Mapping Human History

Author: Steve Olson
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781408859605
Release Date: 2014-09-14
Genre: Science

150,000 years of human existence have passed, and yet what do we really know about our history before the advent of writing? Some of the most momentous events - including our origins, our migrations across the globe, and our acquisition of language - were lost in the darkness of 'prehistory'. But at last geneticists and other scientists are piecing together a history - the true story of Adam and Eve. Mapping Human History is nothing less than a 'history of prehistory'. Steve Olson travelled through four continents to discover the development of humans and our expansion throughout the planet. He describes, for example, new thinking about how centres of agriculture sprang up among disparate foraging societies at roughly the same time. He tells why most of us can claim Julius Caesar and Confucius among our forebears. He pinpoints why the ways in which the story of the Jewish people jibes with, and diverges from, biblical accounts. And using very recent genetic findings, he explodes the myth that human races are a biological reality.

Anarchie und Evolution

Author: Greg Graffin
Publisher: Riva Verlag
ISBN: 9783864130274
Release Date: 2011-10-13
Genre: Science

Viele kennen Greg Graffin als Frontmann der Punkrockband Bad Religion. Nur wenige wissen, dass er ein naturwissenschaftliches Studium mit dem Doktorgrad abgeschlossen hat und an der Universität von Kalifornien in Los Angeles Evolutionsbiologie lehrt. In War Darwin ein Punk? schlägt Graffin eine Brücke zwischen Kunst und Wissenschaft. Als Jugendlicher - in einer Zeit, als er "jede Nacht Drogen, Sex und Ärger hätte haben können" - entdeckte Graffin, dass das Studium der Evolution ihm eine Grundstruktur für den Sinn des Lebens aufzeigte. In diesem provokanten und sehr persönlichen Buch beschreibt er seine Reifung als Künstler und die Entwicklung seiner naturalistischen Weltanschauung. Während der Streit zwischen Religion und Wissenschaft häufig aus extremen Blickwinkeln dargestellt wird, zeigt sein Buch neue, detaillierte Einsichten zu der immerwährenden Debatte um Atheismus und den Sinn des Lebens. Es ist ein Buch für jeden, der sich schon einmal gefragt hat, ob Gott wirklich existiert.

Das Gen

Author: Siddhartha Mukherjee
Publisher:
ISBN: 3596032350
Release Date: 2019-02-20
Genre:


Die Macht der Geographie

Author: Tim Marshall
Publisher: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag
ISBN: 9783423428569
Release Date: 2015-11-20
Genre: History

Wie Geografie Geschichte macht Weltpolitik ist auch Geopolitik. Alle Regierungen, alle Staatschefs unterliegen den Zwängen der Geographie. Berge und Ebenen, Flüsse, Meere, Wüsten setzen ihrem Entscheidungsspielraum Grenzen. Um Geschichte und Politik zu verstehen, muss man selbstverständlich die Menschen, die Ideen, die Einstellungen kennen. Aber wenn man die Geographie nicht mit einbezieht, bekommt man kein vollständiges Bild. Zum Beispiel Russland: Von den Moskauer Großfürsten über Iwan den Schrecklichen, Peter den Großen und Stalin bis hin zu Wladimir Putin sah sich jeder russische Staatschef denselben geostrategischen Problemen ausgesetzt, egal ob im Zarismus, im Kommunismus oder im kapitalistischen Nepotismus. Die meisten Häfen frieren immer noch ein halbes Jahr zu. Nicht gut für die Marine. Die nordeuropäische Tiefebene von der Nordsee bis zum Ural ist immer noch flach. Jeder kann durchmarschieren. Russland, China, die USA, Europa, Afrika, Lateinamerika, der Nahe Osten, Indien und Pakistan, Japan und Korea, die Arktis und Grönland: In zehn Kapiteln zeigt Tim Marshall, wie die Geographie die Weltpolitik beeinflusst und beeinflusst hat.

The World Through Maps

Author: John R. Short
Publisher: Firefly Books
ISBN: 1552978117
Release Date: 2003
Genre: History

The author explores the colorful history of mapmaking, taking readers on a fascinating tour of the ideas and idealism that influenced cartography, from the Greeks who used information gleaned from Alexander the Great's conquests to improve their maps to the medievalists, who lost the Greek knowledge of the spherical earth.

Mapping Cultures

Author: L. Roberts
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781137025050
Release Date: 2012-05-29
Genre: Social Science

An interdisciplinary collection exploring the practices and cultures of mapping in the arts, humanities and social sciences. It features contributions from scholars in critical cartography, social anthropology, film and cultural studies, literary studies, art and visual culture, marketing, museum studies, architecture, and popular music studies.

