Metropolitan Ruralities

Author: Terry Marsden
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781785607967
Release Date: 2016-07-29
Genre: Social Science

During modernity metropolitan ruralities have been regarded as land reserves for urban expansion. However, there is a growing insight that there are limits to the urban expansion into rural areas. This volume discusses potential developments in urban (and rural) policy and planning which need to be considered.

The Sociology of Rural Life

Author: Samantha Hillyard
Publisher: Berg
ISBN: 9781845201388
Release Date: 2007-07-15
Genre: Social Science

Foot and mouth disease and BSE have both had a devastating impact on rural society. Alongside these devastating developments, the rise of the organic food movement has helped to revitalize an already politicized rural population. From fox-hunting to farming, the vigour with which rural activities and living are defended overturns received notions of a sleepy and complacent countryside. Over the years "rural life" has been defined, redefined and eventually fallen out of fashion as a sociological concept--in contrast to urban studies, which has flourished. This much-needed reappraisal calls for its reinterpretation in light of the profound changes affecting the countryside. First providing an overview of rural sociology, Hillyard goes on to offer contemporary case studies that clearly demonstrate the need for a reinvigorated rural sociology. Tackling a range of contentious issues--from fox-hunting to organic farming--this book offers a new model for rural sociology and reassesses its role in contemporary society.

Handbook of Rural Studies

Author: Paul Cloke
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 076197332X
Release Date: 2006-01-26
Genre: Science

'This is a unique interpretation of rural issues that will become essential reference for students, scholars, politicians, developers and rural activists...' - Imre Kovach, President, European Society for Rural Sociology, Research director, Institute for Political Sciences, Budapest

Metropolitan Ruralities

Author: Terry Marsden
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781785607967
Release Date: 2016-07-29
Genre: Social Science

During modernity metropolitan ruralities have been regarded as land reserves for urban expansion. However, there is a growing insight that there are limits to the urban expansion into rural areas. This volume discusses potential developments in urban (and rural) policy and planning which need to be considered.

Transforming the Rural

Author: Mara Miele
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781787148239
Release Date: 2017-07-18
Genre: Social Science

This book analyses the key global processes transforming rural spaces in the early 21st century – financialization; standardization; consumption, and commodification. Through detailed case studies, the book examines why these processes are important, how they work in practice, and the challenges they raise as well as opportunities created.

Agri Food and Rural Development

Author: Terry Marsden
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9780857857453
Release Date: 2017-09-21
Genre: Social Science

The agri-food and rural development world has experienced significant changes in recent years. The evolution towards globalized and highly complex food supply systems has been accompanied by growing competition, reduced state subsidies as well as concerns about quality, output and the environment. At the beginning of the 21st century, the agri-food industry is urgently searching for new solutions. Exploring these recent developments, Agri-Food and Rural Development highlights the latest research on understanding and promoting sustainable food systems. Featuring a range of international case studies, it investigates different models of rural development for food production, examines the implications for a sustainable future, analyzes future challenges, and suggests new strategies for future agri-food development in a world fast exceeding its resources. An ambitious new study written by a leading authority in the field, this book offers a vital new perspective on this important debate and is destined to become a landmark text for students, scholars and policy-makers in food studies, agriculture, rural sociology, and geography.

Tracking Rural Change

Author: Francesca Merlan
Publisher: ANU E Press
ISBN: 9781921536533
Release Date: 2009-04-01
Genre: History

A key, intensifying change affecting rural areas in the last few decades has been a decline in the proportion of national populations whose principal livelihood is farming. The corresponding re-distribution of population has typically resulted in a net population loss to rural areas, and diversification of rural activity. The corporatization and technological modification of food production has prompted new policy challenges, and has bound rural and urban populations together in new relationships articulated in moral discourses of custodianship, food safety, and sustainability. Contributors to this volume came together in the attempt to stimulate collective insight into trends of rural change in Australia, New Zealand and Europe. The first two countries have been characterised by avowedly `neoliberal' rural policy - with considerable departures from it in practice; Europe, on the other hand, by a mix of policy measures which attempt to integrate land management and sustainability, diversification and maintenance of a competitive farming sector within an overarching policy framework more overtly, though only partially, oriented towards sustaining rural society. Aiming to build on research relating to the character of rural transitions, this volume offers substantive and critical contributions to the understanding of the sources of unpredictability, instability, and continuity, that underpin rural transition. The papers explore changes and continuities in policy, the governance of rural spaces, technological developments relating to rural areas and populations, and social forms of subjectivation and participation in increasingly diverse rural settings.

