Microbial Biofilms

Author: Chaminda Jayampath Seneviratne
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781351646420
Release Date: 2017-07-12
Genre: Medical

Microbial Biofilms: Omics Biology, Antimicrobials and Clinical Implications is a comprehensive survey of microbial biofilms and their role in human health and disease with contributions from world renowned experts in molecular microbiology, proteomics, genomics, metabolomics and infectious diseases. The book is intended to serve as a guide for students, as well as a reference for researchers, clinicians and industry professionals. The chapters cover bacterial and fungal microbiomes, and the latest omics techniques organized in a clear and up-to-date manner. One of the highlights of this book is the comprehensive information on "omics of microbial biofilms". The chapters dedicated to metagenomics, proteomics and metabolomics are designed to provide a simple and holistic review of the current knowledge and, the applications of these techniques in the field of microbial biofilms. In addition to introductory chapters on microbial biofilms and their clinical implications, subsequent chapters delve into oral biofilms, their composition, and metagenomic diversity. Thereafter, mechanisms of drug resistance in microbial biofilms are reviewed, as well as the proteomic and metabolomic characterization of this resistance. The book includes a comprehensive discussion of persister cells and host–microbial interactions on mucosal surfaces. Finally, the book concludes with a summary of novel therapeutic approaches for biofilms such as synbiotics and biogenics.

Low dose antibiotics current status and outlook for the future

Author: Robert Paul Hunter
Publisher: Frontiers E-books
ISBN: 9782889193554
Release Date: 2014-12-01
Genre:

Antimicrobial therapy is a key factor in our success against pathogens poised to ravage at risk or infected individuals. However, we are currently at a watershed point as we face a growing crisis of antibiotic resistance among diverse pathogens. One area of intense interest is the impact of the application of antibiotics for uses other than the treatment of patients and the association with such utilization with emerging drug resistance. This Research Topic “Low- dose antibiotics: current status and outlook for the future” in Frontiers in Microbiology: Antimicrobials, Resistance and Chemotherapy details various aspects of the wide ranging effects of antimicrobial therapy from areas such as the regulation of host responses to modulation of bacterial virulence factors to acquisition of antibiotic resistance genes.

The Bacterial Spore

Author: Adam Driks
Publisher: Amer Society for Microbiology
ISBN: 1555816754
Release Date: 2015-11-15
Genre: Science

Presents a broad-based overview of spore biology, providing in-depth coverage of basic and applied areas of spore research. Chapters focus on important general topics as well as specialized research areas, including broad reviews of especially important topics, such as spore molecular biology, bioremediation, issues in biodefense, and food safety.

Molecular Medical Microbiology Three Volume Set

Author: Yi-Wei Tang
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080536880
Release Date: 2001-10-23
Genre: Science

The molecular age has brought about dramatic changes in medical microbiology, and great leaps in our understanding of the mechanisms of infectious disease. Molecular Medical Microbiology is the first book to synthesise the many new developments in both molecular and clinical research in a single comprehensive resource. This timely and authoritative 3-volume work is an invaluable reference source of medical bacteriology. Comprising over 100 chapters, organised into 17 major sections, the scope of this impressive work is wide-ranging. Written by experts in the field, chapters include cutting edge information, and clinical overviews for each major bacterial group, in addition to the latest updates on vaccine development, molecular technology and diagnostic technology. * The first comprehensive and accessible reference on Molecular Medical Microbiology * Two color presentation throughout * Full colour plate section * Fully integrated and meticulously organised * In depth discussion of individual pathogenic bacteria in a system-oriented approach * Includes a clinical overview for each major bacterial group * Presents the latest information on vaccine development, molecular technology and diagnostic technology * Extensive indexing and cross-referencing throughout * Over 100 chapters covering all major groups of bacteria * Written by an international panel of authors expert in their respective disciplines * Over 2300 pages in three volumes

Plasmids

Author: Marcelo Tolmasky
Publisher: Amer Society for Microbiology
ISBN: 1555818978
Release Date: 2015-05-15
Genre: Science

Plasmids are at the forefront of scientific research as models for understanding innumerable biological mechanisms of living cells, as tools for creating the most diverse therapies, and as invaluable helpers to understand the dissemination of microbial populations. Plasmids: Biology and Impact in Biotechnology and Discovery contains a series of expertly written chapters that describe the latest advances in the basic knowledge of plasmid biology, the specialized functions plasmids confer to the host cell, and the practical utilization of plasmids for discovery, medicine, and agriculture.

Biofilm Control and Antimicrobial Agents

Author: S. M. Abu Sayen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781771880022
Release Date: 2014-02-24
Genre: Science

This new book highlights some of the exciting research that has recently been done in the important and far-ranging field of biofilms and microbial agents. It discusses antimicrobial agents in relation to biofilm control and resistance. The book also introduces biofilm formation and mitigation strategies. It helps explores long-term solutions to the challenges imposed by biofilms.

