face a bewildering array of choices and too often spend frustrating days tweaking gates to meet speed targets. Logical Effort: Designing Fast CMOS Circuits makes high speed design easier and more methodical, providing a simple and broadly applicable method for estimating the delay resulting from factors such as topology, capacitance, and gate sizes. The brainchild of circuit and computer graphics pioneers Ivan Sutherland and Bob Sproull, "logical effort" will change the way you approach design challenges. This book begins by equipping you with a sound understanding of the method's essential procedures and concepts-so you can start using it immediately. Later chapters explore the theory and finer points of the method and detail its specialized applications. * Explains the method and how to apply it in two practically focused chapters. * Improves circuit design intuition by teaching simple ways to discern the consequences of topology and gate size decisions. * Offers easy ways to choose the fastest circuit from among an array of potential circuit designs. * Reduces the time spent on tweaking and simulations-so you can rapidly settle on a good design. * Offers in-depth coverage of specialized areas of application for logical effort: skewed or unbalanced gates, other circuit families (including pseudo-NMOS and domino), wide structures such as decoders, and irregularly forking circuits. * Presents a complete derivation of the method-so you see how and why it works.

Proceedings of the International Conference on Human centric Computing 2011 and Embedded and Multimedia Computing 2011

Author: James J. Park
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400721056
Release Date: 2011-07-21
Genre: Computers

Proceedings of the International Conference on Human-centric Computing and Embedded and Multimedia Computing (HumanCom & EMC 2011) will cover topics of HumanCom and EMC, the current hot topics satisfying the world-wide ever-changing needs. Human-centric computing is to create novel solutions so that the humans are always connected, portable, and available. As with pervasive-computing, human-centric computing requires a variety of devices; however, such devices exist simply to obtain inputs from the human and are embedded in objects that humans interact with on a daily basis. Moreover, during the past couple of decades, Information Science technologies influenced and changed every aspect of our lives and our cultures. Without various Information Science technology-based applications, it would be difficult to keep information stored securely, to process information efficiently, and to communicate conveniently. Embedded computing ranges from portable devices such as digital watches and MP3 players, to large stationary installations like traffic lights, factory controllers, or the systems controlling nuclear power plants. Complexity varies from low, with a single microcontroller chip, to very high with multiple units, peripherals and networks mounted inside a large chassis or enclosure. Multimedia computing covers multimedia I/O devices, OS, storage systems, streaming media middleware, continuous media representations, media coding, media processing, etc., and also includes multimedia communications; real-time protocols, end-to-end streaming media, resource allocation, multicast protocols, and multimedia applications; databases, distributed collaboration, video conferencing, 3D virtual environments.

High Speed CMOS Design Styles

Author: Kerry Bernstein
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461555735
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering

High Speed CMOS Design Styles is written for the graduate-level student or practicing engineer who is primarily interested in circuit design. It is intended to provide practical reference, or `horse-sense', to mechanisms typically described with a more academic slant. This book is organized so that it can be used as a textbook or as a reference book. High Speed CMOS Design Styles provides a survey of design styles in use in industry, specifically in the high speed microprocessor design community. Logic circuit structures, I/O and interface, clocking, and timing schemes are reviewed and described. Characteristics, sensitivities and idiosyncrasies of each are highlighted. High Speed CMOS Design Styles also pulls together and explains contributors to performance variability that are associated with process, applications conditions and design. Rules of thumb and practical references are offered. Each of the general circuit families is then analyzed for its sensitivity and response to this variability. High Speed CMOS Design Styles is an excellent source of ideas and a compilation of observations that highlight how different approaches trade off critical parameters in design and process space.

Skew Tolerant Circuit Design

Author: David Harris
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080541266
Release Date: 2000-06-16
Genre: Computers

As advances in technology and circuit design boost operating frequencies of microprocessors, DSPs and other fast chips, new design challenges continue to emerge. One of the major performance limitations in today's chip designs is clock skew, the uncertainty in arrival times between a pair of clocks. Increasing clock frequencies are forcing many engineers to rethink their timing budgets and to use skew-tolerant circuit techniques for both domino and static circuits. While senior designers have long developed their own techniques for reducing the sequencing overhead of domino circuits, this knowledge has routinely been protected as trade secret and has rarely been shared. Skew-Tolerant Circuit Design presents a systematic way of achieving the same goal and puts it in the hands of all designers. This book clearly presents skew-tolerant techniques and shows how they address the challenges of clocking, latching, and clock skew. It provides the practicing circuit designer with a clearly detailed tutorial and an insightful summary of the most recent literature on these critical clock skew issues. Synthesizes the most recent advances in skew-tolerant design in one cohesive tutorial Provides incisive instruction and advice punctuated by humorous illustrations Includes exercises to test understanding of key concepts and solutions to selected exercises

