Author: Committee on the Effectiveness of International and National Measures to Prevent and Reduce Marine Debris and Its Impacts
Publisher: National Academies Press
Release Date: 2008-12-17
Marine debris from ships and other ocean-based sources-including trash and lost fishing gear-contributes to the spoiling of beaches, fouling of surface waters and the seafloor, and harm to marine animals, among other effects. Unfortunately, international conventions and domestic laws intended to control marine debris have not been successful, in part because the laws, as written, provide little incentive to change behavior. This book identifies ways to reduce waste, improve waste disposal at ports, and strengthen the regulatory framework toward a goal of zero waste discharge into the marine environment. Progress will depend on a commitment to sustained funding and appropriate institutional support. The Interagency Marine Debris Coordinating Committee should, through planning and prioritization, target research to understand the sources, fates, and impacts of marine debris. It should support the establishment of scalable and statistically rigorous protocols that allow monitoring at a variety of temporal and spatial scales. These protocols should contain evaluative metrics that allow assessment of progress in marine debris mitigation. The United States, through leadership in the international arena, should provide technical assistance and support for the establishment of additional monitoring and research programs worldwide.
Each year approximately 6.4 million tons of waste reach our oceans. The consequences of this pollutant are manifold and encompass environmental, economic and potentially also human health impacts. The book is the first monography to address regulatory responses to marine litter in a comprehensive way. The author analyses the applicable regulatory instruments addressing the introduction of marine litter and identifies gaps and loopholes in the regulatory systems of international and European law applicable to the four seas surrounding the European Union. Based on a factual discussion of the sources and impacts of marine litter, these instruments are systematically studied and reflected with a view to their effectiveness to prevent its introduction. Marine litter stands symbolic for the use of resources and the findings of the monography can be used as recommendations to address this issue.
Author: International Maritime Organization
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Political Science
The Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) of IMO, at its sixty-second session in July 2011, adopted the Revised MARPOL Annex V, concerning Regulations for the prevention of pollution by garbage from ships, which enters into force on 1 January 2013. The associated guidelines which assist States and industry in the implementation of MARPOL Annex V have been reviewed and updated and two Guidelines were adopted in March 2012 at MEPC's sixty-third session. The 2012 edition of this publication contains: the 2012 Guidelines for the implementation of MARPOL Annex V (resolution MEPC.219(63)); the 2012 Guidelines for the development of garbage management plans (resolution MEPC.220(63)); and the Revised MARPOL Annex V (resolution MEPC.201(62)).
Author: United States. Coast Guard Auxiliary
Release Date: 1996-01-01
Genre: Boats and boating
This self-paced independent study guide is for those interested in safe, legal boating. It includes navigational and safe operating rules, boat equipment and safety devices, emergency equipment and procedures, personal limitations and responsibilities, boating laws, and regulations and licenses.
Author: TWISS JOHN R
Publisher: Smithsonian Inst Press
Release Date: 1999-09-17
"Providing insight into issues that involve a complex mixture of scientific, social, economic, and political considerations, Conservation and Management of Marine Mammals is a valuable reference for students, scientists, conservationists, and policymakers."--BOOK JACKET.
Release Date: 1988
Genre: Environmental law
Current developments: a weekly review of pollution control and related environmental management problems -- Decisions (later published in bound volumes. Environment reporter. Cases) --Monographs -- Federal laws -- Federal regulations --State air laws -- State water laws -- State solid waste, land use laws -- Mining.