Mapping Human History

Author: Steve Olson
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781408859605
Release Date: 2014-09-14
Genre: Science

150,000 years of human existence have passed, and yet what do we really know about our history before the advent of writing? Some of the most momentous events - including our origins, our migrations across the globe, and our acquisition of language - were lost in the darkness of 'prehistory'. But at last geneticists and other scientists are piecing together a history - the true story of Adam and Eve. Mapping Human History is nothing less than a 'history of prehistory'. Steve Olson travelled through four continents to discover the development of humans and our expansion throughout the planet. He describes, for example, new thinking about how centres of agriculture sprang up among disparate foraging societies at roughly the same time. He tells why most of us can claim Julius Caesar and Confucius among our forebears. He pinpoints why the ways in which the story of the Jewish people jibes with, and diverges from, biblical accounts. And using very recent genetic findings, he explodes the myth that human races are a biological reality.

Anarchie und Evolution

Author: Greg Graffin
Publisher: Riva Verlag
ISBN: 9783864131103
Release Date: 2011-10-13
Genre: Science

Viele kennen Greg Graffin als Frontmann der Punkrockband Bad Religion. Nur wenige wissen, dass er ein naturwissenschaftliches Studium mit dem Doktorgrad abgeschlossen hat und an der Universität von Kalifornien in Los Angeles Evolutionsbiologie lehrt. In War Darwin ein Punk? schlägt Graffin eine Brücke zwischen Kunst und Wissenschaft. Als Jugendlicher - in einer Zeit, als er "jede Nacht Drogen, Sex und Ärger hätte haben können" - entdeckte Graffin, dass das Studium der Evolution ihm eine Grundstruktur für den Sinn des Lebens aufzeigte. In diesem provokanten und sehr persönlichen Buch beschreibt er seine Reifung als Künstler und die Entwicklung seiner naturalistischen Weltanschauung. Während der Streit zwischen Religion und Wissenschaft häufig aus extremen Blickwinkeln dargestellt wird, zeigt sein Buch neue, detaillierte Einsichten zu der immerwährenden Debatte um Atheismus und den Sinn des Lebens. Es ist ein Buch für jeden, der sich schon einmal gefragt hat, ob Gott wirklich existiert.

Migration in World History

Author: Patrick Manning
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415311489
Release Date: 2005
Genre: History

This fascinating study traces the connections among regions brought about by the movement of people, diseases, crops, technology and ideas. Drawing on examples from a wide range of geographical regions and thematic areas, Manning covers: * earliest human migrations, including the earliest hominids, their development and spread, and the controversy surrounding the rise of homo sapiens * the rise and spread of major language groups * examination of civilizations, farmers and pastoralists from 3000 BCE to 500 CE * trade patterns including the early Silk Road and maritime trade in the Mediterranean and Indian Ocean * the effect of migration on empire and industry between 1700 and 1900 * the resurgence of migration in the later twentieth century, including movement to cities, refugees and diasporas.

Mapping Cultures

Author: L. Roberts
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781137025050
Release Date: 2012-05-29
Genre: Social Science

An interdisciplinary collection exploring the practices and cultures of mapping in the arts, humanities and social sciences. It features contributions from scholars in critical cartography, social anthropology, film and cultural studies, literary studies, art and visual culture, marketing, museum studies, architecture, and popular music studies.

Mapping the Invisible Landscape

Author: Kent C. Ryden
Publisher: University of Iowa Press
ISBN: 1587292084
Release Date: 1993
Genre: Literary Criticism

