The Handbook of Measurement Issues in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Beth M. Huebner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118868782
Release Date: 2016-06-13
Genre: Social Science

This volume of the series was designed to provide a comprehensive primer on the existing best practices and emerging developments in the study and design research on crime and criminology. The work as a whole includes chapters on the measurement of criminal typologies, the offenders, offending and victimization, criminal justice organizations, and specialized measurement techniques. Each chapter is written by experts in the field and they provide an excellent survey of the literature in the relevant area. More importantly, each chapter provides a description of the various methodological and substantive challenges presented in conducting research on these issues and denotes possible solutions to these dilemmas. An emphasis was placed on research that has been conducted outside of the United States and was designed to give the reader a broader more global understanding of the social context of research. The goal of this volume is to provide a definitive reference for professionals in the field, researchers, and students. This volume in the Handbooks in Criminology and Criminal Justice series identifies the principal topical areas of research in this field and summarizes the various methodological and substantive challenges presented in conducting research on these issues. In each chapter, authors provide a summary of the prominent data collection efforts in the topical area, provide an overview of the current methodological work, discuss the challenges in the measurement of central concepts in the subject area, and identify new horizons emerging in data collection and measurement. We encouraged authors to discuss work conducted in an international context and to incorporate discussion of qualitative methodologies when appropriate.

Measurement Issues in Criminology

Author: Kimberly L. Kempf
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461390091
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Social Science

Measurement Issues in Criminology examines the techniques and procedures crucial to successful research. Topics appropriate for specific research designs, data sources, and analytic techniques are identified, as well as topics for which such measurement methods are inappropriate. Subjects explored include ethical obligations and social research, the offender's perspective, longitudinal research design, advantages of time series studies over other procedures when investigating important ques- tions of process and change, and the strength and weakness of studies utilizing secondary data sources.

Measurement issues in criminal justice

Author: Gordon P. Waldo
Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc
ISBN: UCAL:B4508725
Release Date: 1983-10
Genre: Law

Waldo and his colleagues address a problem typical of criminological research: attaining reliability and validity in measuring data obtained under imperfectly controlled conditions. They discuss appropriate operational definitions to use in measuring concepts, the selection of samples, items, and the data collection process -- together with the differing forms of analysis. The book is a copious source of insights into measurement challenges in the social sciences.

The Oxford Handbook of Developmental and Life Course Criminology

Author: David P. Farrington
Publisher: Oxford Handbooks
ISBN: 9780190201371
Release Date: 2018-12-19
Genre: Social Science

Developmental and life-course criminology are both concerned with the study of changes in offending and problem behaviors over time. Developmental studies in criminology focus on psychological factors that influence the onset and persistence of criminal behavior, while life-course studies analyze how changes in social arrangements, like marriage, education or social networks, can lead to changes in offending. Though each perspective is clearly concerned with patterns of offending and problem behavior over time, the literature on each is spread across various disciplines, including criminology & criminal justice, psychology, and sociology. The Oxford Handbook on Developmental and Life-Course Criminology offers the first comprehensive survey of these two approaches together. Edited by three noted authorities in the field, the volume provides in-depth critical reviews of the development of offending, developmental and life-course theories, development correlates and risk/protective factors, life transitions and turning points, and effective developmental interventions from the world's leading scholars. In the first two sections, the contributors provide overviews of specific criminal career parameters, including age-crime curve, prevalence/frequency of offending, and co-offending, and review the main theoretical frameworks in the developmental and life-course criminology areas. They further summarize some of the empirical literature on known developmental correlates and risk/protective factors associated with longitudinal patterns of offending in the next section. The fourth section focuses on life transitions and turning points as they may relate to persistence in-or desistance from-criminal activity into adulthood, while the final section examines the genesis of antisocial, delinquent, and criminal activity, its maintenance, and its cessation. A state of the art overview on the topic, this Handbook aims to be the most authoritative resource on all issues germane to developmental and life-course criminologists and provides next steps for further research.

