Author: H. Jürgen Breme
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2008-03-31
Clearly divided into three sections on the interface influence of materials and surface modifications, the physical and physicochemical surface characterization, and the biological characterization of the interface and biosystem reactions, this book is the first to concentrate on the highly important area of metal-based implants and their improved functionality and acceptance by the body.
Despite advances in alternative materials, metals are still the biomaterial of choice for a number of clinical applications such as dental, orthopedic and cardiac implants. However, there are a number of intrinsic problems associated with implanting metal in the biological environment, such as wear, corrosion, biocompatibility and toxicity, which must be addressed. Modern technology has enabled scientists to modify metal surfaces or apply special coatings to metals to improve their performance safety. Surface Coating and Modification of Metallic Biomaterials will discuss the most important modification techniques and coatings for metals, first covering the fundamentals of metals as a biomaterial and then exploring surface modification techniques and coatings. An expansive overview of surface modification techniques for biomedical use In-depth exploration of issues arising from metal biomaterial use Includes examples of applications in a clinical setting
Comprehensive Biomaterials brings together the myriad facets of biomaterials into one, major series of six edited volumes that would cover the field of biomaterials in a major, extensive fashion: Volume 1: Metallic, Ceramic and Polymeric Biomaterials Volume 2: Biologically Inspired and Biomolecular Materials Volume 3: Methods of Analysis Volume 4: Biocompatibility, Surface Engineering, and Delivery Of Drugs, Genes and Other Molecules Volume 5: Tissue and Organ Engineering Volume 6: Biomaterials and Clinical Use Experts from around the world in hundreds of related biomaterials areas have contributed to this publication, resulting in a continuum of rich information appropriate for many audiences. The work addresses the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field, their strengths and weaknesses, their future prospects, appropriate analytical methods and testing, device applications and performance, emerging candidate materials as competitors and disruptive technologies, and strategic insights for those entering and operational in diverse biomaterials applications, research and development, regulatory management, and commercial aspects. From the outset, the goal was to review materials in the context of medical devices and tissue properties, biocompatibility and surface analysis, tissue engineering and controlled release. It was also the intent both, to focus on material properties from the perspectives of therapeutic and diagnostic use, and to address questions relevant to state-of-the-art research endeavors. Reviews the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field by analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, performance as well as future prospects Presents appropriate analytical methods and testing procedures in addition to potential device applications Provides strategic insights for those working on diverse application areas such as R&D, regulatory management, and commercial development
"... This reference integrates a historical perspective of materials engineering principles with biological interactions of biomaterials. Also provided within are regulatory and ethical issues in addition to future directions of the field, and a state-of-the-art update of medical and biotechnological applications. All aspects of biomaterials science are thoroughly addressed, from tissue engineering to cochlear prostheses and drug delivery systems. Over 80 contributors from academia, government and industry detail the principles of cell biology, immunology, and pathology. Focus within pertains to the clinical uses of biomaterials as components in implants, devices, and artificial organs. This reference also touches upon their uses in biotechnology as well as the characterization of the physical, chemical, biochemical and surface properties of these materials." -- Publisher's description.
Despite recent advances in medical devices using other materials, metallic implants are still one of the most commercially significant sectors of the industry. Given the widespread use of metals in medical devices, it is vital that the fundamentals and behaviour of this material are understood. Metals in biomedical devices reviews the latest techniques in metal processing methods and the behaviour of this important material. Initial chapters review the current status and selection of metals for biomedical devices. Chapters in part two discuss the mechanical behaviour, degradation and testing of metals with specific chapters on corrosion, wear testing and biocompatibility of biomaterials. Part three covers the processing of metals for biomedical applications with chapters on such topics as forging metals and alloys, surface treatment, coatings and sterilisation. Chapters in the final section discuss clinical applications of metals such as cardiovascular, orthopaedic and new generation biomaterials. With its distinguished editor and team of expert contributors, Metals for biomedical devices is a standard reference for materials scientists, researchers and engineers working in the medical devices industry and academia. Reviews the latest techniques in metal processing methods including surface treatment and sterilisation Examines metal selection for biomedical devices considering biocompatibility of various metals Assesses mechanical behaviour and testing of metals featuring corrosion, fatigue and wear
Author: John Edward Davies
Release Date: 1991
Genre: Biological interfaces
Based on the proceedings of the Bone-Biomaterial Interface Workshop held in Toronto, Canada, December 1990, addresses the questions which have arisen during this period of evolution from inert to active materials in orthopedic, dental, and maxillofacial implants with specific reference to the bone-biomaterial interface. The seven parts of the volume reflect the seven sessions of the workshop, dealing with materials issues, protein adsorption, cell and tissue reactions, mechanical influences on interfacial biology, retrieval analysis, and the industrial context. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Author: Takashi Sasano
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2010-04-03
Since 2002, the Tohoku University Graduate School of Dentistry has proposed “Interface Oral Health Science” as a major theme for next-generation dental research. That theme is based on the following new concept: healthy oral fu- tion is maintained by biological and biomechanical harmony among three s- tems: (1) oral tissues (host); (2) parasitic microorganisms of the oral cavity (parasites); and (3) biomaterials. The concept implies that oral diseases such as dental caries, periodontal disease, and temporomandibular disorders should be interpreted as “interface disorders” that result from disruption of the intact int- face among these systems. The uniqueness of this concept rests on the fact that it not only encompasses the field of dentistry and dental medicine, but also expands the common ground shared with other fields, including medicine, ag- culture, material science, engineering, and pharmacology. We aim to promote advances in dental research and to activate collaboration with related fields by putting interface oral health science into practice. On this basis, we have already organized the 1st and 2nd International Symposiums for Interface Oral Health Science, which included inspiring special lectures, symposiums, poster pres- tations, and other discussions. The contents of the two symposiums were p- lished as monographs entitled Interface Oral Health Science in 2005 and 2007. The 3rd International Symposium was held in January 2009 as part of this project.