Any landscape has an unseen component: a subjective component of experience, memory, and narrative which people familiar with the place understand to be an integral part of its geography but which outsiders may not suspect the existence of—unless they listen and read carefully. This invisible landscape is make visible though stories, and these stories are the focus of this engrossing book.Traveling across the invisible landscape in which we imaginatively dwell, Kent Ryden—himself a most careful listener and reader—asks the following questions. What categories of meaning do we read into our surroundings? What forms of expression serve as the most reliable maps to understanding those meanings? Our sense of any place, he argues, consists of a deeply ingrained experiential knowledge of its physical makeup; an awareness of its communal and personal history; a sense of our identity as being inextricably bound up with its events and ways of life; and an emotional reaction, positive or negative, to its meanings and memories.Ryden demonstrates that both folk and literary narratives about place bear a striking thematic and stylistic resemblance. Accordingly, Mapping the Invisible Landscape examines both kinds of narratives. For his oral materials, Ryden provides an in-depth analysis of narratives collected in the Coeur d'Alene mining district in the Idaho panhandle; for his consideration of written works, he explores the “essay of place,” the personal essay which takes as its subject a particular place and a writer's relationship to that place.Drawing on methods and materials from geography, folklore, and literature, Mapping the Invisible Landscape offers a broadly interdisciplinary analysis of the way we situate ourselves imaginatively in the landscape, the way we inscribe its surface with stories. Written in an extremely engaging style, this book will lead its readers to an awareness of the vital role that a sense of place plays in the formation of local cultures, to an understanding of the many-layered ways in which place interacts with individual lives, and to renewed appreciation of the places in their own lives and landscapes.

Ancestors and Relatives

Author: Eviatar Zerubavel
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199912315
Release Date: 2011-11-04
Genre: Social Science

Genealogy has long been one of humanity's greatest obsessions. But with the rise of genetics, and increasing media attention to it through programs like Who Do You Think You Are? and Faces of America, we are now told that genetic markers can definitively tell us who we are and where we came from. The problem, writes Eviatar Zerubavel, is that biology does not provide us with the full picture. After all, he asks, why do we consider Barack Obama black even though his mother was white? Why did the Nazis believe that unions of Germans and Jews would produce Jews rather than Germans? In this provocative book, he offers a fresh understanding of relatedness, showing that its social logic sometimes overrides the biological reality it supposedly reflects. In fact, rather than just biological facts, social traditions of remembering and classifying shape the way we trace our ancestors, identify our relatives, and delineate families, ethnic groups, nations, and species. Furthermore, genealogies are more than mere records of history. Drawing on a wide range of evidence, Zerubavel introduces such concepts as braiding, clipping, pasting, lumping, splitting, stretching, and pruning to shed light on how we manipulate genealogies to accommodate personal and collective agendas of inclusion and exclusion. Rather than simply find out who our ancestors were and identify our relatives, we actually construct the genealogical narratives that make them our ancestors and relatives. An eye-opening re-examination of our very notion of relatedness, Ancestors and Relatives offers a new way of understanding family, ethnicity, nationhood, race, and humanity.

Anarchie und Evolution

Author: Greg Graffin
Publisher: Riva Verlag
ISBN: 9783864130274
Release Date: 2011-10-13
Genre: Science

Viele kennen Greg Graffin als Frontmann der Punkrockband Bad Religion. Nur wenige wissen, dass er ein naturwissenschaftliches Studium mit dem Doktorgrad abgeschlossen hat und an der Universität von Kalifornien in Los Angeles Evolutionsbiologie lehrt. In War Darwin ein Punk? schlägt Graffin eine Brücke zwischen Kunst und Wissenschaft. Als Jugendlicher - in einer Zeit, als er "jede Nacht Drogen, Sex und Ärger hätte haben können" - entdeckte Graffin, dass das Studium der Evolution ihm eine Grundstruktur für den Sinn des Lebens aufzeigte. In diesem provokanten und sehr persönlichen Buch beschreibt er seine Reifung als Künstler und die Entwicklung seiner naturalistischen Weltanschauung. Während der Streit zwischen Religion und Wissenschaft häufig aus extremen Blickwinkeln dargestellt wird, zeigt sein Buch neue, detaillierte Einsichten zu der immerwährenden Debatte um Atheismus und den Sinn des Lebens. Es ist ein Buch für jeden, der sich schon einmal gefragt hat, ob Gott wirklich existiert.