Multi Net Optimization of VLSI Interconnect

Author: Konstantin Moiseev
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781461408215
Release Date: 2014-11-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book covers layout design and layout migration methodologies for optimizing multi-net wire structures in advanced VLSI interconnects. Scaling-dependent models for interconnect power, interconnect delay and crosstalk noise are covered in depth, and several design optimization problems are addressed, such as minimization of interconnect power under delay constraints, or design for minimal delay in wire bundles within a given routing area. A handy reference or a guide for design methodologies and layout automation techniques, this book provides a foundation for physical design challenges of interconnect in advanced integrated circuits.

CMOS Processors and Memories

Author: Krzysztof Iniewski
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048192161
Release Date: 2010-08-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering

CMOS Processors and Memories addresses the-state-of-the-art in integrated circuit design in the context of emerging computing systems. New design opportunities in memories and processor are discussed. Emerging materials that can take system performance beyond standard CMOS, like carbon nanotubes, graphene, ferroelectrics and tunnel junctions are explored. CMOS Processors and Memories is divided into two parts: processors and memories. In the first part we start with high performance, low power processor design, followed by a chapter on multi-core processing. They both represent state-of-the-art concepts in current computing industry. The third chapter deals with asynchronous design that still carries lots of promise for future computing needs. At the end we present a “hardware design space exploration” methodology for implementing and analyzing the hardware for the Bayesian inference framework. This particular methodology involves: analyzing the computational cost and exploring candidate hardware components, proposing various custom architectures using both traditional CMOS and hybrid nanotechnology CMOL. The first part concludes with hybrid CMOS-Nano architectures. The second, memory part covers state-of-the-art SRAM, DRAM, and flash memories as well as emerging device concepts. Semiconductor memory is a good example of the full custom design that applies various analog and logic circuits to utilize the memory cell’s device physics. Critical physical effects that include tunneling, hot electron injection, charge trapping (Flash memory) are discussed in detail. Emerging memories like FRAM, PRAM and ReRAM that depend on magnetization, electron spin alignment, ferroelectric effect, built-in potential well, quantum effects, and thermal melting are also described. CMOS Processors and Memories is a must for anyone serious about circuit design for future computing technologies. The book is written by top notch international experts in industry and academia. It can be used in graduate course curriculum.

Handbook of Algorithms for Physical Design Automation

Author: Charles J. Alpert
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849372421
Release Date: 2008-11-12
Genre: Computers

The physical design flow of any project depends upon the size of the design, the technology, the number of designers, the clock frequency, and the time to do the design. As technology advances and design-styles change, physical design flows are constantly reinvented as traditional phases are removed and new ones are added to accommodate changes in technology. Handbook of Algorithms for Physical Design Automation provides a detailed overview of VLSI physical design automation, emphasizing state-of-the-art techniques, trends and improvements that have emerged during the previous decade. After a brief introduction to the modern physical design problem, basic algorithmic techniques, and partitioning, the book discusses significant advances in floorplanning representations and describes recent formulations of the floorplanning problem. The text also addresses issues of placement, net layout and optimization, routing multiple signal nets, manufacturability, physical synthesis, special nets, and designing for specialized technologies. It includes a personal perspective from Ralph Otten as he looks back on the major technical milestones in the history of physical design automation. Although several books on this topic are currently available, most are either too broad or out of date. Alternatively, proceedings and journal articles are valuable resources for researchers in this area, but the material is widely dispersed in the literature. This handbook pulls together a broad variety of perspectives on the most challenging problems in the field, and focuses on emerging problems and research results.

Emerging Memory Technologies

Author: Yuan Xie
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441995513
Release Date: 2013-10-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book explores the design implications of emerging, non-volatile memory (NVM) technologies on future computer memory hierarchy architecture designs. Since NVM technologies combine the speed of SRAM, the density of DRAM, and the non-volatility of Flash memory, they are very attractive as the basis for future universal memories. This book provides a holistic perspective on the topic, covering modeling, design, architecture and applications. The practical information included in this book will enable designers to exploit emerging memory technologies to improve significantly the performance/power/reliability of future, mainstream integrated circuits.

