Author: Tim Stretton
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Release Date: 2013-12-01
Explaining the curious legal doctrine of "coverture," William Blackstone famously declared that "by marriage, husband and wife are one person at law." This "covering" of a wife's legal identity by her husband meant that the greatest subordination of women to men developed within marriage. In England and its colonies, generations of judges, legislators, and husbands invoked coverture to limit married women's rights and property, but there was no monolithic concept of coverture and their justifications shifted to fit changing times: Were husband and wife lord and subject? Master and servant? Guardian and ward? Or one person at law? The essays in Married Women and the Law offer new insights into the legal effects of marriage for women from medieval to modern times. Focusing on the years prior to the passage of the Divorce Acts and Married Women's Property Acts in the late nineteenth century, contributors examine a variety of jurisdictions in the common law world, from civil courts to ecclesiastical and criminal courts. By bringing together studies of several common law jurisdictions over a span of centuries, they show how similar legal rules persisted and developed in different environments. This volume reveals not only legal changes and the women who creatively used or subverted coverture, but also astonishing continuities. Accessibly written and coherently presented, Married Women and the Law is an important look at the persistence of one of the longest lived ideas in British legal history. Contributors include Sara M. Butler (Loyola), Marisha Caswell (Queen’s), Mary Beth Combs (Fordham), Angela Fernandez (Toronto), Margaret Hunt (Amherst), Kim Kippen (Toronto), Natasha Korda (Wesleyan), Lindsay Moore (Boston), Barbara J. Todd (Toronto), and Danaya C. Wright (Florida).
Release Date: 2018-04-05
The twelve essays in Crossing Borders: Boundaries and Margins in Medieval and Early Modern Britain examine marches and margins as jurisdictional, legal, and social expressions of power, building upon the scholarship of Professor Cynthia J. Neville.
Social and economic histories of the long eighteenth century have largely ignored women as a class of landowners and improvers. 1700 to 1830 was a period in which the landscape of large swathes of the English Midlands was reshaped – both materially and imaginatively – by parliamentary enclosure and a bundle of other new practices. Outside the Midlands too, local landscapes were remodelled in line with the improving ideals of the era. Yet while we know a great deal about the men who pushed forward schemes for enclosure and sponsored agricultural improvement, far less is known about the role played by female landowners and farmers and their contributions to landscape change. Drawing on examples from across Georgian England, Elite Women and the Agricultural Landscape, 1700–1830 offers a detailed study of elite women’s relationships with landed property, specifically as they were mediated through the lens of their estate management and improvement. This highly original book provides an explicitly feminist historical geography of the eighteenth-century English rural landscape. It addresses important questions about propertied women’s role in English rural communities and in Georgian society more generally, whilst contributing to wider cultural debates about women’s place in the environmental, social and economic history of Britain. It will be of interest to those working in Historical and Cultural Geography, Social, Economic and Cultural History, Women’s Studies, Gender Studies and Landscape Studies.
Looking at the experiences of women in early modern Portugal in the context of crime and forgiveness, this study demonstrates the extent to which judicial and quasi-judicial records can be used to examine the implications of crime in women’s lives, whether as victims or culprits. The foundational basis for this study is two sets of manuscript sources that highlight two distinct yet connected experiences of women as participants in the criminal process. One consists of a collection of archival documents from the first half of the seventeenth century, a corpus called 'querelas,' in which formal accusations of criminal acts were registered. This is a rich source of information not only about the types of crimes reported, but also the process that plaintiffs had to follow to deal with their cases. The second primary source consists of a sampling of documents known as the ‘perdão de parte.’ The term refers to the victim’s pardon, unique to the Iberian Peninsula, which allowed individuals implicated in serious conflicts to have a voice in the judicial process. By looking at a sample of these pardons, found in notary collections from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Abreu-Ferreira is able to show the extent to which women exercised their agency in a legal process that was otherwise male-dominated.
For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.
Author: Mary Lyndon Shanley
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Release Date: 1993
Bridging the fields of political theory and history, this comprehensive study of Victorian reforms in marriage law reshapes our understanding of the feminist movement of that period. As Mary Shanley shows, Victorian feminists argued that justice for women would not follow from public rights alone, but required a fundamental transformation of the marriage relationship.
Der Räuberbräutigam erzählt die himmelschreiend komische Liebesgeschichte der schönen Rosamond und des Räubers Jamie Lockhart. Eudora Weltys Roman schlägt eine völlig neue und überbordend einfallsreiche Richtung in der Fantasy ein. Drei Reisende steigen in einem Gasthaus am Mississippi ab und teilen sich ein Bett. Am nächsten Morgen hält einer von ihnen seine Schlafgenossen für Geister und springt mit einem großen Satz aus dem Fenster. »Den sehen wir nie wieder«, sagt der blonde Jamie Lockhart und überlegt, wie man die Goldstücke des verschwundenen Bettgenossen teilen könnte. Der Tabakpflanzer Clement lädt Jamie daraufhin für den nächsten Sonntagabend in sein Haus ein. Just an diesem Tag wird Clements Tochter, die schöne Rosamond, von einem Räuber mit rußgeschwärztem Gesicht verführt. Ihr Vater beauftragt seinen neuen Freund Jamie damit, die Untat zu rächen ...
Leila ist nicht ihr richtiger Name. Doch was die Muslimin erzählt, ist bittere Realität für tausende Frauen auf der ganzen Welt: In eine hoch angesehene Familie geboren, wird Leila mit 21 Jahren gegen ihren Willen verheiratet. Ihr Mann ist nicht nur beinahe doppelt so alt wie sie, sie hat ihn auch noch nie zuvor gesehen - und sie kann ihn nicht lieben. Dennoch muss sie sich ihrem Vater und der Tradition unterwerfen. Die Ehe wird für die junge Frau zur Hölle. Jeden Tag ist sie körperlicher und seelischer Gewalt ausgesetzt. Aber Leila gibt nicht auf und erkämpft sich schließlich, was in unserer westlichen Welt so selbstverständlich erscheint: ihre Freiheit.