Managing Maintenance Error

Author: James Reason
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781351920513
Release Date: 2017-03-02
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Situations and systems are easier to change than the human condition - particularly when people are well-trained and well-motivated, as they usually are in maintenance organisations. This is a down-to-earth practitioner’s guide to managing maintenance error, written in Dr. Reason’s highly readable style. It deals with human risks generally and the special human performance problems arising in maintenance, as well as providing an engineer’s guide for their understanding and the solution. After reviewing the types of error and violation and the conditions that provoke them, the author sets out the broader picture, illustrated by examples of three system failures. Central to the book is a comprehensive review of error management, followed by chapters on:- managing person, the task and the team; - the workplace and the organization; - creating a safe culture; It is then rounded off and brought together, in such a way as to be readily applicable for those who can make it work, to achieve a greater and more consistent level of safety in maintenance activities. The readership will include maintenance engineering staff and safety officers and all those in responsible roles in critical and systems-reliant environments, including transportation, nuclear and conventional power, extractive and other chemical processing and manufacturing industries and medicine.

Human Reliability Error and Human Factors in Power Generation

Author: B. S. Dhillon
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783319040196
Release Date: 2014-01-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Human reliability, error, and human factors in the area of power generation have been receiving increasing attention in recent years. Each year billions of dollars are spent in the area of power generation to design, construct/manufacture, operate, and maintain various types of power systems around the globe, and such systems often fail due to human error. This book compiles various recent results and data into one volume, and eliminates the need to consult many diverse sources to obtain vital information. It enables potential readers to delve deeper into a specific area, providing the source of most of the material presented in references at the end of each chapter. Examples along with solutions are also provided at appropriate places, and there are numerous problems for testing the reader’s comprehension. Chapters cover a broad range of topics, including general methods for performing human reliability and error analysis in power plants, specific human reliability analysis methods for nuclear power plants, human factors in control systems, and human error in power plant maintenance. They are written in such a manner that the potential reader requires no previous knowledge to understand their contents. “Human Reliability, Error, and Human Factors in Power Generation” will prove useful to many individuals, including engineering professionals working in the power generation industry, researchers, instructors, and undergraduate and graduate students in the field of power engineering.

Error Reduction in Health Care

Author: Patrice L. Spath
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118001567
Release Date: 2011-02-25
Genre: Medical

Error Reduction in Health Care Completely revised and updated, this second edition of Error Reduction in Health Care offers a step-by-step guide for implementing the recommendations of the Institute of Medicine to reduce the frequency of errors in health care services and to mitigate the impact of errors when they do occur. With contributions from noted leaders in health safety, Error Reduction in Health Care provides information on analyzing accidents and shows how systematic methods can be used to understand hazards before accidents occur. In the chapters, authors explore how to prioritize risks to accurately focus efforts in a systems redesign, including performance measures and human factors. This expanded edition covers contemporary material on innovative patient safety topics such as applying Lean principles to reduce mistakes, opportunity analysis, deductive adverse event investigation, improving safety through collaboration with patients and families, using technology for patient safety improvements, medication safety, and high reliability organizations. The Editor

Manual of Critical Care Nursing

Author: Marianne Saunorus Baird
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9780323065924
Release Date: 2010-11-30
Genre: Medical

It's the ideal go-to reference for the clinical setting! Compact and easy to use, Manual of Critical Care Nursing, 6th Edition presents essential information on approximately 80 disorders and conditions, as well as concepts relevant to caring for all critically ill patients and functioning in the critical care environment. Award-winning clinical nurse specialists Marianne Baird and Sue Bethel separate the content first by body system and then by disorder, with each disorder including a brief description of pathophysiology, assessment, diagnostic testing, collaborative management, nursing diagnoses, desired outcomes, nursing interventions, and patient teaching and rehabilitation. A concise format presents the material in a way that reflects a practicing nurse's thought processes. Coverage of approximately 80 critical care conditions/disorders includes those most commonly seen in critical care units. Chapter outlines provide easy access to disorders. A portable size makes it ideal for use in the unit or bedside, and is also easy to carry on campus. Unique! Gerontology icon highlights considerations relating to the care of older adults. Unique! Research briefs in special boxes discuss selected research studies for evidence-based patient care. Unique! The latest NANDA-approved nursing diagnoses increase familiarity with NANDA terminology. Appendixes provide quick reference to information needed in the critical care setting. Revised format mirrors a practicing nurse's approach to patient care, making it easier to find information. Newly formatted care plans incorporate diagnoses, interventions, and desired outcomes in a consistent, logical organization. Patient safety alerts and high alerts call attention to issues important to a patient’s safety. Unique! Diagnostic Tests tables highlight the definition, purpose, and abnormal findings for each test. Unique! Collaborative Management tables concisely summarize key points while incorporating nationally recognized guidelines. Colored tabs mark the location of each body system, making topics easier to find. Smaller trim size increases portability for use in the unit or bedside, while enhancing readability.