Cartesian Genetic Programming

Author: Julian F. Miller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642173103
Release Date: 2011-09-18
Genre: Computers

Cartesian Genetic Programming (CGP) is a highly effective and increasingly popular form of genetic programming. It represents programs in the form of directed graphs, and a particular characteristic is that it has a highly redundant genotype–phenotype mapping, in that genes can be noncoding. It has spawned a number of new forms, each improving on the efficiency, among them modular, or embedded, CGP, and self-modifying CGP. It has been applied to many problems in both computer science and applied sciences. This book contains chapters written by the leading figures in the development and application of CGP, and it will be essential reading for researchers in genetic programming and for engineers and scientists solving applications using these techniques. It will also be useful for advanced undergraduates and postgraduates seeking to understand and utilize a highly efficient form of genetic programming.

Advances in Intelligent Systems and Applications Volume 2

Author: Jeng-Shyang Pan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642354731
Release Date: 2012-12-15
Genre: Computers

The field of Intelligent Systems and Applications has expanded enormously during the last two decades. Theoretical and practical results in this area are growing rapidly due to many successful applications and new theories derived from many diverse problems. This book is dedicated to the Intelligent Systems and Applications in many different aspects. In particular, this book is to provide highlights of the current research in Intelligent Systems and Applications. It consists of research papers in the following specific topics: l Authentication, Identification, and Signature l Intrusion Detection l Steganography, Data Hiding, and Watermarking l Database, System, and Communication Security l Computer Vision, Object Tracking, and Pattern Recognition l Image Processing, Medical Image Processing, and Video Coding l Digital Content, Digital Life, and Human Computer Interaction l Parallel, Peer-to-peer, Distributed, and Cloud Computing l Software Engineering and Programming Language This book provides a reference to theoretical problems as well as practical solutions and applications for the state-of-the-art results in Intelligent Systems and Applications on the aforementioned topics. In particular, both the academic community (graduate students, post-doctors and faculties) in Electrical Engineering, Computer Science, and Applied Mathematics; and the industrial community (engineers, engineering managers, programmers, research lab staffs and managers, security managers) will find this book interesting.

Modern VLSI Design

Author: Wayne Wolf
Publisher: Pearson Education
ISBN: 0137010087
Release Date: 2008-12-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The Number 1 VLSI Design Guide—Now Fully Updated for IP-Based Design and the Newest Technologies Modern VLSI Design, Fourth Edition, offers authoritative, up-to-the-minute guidance for the entire VLSI design process—from architecture and logic design through layout and packaging. Wayne Wolf has systematically updated his award-winning book for today’s newest technologies and highest-value design techniques. Wolf introduces powerful new IP-based design techniques at all three levels: gates, subsystems, and architecture. He presents deeper coverage of logic design fundamentals, clocking and timing, and much more. No other VLSI guide presents as much up-to-date information for maximizing performance, minimizing power utilization, and achieving rapid design turnarounds.

Design of High Performance Microprocessor Circuits

Author: Anantha Chandrakasan
Publisher: Wiley-IEEE Press
ISBN: 078036001X
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The authors present readers with a compelling, one-stop, advanced system perspective on the intrinsic issues of digital system design. This invaluable reference prepares readers to meet the emerging challenges of the device and circuit issues associated with deep submicron technology. It incorporates future trends with practical, contemporary methodologies.

Computer Organization and Design RISC V Edition

Author: David A. Patterson
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 9780128122761
Release Date: 2017-05-12
Genre: Computers

The new RISC-V Edition of Computer Organization and Design features the RISC-V open source instruction set architecture, the first open source architecture designed to be used in modern computing environments such as cloud computing, mobile devices, and other embedded systems. With the post-PC era now upon us, Computer Organization and Design moves forward to explore this generational change with examples, exercises, and material highlighting the emergence of mobile computing and the Cloud. Updated content featuring tablet computers, Cloud infrastructure, and the x86 (cloud computing) and ARM (mobile computing devices) architectures is included. An online companion Web site provides advanced content for further study, appendices, glossary, references, and recommended reading. Features RISC-V, the first such architecture designed to be used in modern computing environments, such as cloud computing, mobile devices, and other embedded systems Includes relevant examples, exercises, and material highlighting the emergence of mobile computing and the cloud

Integrated Circuit Design Power and Timing Modeling Optimization and Simulation

Author: Bertrand Hochet
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: UOM:39015047896595
Release Date: 2002-10-03
Genre: Computers

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 12th International Workshop on Power and Timing Modeling, Optimization and Simulation, PATMOS 2002, held in Seville, Spain in September 2002. The 37 revised full papers and 12 poster papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on arithmetics, low-level modeling and characterization, asynchronous and adiabatic techniques, CAD tools and algorithms, timing, gate-level modeling and design, and communications modeling and activity reduction.