Mastering Formative Assessment Moves

Author: Brent Duckor
Publisher: ASCD
ISBN: 9781416622628
Release Date: 2017-06-27
Genre: Education

How do you know if students are with you at the beginning, middle, and end of a lesson? Can formative assessment offer a key to better teaching and learning during instruction? What if you could blend different formative assessment moves in your classroom, with intention and care for all students, to help make better instructional decisions on the fly and enjoy more teachable moments? Educators Brent Duckor and Carrie Holmberg invite you on the journey to becoming a formative assessor. They encourage you to focus on these seven research-based, high-leverage formative assessment moves: ▪ Priming--building on background knowledge and creating a formative assessment–rich, equitable classroom culture ▪ Posing--asking questions in relation to learning targets across the curriculum that elicit Habits of Mind ▪ Pausing--waiting after powerful questions and rich tasks to encourage more student responses by supporting them to think aloud and use speaking and listening skills related to academic language ▪ Probing--deepening discussions, asking for elaborations, and making connections using sentence frames and starters ▪ Bouncing--sampling student responses systematically to broaden participation, manage flow of conversation, and gather more “soft data” for instructional use ▪ Tagging--describing and recording student responses without judgment and making public how students with different styles and needs approach learning in real-time ▪ Binning--interpreting student responses with a wide range of tools, categorizing misconceptions and “p-prims,” and using classroom generated data to make more valid and reliable instructional decisions on next steps in the lesson and unit Each chapter explores a classroom-tested move, including foundational research, explaining how and when to best use it, and describing what it looks like in practice. Highlights include case studies, try-now tasks and tips, and advice from beginning and seasoned teachers who use these formative assessment moves in their classrooms.

Mastering Formative Assessment Moves

Author: Brent Duckor
Publisher: ASCD
ISBN: 9781416624783
Release Date: 2017-06-27
Genre: Education

How do you know if students are with you at the beginning, middle, and end of a lesson? Can formative assessment offer a key to better teaching and learning during instruction? What if you could blend different formative assessment moves in your classroom, with intention and care for all students, to help make better instructional decisions on the fly and enjoy more teachable moments? Educators Brent Duckor and Carrie Holmberg invite you on the journey to becoming a formative assessor. They encourage you to focus on these seven research-based, high-leverage formative assessment moves: ▪ Priming--building on background knowledge and creating a formative assessment–rich, equitable classroom culture ▪ Posing--asking questions in relation to learning targets across the curriculum that elicit Habits of Mind ▪ Pausing--waiting after powerful questions and rich tasks to encourage more student responses by supporting them to think aloud and use speaking and listening skills related to academic language ▪ Probing--deepening discussions, asking for elaborations, and making connections using sentence frames and starters ▪ Bouncing--sampling student responses systematically to broaden participation, manage flow of conversation, and gather more “soft data” for instructional use ▪ Tagging--describing and recording student responses without judgment and making public how students with different styles and needs approach learning in real-time ▪ Binning--interpreting student responses with a wide range of tools, categorizing misconceptions and “p-prims,” and using classroom generated data to make more valid and reliable instructional decisions on next steps in the lesson and unit Each chapter explores a classroom-tested move, including foundational research, explaining how and when to best use it, and describing what it looks like in practice. Highlights include case studies, try-now tasks and tips, and advice from beginning and seasoned teachers who use these formative assessment moves in their classrooms.

On Formative Assessment

Author: Marge Scherer
Publisher: ASCD
ISBN: 9781416622925
Release Date: 2016-07-13
Genre: Education

This collection of articles from Educational Leadership pulls together some of the best pieces on formative assessment and feedback that will help educators understand how to best use the data they have at their fingertips. The authors tell fellow educators about how to use formative assessment to shape the next phase of instruction and how to look for patterns in students’ assessments and assignments—the mistakes students frequently make and the signals that tell what individuals need, what groups of kids need, and what the whole class needs.

What Teachers Really Need to Know About Formative Assessment

Author: Laura Greenstein
Publisher: ASCD
ISBN: 9781416612223
Release Date: 2010-07-13
Genre: Education

What does formative assessment look like, and when should I use it? What kind of planning does it require, and what kinds of data does it generate? How will formative assessment improve my teaching and help my students succeed in a standards-based environment? How does it relate to my application of multiple intelligences theory, to differentiated instruction, and to everything else I'm already doing in my classroom? In this volume, author Laura Greenstein has gathered what you really need to know in order to make formative assessment a seamless part of your everyday practice. Emphasizing formative assessment application in secondary schools but applicable to teachers of all grade levels and all subject areas, this book provides * Straightforward answers to teachers' most frequently asked questions * Dozens of strategies for measuring student understanding and diagnosing learning needs before, during, and after instruction * Illustrations of formative assessment across the content areas, from math to language arts to science to social studies to health and physical education * Guidance on making data-informed instructional adjustments * Sample templates for organizing assessment data to track both whole-class and individual progress toward identified goals * Case studies to illustrate effective and ineffective formative assessment and deepen your understanding If you're looking to take formative assessment from theory to practice--and from practice to genuine learning improvement--this is the place to begin.