Migration in World History

Author: Patrick Manning
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415311489
Release Date: 2005
Genre: History

This fascinating study traces the connections among regions brought about by the movement of people, diseases, crops, technology and ideas. Drawing on examples from a wide range of geographical regions and thematic areas, Manning covers: * earliest human migrations, including the earliest hominids, their development and spread, and the controversy surrounding the rise of homo sapiens * the rise and spread of major language groups * examination of civilizations, farmers and pastoralists from 3000 BCE to 500 CE * trade patterns including the early Silk Road and maritime trade in the Mediterranean and Indian Ocean * the effect of migration on empire and industry between 1700 and 1900 * the resurgence of migration in the later twentieth century, including movement to cities, refugees and diasporas.

Mapping the Invisible Landscape

Author: Kent C. Ryden
Publisher: University of Iowa Press
ISBN: 1587292084
Release Date: 1993
Genre: Literary Criticism

Any landscape has an unseen component: a subjective component of experience, memory, and narrative which people familiar with the place understand to be an integral part of its geography but which outsiders may not suspect the existence of—unless they listen and read carefully. This invisible landscape is make visible though stories, and these stories are the focus of this engrossing book.Traveling across the invisible landscape in which we imaginatively dwell, Kent Ryden—himself a most careful listener and reader—asks the following questions. What categories of meaning do we read into our surroundings? What forms of expression serve as the most reliable maps to understanding those meanings? Our sense of any place, he argues, consists of a deeply ingrained experiential knowledge of its physical makeup; an awareness of its communal and personal history; a sense of our identity as being inextricably bound up with its events and ways of life; and an emotional reaction, positive or negative, to its meanings and memories.Ryden demonstrates that both folk and literary narratives about place bear a striking thematic and stylistic resemblance. Accordingly, Mapping the Invisible Landscape examines both kinds of narratives. For his oral materials, Ryden provides an in-depth analysis of narratives collected in the Coeur d'Alene mining district in the Idaho panhandle; for his consideration of written works, he explores the “essay of place,” the personal essay which takes as its subject a particular place and a writer's relationship to that place.Drawing on methods and materials from geography, folklore, and literature, Mapping the Invisible Landscape offers a broadly interdisciplinary analysis of the way we situate ourselves imaginatively in the landscape, the way we inscribe its surface with stories. Written in an extremely engaging style, this book will lead its readers to an awareness of the vital role that a sense of place plays in the formation of local cultures, to an understanding of the many-layered ways in which place interacts with individual lives, and to renewed appreciation of the places in their own lives and landscapes.

Ancestors and Relatives

Author: Eviatar Zerubavel
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199912315
Release Date: 2011-11-04
Genre: Social Science

Genealogy has long been one of humanity's greatest obsessions. But with the rise of genetics, and increasing media attention to it through programs like Who Do You Think You Are? and Faces of America, we are now told that genetic markers can definitively tell us who we are and where we came from. The problem, writes Eviatar Zerubavel, is that biology does not provide us with the full picture. After all, he asks, why do we consider Barack Obama black even though his mother was white? Why did the Nazis believe that unions of Germans and Jews would produce Jews rather than Germans? In this provocative book, he offers a fresh understanding of relatedness, showing that its social logic sometimes overrides the biological reality it supposedly reflects. In fact, rather than just biological facts, social traditions of remembering and classifying shape the way we trace our ancestors, identify our relatives, and delineate families, ethnic groups, nations, and species. Furthermore, genealogies are more than mere records of history. Drawing on a wide range of evidence, Zerubavel introduces such concepts as braiding, clipping, pasting, lumping, splitting, stretching, and pruning to shed light on how we manipulate genealogies to accommodate personal and collective agendas of inclusion and exclusion. Rather than simply find out who our ancestors were and identify our relatives, we actually construct the genealogical narratives that make them our ancestors and relatives. An eye-opening re-examination of our very notion of relatedness, Ancestors and Relatives offers a new way of understanding family, ethnicity, nationhood, race, and humanity.

