Math in Society

Author: David Lippman
ISBN: 1479276537
Release Date: 2012-09-07

Math in Society is a survey of contemporary mathematical topics, appropriate for a college-level topics course for liberal arts major, or as a general quantitative reasoning course.This book is an open textbook; it can be read free online at Editable versions of the chapters are available as well.

Mathematics in Society and History

Author: S. Restivo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402000391
Release Date: 2001-11-30
Genre: Education

This is the first book by a sociologist devoted exclusively to a general sociology of mathematics. The author provides examples of different ways of thinking about mathematics sociologically. The survey of mathematical traditions covers ancient China, the Arabic-Islamic world, India, and Europe. Following the leads of classical social theorists such as Emile Durkheim, Restivo develops the idea that mathematical concepts and ideas are collective representations, and that it is mathematical communities that create mathematics, not individual mathematicians. The implications of the sociology of mathematics, and especially of pure mathematics, for a sociology of mind are also explored. In general, the author's objective is to explore, conjecture, suggest, and stimulate in order to introduce the sociological perspective on mathematics, and to broaden and deepen the still narrow, shallow path that today carries the sociology of mathematics. This book will interest specialists in the philosophy, history, and sociology of mathematics, persons interested in mathematics education, students of science and society, and people interested in current developments in the social and cultural analysis of science and mathematics.

Concepts of Modern Mathematics

Author: Ian Stewart
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486134956
Release Date: 2012-05-23
Genre: Mathematics

In this charming volume, a noted English mathematician uses humor and anecdote to illuminate the concepts of groups, sets, subsets, topology, Boolean algebra, and other mathematical subjects. 200 illustrations.

Engineering in Society

Author: Panel on Engineering Interactions With Society
Publisher: National Academies
ISBN: NAP:14651
Release Date: 1985-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The National Research Council's Panel on Engineering Interactions with Society was formed to examine the functioning of the engineering profession in the context of, and in relation to, American society. This document presents the findings of the panel. The panel's inquiry was twofold. First, it examined the impact that engineering and technology development has had on the nation, including the impact on societal demands, values, and perceptions on engineering. Next, the panel attempted to assess the structure and development of the engineering profession, and the adaptability of the profession in meeting current and future national needs. Chapters in the document deal with: (1) the evolution of American engineering; (2) the present era (managing change in the information age); (3) engineering and social dynamics; (4) maintaining flexibility in an age of stress and rapid change; and (5) conclusions and recommendations. Appendices include 23 references and a 16-item bibliography, along with an article prepared by Arthur L. Donovan, entitled "Engineering in an Increasingly Complex Society: Historical Perspectives on Education, Practice, and Adaptation in American Engineering." (TW)

Critical Issues in Mathematics Education

Author: Bharath Sriraman
Publisher: IAP
ISBN: 9781607522188
Release Date: 2009-06-01
Genre: Mathematics

The word "critical" in the title of this collection has three meanings, all of which are relevant. One meaning, as applied to a situation or problem, is "at a point of crisis". A second meaning is "expressing adverse or disapproving comments or judgments". A third is related to the verb "to critique", meaning "to analyze the merits and faults of". The authors contributing to this book pose challenging questions, from multiple perspectives, about the roles of mathematics in society and the implications for education. Traditional reasons for teaching mathematics include: preparing a new generation of mathematics researchers and a cadre of technically competent users of mathematics; training students to think logically; and because mathematics is as much part of cultural heritage as literature or music. These reasons remain valid, though open to critique, but a deeper analysis is required that recognizes the roles of mathematics in framing many aspects of contemporary society, that will connect mathematics education to the lived experiences of students, their communities, and society in general, and that acknowledges the global ethical responsibilities of mathematicians and mathematics educators. The book is organized in four sections (1) Mathematics education: For what and why? (2) Globalization and cultural diversity, (3) Mathematics, education, and society and (4) Social justice in, and through, mathematics education The chapters address fundamental issues such as the relevance of school mathematics in people's lives; creating a sense of agency for the field of mathematics education, and redefining the relationship between mathematics as discipline, mathematics as school subject and mathematics as part of people's lives.