Author: John Older
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-12-06
An update on current knowledge is given for surgeons and researchers involved in implant surgery and the development of implant arthroplasty. The contributions come from a distinguished international faculty of orthopaedic surgeons, biologists and engineers. They examine the junctional tissues between an implant and the bone in joint replacement surgery. The factors that influence junctional tissues and so affect the life-span of the implant are thoroughly discussed. These include: detailed data on the microscopy of the junctional tissues, the mechanical properties of cement, and the architecture of bone and implant design. The discussions following each contribution give meaningful insight into background information and the controversial aspects of surgical implants.
Author: Hans J. Fecht
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2014-06-02
Genre: Technology & Engineering
In recent decades nanotechnology has developed into a highly multidisciplinary topic, drawing from a number of fields such as physics, materials science, biomedicine, and different engineering disciplines. The success of nanoscience- and nanotechnology-related research and products is connected with the technological exploitation of size effects in structures and materials and is, therefore, related to its impact on the society of the future. This most recent trend has been taken up here and represents the main focus of this book applied to carbon-based materials, including nanocrystalline diamond, aerogels, and carbon nanotubes. The book compiles and details cutting-edge research, and several applications are described within the field of energy, microelectronics, and biomedicine. Beyond that, a perspective is given including a diversity of industrial applications and market opportunities for C-based nanoscale materials and devices in the future.
As the demand for healthy, attractive teeth increases, the methods and materials employed in restorative dentistry have become progressively more advanced. Non-metallic biomaterials for tooth repair and replacement focuses on the use of biomaterials for a range of applications in tooth repair and, in particular, dental restoration. Part one reviews the structure, modification and repair of dental tissues. The properties of enamel and dentin and their role in adhesive dental restoration are discussed, along with biomineralization and biomimicry of tooth enamel, and enamel matrix proteins (EMPs) for periodontal regeneration. Part two goes on to discuss the processing, bonding and wear properties of dental ceramics, glasses and sol-gel derived bioactive glass ceramics for tooth repair and replacement. Dental composites for tooth repair and replacement are then the focus of part three, including composite adhesive and antibacterial restorative materials for dental applications. The effects of particulate filler systems on the properties and performance of dental polymer composites are considered, along with composite based oral implants, fibre reinforced composites (FRCs) as dental materials and luting cements for dental applications. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Non-metallic biomaterials for tooth repair and replacement provides a clear overview for all those involved in the development and application of these materials, including academic researchers, materials scientists and dental clinicians. Discusses the properties of enamel and dentin and their role in adhesive dental restoration Chapters also examine the wear properties of dental ceramics, glasses and bioactive glass ceramics for tooth repair and replacement Dental composites and antibacterial restorative mateirals are also considered
Author: Jef A. Helsen
Release Date: 1998-09-16
Biomaterials is a field that continues to attract a significant amount of attention from researchers, industry, educationalists and regulators. This book is the first to provide readers with an understanding of fundamental theory relating to the use of metals in biomedical applications in addition to comprehensively covering applied aspects encompassing practical and technical advantages and disadvantages. Topics highlighted in the book include guidelines for selecting materials; shape memory alloys; degradation and surface modification; adhesion to ceramics and polymers; biocompartibility and tissue-implant interactions; and European and North American regulatory issues.
This book covers the latest advances in processing techniques for producing metallic biomaterial implants. It also discusses recent developments in surface modifications using bioactive ceramics and blood-compatible polymers, as well as the adhesive strength of bioactive surface layers, before introducing the practical applications of metallic biomaterials in the fields of surgery and dentistry. As such, the book provides an essential reference guide for researchers, graduate students and clinicians working in the fields of materials, surgery, dentistry, and mechanics. Mitsuo Niinomi, PhD, D.D.Sc., is a Professor at the Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Japan Takayuki Narushima, PhD, is a Professor at the Department of Materials Processing, Tohoku University, Japan Masaaki Nakai, PhD, is an Associate Professor at the Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Japan
Author: Antonio Merolli
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2009-11-05
Biomaterials are used in many areas of medicine, particularly in surgery and d- tistry. In orthopedic surgery, total hip arthroplasty has been extremely successful, and has been called ‘the operation of the 20th century’. Total hip arthroplasty is r- tinely performed every day in most orthopedic departments. Over the last decades, many efforts have been made to better integrate the components within the recipient bones, to decrease the friction at the prosthetic interface, and to minimize wear. Minimally invasive procedures have been developed, and various designs are inte- ed to preserve as much as possible of the bone stock of young patients. By contrast, the clinical results have been less favorable after various hand and wrist joint replacements. Many early designs have failed, the clinical data of the current pr- theses are frequently quite limited, and there is often insufficient biomechanical information available, although trapezio-metacarpal arthroplasty in particular has become quite popular in recent years. In order to promote progress in hand and wrist arthroplasty, Antonio Merolli and Thomas J. Joyce have edited this lovely book, whose chapters discuss current research and recent advances in hand and wrist arthroplasty. The problems of metacarpophalangeal joint prostheses are particularly developed.