Risk Management and Error Reduction in Aviation Maintenance

Author: Manoj S. Patankar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781351903042
Release Date: 2017-03-02
Genre: Transportation

Although several U.S. and European airlines have started providing human factors training to their maintenance personnel, the academic community (some 300 academic programs in the United States and several others in Europe and Asia) has not yet started offering formal human factors education to maintenance students. The highly respected authors strongly believe in incorporating the human factors principles in aviation maintenance. This is the first of two volumes providing effective behavioural guidance on risk management in aviation maintenance for both the novice and the experienced maintenance personnel. Its practical guidelines assist both student and practising aviation maintenance personnel to develop sustainable safety culture. For the maintenance community it provides some theoretical discussion about the "Why?" for risk management and then focus on the 'How?' to implement a successful error reduction program. To help the maintenance community in making a strong case to their financial managers, the authors also discuss the return on investment for risk management programs. The issue of risk management is taken at two levels. First, it provides a basic awareness information to those who have little or no knowledge of maintenance human factors. Second, it provides a set of practical tools for the more experienced people so that they can be more effective in risk management and error recovery in their jobs. This invaluable book serves as a practical guide as well as an academic textbook. The book covers fundamental human factors principles from a risk management perspective. Upon reading this informative book, the audience will be able to apply the basic principles of risk management to aviation maintenance environment, and they will be able to use low-risk behaviours in their daily work.

Human Factors

Author: Petra Badke-Schaub
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642198864
Release Date: 2011-11-10
Genre: Psychology

In Branchen wie Luftfahrt, Kernkraft oder Medizin können menschliche Fehler dramatische Konsequenzen haben. Deshalb werden in Risikobranchen Maßnahmen benötigt, die Fehlerquellen minimieren, sicheres Handeln fördern und dabei den „Faktor Mensch“ berücksichtigen. Die Psychologie sicheren Handelns wird im 1. Teil des Standardwerks von Wissenschaftlern erläutert, im 2. Teil stellen erfahrene Praktiker und Wissenschaftler aktuelle Herausforderungen einzelner Branchen vor und präsentieren Lösungsansätze. Mit vielen Fallbeispielen und Praxishinweisen.

Airframe

Author: Michael Crichton
Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag
ISBN: 9783641162092
Release Date: 2014-11-27
Genre: Fiction

Auf dem Nonstop-Flug von Hongkong nach Denver gerät plötzlich die Maschine der Transpacific Airlines außer Kontrolle. Dem Piloten gelingt eine Notlandung, doch einige Passagiere verlieren dabei ihr Leben. Als Casey Singleton den Auftrag erhält, die Ursachen dieses Unglücks aufzuklären, ahnt sie nicht, in welche Gefahr sie sich begibt. Denn ihre Ermittlungen stoßen auf viele Widersacher, die vor nichts zurückschrecken.

Die 5 Dysfunktionen eines Teams

Author: Patrick M. Lencioni
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527690350
Release Date: 2014-10-16
Genre: Business & Economics

Nach ihren ersten zwei Wochen als neuer CEO von DecisionTech fragte sich Kathryn Petersen angesichts der dortigen Probleme, ob es wirklich richtig gewesen war, den Job anzunehmen. Sie war eigentlich froh ?ber die neue Aufgabe gewesen. Doch hatte sie nicht ahnen k?nnen, dass ihr Team so f?rchterlich dysfunktional war und die Teammitglieder sie vor eine Herausforderung stellen w?rden, die sie niemals zuvor so erlebt hatte ... In "Die 5 Dyfunktionen eines Teams" begibt sich Patrick Lencioni in die faszinierende und komplexe Welt von Teams. In seiner Leadership-Fabel folgt der Leser der Geschichte von Kathryn Petersen, die sich mit der ultimativen F?hrungskrise konfrontiert sieht: die Einigung eines Teams, das sich in einer solchen Unordnung befindet, dass es den Erfolg und das ?berleben des gesamten Unternehmens gef?hrdet. Im Verlauf der Geschichte enth?llt Lencioni die f?nf entscheidenden Dysfunktionen, die oft dazu f?hren, dass Teams scheitern. Er stellt ein Modell und umsetzbare Schritte vor, die zu einem effektiven Team f?hren und die f?nf Dysfunktionen beheben. Diese Dysfunktionen sind: - Fehlendes Vertrauen, - Scheu vor Konflikten, - Fehlendes Engagement, - Scheu vor Verantwortung, - Fehlende Ergebnis-Orientierung. Wie in seinen anderen B?chern hat Patrick Lencioni eine fesselnde Fabel geschrieben, die eine wichtige Botschaft f?r alle enth?lt, die danach streben, au?ergew?hnliche Teamleiter und F?hrungskr?fte zu werden.

