MedCalc Manual

Author: Frank Schoonjans
ISBN: 1520321570
Release Date: 2017-01-04

MedCalc statistical software manual. This edition covers version 17 of the software.

Practical Statistics for Medical Research

Author: Douglas G. Altman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0412276305
Release Date: 1990-11-22
Genre: Mathematics

Most medical researchers, whether clinical or non-clinical, receive some background in statistics as undergraduates. However, it is most often brief, a long time ago, and largely forgotten by the time it is needed. Furthermore, many introductory texts fall short of adequately explaining the underlying concepts of statistics, and often are divorced from the reality of conducting and assessing medical research. Practical Statistics for Medical Research is a problem-based text for medical researchers, medical students, and others in the medical arena who need to use statistics but have no specialized mathematics background. The author draws on twenty years of experience as a consulting medical statistician to provide clear explanations to key statistical concepts, with a firm emphasis on practical aspects of designing and analyzing medical research. The text gives special attention to the presentation and interpretation of results and the many real problems that arise in medical research.

6th International Conference on the Development of Biomedical Engineering in Vietnam BME6

Author: Toi Vo Van
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789811043611
Release Date: 2017-09-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Under the motto “Healthcare Technology for Developing Countries” this book publishes many topics which are crucial for the health care systems in upcoming countries. The topics include Cyber Medical Systems Medical Instrumentation Nanomedicine and Drug Delivery Systems Public Health Entrepreneurship This proceedings volume offers the scientific results of the 6th International Conference on the Development of Biomedical Engineering in Vietnam, held in June 2016 at Ho Chi Minh City.

Statistics with Confidence

Author: Douglas Altman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118702505
Release Date: 2013-06-03
Genre: Medical

This highly popular introduction to confidence intervals has been thoroughly updated and expanded. It includes methods for using confidence intervals, with illustrative worked examples and extensive guidelines and checklists to help the novice.

Introduction to Meta Analysis

Author: Michael Borenstein
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781119964377
Release Date: 2011-08-24
Genre: Medical

This book provides a clear and thorough introduction to meta-analysis, the process of synthesizing data from a series of separate studies. Meta-analysis has become a critically important tool in fields as diverse as medicine, pharmacology, epidemiology, education, psychology, business, and ecology. Introduction to Meta-Analysis: Outlines the role of meta-analysis in the research process Shows how to compute effects sizes and treatment effects Explains the fixed-effect and random-effects models for synthesizing data Demonstrates how to assess and interpret variation in effect size across studies Clarifies concepts using text and figures, followed by formulas and examples Explains how to avoid common mistakes in meta-analysis Discusses controversies in meta-analysis Features a web site with additional material and exercises A superb combination of lucid prose and informative graphics, written by four of the world’s leading experts on all aspects of meta-analysis. Borenstein, Hedges, Higgins, and Rothstein provide a refreshing departure from cookbook approaches with their clear explanations of the what and why of meta-analysis. The book is ideal as a course textbook or for self-study. My students, who used pre-publication versions of some of the chapters, raved about the clarity of the explanations and examples. David Rindskopf, Distinguished Professor of Educational Psychology, City University of New York, Graduate School and University Center, & Editor of the Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics. The approach taken by Introduction to Meta-analysis is intended to be primarily conceptual, and it is amazingly successful at achieving that goal. The reader can comfortably skip the formulas and still understand their application and underlying motivation. For the more statistically sophisticated reader, the relevant formulas and worked examples provide a superb practical guide to performing a meta-analysis. The book provides an eclectic mix of examples from education, social science, biomedical studies, and even ecology. For anyone considering leading a course in meta-analysis, or pursuing self-directed study, Introduction to Meta-analysis would be a clear first choice. Jesse A. Berlin, ScD Introduction to Meta-Analysis is an excellent resource for novices and experts alike. The book provides a clear and comprehensive presentation of all basic and most advanced approaches to meta-analysis. This book will be referenced for decades. Michael A. McDaniel, Professor of Human Resources and Organizational Behavior, Virginia Commonwealth University

An Introduction to the Bootstrap

Author: Bradley Efron
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0412042312
Release Date: 1994-05-15
Genre: Mathematics

Statistics is a subject of many uses and surprisingly few effective practitioners. The traditional road to statistical knowledge is blocked, for most, by a formidable wall of mathematics. The approach in An Introduction to the Bootstrap avoids that wall. It arms scientists and engineers, as well as statisticians, with the computational techniques they need to analyze and understand complicated data sets.

