150,000 years of human existence have passed, and yet what do we really know about our history before the advent of writing? Some of the most momentous events - including our origins, our migrations across the globe, and our acquisition of language - were lost in the darkness of 'prehistory'. But at last geneticists and other scientists are piecing together a history - the true story of Adam and Eve. Mapping Human History is nothing less than a 'history of prehistory'. Steve Olson travelled through four continents to discover the development of humans and our expansion throughout the planet. He describes, for example, new thinking about how centres of agriculture sprang up among disparate foraging societies at roughly the same time. He tells why most of us can claim Julius Caesar and Confucius among our forebears. He pinpoints why the ways in which the story of the Jewish people jibes with, and diverges from, biblical accounts. And using very recent genetic findings, he explodes the myth that human races are a biological reality.
Author: L. Roberts
Release Date: 2012-05-29
Genre: Social Science
An interdisciplinary collection exploring the practices and cultures of mapping in the arts, humanities and social sciences. It features contributions from scholars in critical cartography, social anthropology, film and cultural studies, literary studies, art and visual culture, marketing, museum studies, architecture, and popular music studies.
Author: Patrick Manning
Publisher: Psychology Press
Release Date: 2005
This fascinating study traces the connections among regions brought about by the movement of people, diseases, crops, technology and ideas. Drawing on examples from a wide range of geographical regions and thematic areas, Manning covers: * earliest human migrations, including the earliest hominids, their development and spread, and the controversy surrounding the rise of homo sapiens * the rise and spread of major language groups * examination of civilizations, farmers and pastoralists from 3000 BCE to 500 CE * trade patterns including the early Silk Road and maritime trade in the Mediterranean and Indian Ocean * the effect of migration on empire and industry between 1700 and 1900 * the resurgence of migration in the later twentieth century, including movement to cities, refugees and diasporas.
Author: Ralph D. Hermansen
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2018-06-26
Genre: Social Science
Down from the Trees: Man’s Amazing Transition from Tree-Dwelling Ape Ancestors covers the evolution of man from tree-dwelling ape to Homo sapiens as he is today. Using easy-to-read language, the author takes complex, jargon-filled material and extracts the essence of the topic and coveys it in a clear and engaging manner. He approaches the subject of human evolution from three different disciplines: fossil evidence and its interpretation, evolutionary theory and its applicability, and genetic evidence and its ability to unlock prehistoric information. The third discipline has advanced unbelievably in the last few years, and this book includes the most up-to-date research. There is nothing more interesting to humans than the story of their origins. The evolutionary process of a tree-dwelling ape becoming a walking, talking man who has developed the technology to walk on the moon, transplant hearts, or modify living things is no trivial story. This book provides a fascinating and comprehensive view of what science has learned of human evolution.
This book provides an essential insight into the practices and ideas of maps and map-making. It draws on a wide range of social theorists, and theorists of maps and cartography, to show how maps and map-making have shaped the spaces in which we live. Going beyond the focus of traditional cartography, the book draws on examples of the use of maps from the sixteenth century to the present, including their role in projects of the national and colonial state, emergent capitalism and the planetary consciousness of the natural sciences. It also considers the use of maps for military purposes, maps that have coded modern conceptions of health, disease and social character, and maps of the transparent human body and the transparent earth.
Author: Gunnar G. Sevelius, M.D.
Release Date: 2013-10-08
Human society, as we know it, goes back some 200,000 years to a time when we learned to speak and communicate our thoughts. The “Nine Pillars of History” are defined from nine basic requirements for a healthy and prosperous society during the following 190,000 years of Hunting and Gathering. Sexuality, a fundamental human need that goes even further back in history than society, had to be mitigated with a social rule: The Golden Rule. The “Nine Pillars of History” are used as non-political common denominators to judge the political evolution of some thirty major countries or cultures. In addition, the Pillars are partnered with the Golden Rule to explore five world religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam. The relevance of The Nine Pillars of History is proven by the fact that they exist intergraded across multiple societies since the dawn of time and are still relevant for our modern world. This historical review reveals that dogmatic religions and harsh politics have caused 10,000 years of war by challenging the relevance of “The Nine Pillars of History”. Dr. Sevelius gives his views as nonpolitical, nonreligious thoughts. Each paragraph has been numbered to offer an easy to use reference system for community discussion of specific statements. “The Nine Pillars of History” gives you, Dear Friend and Reader, a vision for peace. As Dr. Sevelius respectfully borrows President Lincoln’s enduring truth, “that governments of the people, by the people and for the people shall not perish from the earth”.
