Microgravity Two phase Flow and Heat Transfer

Author: Kamiel S. Gabriel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402051432
Release Date: 2007-05-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Multiphase thermal systems have numerous applications in aerospace, heat-exchange, transport of contaminants in environmental systems, and energy transport and conversion systems. A reduced - or microgravity - environment provides an excellent tool for accurate study of the flow without the masking effects of gravity. This book presents for the first time a comprehensive coverage of all aspects of two-phase flow behaviour in the virtual absence of gravity.

Artificial Gravity

Author: Gilles Clément
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387707143
Release Date: 2007-05-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book reviews the principle and rationale for using artificial gravity during space missions, and describes the current options proposed, including a short-radius centrifuge contained within a spacecraft. Experts provide recommendations on the research needed to assess whether or not short-radius centrifuge workouts can help limit deconditioning of physiological systems. Many detailed illustrations are included.

Advances in Multiphase Flow and Heat Transfer

Author: Lixin Cheng
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers
ISBN: 9781608052288
Release Date: 2012-01-01
Genre: Science

Multiphase flow and heat transfer have found a wide range of applications in nearly all aspects of engineering and science fields such as mechanical engineering, chemical and petrochemical engineering, nuclear engineering, energy engineering, material engineering, ocean engineering, mineral engineering, electronics and micro-electronics engineering, information technology, space technology, micro- and nano-technologies, biomedical and life science, etc. the Ebook series aims to present state-of-the-art review and research topics in all aspects of multiphase flow and heat transfer, which are contributed by renowned scientists and researchers in the relevant fields. the topics include multiphase transport phenomena including gas-liquid, liquid-solid, gas-solid and gas-liquid-solid flows, phase change processes such as flow boiling, pool boiling, and condensation, etc, nuclear thermal hydraulics, fluidization, mass transfer, bubble and drop dynamics, particle flow interactions, cavitation phenomena, numerical methods, experimental techniques, multiphase flow equipment such as multiphase pumps, mixers and separators, etc, combustion processes, environmental protection and pollution control, phase change materials and their applications, macro-scale and micro-scale transport phenomena, nano-fluidics, micro-gravity multiphase flow and heat transfer, energy engineering, renewable energy, electronic chips cooling, data center cooling, fuel cell, multiphase flow and heat transfer in biological and life engineering and science etc. the Ebook series not only presents recent advances in conventional research topics but also in new and interdisciplinary research fields. It is planned to publish two volumes per year and is hoped that it will prove to be invaluable for scientists and researchers.