Rural Life

Author: Charles Josiah Galpin
Publisher:
ISBN: HARVARD:HW20R5
Release Date: 1918
Genre: Country life


International Dimensions of Authoritarian Rule

Author: Senior Lecturer in International Relations at the Department of War Studies Oisin Tansey
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199683628
Release Date: 2016-10-25
Genre:

Autocrats must overcome a range of challenges as they seek to gain and maintain political power, including the threat that comes from both rival elites and discontented publics. The International Politics of Authoritarian Rule examines the ways in which international forces can encourage and assist autocratic actors in overcoming these challenges. Often, autocratic incumbents are strengthened in power by events on the international stage and by the active support of international allies. The book offers a typology of different international forms of influence on authoritarianism, and examines the ways in which external forces shape autocratic rule at the domestic level. The typology distinguishes between three broad forms of international influence: passive influences, unintended consequences, and active forms of external autocratic sponsorship. The book focuses in particular on the latter category, and examines intentional autocratic sponsorship in the post-Cold War period. A central contribution of the book is to address the question of how international autocratic sponsorship can bolster authoritarian rule. It highlights the ways in which international sponsorship can contribute to authoritarian practices is three significant ways: by increasing the likelihood that authoritarian regimes will pursue 'authoritarian practices' (such as coups, repression or election fraud), by contributing to the implementation of those practices, and finally by shielding autocratic actors from international punishment after such practices are pursued. External sponsorship can thus lower the costs of authoritarian behaviour, and protect and shield authoritarian regimes from the negative consequences of their actions. Oxford Studies in Democratization is a series for scholars and students of comparative politics and related disciplines. Volumes concentrate on the comparative study of the democratization process that accompanied the decline and termination of the cold war. The geographical focus of the series is primarily Latin America, the Caribbean, Southern and Eastern Europe, and relevant experiences in Africa and Asia. The series editor is Laurence Whitehead, Senior Research Fellow, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.

The Routledge International Handbook of Rural Criminology

Author: Joseph F Donnermeyer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317628514
Release Date: 2016-04-28
Genre: Social Science

49% of the world’s population lives in small towns, villages and farms, yet until recent years criminological scholarship has focused almost exclusively on urban crimes. The Routledge International Handbook of Rural Criminology is the first major publication to bring together this growing body of scholarship under a single cover. For many years rural criminology has remained marginalized and often excluded from the mainstream, with precedence given to urban criminology: this volume intends to address that imbalance. Pioneering in scope, this book brings together leading international scholars from fourteen different countries to offer an authoritative synthesis of theoretical and empirical literature. This handbook is divided in to seven parts, each addressing a different aspect of rural criminology: Rurality and crime Criminological dimensions of food and agriculture Violence and rurality Drug use, production and trafficking in the rural context Intersections between rural and green criminology Policing, justice and rurality Teaching rural criminology Edited by a world renowned scholar of rural criminology, this book explores rural crime issues in over thirty-five countries including Japan, Sweden, Brazil, Australia, Tanzania, the US, and the UK. This is the first Handbook dedicated to rural criminology and is an essential resource for criminologists, sociologists and social geographers engaged with rural studies and crime.

Labor Relations in Globalized Food

Author: Terry Marsden
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781783507122
Release Date: 2014-05-28
Genre: Social Science

This book looks at labor in agriculture and food in a global era by studying salient characteristics of the conditions and use of labor in global agri-food. Written by experienced and also emerging scholars, the chapters present a wealth of empirical data and robust theorizations that allow readers to grasp the complexity of this topic.

Principles of Rural Sociology

Author: Gustav A. Lundquist
Publisher: Morse Press
ISBN: 9781443727044
Release Date: 2008-11
Genre: Social Science

