Geophysical Exploration Technology

Author: Ming Li
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780124104747
Release Date: 2014-02-06
Genre: Science

Authored by one of the world’s hydrocarbon exploration experts, Geophysical Exploration Technology: Applications in Lithological and Stratigraphic Reservoirs presents the latest technological advancements and cutting edge techniques in reservoir theory, research and exploration. Stratigraphic and lithological reservoirs play a critical role in increasing the production from oil reserves and new hydrocarbon sources. Recent resource evaluations indicate that onshore stratigraphic and subtle reservoirs account for as much as 40% of the total remaining hydrocarbon sources globally. As a result, these reservoirs will be the most practical, potential and prevalent fields for long-lasting onshore exploration. Intended as an aid in developing an understanding of the techniques of reservoir exploration, this book presents the latest and most practical methods and technology in oil and gas exploration. It can be used as a training book for lithological stratigraphic exploration and a reference for scientific and technological personnel in the oil and gas industry. Authored by one of the world’s foremost experts in stratigraphic and lithological reservoir exploration who has more than 30 years of experience in research and instruction. Features more than 200 figures, illustrations, and working examples to aid the reader in retaining key concepts Presents the latest technological developments in reservoir exploration techniques Integrates theory and application, arming readers with a rigorous yet practical approach to hydrocarbon exploration in stratigraphic and lithological reservoirs

Reservoir Geophysics

Author: William L. Abriel
Publisher: SEG Books
ISBN: 9781560801467
Release Date: 2008-01-01
Genre: Science

Covers the application and impact of seismic data on oil and gas reservoirs. The material, based on the 2008 SEG/EAGE Distinguished Instructor Short Course, shows how geoscientists use seismic data to determine critical reservoir characteristics in the stages of project life from delineation through secondary recovery. The text describes the main business drivers of the operator and how seismic data help address subsurface uncertainties for business purposes. The book discusses delineation, development, production, and geophysics applications in heavy-oil and carbonate reservoirs. Also included are two hands-on student problems based on actual projects. Illustrations include examples that focus on business value. The book will be of interest to geoscientists, managers, and operators.

Fractal Models in Exploration Geophysics

Author: V.P. Dimri
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080914442
Release Date: 2012-10-22
Genre: Science

Researchers in the field of exploration geophysics have developed new methods for the acquisition, processing and interpretation of gravity and magnetic data, based on detailed investigations of bore wells around the globe. Fractal Models in Exploration Geophysics describes fractal-based models for characterizing these complex subsurface geological structures. The authors introduce the inverse problem using a fractal approach which they then develop with the implementation of a global optimization algorithm for seismic data: very fast simulated annealing (VFSA). This approach provides high-resolution inverse modeling results—particularly useful for reservoir characterization. Serves as a valuable resource for researchers studying the application of fractals in exploration, and for practitioners directly applying field data for geo-modeling Discusses the basic principles and practical applications of time-lapse seismic reservoir monitoring technology - application rapidly advancing topic Provides the fundamentals for those interested in reservoir geophysics and reservoir simulation study Demonstrates an example of reservoir simulation for enhanced oil recovery using CO2 injection

Geostatistical Methods for Reservoir Geophysics

Author: Leonardo Azevedo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319532011
Release Date: 2017-05-02
Genre: Science

This book presents a geostatistical framework for data integration into subsurface Earth modeling. It offers extensive geostatistical background information, including detailed descriptions of the main geostatistical tools traditionally used in Earth related sciences to infer the spatial distribution of a given property of interest. This framework is then directly linked with applications in the oil and gas industry and how it can be used as the basis to simultaneously integrate geophysical data (e.g. seismic reflection data) and well-log data into reservoir modeling and characterization. All of the cutting-edge methodologies presented here are first approached from a theoretical point of view and then supplemented by sample applications from real case studies involving different geological scenarios and different challenges. The book offers a valuable resource for students who are interested in learning more about the fascinating world of geostatistics and reservoir modeling and characterization. It offers them a deeper understanding of the main geostatistical concepts and how geostatistics can be used to achieve better data integration and reservoir modeling.

The Seismoelectric Method

Author: André Revil
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118660287
Release Date: 2015-03-12
Genre: Science

The seismoelectric method consists of measuring electromagnetic signals associated with the propagation of seismic waves or seismic sources in porous media. This method is useful in an increasing number of applications, for example to characterize aquifers, contaminant plumes or the vadose zone. This book provides the first full overview of the fundamental concepts of this method. It begins with a historical perspective, provides a full explanation of the fundamental mechanisms, laboratory investigations, and the formulation of the forward and inverse problems. It provides a recent extension of the theory to two-phase flow conditions, and a new approach called seismoelectric beamforming. It concludes with a chapter presenting a perspective on the method. This book is a key reference for academic researchers in geophysics, environmental geosciences, geohydrology, environmental engineering and geotechnical engineering. It will also be valuable reading for graduate courses dealing with seismic wave propagation and related electromagnetic effects.