Software requirements

Author: Karl E. Wiegers
Publisher:
ISBN: 3860635948
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Computer software

Nicht wenige Software-Projekte erreichen ihre gesteckten Ziele nicht, da bereits in ihrer Anfangsphase Anforderungen an die Software nicht gründlich genug analysiert und dokumentiert wurden. Oft wird auch vernachlässigt, dass Softwareentwicklung genauso viel mit Kommunikation, wie mit eigentlicher Entwicklungsarbeit zu tun hat. An diesem Punkt setzt dieser Klassiker der Softwareentwicklungsliteratur an, in dem überzeugend präsentiert wird, warum die Erhebung, Zusammenstellung und das Managen von Software Requirements essentiell für erfolgreiche Projekte ist und mit welchen erprobten Mitteln diese Aufgaben am besten zu meistern sind. Karl Wiegers zeigt damit, wie Requirements-Analysten, Projektleiter, aber auch alle Programmierer und Designer, die Anforderungen der Kunden umsetzen müssen, Produktivität, Termintreue, Kundenzufriedenheit und Wartungs- und Supportkosten mit dem im Buch beschriebenen Praktiken drastisch verbessern können. - Realistische Erwartungen für Funktionalität und Qualität setzen - Geschäftsregeln in die Anwendungsentwicklung integrieren - Anwendungsfälle zur Definition von Benutzeranforderungen verwenden - Unausgesprochene und wechselnde Requirements identifizieren und managen - Revisionen einschränken und damit Kosten sparen - Besser Software produzieren

Applied Human Factors in Aviation Maintenance

Author: Manoj S. Patankar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781351957670
Release Date: 2017-07-05
Genre: Transportation

Considering the global awareness of human performance issues affecting maintenance personnel, there is enough evidence in the US ASRS reports to establish that systemic problems such as impractical maintenance procedures, inadequate training, and the safety versus profit challenge continue to contribute toward latent failures. Manoj S. Patankar and James C. Taylor strongly believe in incorporating the human factors principles in aviation maintenance. In this, their second of two volumes, they place particular emphasis on applying human factors principles in a book intended to serve as a practical guide, as well as an academic text. Features include: - A real 'how to' approach that serves as a companion to the previous volume: 'Risk Management and Error Reduction in Aviation Maintenance'. - Self-reports of maintenance errors used throughout to illustrate the systemic susceptibility for errors as well as to discuss corresponding solutions. - Two tools - a pre-task scorecard and a post-task scorecard - introduced as means to measure individual as well as organizational safety performance. - Interpersonal trust and professionalism explored in detail. - Ethical and procedural issues associated with collection and analysis of both qualitative as well as quantitative safety data discussed. The intended readership includes aviation maintenance personnel, e.g. FAA-type aircraft mechanics, CAA-type aircraft maintenance engineers, maintenance managers, regulators, and aviation students.

Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries

Author: Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS)
Publisher: Wiley-AIChE
ISBN: 0470117540
Release Date: 2007-01-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries provides guidance for managers and plant engineering staff on specific, practical techniques and tools for addressing forty different human factors issues impacting process safety. Human factors incidents can result in injury and death, damage to the environment, fines, and business losses due to ruined batches, off-spec products, unplanned shutdowns, and other adverse effects. Prevention of these incidents increases productivity and profits. Complete with examples, case histories, techniques, and implementation methodologies, Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries helps managers and engineering staff design and execute an efficient program. Organized for topical reference, the book includes: An overview on implementing a human factors program at the corporate level or the plant level, covering the business value, developing a program to meet specific needs, improving existing systems, roles and responsibilities, measures of performance, and more Summaries of forty different human factors relating to process safety, with a description of the tools, a practical example with graphics and visual aids, and additional resources Information on addressing the OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) requirement for conducting human factors reviews in process hazard analyses (PHAs) A CD-ROM with a color version of the book Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.