Biofilms Infection and Antimicrobial Therapy

Author: John L. Pace
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420028232
Release Date: 2005-08-29
Genre: Science

Rather than existing in a planktonic or free-living form, evidence indicates that microbes show a preference for living in a sessile form within complex communities called biofilms. Biofilms appear to afford microbes a survival advantage by optimizing nutrition, offering protection against hostile elements, and providing a network for cell-to-cell signaling and genetic exchange. Biofilms, Infection, and Antimicrobial Therapy provides an in-depth exploration of biofilms, offering broad background information, as well a detailed look at the serious concerns to which biofilm-associated infections give rise. Prosthetic device infections, such as those involving artificial heart valves, intravascular catheters, or prosthetic joints, are prime examples of biofilm-associated infections. With the increasing use of such devices in the modern practice of medicine, the prevalence of these infections is expected to increase. Unfortunately, one of the most troubling characteristics of microbes found in biofilms is a profound resistance to antimicrobial agents. As biofilm-associated infections are particularly difficult to treat, they result in significant mortality, morbidity, and increased economic burden. Clearly, a better understanding of the pathogenesis of these infections and improved means for prevention and treatment are urgently needed! InBiofilms, Infection, and Antimicrobial Therapy, Drs Pace, Rupp, and Finch assemble the contributions of more than 50 of the world’s leading authorities on microbial biofilms who present recent findings on antibacterial tolerance and bacterial persistence associated with biofilms and discuses the implications of those findings with regard to human health. They explore the molecular mechanisms of bacterial adherence, biofilm formation, regulation of biofilm maintenance, and cell-to-cell communication and present the latest information on various treatment protocols that should aid physicians in the treatment of these refractory and often difficult-to-treat infections.

Fungal Biomolecules

Author: Vijai Kumar Gupta
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118958315
Release Date: 2015-02-19
Genre: Science

Fungi have an integral role to play in the development of the biotechnology and biomedical sectors. The fields of chemical engineering, Agri-food,Biochemical, pharmaceuticals, diagnostics and medical device development all employ fungal products, with fungal biomolecules currently used in a wide range of applications, ranging from drug development to food technology and agricultural biotechnology. Understanding the biology of different fungi in diverse ecosystems, as well as their biotropic interactions with other microorganisms, animals and plants, is essential to underpin effective and innovative technological developments. Fungal Biomolecules is a keystone reference, integrating branches of fungal product research into a comprehensive volume of interdisciplinary research. As such, it: reflects state-of-the-art research and current emerging issues in fungal biology and biotechnology reviews the methods and experimental work used to investigate different aspects of fungal biomolecules provides examples of the diverse applications of fungal biomolecules in the areas of food, health and the environment is edited by an experienced team, with contributions from international specialists This book is an invaluable resource for industry-based researchers, academic institutions and professionals working in the area of fungal biology and associated biomolecules for their applications in food technology, microbial and biochemical process, biotechnology, natural products, drug development and agriculture.

Use of Saliva in Diagnosis of Periodontitis Cumulative Use of Bacterial and Host Derived Biomarkers

Author: Ulvi Kahraman Gürsoy
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 9782889451241
Release Date: 2017-03-15
Genre:

Periodontitis is an infection-induced inflammatory disease of the tooth supporting tissues. Treatment of periodontal diseases and regeneration of the effected tissues can be possible only in the early diagnosis of the disease. If left undiagnosed or untreated, periodontitis leads to irreversible soft and hard tissue destruction and finally to tooth loss. Saliva is known to contain inflammatory mediators, host tissue and cell degradation products as well as microbial metabolites and enzymes, reflecting the health status of the oral cavity. In this topic, in collaboration with the well-known scientists working on the field of salivary diagnostics, we demonstrate evidence on monitoring periodontitis by salivary analysis.

The Biology of Plasmids

Author: David Summers
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444313734
Release Date: 2009-07-17
Genre: Science

Plasmids are closed, circular pieces of DNA that are able to self-replicate and are carried by many bacteria. They provide unique functions for bacteria by allowing them to sexually replicate and to pass on genetic material between each other. Plasmids are also responsible for the genetic factors that give resistance to antibiotics, and provide the enzymes needed to break down poorly metabolised food resources. The author has provided an updated treatment of the structure, function and application of plasmids suitable for undergraduates and medical students. Employing an original teaching perspective--examining plasmids as living organisms with either a symbiotic or parasitic mode of survival--this text provides an important framework for understanding the structure and function of plasmids in an evolutionary context. The most up to date text on plasmids An innovative teaching perspective makes for easy student understanding Contains crucial chapters on the importance of plasmids for clinical and biological research