Author: Eviatar Zerubavel
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2011-11-04
Genre: Social Science
Genealogy has long been one of humanity's greatest obsessions. But with the rise of genetics, and increasing media attention to it through programs like Who Do You Think You Are? and Faces of America, we are now told that genetic markers can definitively tell us who we are and where we came from. The problem, writes Eviatar Zerubavel, is that biology does not provide us with the full picture. After all, he asks, why do we consider Barack Obama black even though his mother was white? Why did the Nazis believe that unions of Germans and Jews would produce Jews rather than Germans? In this provocative book, he offers a fresh understanding of relatedness, showing that its social logic sometimes overrides the biological reality it supposedly reflects. In fact, rather than just biological facts, social traditions of remembering and classifying shape the way we trace our ancestors, identify our relatives, and delineate families, ethnic groups, nations, and species. Furthermore, genealogies are more than mere records of history. Drawing on a wide range of evidence, Zerubavel introduces such concepts as braiding, clipping, pasting, lumping, splitting, stretching, and pruning to shed light on how we manipulate genealogies to accommodate personal and collective agendas of inclusion and exclusion. Rather than simply find out who our ancestors were and identify our relatives, we actually construct the genealogical narratives that make them our ancestors and relatives. An eye-opening re-examination of our very notion of relatedness, Ancestors and Relatives offers a new way of understanding family, ethnicity, nationhood, race, and humanity.
Author: Arthur W. Toga
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date: 2000
The "sequel" to "Brain Mapping: The Methods", covers the utlization of methods for the study of brain structure and function. Organized by systems, it presents information on the normal as well as the diseased brain. It integrates the various methodolgies with appropriate usage.
Author: June K. Lloyd
Release Date: 2014-04-24
Genetic and Metabolic Disease in Pediatrics is a compendium of papers that discusses the problems of inborn diseases in terms of homeostasis. One paper traces "backward" from the disease phenotype to discover and investigate the gene, as well as moves "forward" from mutation in DNA to discover phenotypes or proteins connected with the disease. Specific genes are assigned to particular places (loci) on chromosomes that can manifest the presence or type of disease. Another paper examines a classical disease—osteogenesis imperfecta—pointing out that the aberrant collagen of osteogenesis imperfecta reflects mutation at chromosomes 7 and 17. Another paper shows that in osteogenesis imperfecta, Mendelian phenotypes lead to genes and their products as being involved in critical aspects of protein traffic in human cells. Several papers examine the inborn errors of metabolism covering the lacticacidemias, urea synthesis, the hyperphenylalaninaemias, and the hyperlipidaemias. Other papers investigate the effects of metabolic dishomeostasis caused by variant maternal genotypes on fetal development, the "androgen pathway, its known Mendelian variants
Author: Carl P. Lipo
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Social Science
Much of what we are comes from our ancestors. Through cultural and biological inheritance mechanisms, our genetic composition, instructions for constructing artifacts, the structure and content of languages, and rules for behavior are passed from parents to children and from individual to individual. Mapping Our Ancestors demonstrates how various genealogical or "phylogenetic" methods can be used both to answer questions about human history and to build evolutionary explanations for the shape of history. Anthropologists are increasingly turning to quantitative phylogenetic methods. These methods depend on the transmission of information regardless of mode and as such are applicable to many anthropological questions. In this way, phylogenetic approaches have the potential for building bridges among the various subdisciplines of anthropology; an exciting prospect indeed. The structure of Mapping Our Ancestors reflects the editors' goal of developing a common understanding of the methods and conditions under which ancestral relations can be derived in a range of data classes of interest to anthropologists. Specifically, this volume explores the degree to which patterns of ancestry can be determined from artifactual, genetic, linguistic, and behavioral data and how processes such as selection, transmission, and geography impact the results of phylogenetic analyses. Mapping Our Ancestors provides a solid demonstration of the potential of phylogenetic methods for studying the evolutionary history of human populations using a variety of data sources and thus helps explain how cultural material, language, and biology came to be as they are. Carl P. Lipo is assistant professor of anthropology at California State University in Long Beach. Michael O'Brien is professor of anthropology and director of the Museum of Anthropology at the University of Missouri. Mark Collard is assistant professor of anthropology at the University of British Columbia, Stephen J. Shennan is a professor and director of the Institute of Archaeology at the University College London. Niles Eldredge is a curator in the department of invertebrates at the American Museum of Natural History, and adjunct professor at the City University of New York.