A Troublesome Inheritance

Author: Nicholas Wade
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 9780698163799
Release Date: 2014-05-06
Genre: Science

Drawing on startling new evidence from the mapping of the genome, an explosive new account of the genetic basis of race and its role in the human story Fewer ideas have been more toxic or harmful than the idea of the biological reality of race, and with it the idea that humans of different races are biologically different from one another. For this understandable reason, the idea has been banished from polite academic conversation. Arguing that race is more than just a social construct can get a scholar run out of town, or at least off campus, on a rail. Human evolution, the consensus view insists, ended in prehistory. Inconveniently, as Nicholas Wade argues in A Troublesome Inheritance, the consensus view cannot be right. And in fact, we know that populations have changed in the past few thousand years—to be lactose tolerant, for example, and to survive at high altitudes. Race is not a bright-line distinction; by definition it means that the more human populations are kept apart, the more they evolve their own distinct traits under the selective pressure known as Darwinian evolution. For many thousands of years, most human populations stayed where they were and grew distinct, not just in outward appearance but in deeper senses as well. Wade, the longtime journalist covering genetic advances for The New York Times, draws widely on the work of scientists who have made crucial breakthroughs in establishing the reality of recent human evolution. The most provocative claims in this book involve the genetic basis of human social habits. What we might call middle-class social traits—thrift, docility, nonviolence—have been slowly but surely inculcated genetically within agrarian societies, Wade argues. These “values” obviously had a strong cultural component, but Wade points to evidence that agrarian societies evolved away from hunter-gatherer societies in some crucial respects. Also controversial are his findings regarding the genetic basis of traits we associate with intelligence, such as literacy and numeracy, in certain ethnic populations, including the Chinese and Ashkenazi Jews. Wade believes deeply in the fundamental equality of all human peoples. He also believes that science is best served by pursuing the truth without fear, and if his mission to arrive at a coherent summa of what the new genetic science does and does not tell us about race and human history leads straight into a minefield, then so be it. This will not be the last word on the subject, but it will begin a powerful and overdue conversation. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Count Down

Author: Steve Olson
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 0618562125
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Education

Follows six American high school students on the quest for glory in the Olympics of math competitions--The International Mathematical Olympiad.

Anarchie und Evolution

Author: Greg Graffin
Publisher: Riva Verlag
ISBN: 9783864130274
Release Date: 2011-10-13
Genre: Science

Viele kennen Greg Graffin als Frontmann der Punkrockband Bad Religion. Nur wenige wissen, dass er ein naturwissenschaftliches Studium mit dem Doktorgrad abgeschlossen hat und an der Universität von Kalifornien in Los Angeles Evolutionsbiologie lehrt. In War Darwin ein Punk? schlägt Graffin eine Brücke zwischen Kunst und Wissenschaft. Als Jugendlicher - in einer Zeit, als er "jede Nacht Drogen, Sex und Ärger hätte haben können" - entdeckte Graffin, dass das Studium der Evolution ihm eine Grundstruktur für den Sinn des Lebens aufzeigte. In diesem provokanten und sehr persönlichen Buch beschreibt er seine Reifung als Künstler und die Entwicklung seiner naturalistischen Weltanschauung. Während der Streit zwischen Religion und Wissenschaft häufig aus extremen Blickwinkeln dargestellt wird, zeigt sein Buch neue, detaillierte Einsichten zu der immerwährenden Debatte um Atheismus und den Sinn des Lebens. Es ist ein Buch für jeden, der sich schon einmal gefragt hat, ob Gott wirklich existiert.

Brain Mapping

Author: Arthur W. Toga
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 0126925453
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Medical

The "sequel" to "Brain Mapping: The Methods", covers the utlization of methods for the study of brain structure and function. Organized by systems, it presents information on the normal as well as the diseased brain. It integrates the various methodolgies with appropriate usage.

Techniques in Epilepsy Surgery

Author: André Olivier
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107378223
Release Date: 2012-02-09
Genre: Medical

Techniques in Epilepsy Surgery presents the operative procedures used in the treatment of intractable epilepsy in a practical, clinically relevant manner. Founded by pioneering neurosurgeon Wilder Penfield, the Montreal Neurological Institute (MNI) is a leading global centre of epilepsy surgery and this volume reflects the Institute's approach, combining traditional techniques with modern neuronavigation-based approaches. There is an emphasis on mastering the important trilogy of topographic, vascular and functional anatomy of the brain. The basic anatomical and physiological mechanisms underlying epilepsy are presented in a practical manner, along with the clinical seizure evaluation that leads to a surgical hypothesis. The consultation skills and investigations necessary for appropriate patient selection are discussed, as well as pitfalls and the avoidance of complications. This is an invaluable resource not only for neurosurgeons, neurosurgical residents and fellows in epilepsy surgery, but also for neurologists, and others who provide medical care for patients with intractable epilepsy.