Biostatistical Methods

Author: John M. Lachin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118625842
Release Date: 2014-08-22
Genre: Mathematics

Praise for the First Edition ". . . an excellent textbook . . . an indispensable reference for biostatisticians and epidemiologists." —International Statistical Institute A new edition of the definitive guide to classical and modern methods of biostatistics Biostatistics consists of various quantitative techniques that are essential to the description and evaluation of relationships among biologic and medical phenomena. Biostatistical Methods: The Assessment of Relative Risks, Second Edition develops basic concepts and derives an expanded array of biostatistical methods through the application of both classical statistical tools and more modern likelihood-based theories. With its fluid and balanced presentation, the book guides readers through the important statistical methods for the assessment of absolute and relative risks in epidemiologic studies and clinical trials with categorical, count, and event-time data. Presenting a broad scope of coverage and the latest research on the topic, the author begins with categorical data analysis methods for cross-sectional, prospective, and retrospective studies of binary, polychotomous, and ordinal data. Subsequent chapters present modern model-based approaches that include unconditional and conditional logistic regression; Poisson and negative binomial models for count data; and the analysis of event-time data including the Cox proportional hazards model and its generalizations. The book now includes an introduction to mixed models with fixed and random effects as well as expanded methods for evaluation of sample size and power. Additional new topics featured in this Second Edition include: Establishing equivalence and non-inferiority Methods for the analysis of polychotomous and ordinal data, including matched data and the Kappa agreement index Multinomial logistic for polychotomous data and proportional odds models for ordinal data Negative binomial models for count data as an alternative to the Poisson model GEE models for the analysis of longitudinal repeated measures and multivariate observations Throughout the book, SAS is utilized to illustrate applications to numerous real-world examples and case studies. A related website features all the data used in examples and problem sets along with the author's SAS routines. Biostatistical Methods, Second Edition is an excellent book for biostatistics courses at the graduate level. It is also an invaluable reference for biostatisticians, applied statisticians, and epidemiologists.

Survival Analysis

Author: John P. Klein
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781475727289
Release Date: 2013-06-29
Genre: Medical

Making complex methods more accessible to applied researchers without an advanced mathematical background, the authors present the essence of new techniques available, as well as classical techniques, and apply them to data. Practical suggestions for implementing the various methods are set off in a series of practical notes at the end of each section, while technical details of the derivation of the techniques are sketched in the technical notes. This book will thus be useful for investigators who need to analyse censored or truncated life time data, and as a textbook for a graduate course in survival analysis, the only prerequisite being a standard course in statistical methodology.

Practical Nonparametric Statistics

Author: W. J. Conover
ISBN: 0471168513
Release Date: 1971
Genre: Mathematics

Probability theory; Statistical inference; Some tests based on the binomial distribution; Contingency tables; The use of ranks; Statistics of the kolmogorov-smirnov type; Some miscellaneous tests.

Statistical Analysis of Questionnaires

Author: Francesco Bartolucci
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781466568501
Release Date: 2015-07-23
Genre: Mathematics

Statistical Analysis of Questionnaires: A Unified Approach Based on R and Stata presents special statistical methods for analyzing data collected by questionnaires. The book takes an applied approach to testing and measurement tasks, mirroring the growing use of statistical methods and software in education, psychology, sociology, and other fields. It is suitable for graduate students in applied statistics and psychometrics and practitioners in education, health, and marketing. The book covers the foundations of classical test theory (CTT), test reliability, validity, and scaling as well as item response theory (IRT) fundamentals and IRT for dichotomous and polytomous items. The authors explore the latest IRT extensions, such as IRT models with covariates, multidimensional IRT models, IRT models for hierarchical and longitudinal data, and latent class IRT models. They also describe estimation methods and diagnostics, including graphical diagnostic tools, parametric and nonparametric tests, and differential item functioning. Stata and R software codes are included for each method. To enhance comprehension, the book employs real datasets in the examples and illustrates the software outputs in detail. The datasets are available on the authors’ web page.

Handbook of Parametric and Nonparametric Statistical Procedures Fifth Edition

Author: David J. Sheskin
Publisher: Chapman and Hall/CRC
ISBN: 1439858012
Release Date: 2011-04-27
Genre: Mathematics

Following in the footsteps of its bestselling predecessors, the Handbook of Parametric and Nonparametric Statistical Procedures, Fifth Edition provides researchers, teachers, and students with an all-inclusive reference on univariate, bivariate, and multivariate statistical procedures. New in the Fifth Edition: Substantial updates and new material throughout New chapters on path analysis, meta-analysis, and structural equation modeling Index numbers and time series analysis applications in business and economics Statistical quality control applications in industry Random- and fixed-effects models for the analysis of variance Broad in scope, the Handbook is intended for individuals involved in a wide spectrum of academic disciplines encompassing the fields of mathematics, the social, biological, and environmental sciences, business, and education. A reference for statistically sophisticated individuals, the Handbook is also accessible to those lacking the theoretical or mathematical background required for understanding subject matter typically documented in statistics reference books.