Encyclopedia of Two Phase Heat Transfer and Flow II

Author: John R Thome
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814623292
Release Date: 2015-08-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The aim of the two–set series is to present a very detailed and up–to–date reference for researchers and practicing engineers in the fields of mechanical, refrigeration, chemical, nuclear and electronics engineering on the important topic of two-phase heat transfer and two-phase flow. The scope of the first set of 4 volumes presents the fundamentals of the two-phase flows and heat transfer mechanisms, and describes in detail the most important prediction methods, while the scope of the second set of 4 volumes presents numerous special topics and numerous applications, also including numerical simulation methods. Practicing engineers will find extensive coverage to applications involving: multi-microchannel evaporator cold plates for electronics cooling, boiling on enhanced tubes and tube bundles, flow pattern based methods for predicting boiling and condensation inside horizontal tubes, pressure drop methods for singularies (U-bends and contractions), boiling in multiport tubes, and boiling and condensation in plate heat exchangers. All of these chapters include the latest methods for predicting not only local heat transfer coefficients but also pressure drops. Professors and students will find this "Encyclopedia of Two-Phase Heat Transfer and Flow" particularly exciting, as it contains authored books and thorough state-of-the-art reviews on many basic and special topics, such as numerical modeling of two-phase heat transfer and adiabatic bubbly and slug flows, the unified annular flow boiling model, flow pattern maps, condensation and boiling theories, new emerging topics, etc. Contents:Volume 1:Special Topics in Boiling in Microchannels:Novel Micro/Nanoscale Configurations to Enhance Flow Boiling in Microchannels (Fanghao Yang and Chen Li)Evaporation, Dynamics and Interface Deformations in Thin Liquid Films Sheared by Gas in a Microchannel (O A Kabov, V V Kuznetsov and Yu O Kabova)Boiling Heat Transfer Enhancement at the Microscale (Yoav Peles)Multi-MicrochannelEvaporators:FlowStabilization and Mapping for Safe Operation (Sylwia Szczukiewicz and John R Thome)Dynamic Modeling of On-Chip Two-Phase Cooling System with Multiple Micro-Evaporators in Parallel Flow (Nicolas Lamaison, Jackson B. Marcinichen and John R Thome)Electronic Micro-Evaporator Cooling Systems and Flow Control (Jackson B Marcinichen, Nicolas Lamaison and John R Thome)Dynamic Modeling of Compact Two-Phase Electronic Cooling Systems with Microchannel Evaporators (Tom Saenen and Martine Baelmans)Volume 2:Boiling Using Enhanced Surfaces, Plate Heat Exchangers and Two-Phase Devices:Heat Transfer Enhancement Techniques Applied to Evaporation Processes (Gherhardt Ribatski and Fabio Toshio Kanizawa)Pool Boiling on Plain and Enhanced Surfaces (Ricardo J Da Silva Lima, Eugene Van Rooyen and John R Thome)Flooded Evaporators Using Smooth and Enhanced Tubes (Ricardo J Da Silva Lima, Eugene Van Rooyen and John R Thome)Two-Phase Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop within Plate Heat Exchangers (Farzad Vakili-Farahani, Raffaele L Amalfi and John R Thome)Gravity Effects on Pool Boiling Heat Transfer (Paolo Di Marco, Haruhiko Ohta and Jungho Kim)Flow Boiling under Reduced Gravity Conditions (Haruhiko Ohta, Paolo Di Marco and Jungho Kim)Recent Advancements in Micro/Nanoscale Surface Modifications and Their Effects on Pool Boiling Critical Heat Flux and Heat Transfer Coefficient (Matthew McCarthy)Heat Pipes and Their Applications (Tailian Chen)Flow Pattern-Based Boiling Heat Transfer and Frictional Pressure Drop Models for Plain Horizontal Tubes (Ricardo J Da Silva Lima and John R Thome)Flow Boiling Heat Transfer in Multiport Tubes (Farzad Vakili-Farahani and John R Thome)Volume 3:Special Topics in Condensation:Theory of Dropwise Condensation (John W Rose)Theory of Condensation in Microchannels (Hua Sheng Wang and John W Rose)Prediction Methods and Numerical Modeling of Condensation Heat Transfer in Minichannels (Davide Del Col, Stefano Bortolin and Enrico Da Riva)Recent Developments in Altered Wettability for Enhancing Condensation (Nenad Miljkovic, Daniel J Preston and Evelyn N Wang)Film Wise Vapor Condensation on Curvilinear Surfaces (I V Marchuk and O A Kabov)Pragmatical Numerical Simulation of Condensation and Evaporation in Microchannels (N Antonsen and John R Thome)Flow Pattern-Based Intube Condensation Heat Transfer Model for Horizontal Tubes (Ricardo J Da Silva Lima and John R Thome)Volume 4:Numerical Modeling of Two-Phase Flow and Heat Transfer:CFD Simulation of Two-Phase Flows with Eulerian Approach. Part 1 — Review of Numerical Methods (Mirco Magnini)CFD Simulation of Two-Phase Flows with Eulerian Approach. Part 2 — Results of Selected Computational Studies (Mirco Magnini)Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian Method for Two-Phase Flows (G R Anjos, N Mangiavacchi and J Pontes)Numerical Modeling of Vapor Bubbles During Nucleate Boiling and Slug Flow (Abhijit Mukherjee and Vijay K Dhir)Two-Phase Flows in U-Bends (Ricardo J Da Silva Lima and John R Thome)Two-Phase Flow Characteristics in Singularities (Rémi Revellin)Micro Particle Shadow Velocimetry (μPSV) for Quantitative Optical Measurements in Microscale Two-Phase Flows (Sepideh Khodaparast, Navid Borhani and John R Thome) Readership: Graduate students, researchers and professional in the fields of mechanical, refrigeration, chemical, nuclear and electronics engineering on the important topics of two-phase heat transfer and two-phase flow. Key Features:The twin-set offers an all-in-one reference for two-phase heat transfer and flowsThe twin-set provides a comprehensive treatment of the subject with contributions from over 55 top researchers and expertsThe twin-set is relevant to researchers and engineers working on all types of heat transfer and cooling problems in a myriad of industriesThe twin-set covers not only conventional-sized cooling systems but also include a detailed focus on two-phase heat transfer and flow in microchannels, micro-evaporators, etc.