New Mathematics Education Research and Practice

Author: Jürgen Maass
Publisher: Sense Publishers
ISBN: 9789077874745
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Education

Mathematics education research has blossomed into many different areas, which we can see in the programmes of the ICME conferences, as well as in the various survey articles in the Handbooks. However, all of these lines of research are trying to grapple with the complexity of the same process of learning mathematics. Although our knowledge of the process is through fragmentation of research more extensive and deeper there is a need to overcome this fragmentation and to see learning as one process with different aspects. To overcome this fragmentation, this book identifies six themes: (1) mathematics, culture and society, (2) the structure of mathematics and its influence on the learning process, (3) mathematics learning as a cognitive process, (4) mathematics learning as a social process, (5) affective conditions of the mathematics learning process, (6) new technologies and mathematics learning. This book is addressed to all researchers in mathematic education. It gives an orientation and overview on what is going on and what are the main results and questions what are important books or papers if further information is needed.

Graph Theory and Its Applications to Problems of Society

Author: Fred S. Roberts
Publisher: SIAM
ISBN: 9780898710267
Release Date: 1978-01-01
Genre: Mathematics

Explores modern topics in graph theory and its applications to problems in transportation, genetics, pollution, perturbed ecosystems, urban services, and social inequalities. The author presents both traditional and relatively atypical graph-theoretical topics to best illustrate applications.

How to Teach Mathematics Second Edition

Author: Steven George Krantz
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821813980
Release Date: 1999
Genre: Mathematics

This expanded edition of the original bestseller, How to Teach Mathematics, offers hands-on guidance for teaching mathematics in the modern classroom setting. Twelve appendices have been added that are written by experts who have a wide range of opinions and viewpoints on the major teaching issues. Eschewing generalities, the award-winning author and teacher, Steven Krantz, addresses issues such as preparation, presentation, discipline, and grading. He also emphasizes specifics--from how to deal with students who beg for extra points on an exam to mastering blackboard technique to how to use applications effectively. No other contemporary book addresses the principles of good teaching in such a comprehensive and cogent manner. The broad appeal of this text makes it accessible to areas other than mathematics. The principles presented can apply to a variety of disciplines--from music to English to business. Lively and humorous, yet serious and sensible, this volume offers readers incisive information and practical applications.

Industrial Mathematics

Author: Avner Friedman
Publisher: SIAM
ISBN: 1611971543
Release Date: 1994
Genre: Mathematics

Industrial mathematics is a fast growing field within the mathematical sciences. It is characterized by the origin of the problems which it engages; they all come from industry: research and development, finances, and communications. The common feature running through this enterprise is the goal of gaining a better understanding of industrial models and processes through mathematical ideas and computations. The authors of this book have undertaken the approach of presenting real industrial problems and their mathematical modeling as a motivation for developing mathematical methods that are needed for solving the problems. With each chapter presenting one important problem that arises in today's industry, and then studying the problem by mathematical analysis and computation, this book introduces the reader to many new ideas and methods from ordinary and partial differential equations, and from integral equations and control theory. It brings the excitement of real industrial problems into the undergraduate mathematical curriculum. The problems selected are accessible to students who have already taken what in many colleges and universities constitutes the first two-year basic Calculus sequence. A working knowledge of Fortran, Pascal, or C language is required.

Transforming Teaching in Math and Science

Author: Adam Gamoran
Publisher: Teachers College Press
ISBN: 0807743097
Release Date: 2003-01-01
Genre: Education

Teachers often want to learn new ideas and approaches to improve their teaching, but their efforts are often blocked by structural constraints in their districts and schools. How can schools overcome these barriers to provide more supportive environments for change? The authors answer this question through the study of six cases of schools and districts where teachers and researchers collaborated to develop teaching for understanding in math and science. This new book features: a new conceptual model of how school resources relate to teaching and learning, focusing not only on material resources such as time and money but also on human and social resources; methods that administrators can use to support teachers who want to improve their teaching of math and science; elements that professional developers should look for in a school environment when they are considering working with staff on teaching improvements; and answers to important questions, including how schools operate as organizations, how they control work, how they respond to changes in their environment, and how they improve classroom teaching and learning.