Microbiology of Wounds

Author: Steven Percival
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420079944
Release Date: 2010-04-26
Genre: Science

It is not the presence of microorganisms, but their interaction with patients that determines their influence on wound healing. Documenting this critical but often ignored aspect of the treatment process, Microbiology of Wounds discusses the microbiology and biology of human wounds in relation to infection and non-healing. Gain the Necessary Scientific and Clinical Knowledge Pertaining to Chronic and Acute Wounds The practice of wound healing is dynamic, infinitely complex, nonlinear, and prodigiously individualized to the patient. When one considers the myriad host variables that contribute to the disease state, understanding the intricacies of chronic wounds becomes even more difficult. This book presents the necessary scientific and clinical data pertaining to chronic and acute wounds, and discusses inflammation, epithelialization, granulation tissue, and tissue remodeling. It details techniques for treating chronic and acute wounds and covers the mode of action and efficacy of anti-infectives used in treating wounds. Microbiology of Wounds answers the call for a definitive reference on chronic and acute wounds.

The Microbiological Quality of Food

Author: Antonio Bevilacqua
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9780081005033
Release Date: 2016-12-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The Microbiological Quality of Food: Foodborne Spoilers specifically addresses the role of spoilers in food technology and how they affect the quality of food. Food spoilers represent a great challenge in food quality, determining the shelf-life of many products as they impact consumer acceptability of taste, texture, aroma, and other perceptions. Divided into four sections, the first section defines microbial spoilage of food, with special emphasis on methods for the evaluation of spoiling phenomena and the status of their regulatory framework, examining both existing regulations and possible gaps. The second section examines spoiling microorganisms, covering a range of common spoilage microorganisms, including pseudomonas, yeasts, and molds and spore formers, as well as less-common spoilers, including lactic acid bacteria and specific spoilage organisms in fish. The third section highlights spoiling phenomena within certain food types. Chapters cover dairy, fish, meat, and vegetables, and other products. The final section investigates emerging topics which point to future trends in the research of food spoilers. There is insight into microorganisms resistant to preservation, the role of biofilms in food quality, and the link between food safety and food spoilage, with a special emphasis on certain spoiling microorganisms which could be opportunistic pathogens. Written by an international team of leading authors, this book provides state-of-the-art coverage of this topic, which is essential to the shelf-life and quality of food. Provides in-depth coverage of the different spoilers which cause the deterioration of foods, including less common spoilers not covered in other publications Includes dedicated chapters covering the spoilage of specific products, making this book ideal for those working in the food industry Presents a framework for future research in the area of foodborne spoilers

Antibiofilm Agents

Author: Kendra P. Rumbaugh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642538339
Release Date: 2014-05-08
Genre: Science

This book provides a survey of recent advances in the development of antibiofilm agents for clinical and environmental applications. The fact that microbes exist in structured communities called biofilms has slowly become accepted within the medical community. We now know that over 80% of all infectious diseases are biofilm-related; however, significant challenges still lie in our ability to diagnose and treat these extremely recalcitrant infections. Written by experts from around the globe, this book offers a valuable resource for medical professionals seeking to treat biofilm-related disease, academic and industry researchers interested in drug discovery and instructors who teach courses on microbial pathogenesis and medical microbiology.

Understanding Host Microbiome Interactions An Omics Approach

Author: Ravindra Pal Singh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789811050503
Release Date: 2017-09-01
Genre: Medical

This book offers up-to-date information on different microbiomes, their community composition and interactive functions with the host, bringing together information from diverse research reports to provide an overview of the rapid developments in meta-omics technologies. It is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers, postgraduate and graduate students interested in understanding the impact and importance of next generation sequencing technologies on different hosts and their microbiomes.

Resistance to Antibiotics Are We Prepared to Handle This Growing Ghost

Author: Ashima Kushwaha Bhardwaj
Publisher:
ISBN: 1632780763
Release Date: 2017-01-20
Genre: Health & Fitness

Multi drug resistance(MDR) observed in a wide range of pathogens of bacterial, viral, fungal or parasitic origin and cancer cells has emerged as a global public health concern. Diminishing glory of the antibiotics has led to the search for newer strategies for future therapies. According to the WHO reports released in 2014, we are fast heading towards post-antibiotic era. The global dissemination of antibiotic resistance and the genes encoding such resistance phenotypes is due to horizontal gene transfer that utilizes diverse processes and diverse genetic elements such as mobile genetic elements.Swift and wide dissemination of the drug resistance genes crosses the species and genera barriers. Therefore, to search for the newer targets for antibiotic production, newer drugs and newer mechanisms, it is of paramount importance that the mechanisms that lead to the origin, evolution and dissemination of MDR be understood in greater details.