Seismic Exploration of Hydrocarbons in Heterogeneous Reservoirs

Author: Jing Ba
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780124202054
Release Date: 2014-05-02
Genre: Science

Seismic Exploration of Hydrocarbons in Heterogeneous Reservoirs: New Theories, Methods and Applications is based on the field research conducted over the past decade by an authoring team of five of the world’s leading geoscientists. In recent years, the exploration targets of world's oil companies have become more complex. The direct detection of hydrocarbons based on seismic wave data in heterogeneous oil/gas reservoirs has become a hot spot in the research of applied and exploration geophysics. The relevant theories, approaches and applications, which the authors have worked on for years and have established mature technical processes for industrial application, are of significant meaning to the further study and practice of engineers, researchers and students in related area. Authored by a team of geophysicists in industry and academia with a range of field, instruction, and research experience in hydrocarbon exploration Nearly 200 figures, photographs, and illustrations aid in the understanding of the fundamental concepts and techniques Presents the latest research in wave propagation theory, unconventional resources, experimental study, multi-component seismic processing and imaging, rock physics modeling and quantitative seismic interpretation Sophisticated approach to research systematically forms an industrial work flow for geoscience and engineering practice

The Self Potential Method

Author: André Revil
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107244719
Release Date: 2013-07-11
Genre: Science

The self-potential method enables non-intrusive assessment and imaging of disturbances in electrical currents of conductive subsurface materials. It has an increasing number of applications, from mapping fluid flow in the subsurface of the Earth to detecting preferential flow paths in earth dams and embankments. This book provides the first full overview of the fundamental concepts of this method and its applications in the field. It discusses a historical perspective, laboratory investigations undertaken, the inverse problem and seismoelectric coupling, and concludes with the application of the self-potential method to geohazards, water resources and hydrothermal systems. Chapter exercises, online datasets and analytical software enable the reader to put the theory into practice. This book is a key reference for academic researchers and professionals working in the areas of geophysics, environmental science, hydrology and geotechnical engineering. It will also be valuable reading for related graduate courses.

Offset dependent Reflectivity

Author: John P. Castagna
Publisher: SEG Books
ISBN: 9781560800590
Release Date: 1993
Genre: Science

Recognizing the need for education and further research in AVO, the editors have compiled an all-encompassing treatment of this versatile technology. In addition to providing a general introduction to the subject and a review of the current state of the art, this unique volume provides useful reference materials and data plus original contributions at the leading edge of AVO technologies.

Electromagnetic Methods in Applied Geophysics

Author: Misac N. Nabighian
Publisher: SEG Books
ISBN: 9781560800224
Release Date: 1988
Genre: Technology & Engineering

As a slag heap, the result of strip mining, creeps closer to his house in the Ohio hills, fifteen-year-old M. C. is torn between trying to get his family away and fighting for the home they love.

Introduction to Petroleum Seismology second edition

Author: Luc T. Ikelle
Publisher: SEG Books
ISBN: 9781560803430
Release Date: 2018-03-26
Genre: Science

Introduction to Petroleum Seismology, second edition (SEG Investigations in Geophysics Series No. 12) provides the theoretical and practical foundation for tackling present and future challenges of petroleum seismology especially those related to seismic survey designs, seismic data acquisition, seismic and EM modeling, seismic imaging, microseismicity, and reservoir characterization and monitoring. All of the chapters from the first edition have been improved and/or expanded. In addition, twelve new chapters have been added. These new chapters expand topics which were only alluded to in the first edition: sparsity representation, sparsity and nonlinear optimization, near-simultaneous multiple-shooting acquisition and processing, nonuniform wavefield sampling, automated modeling, elastic-electromagnetic mathematical equivalences, and microseismicity in the context of hydraulic fracturing. Another major modification in this edition is that each chapter contains analytical problems as well as computational problems. These problems include MatLab codes, which may help readers improve their understanding of and intuition about these materials. The comprehensiveness of this book makes it a suitable text for undergraduate and graduate courses that target geophysicists and engineers as well as a guide and reference work for researchers and professionals in academia and in the petroleum industry.

Gravity and Magnetic Exploration

Author: William J. Hinze
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521871013
Release Date: 2013-03-14
Genre: Science

This combination of textbook and reference manual provides a comprehensive account of gravity and magnetic methods for exploring the subsurface using surface, marine, airborne and satellite measurements. It describes key current topics and techniques, physical properties of rocks and other earth materials, and digital data analysis methods used to process and interpret anomalies for subsurface information. Each chapter starts with an overview and concludes by listing key concepts to consolidate new learning. An accompanying website presents problem sets and interactive computer-based exercises, providing hands-on experience of processing, modeling and interpreting data. A comprehensive online suite of full-color case histories illustrates the practical utility of modern gravity and magnetic surveys. This is an ideal text for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses and reference text for research academics and professional geophysicists. It is a valuable resource for all those interested in petroleum, engineering, mineral, environmental, geological and archeological exploration of the lithosphere.