Brain Mapping

Author: Arthur W. Toga
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 0126925453
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Medical

The "sequel" to "Brain Mapping: The Methods", covers the utlization of methods for the study of brain structure and function. Organized by systems, it presents information on the normal as well as the diseased brain. It integrates the various methodolgies with appropriate usage.

Techniques in Epilepsy Surgery

Author: André Olivier
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107378223
Release Date: 2012-02-09
Genre: Medical

Techniques in Epilepsy Surgery presents the operative procedures used in the treatment of intractable epilepsy in a practical, clinically relevant manner. Founded by pioneering neurosurgeon Wilder Penfield, the Montreal Neurological Institute (MNI) is a leading global centre of epilepsy surgery and this volume reflects the Institute's approach, combining traditional techniques with modern neuronavigation-based approaches. There is an emphasis on mastering the important trilogy of topographic, vascular and functional anatomy of the brain. The basic anatomical and physiological mechanisms underlying epilepsy are presented in a practical manner, along with the clinical seizure evaluation that leads to a surgical hypothesis. The consultation skills and investigations necessary for appropriate patient selection are discussed, as well as pitfalls and the avoidance of complications. This is an invaluable resource not only for neurosurgeons, neurosurgical residents and fellows in epilepsy surgery, but also for neurologists, and others who provide medical care for patients with intractable epilepsy.

Das Buch des Wandels

Author: Matthias Horx
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 9783641039059
Release Date: 2010-06-23
Genre: Social Science

Sind Sie bereit für eine aufregende Reise durch die Geschichte unserer Zukunft? Wir sind viel besser darin, mit Veränderungen umzugehen und Neues auszuprobieren, als viele befürchten. Matthias Horx zeigt in seiner Auseinandersetzung mit der Geschichte des Wandels von Menschen und Gesellschaften, dass gerade Krisenzeiten den Blick klären. Ein großer gesellschaftspolitischer Wurf von Matthias Horx, der es wie kein anderer versteht, mit historischem Bewusstsein darüber nachzudenken, wie wir künftig leben wollen. Wir reden täglich über die Veränderungen, denen wir ausgesetzt sind, über den rasenden Wandel der Globalisierung oder den rasanten Wandel der Technologie. Viele fürchten sich vor Veränderungen, weil sie einen Verlust an Gewissheiten und Sicherheit erwarten. Aber wie funktioniert Wandel im Alltag, in der Gesellschaft, bei jedem Einzelnen wirklich, und was bedeutet er für jeden von uns? Matthias Horx schlägt einen Bogen von den Jäger- und Sammlerkulturen bis zur hochkomplexen Welt von heute, um zu zeigen, wie die Menschheit Herausforderungen bewältigt hat oder wann und warum eine Gesellschaft – wie etwa das Volk der Maya – scheiterte. Leicht und anschaulich schildert er auf der Grundlage der neuesten Erkenntnisse aus Psychologie, Verhaltensökonomie, Glücksforschung und den Neurowissenschaften, was es im Großen wie im Kleinen braucht, um die Welt neu zu erfinden und den Wandel als Chance zu begreifen. Ein kluges, spannendes und höchst zeitgemäßes Buch gegen die Angst vor der Zukunft!

Genetic and Metabolic Disease in Pediatrics

Author: June K. Lloyd
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 9781483161013
Release Date: 2014-04-24
Genre: Medical

Genetic and Metabolic Disease in Pediatrics is a compendium of papers that discusses the problems of inborn diseases in terms of homeostasis. One paper traces "backward" from the disease phenotype to discover and investigate the gene, as well as moves "forward" from mutation in DNA to discover phenotypes or proteins connected with the disease. Specific genes are assigned to particular places (loci) on chromosomes that can manifest the presence or type of disease. Another paper examines a classical disease—osteogenesis imperfecta—pointing out that the aberrant collagen of osteogenesis imperfecta reflects mutation at chromosomes 7 and 17. Another paper shows that in osteogenesis imperfecta, Mendelian phenotypes lead to genes and their products as being involved in critical aspects of protein traffic in human cells. Several papers examine the inborn errors of metabolism covering the lacticacidemias, urea synthesis, the hyperphenylalaninaemias, and the hyperlipidaemias. Other papers investigate the effects of metabolic dishomeostasis caused by variant maternal genotypes on fetal development, the "androgen pathway, its known Mendelian variants