Heat Transfer in Aerospace Applications

Author: Bengt Sundén
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780128097618
Release Date: 2016-10-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Heat Transfer in Aerospace Applications is the first book to provide an overall description of various heat transfer issues of relevance for aerospace applications. The book contains chapters relating to convection cooling, heat pipes, ablation, heat transfer at high velocity, low pressure and microgravity, aircraft heat exchangers, fuel cells, and cryogenic cooling systems. Chapters specific to low density heat transfer (4) and microgravity heat transfer (9) are newer subjects which have not been previously covered. The book takes a basic engineering approach by including correlations and examples that an engineer needs during the initial phases of vehicle design or to quickly analyze and solve a specific problem. Designed for mechanical, chemical, and aerospace engineers in research institutes, companies, and consulting firms, this book is an invaluable resource for the latest on aerospace heat transfer engineering and research. Provides an overall description of heat transfer issues of relevance for aerospace applications Discusses why thermal problems arise and introduces the various heat transfer modes Helps solve the problem of selecting and calculating the cooling system, the heat exchanger, and heat protection Features a collection of problems in which the methods presented in the book can be used to solve these problems

Thermal Convection

Author: Marcello Lappa
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470749999
Release Date: 2009-11-05
Genre: Science

Thermal Convection - Patterns, Stages of Evolution and Stability Behavior provides the reader with an ensemble picture of the subject, illustrating the state-of-the-art and providing the researchers from universities and industry with a basis on which they are able to estimate the possible impact of a variety of parameters. Unlike earlier books on the subject, the heavy mathematical background underlying and governing the behaviors illustrated in the text are kept to a minimum. The text clarifies some still unresolved controversies pertaining to the physical nature of the dominating driving force responsible for asymmetric/oscillatory convection in various natural phenomena and/or technologically important processes and can help researchers in elaborating and validating new, more complex models, in accelerating the current trend towards predictable and reproducible natural phenomena and in establishing an adequate scientific foundation to industrial processes. Thermal Convection - Patterns, Stages of Evolution and Stability Behavior is intended as a useful reference guide for specialists in disciplines such as the metallurgy and foundry field and researchers and scientists who are now coordinating their efforts to improve the quality of semiconductor or macromolecular crystals. The text may also be of use to organic chemists and materials scientists, atmosphere and planetary physicists, as well as an advanced level text for students taking part in courses on the physics of fluids, fluid mechanics, the behavior and evolution of non-linear systems, environmental phenomena and materials engineering.

Aerodynamic Noise

Author: Tarit Bose
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461450191
Release Date: 2012-11-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Aerodynamic Noise extensively covers the theoretical basis and mathematical modeling of sound, especially the undesirable sounds produced by aircraft. This noise could come from an aircraft’s engine—propellers, fans, combustion chamber, jets—or the vehicle itself—external surfaces—or from sonic booms. The majority of the sound produced is due to the motion of air and its interaction with solid boundaries, and this is the main discussion of the book. With problem sets at the end of each chapter, Aerodynamic Noise is ideal for graduate students of mechanical and aerospace engineering. It may also be useful for designers of cars, trains, and wind turbines.

Micro and Nanobubbles

Author: Hideki Tsuge
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9789814463102
Release Date: 2014-08-04
Genre: Medical

Microbubbles and nanobubbles have several characteristics that are comparable with millimeter- and centimeter-sized bubbles. These characteristics are their small size, which results in large surface area and high bioactivity, low rising velocity, decreased friction drag, high internal pressure, large gas dissolution capacity, negatively charged surface, and ability to be crushed and form free radicals. Microbubbles and nanobubbles have found applications in a variety of fields such as engineering, agriculture, environment, food, and medicine. Microbubbles have been successfully used in aquacultures of oysters in Hiroshima, scallops in Hokkaido, and pearls in Mie Prefecture, Japan. This field has shown a strong potential for growth. This book comprehensively discusses microbubbles and nanobubbles and their application in aquaculture, environment, engineering, medicine, stock raising, agriculture, and marine industry. It presents their potential as a new technology that can be utilized globally.