PRINCIPLES OF RURAL SOCIOLOGY BY GUSTAV A. LUNDQUIST ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF RURAL SOCIOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA AND THOMAS NIXON CARVER PROFESSOR OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, HARVARD UNIVERSITY GINN AND COMPANY BOSTON NEW YORK CHICAGO LONDON ATLANTA DALLAS COLUMBUS SAN FRANCISCO DOPYRIGHIT, 1027, BY GUktTAV A. LUNDQUIST AND TJIOMAS NJXON JDARVEH ALL RIGHTS RESERVED PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA athenaeum G1NN AND COMPANY PRO PRIETORS BOSTON U. S. A. PREFACE The aim of this book is to show how rural conditions, es pecially those in the United States, have come to be what they are. We must be able to answer that question before we are in a position to decide how these conditions may be bettered. Since social institutions depend upon constantly recurring social phenomena of all kinds rather than of one specific kind, the authors have repeatedly referred to moral, social, religious, and intellectual activities, as well as to those of a political or economic nature. Present-day achievements are more distinctively intellectual than moral. The intellec tual achievements of the preseit day, moreover, differ widely from those of other days. 1 Moral impulses change little, if at all, and moral practices not much more, in thousands of years. This fact is disclosed in the customs and practices in vogue among people in all climes under varying stages of development. Civilization is little more than the art of living comfortably together in large numbers. Living together in la r ge numbers has always created difficult problems, provisioning a large population is, in itself, a difficult task sewage disposal is another. But these crude physical problems, important as they are, puzzle us lessthan some of the more subtle and less tangible facts connected with the complex life of dense popu lations. Where there are many contacts between individuals, many points of disharmony as well as of harmony are sure to be discovered. These harmonies and disharmonies between in dividual interests call for the wisest possible adjudication and adjustment. It may be profitable to philosophize upon what rural life has been and what it might be but in this text it has been deemed practicable to confine our attention to ascertained facts and, as far as possible, to quantitative data. Tables which show the status iii iv PRINCIPLES OF RURAL SOCIOLOGY of the rural population are therefore compiled from the best sources available. In most cases the tables are self-explanatory, and where interpretation has been necessary the authors have made observations which to them seem pertinent to a better understanding of the facts presented. To make clear the sta tus of the rural dweller, comparisons with urban centers have been made repeatedly. This method has a twofold advantage 1 the rural dweller may compare his own position with that of the urban dweller, and 2 city people may learn that the condition of country people is not as it is often pictured. It is generally understood that we cannot divorce the present from the past if the present and the future are to be properly evaluated. In other words, development is continuous and shows no sharp breaks between past and present or between present and future. Therefore statistical data have been freely used. They have been brought up to the census of 1920 and in many cases to 1923. Rural, as well as industrial, conditions were unsettled in 1920 and forthis reason it has been found necessary to compare the conditions of that year with those described in previous census years, in order to acquaint the stu dent with conditions in what are commonly regarded as normal times. The book is written primarily for American readers and is designed to throw light upon American problems. The scope of the text covers in a general way the entire country. Yet America can no more be dissociated from the rest of the world than present can be dissociated from past, or future from pres ent...

Gender and Rurality

Author: Lia Bryant
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136947278
Release Date: 2010-09-13
Genre: Science

The study of gender in rural spaces is still in its infancy. Thus far, there has been little exploration of the constitution of the varied and differing ways that gender is constituted in rural settings. This book will place the question of gender, rurality and difference at its center. The authors examine theoretical constructions of gender and explore the relationship between these and rural spaces. While there have been extensive debates in the feminist literature about gender and the intersection of multiple social categories, rural feminist social scientists have yet to theorize what gender means in a rural context and how gender blurs and intersects with other social categories such as sexuality, ethnicity, class and (dis)ability. This book will use empirical examples from a range of research projects undertaken by the authors as well as illustrations from work in the Australasia region, Europe, and the United States to explore gender and rurality and their relation to sexuality, ethnicity, class and (dis)ability.

Rural Geography

Author: Michael Woods
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0761947612
Release Date: 2005-01-05
Genre: Science

"Michael Woods has taken on the formidable task of giving an overview of rural places and society in advanced economies as a single author and has presented a book that rightly deserves to be called state-of-the-art." - Geographische Rundschau "For those students with an interest in rural change, this 'state of the art' book is essential reading." - Brian Ilbery, University of Coventry "With Rural Geography Michael Woods remedies the often underestimated dynamism of rural places and rural society by providing the much-needed synthesis of the European and North American literature on rural restructuring and globalization processes." - Patrick H. Mooney, University of Kentucky Rural Geography is an introduction to contemporary rural societies and economies in the developed world. It examines the social and economic processes at work in the contemporary countryside - including the more traditional: like agriculture; land use; and population; as well as wider themes like: rural health, crime, exclusion, commodification, and alternative lifestyles. With a contextualising section defining the rural, the text is organized systematically in three principal sections: Processes of Rural Restructuring, Responses to Rural Restructuring, and Experiences of Rural Restructuring. Using the most recent empirical material, statistical data, and research, the text is global in perspective using comparative examples throughout. Rural Geography is a systematic introduction to the processes, responses, and experiences of rural restructuring.