Anatomies A Cultural History of the Human Body

Author: Hugh Aldersey-Williams
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 9780393348842
Release Date: 2014-05-19
Genre: Science

Combining science, history, and culture, explores every aspect of human anatomy from ancient body art to modern plastic surgery, discussing why some people are left-handed and why some cultures think the soul resides in the liver.

Mapping Our Ancestors

Author: Carl P. Lipo
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 0202367282
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Social Science

Much of what we are comes from our ancestors. Through cultural and biological inheritance mechanisms, our genetic composition, instructions for constructing artifacts, the structure and content of languages, and rules for behavior are passed from parents to children and from individual to individual. Mapping Our Ancestors demonstrates how various genealogical or "phylogenetic" methods can be used both to answer questions about human history and to build evolutionary explanations for the shape of history. Anthropologists are increasingly turning to quantitative phylogenetic methods. These methods depend on the transmission of information regardless of mode and as such are applicable to many anthropological questions. In this way, phylogenetic approaches have the potential for building bridges among the various subdisciplines of anthropology; an exciting prospect indeed. The structure of Mapping Our Ancestors reflects the editors' goal of developing a common understanding of the methods and conditions under which ancestral relations can be derived in a range of data classes of interest to anthropologists. Specifically, this volume explores the degree to which patterns of ancestry can be determined from artifactual, genetic, linguistic, and behavioral data and how processes such as selection, transmission, and geography impact the results of phylogenetic analyses. Mapping Our Ancestors provides a solid demonstration of the potential of phylogenetic methods for studying the evolutionary history of human populations using a variety of data sources and thus helps explain how cultural material, language, and biology came to be as they are. Carl P. Lipo is assistant professor of anthropology at California State University in Long Beach. Michael O'Brien is professor of anthropology and director of the Museum of Anthropology at the University of Missouri. Mark Collard is assistant professor of anthropology at the University of British Columbia, Stephen J. Shennan is a professor and director of the Institute of Archaeology at the University College London. Niles Eldredge is a curator in the department of invertebrates at the American Museum of Natural History, and adjunct professor at the City University of New York.

Mapping Latin America

Author: Jordana Dym
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226618227
Release Date: 2011-09-28
Genre: History

For many, a map is nothing more than a tool used to determine the location or distribution of something—a country, a city, or a natural resource. But maps reveal much more: to really read a map means to examine what it shows and what it doesn’t, and to ask who made it, why, and for whom. The contributors to this new volume ask these sorts of questions about maps of Latin America, and in doing so illuminate the ways cartography has helped to shape this region from the Rio Grande to Patagonia. In Mapping Latin America,Jordana Dym and Karl Offen bring together scholars from a wide range of disciplines to examine and interpret more than five centuries of Latin American maps.Individual chapters take on maps of every size and scale and from a wide variety of mapmakers—from the hand-drawn maps of Native Americans, to those by famed explorers such as Alexander von Humboldt, to those produced in today’s newspapers and magazines for the general public. The maps collected here, and the interpretations that accompany them, provide an excellent source to help readers better understand how Latin American countries, regions, provinces, and municipalities came to be defined, measured, organized, occupied, settled, disputed, and understood—that is, how they came to have specific meanings to specific people at specific moments in time. The first book to deal with the broad sweep of mapping activities across Latin America, this lavishly illustrated volume will be required reading for students and scholars of geography and Latin American history, and anyone interested in understanding the significance of maps in human cultures and societies.