Methods and Designs for Outcomes Research

Author: Elinor C. G. Chumney
Publisher: ASHP
ISBN: 9781585281114
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Medical

Outcomes research seeks to understand the end results of particular health care practices and interventions. By linking the care patients receive to the outcomes they experience, outcomes research has become the key to developing better ways to monitor and improve the quality of care. Methods and Designs for Outcomes Research introduces clinical professionals and students to common statistical methods and study designs used in pharmacoepidemiology and outcomes research, as well as issues related to the measurement, analysis, and interpretation of results of clinical trials and outcomes studies. This easy to read text will guide the reader to: Critically read published papers that incorporate patient outcome and cost measures Understand the strengths and limitations of controlled trials, observational, quasi-experimental, and epidemiological designs, and the contribution of integrative modeling studies used to estimate outcomes for specific patient groups in the short and long term. Each chapter focuses on the interpretation of results, providing a framework that the reader can use to better understand and assess research as they decide whether to incorporate the findings within their practices.

Neutron and X ray Optics

Author: Jay Theodore Cremer, Jr.
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 9780124071599
Release Date: 2013-02-18
Genre: Science

Covering a wide range of topics related to neutron and x-ray optics, this book explores the aspects of neutron and x-ray optics and their associated background and applications in a manner accessible to both lower-level students while retaining the detail necessary to advanced students and researchers. It is a self-contained book with detailed mathematical derivations, background, and physical concepts presented in a linear fashion. A wide variety of sources were consulted and condensed to provide detailed derivations and coverage of the topics of neutron and x-ray optics as well as the background material needed to understand the physical and mathematical reasoning directly related or indirectly related to the theory and practice of neutron and x-ray optics. The book is written in a clear and detailed manner, making it easy to follow for a range of readers from undergraduate and graduate science, engineering, and medicine. It will prove beneficial as a standalone reference or as a complement to textbooks. Supplies a historical context of covered topics. Detailed presentation makes information easy to understand for researchers within or outside the field. Incorporates reviews of all relevant literature in one convenient resource.

Scientific Data Analysis

Author: Richard L. Jr. Branham
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461233626
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics

This monograph is concerned with overdetermined systems, inconsistent systems with more equations than unknowns, in scientific data reduction. It is not a text on statistics, numerical methods, or matrix cOmputations, although elements of all three, especially the latter, enter into the discussion. The reader I have in mind is a scientist or engineer who has gathered data that he or she wants to model by a mathematical system, perhaps linear, perhaps nonlinear, and solve to obtain the best estimates, in some sense of the term "best," of various parameters. Because the calculations will be performed on a digital computer, the first chapter discusses floating-point numbers and their effect on mathematical operations. The chapter ends with some methods for accurately summing floating-point numbers, an operation frequently required in numerical work and one often done by the worst possible method, recursive summation. Chapter 2 gives a brief review of linear algebra and includes vector and matrix norms and condition numbers of matrices and linear systems. ' Chapter 3 presents some ideas for manipulating sparse matrices. Frequently, time or memory can be saved by use of sparse matrix techniques. The subject is extensive and the chapter is only indicative of the many techniques available. Although Chapter 3 is somewhat extraneous to the rest of the book, Chapter 5, on linear least squares, makes use of the compressed storage mode for the symmetric matrices discussed in Chapter 3.

Topics in Medical Image Processing and Computational Vision

Author: Joao Manuel R.S. Tavares
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400707269
Release Date: 2013-03-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The sixteen chapters included in this book were written by invited experts of international recognition and address important issues in Medical Image Processing and Computational Vision, including: Object Recognition, Object Detection, Object Tracking, Pose Estimation, Facial Expression Recognition, Image Retrieval, Data Mining, Automatic Video Understanding and Management, Edges Detection, Image Segmentation, Modelling and Simulation, Medical thermography, Database Systems, Synthetic Aperture Radar and Satellite Imagery. Different applications are addressed and described throughout the book, comprising: Object Recognition and Tracking, Facial Expression Recognition, Image Database, Plant Disease Classification, Video Understanding and Management, Image Processing, Image Segmentation, Bio-structure Modelling and Simulation, Medical Imaging, Image Classification, Medical Diagnosis, Urban Areas Classification, Land Map Generation. The book brings together the current state-of-the-art in the various multi-disciplinary solutions for Medical Image Processing and Computational Vision, including research, techniques, applications and new trends contributing to the development of the related areas.