The Science of Crime Measurement

Author: Martin A. Andresen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781135006266
Release Date: 2014-01-03
Genre: Social Science

Crime statistics are ubiquitous in modern society – but how accurate are they? This book investigates the science of crime measurement focussing on four main questions: how do we count crime? How do we calculate crime rates? Are there other measurements of crime? What are the issues surrounding crime statistics? All too often we take the measurement of crime at face value when there is, in fact, a science behind it. This book specifically deals with issues related to spatially-referenced crime data that are used to analyse crime patterns across the urban environment. The first section of the book considers alternative crime rate calculations. The second section of the book contains a thorough discussion of a measure of crime specialisation. Finally, the third section of the book addresses a number of aggregation issues that are present with such data: crime type aggregations, temporal aggregations of crime data, the stability of crime patterns over time, and the importance of spatial scale. This book builds on a growing body of literature on the science of crime measurement and offers a comprehensive account of this growing subfield of criminology. The book speaks to wider debates in the fields of crime analysis, environmental criminology and crime prevention and will be perfect reading for advanced level undergraduate and graduate students looking to find out more about the measurement of crime.

Kriminologie

Author: Günther Kaiser
Publisher: C.F. Müller GmbH
ISBN: 381146096X
Release Date: 1996-01
Genre: Criminology


Measuring Crime Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Lynn A. Addington
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199805655
Release Date: 2010-05-01
Genre:

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of criminology find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of criminology. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

Prediction in Criminology

Author: David P. Farrington
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 0887060048
Release Date: 1985-01-01
Genre: Social Science

Prediction in Criminology is the first book to bring together a wide variety of articles on prediction research in criminology. It stresses not only substantive findings but also the methodology of prediction research, and demonstrates how similar issues arise in many applications: problems of research design, the choice of predictor and criterion variables, methods of selecting and combining variables into a prediction instrument, measures of predictive efficiency, and external validity or generalizability. The collection includes research from the United States, Canada, and Great Britain and will be of interest to an international audience of policy makers, practitioners, academics, and researchers.

Basics of Research Methods for Criminal Justice and Criminology

Author: Michael G. Maxfield
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133714798
Release Date: 2011-06-22
Genre: Social Science

A concise paperback based on Maxfield/Babbie's best-selling, RESEARCH METHODS FOR CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND CRIMINOLOGY, this 'basics' version combines accessibility and a conversational writing style with Michael G. Maxfield's expertise in criminology and criminal justice. In fewer than 400 pages, BASICS OF RESEARCH METHODS FOR CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND CRIMINOLOGY, 3e introduces students to the core of criminal justice research. It utilizes the most current, real data and features coverage of such key issues as ethics, causation, validity, field research, research design, and more. The Third Edition includes expanded coverage of web-based research and how to access and utilize new CJ data sets. Balancing coverage of both qualitative and quantitative methods, the text is packed with real-world examples, practical applications, and Internet research exercises. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Research Methods for Criminal Justice and Criminology

Author: Michael G. Maxfield
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285965536
Release Date: 2014-02-28
Genre: Social Science

Now with even more real-world examples throughout and comprehensive coverage of qualitative methods, the Seventh Edition of the market-leading RESEARCH METHODS FOR CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND CRIMINOLOGY combines the scholarship, accuracy, and conversational tone of Earl Babbie's best-selling THE PRACTICE OF SOCIAL RESEARCH with Mike Maxfield's expertise in criminology and criminal justice. Providing the most comprehensive, authoritative introduction to criminal justice research available today--and enhanced by new examples, research, applications, and built-in study tools--this edition continues its focus on getting students to DO research. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Measurement Problems in Criminal Justice Research

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309086356
Release Date: 2003-01-18
Genre: Law

Most major crime in this country emanates from two major data sources. The FBI’s Uniform Crime Reports has collected information on crimes known to the police and arrests from local and state jurisdictions throughout the country. The National Crime Victimization Survey, a general population survey designed to cover the extent, nature, and consequences of criminal victimization, has been conducted annually since the early1970s. This workshop was designed to consider similarities and differences in the methodological problems encountered by the survey and criminal justice research communities and what might be the best focus for the research community. In addition to comparing and contrasting the methodological issues associated with self-report surveys and official records, the workshop explored methods for obtaining accurate self-reports on sensitive questions about crime events, estimating crime and victimization in rural counties and townships and developing unbiased prevalence and incidence rates for rate events among population subgroups.

Criminology

Author: Eamonn Carrabine
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415281679
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Law

Covering all the major areas of the subject, this introduction to criminology features specific topics such as the history and theory of criminology and categories of crime.

Sociology in Perspective

Author: Mark Kirby
Publisher: Heinemann
ISBN: 0435331604
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Sociology

This text, specifically for AQA specifications, is designed to be easy and encouraging for students to use. The book contains updated material and activities together with a new chapter on study skills. It also indicates clearly where activities meet the new evidence requirements for key skills.