Author: Jordana Dym
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Release Date: 2011-09-28
For many, a map is nothing more than a tool used to determine the location or distribution of something—a country, a city, or a natural resource. But maps reveal much more: to really read a map means to examine what it shows and what it doesn’t, and to ask who made it, why, and for whom. The contributors to this new volume ask these sorts of questions about maps of Latin America, and in doing so illuminate the ways cartography has helped to shape this region from the Rio Grande to Patagonia. In Mapping Latin America,Jordana Dym and Karl Offen bring together scholars from a wide range of disciplines to examine and interpret more than five centuries of Latin American maps.Individual chapters take on maps of every size and scale and from a wide variety of mapmakers—from the hand-drawn maps of Native Americans, to those by famed explorers such as Alexander von Humboldt, to those produced in today’s newspapers and magazines for the general public. The maps collected here, and the interpretations that accompany them, provide an excellent source to help readers better understand how Latin American countries, regions, provinces, and municipalities came to be defined, measured, organized, occupied, settled, disputed, and understood—that is, how they came to have specific meanings to specific people at specific moments in time. The first book to deal with the broad sweep of mapping activities across Latin America, this lavishly illustrated volume will be required reading for students and scholars of geography and Latin American history, and anyone interested in understanding the significance of maps in human cultures and societies.
Author: Jeremy Black
Publisher: DK Publishing (Dorling Kindersley)
Release Date: 2008
The history of the world - in a new compact edition. From the rise and fall of empires to the birth of nations, culture and conflict, explore the history of our world, from early man to the 21st century. Key era overviews build up a story of the changing world through the centuries using maps and charts, looking at empires, trade and migrations, while historical developments are examined continent-by-continent and region by region, complemented by revealing timelines. A continental overview introduces each regional history, concentrating on the development of national boundaries, languages, religion, culture and the infrastructure of each continent. Covers key world issues including the AIDS epidemic in Africa, human trafficking, al-Qaeda and the 'War on Terror'. Visit www.dk.com/worldfactfile to find out more about the world's 193 countries, from maps and historical information to up-to-date statistics.
Author: Vinayak Chaturvedi
Publisher: Verso Books
Release Date: 2012-11-13
Genre: Political Science
Inspired by Antonio Gramsci’s writings on the history of subaltern classes, the authors in Mapping Subaltern Studies and the Postcolonial sought to contest the elite histories of Indian nationalists by adopting the paradigm of “history from below.” Later on, the project shifted from its social history origins by drawing upon an eclectic group of thinkers that included Edward Said, Roland Barthes, Michel Foucault, and Jacques Derrida. This book provides a comprehensive balance sheet of the project and its developments, including Ranajit Guha’s original subaltern studies manifesto, Partha Chatterjee, Dipesh Chakrabarty, and Gayatri Spivak.
Author: Vinayak Chaturvedi
Publisher: Verso Books
Release Date: 2012-11-13
Part of Verso’s classic Mapping series that collects the most important writings on key topics in a changing world. Inspired by Antonio Gramsci’s writings on the history of subaltern classes, the authors in Mapping Subaltern Studies and the Postcolonial sought to contest the elite histories of Indian nationalists by adopting the paradigm of ‘history from below’. Later on, the project shifted from its social history origins by drawing upon an eclectic group of thinkers that included Edward Said, Roland Barthes, Michel Foucault, and Jacques Derrida. This book provides a comprehensive balance sheet of the project and its developments, including Ranajit Guha’s original subaltern studies manifesto, Partha Chatterjee, Dipesh Chakrabarty and Gayatri Spivak.
Author: André Olivier
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2012-02-09
Techniques in Epilepsy Surgery presents the operative procedures used in the treatment of intractable epilepsy in a practical, clinically relevant manner. Founded by pioneering neurosurgeon Wilder Penfield, the Montreal Neurological Institute (MNI) is a leading global centre of epilepsy surgery and this volume reflects the Institute's approach, combining traditional techniques with modern neuronavigation-based approaches. There is an emphasis on mastering the important trilogy of topographic, vascular and functional anatomy of the brain. The basic anatomical and physiological mechanisms underlying epilepsy are presented in a practical manner, along with the clinical seizure evaluation that leads to a surgical hypothesis. The consultation skills and investigations necessary for appropriate patient selection are discussed, as well as pitfalls and the avoidance of complications. This is an invaluable resource not only for neurosurgeons, neurosurgical residents and fellows in epilepsy surgery, but also for neurologists, and others who provide medical care for patients with intractable epilepsy.