How to Create and Use Rubrics for Formative Assessment and Grading

Author: Susan M. Brookhart
Publisher: ASCD
ISBN: 9781416615071
Release Date: 2013-01-01
Genre: Education

What is a rubric? A rubric is a coherent set of criteria for student work that describes levels of performance quality. Sounds simple enough, right? Unfortunately, rubrics are commonly misunderstood and misused. The good news is that when rubrics are created and used correctly, they are strong tools that support and enhance classroom instruction and student learning. In this comprehensive guide, author Susan M. Brookhart identifies two essential components of effective rubrics: (1) criteria that relate to the learning (not the "tasks") that students are being asked to demonstrate and (2) clear descriptions of performance across a continuum of quality. She outlines the difference between various kinds of rubrics (for example, general versus task-specific, and analytic versus holistic), explains when using each type of rubric is appropriate, and highlights examples from all grade levels and assorted content areas. In addition, Brookhart addresses * Common misconceptions about rubrics; * Important differences between rubrics and other assessment tools such as checklists and rating scales, and when such alternatives can be useful; and * How to use rubrics for formative assessment and grading, including standards-based grading and report card grades. Intended for educators who are already familiar with rubrics as well as those who are not, this book is a complete resource for writing effective rubrics and for choosing wisely from among the many rubrics that are available on the Internet and from other sources. And it makes the case that rubrics, when used appropriately, can improve outcomes by helping teachers teach and helping students learn.

Checking for Understanding

Author: Douglas Fisher
Publisher: ASCD
ISBN: 9781416619222
Release Date: 2015-12-18
Genre: Education

A teacher presents a lesson, and at the end asks students if they understand the material. The students nod and say they get it. Later, the teacher is dismayed when many of the students fail a test on the material. Why aren’t students getting it? And, just as important, why didn’t the teacher recognize the problem? In Checking for Understanding, Douglas Fisher and Nancy Frey show how to increase students’ understanding with the help of creative formative assessments. When used regularly, formative assessments enable every teacher to determine what students know and what they still need to learn. Fisher and Frey explore a variety of engaging activities that check for and increase understanding, including interactive writing, portfolios, multimedia presentations, audience response systems, and much more. This new 2nd edition of Checking for Understanding has been updated to reflect the latest thinking in formative assessment and to show how the concepts apply in the context of Fisher and Frey’s work on gradual release of responsibility, guided instruction, formative assessment systems, data analysis, and quality instruction. Douglas Fisher and Nancy Frey are the creators of the Framework for Intentional and Targeted (FIT) Teaching™. They are also the authors of numerous ASCD books, including The Formative Assessment Action Plan: Practical Steps to More Successful Teaching and Learning and the best-selling Enhancing RTI: How to Ensure Success with Effective Classroom Instruction and Intervention.

Never Work Harder Than Your Students and Other Principles of Great Teaching

Author: Robyn R. Jackson
Publisher: ASCD
ISBN: 9781416612261
Release Date: 2010-08-13
Genre: Education

Is great teaching a gift that only a few of us are born with, or is it a skill that can be learned? In Never Work Harder Than Your Students, Robyn Jackson makes a radical assertion: Any teacher can become a master teacher by developing a master teacher mindset. The master teacher mindset can be achieved by rigorously applying seven principles to your teaching until they become your automatic response to students in the classroom. The more you practice these seven principles, the more you begin to think like a master teacher: 1. Start where your students are. 2. Know where your students are going. 3. Expect to get your students to their goal. 4. Support your students along the way. 5. Use feedback to help you and your students get better. 6. Focus on quality rather than quantity. 7. Never work harder than your students. Using these principles, Jackson shows you how to become a master teacher no matter where you are in your practice. Each chapter provides a detailed explanation of one of the mastery principles, the steps you need to take to apply them to your own practice, and suggestions for how you can begin practicing the principle in your classroom right away. Jackson offers stories from her own teaching practice, as well as from other teachers she has helped, to show you how each principle works. Teaching is a hard job, but using Jackson’s principles will help you and your students reap the rich rewards of that hard work.

Embedded Formative Assessment

Author: Dylan Wiliam
Publisher: Solution Tree Press
ISBN: 9781936765010
Release Date: 2011-11-01
Genre: Education

Formative assessment plays an important role in increasing teacher quality and student learning when it’s viewed as a process rather than a tool. Emphasizing the instructional side of formative assessment, this book explores in depth the use of classroom questioning, learning intentions and success criteria, feedback, collaborative and cooperative learning, and self-regulated learning to engineer effective learning environments for students.

Uncovering Student Thinking in Mathematics Grades 6 12

Author: Cheryl M. Rose
Publisher: Corwin Press
ISBN: 9781452295565
Release Date: 2008-06-27
Genre: Education

Discussing standards, research, and more, these 30 probes help secondary teachers assess students' grasp of core mathematics concepts and modify their instruction to improve student achievement.