A Mathematical View of Our World

Author: Harold Parks
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9780495010616
Release Date: 2006-02-10
Genre: Mathematics

A MATHEMATICAL VIEW OF OUR WORLD helps students understand and harness the power of mathematics in their present studies and future careers. Designed for a liberal arts mathematics course that has a strong focus on applications, this student-friendly textbook helps students see the beauty and power of mathematics as it is applied to the world around them. Recognizing that quantitative literacy is essential in an increasing number of professional fields as well as in the daily decision-making and communication of informed citizens, the book develops students’ mathematical self-confidence and prepares them to use mathematics in the future. In writing the book, the authors endeavored to be faithful to the recommendations of such professional mathematics associations as the MAA, AMATYC, and NCTM. Overall, students will recognize the connections, patterns, and significance of the mathematics they study, and see that mathematics has a meaningful place in their lives. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Unity and Disunity and Other Mathematical Essays

Author: Philip J. Davis
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9781470420239
Release Date: 2015
Genre: General -- General and miscellaneous specific topics -- Philosophy of mathematics

This book is a mathematical potpourri. Its material originated in classroom presentations, formal lectures, sections of earlier books, book reviews, or just things written by the author for his own pleasure. Written in a nontechnical fashion, this book expresses the unique vision and attitude of the author towards the role of mathematics in society. It contains observations or incidental remarks on mathematics, its nature, its impacts on education and science and technology, its personalities and philosophies. The book is directed towards the math buffs of the world and, more generally, towards the literate and interested public. Philip Davis is known for his work in numerical analysis and approximation theory, as well as his investigations in the history and philosophy of mathematics. Currently a Professor Emeritus from the Division of Applied Mathematics at Brown University, Davis is known for his books both in the areas of computational mathematics and approximation theory and for books exploring certain questions in the philosophy of mathematics and the role of mathematics in society.

Weapons of Math Destruction

Author: Cathy O'Neil
Publisher: Crown Books
ISBN: 9780553418811
Release Date: 2016
Genre: Big data

"A former Wall Street quantitative analyst sounds an alarm on mathematical modeling, a pervasive new force in society that threatens to undermine democracy and widen inequality, "--NoveList.

Invisible in the Storm

Author: Ian Roulstone
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400846221
Release Date: 2013-02-21
Genre: Science

Invisible in the Storm is the first book to recount the history, personalities, and ideas behind one of the greatest scientific successes of modern times--the use of mathematics in weather prediction. Although humans have tried to forecast weather for millennia, mathematical principles were used in meteorology only after the turn of the twentieth century. From the first proposal for using mathematics to predict weather, to the supercomputers that now process meteorological information gathered from satellites and weather stations, Ian Roulstone and John Norbury narrate the groundbreaking evolution of modern forecasting. The authors begin with Vilhelm Bjerknes, a Norwegian physicist and meteorologist who in 1904 came up with a method now known as numerical weather prediction. Although his proposed calculations could not be implemented without computers, his early attempts, along with those of Lewis Fry Richardson, marked a turning point in atmospheric science. Roulstone and Norbury describe the discovery of chaos theory's butterfly effect, in which tiny variations in initial conditions produce large variations in the long-term behavior of a system--dashing the hopes of perfect predictability for weather patterns. They explore how weather forecasters today formulate their ideas through state-of-the-art mathematics, taking into account limitations to predictability. Millions of variables--known, unknown, and approximate--as well as billions of calculations, are involved in every forecast, producing informative and fascinating modern computer simulations of the Earth system. Accessible and timely, Invisible in the Storm explains the crucial role of mathematics in understanding the ever-changing weather. Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.