Advancing Formative Assessment in Every Classroom

Author: Connie M. Moss
Publisher: ASCD
ISBN: 9781416612346
Release Date: 2010-10-04
Genre: Education

Formative assessment is one of the best ways to increase student learning and enhance teacher quality. But effective formative assessment is not part of most classrooms, largely because teachers misunderstand what it is and don't have the necessary skills to implement it. In this practical guide for school leaders, authors Connie M. Moss and Susan M. Brookhart define formative assessment as an active, continual process in which teachers and students work together--every day, every minute--to gather evidence of learning, always keeping in mind three guiding questions: Where am I going? Where am I now? What strategy or strategies can help me get to where I need to go? Chapters focus on the six elements of formative assessment: (1) sharing learning targets and criteria for success, (2) feedback that feeds forward, (3) student goal setting, (4) student self-assessment, (5) strategic teacher questioning, and (6) engaging students in asking effective questions. Using specific examples based on their extensive work with teachers, the authors provide * "Strategic talking points" and "conversation starters" to address common misconceptions about formative assessment; * Practical classroom strategies to share with teachers; * Ways to model the elements of formative assessment in conversations with teachers about their professional learning; * "What if" scenarios and advice for how to deal with them; and * Questions for reflection to gauge understanding and progress. As Moss and Brookhart emphasize, the goal is not to "do" formative assessment, but to embrace a major cultural change that moves away from teacher-led instruction to a "partnership of intentional inquiry" between student and teacher, with better teaching and learning as the outcome.

100 Reproducible Reading Formative Assessments

Author: Tanja S. Brannen
Publisher:
ISBN: 0989669513
Release Date: 2013-10
Genre: Educational tests and measurements

This book is designed so that classroom teachers can quickly ascertain whether or not the students within the class are ready to begin a new reading skill or if they need to continue practicing a reading skill they have not mastered. There are 10 story sets and 100 formative assessments. Each story set is composed of a story and 10 formative assessments that include the following: main idea, supporting details, inferences, cause and effect, comparison and contrast, chronological order, author's purpose and perspective, word analysis, context clues, and synonyms and antonyms. There are nonfiction and fiction reading passages included in this book. Formative reading assessments can be the difference between success and failure for students. Teachers who have successful track records in teaching reading often point to formative reading assessments as being the key to their students' successes. Why are formative reading assessments so valuable? Formative assessments allow teachers to reflect on what has been taught, what has been learned, and whether to move forward with instruction or reteach the lessons. Formative reading assessments can answer the following questions: Have the students mastered the reading skill? Should the reading skill be retaught? What are the students' weakest reading skills? What are the students' strongest reading skills? A great resource that you will use year after year. Questions are designed to support critical thinking skills.

Developing Assessment Capable Visible Learners Grades K 12

Author: Nancy Frey
Publisher: Corwin Press
ISBN: 9781506390611
Release Date: 2018-01-30
Genre: Education

“When students know how to learn, they are able to become their own teachers.” —Nancy Frey, Douglas Fisher, and John Hattie Imagine students who describe their learning in these terms: “I know where I’m going, I have the tools I need for the journey, and I monitor my own progress.” Now imagine the extraordinary difference this type of ownership makes in their progress over the course of a school year. This illuminating book shows how to make this scenario an everyday reality. With its foundation in principles introduced in the authors’ bestselling Visible Learning for Literacy, this resource delves more deeply into the critical component of self-assessment, revealing the most effective types of assessment and how each can motivate students to higher levels of achievement.

Common Formative Assessment

Author: Kim Bailey
Publisher: Solution Tree Press
ISBN: 9781936765157
Release Date: 2011-10-11
Genre: Education

Teams that engage in designing, using, and responding to common formative assessments are more knowledgeable about their own standards, more assessment literate, and able to develop more strategies for helping all students learn. In this conversational guide, the authors offer tools, templates, and protocols to incorporate common formative assessments into the practices of a PLC to monitor and enhance student learning

Transformative Assessment

Author: W. James Popham
Publisher: ASCD
ISBN: 9781416606673
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Education

Testing expert W. James Popham cuts through the jargon and the hype to provide the definitive nuts-and-bolts introduction to formative assessment, a process with the power to completely transform teaching and learning. In his inimitable style, Popham explains the research supporting formative assessment's effectiveness and why familiarity with this research is the key to preserving both teacher sanity and district funds. You'll find step-by-step guidance on how to build frameworks for formative assessment and how to carry out each of the process's four levels: teachers' instructional adjustments, students' learning tactic adjustments, a classroom climate shift, and schoolwide implementation. This book is the place to start for educators considering formative assessment, curious about why their school system is embracing formative assessment, or wondering why the "formative assessments" they're using now aren't producing the desired results. Here, you'll learn what formative assessment is and isn't, what it can do and what it can't, and the practical way to reap its very real rewards: better teaching and better learning.