Author: Rob T. Guerette
Release Date: 2016-04-29
Genre: Social Science
Immigration and its consequences is a substantially contested subject with hugely differing viewpoints. While some contend that criminal participation by migrants is the result of environmental factors found in the host country that are beyond the control of migrants, others blame migrants for all that is wrong in their communities. In this book, experts from Europe, the USA, Turkey and Israel examine recent developments in the fields of culture conflict, organized crime, victimization and terrorism, all of which intersect to varying degrees with migration and illegal conduct. While the essays further our understanding of a variety of issues surrounding migration, at the same time they illuminate the complexities of managing the challenges as globalization increases.
Author: Jeff Ferrell
Release Date: 2004-11-15
This new title will become the core book on cultural criminology. Cultural Criminology Unleashed brings together cutting-edge research across the range of meanings of the term 'cultural' - from anthropology to art, from media analyses to theories of situated meaning.
Author: Joshua D. Freilich
Release Date: 2017-10-05
This title was first published in 2002: The issue of immigration and crime in all of its many contexts and forms, is a problem which affects numerous countries throughout the world. In many countries, immigrants have been accused of disproportionate involvement in crime while, in others, immigrants are often claimed to be the victims of criminal offenders, as well as indifferent criminal justice systems. The subjects covered within this informative collection include the offending and victimization rates of immigrants and their dependants, institutional racism, human trafficking/smuggling and ethnic conflicts. In particular, the problems faced by female immigrants are addressed in detail. Whilst some papers look at the issues facing particular countries, such as Germany, the United Kingdom, Australia, Israel and Turkey, others adopt a more comparative approach. Migration, Culture Conflict and Crime is an essential and compelling read for all those with a strong interest in this important area. Not only does it significantly advance our scientific knowledge concerning the relationship between immigration, crime and justice, but it also sets forth a number of proposals which, if implemented, could address many of the problems found in these areas.
Author: Professor Salvatore Palidda
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Release Date: 2013-02-28
Genre: Social Science
Over the last two decades in the West, there has been a significant increase in the arrest, imprisonment and detention of migrants. The racial criminalization and victimization of migrants and Roma people has led judicial authorities, local governments, the police, mass media and the general population to perceive migrants and 'gypsies' as responsible for a wide range of offences. Taking into consideration the political and cultural conditions that affect and interconnect societies of emigration and immigration, the contributors examine and compare a range of cases in Europe and the United States. The contributions demonstrate how the persecution of the 'current enemy' is the 'total political fact' of the 21st century in that it ensures consensus and business, or what might be termed the 'crime deal' of today. This provocative book has international appeal and will be a valuable resource for academics, researchers and policymakers with an interest in migration and social and ethnic control.
Author: Dina Siegel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2007-12-16
Genre: Social Science
Dina Siegel and Hans Nelen The term ‘global organized crime’ has been in use in criminology since the mid 1990s. Even more general and abstract than its daughter-terms (transnational or cross-border organized crime), ‘global organized crime’ seems to embrace the activities of criminal groups and networks all around the planet, leaving no geographical space untouched. The term appears to cover the geographical as well as the historical domain: ‘global’ has taken on the meaning of ‘forever and ever’. Global organized crime is also associatively linked with ‘globalisation’. The social construction of both terms in scientific discourse is in itself an interesting theme. But perhaps even more interesting, especially for academics trying to conduct empirical research in this area, is the analysis of the symbolic and practical meaning of these concepts. How should criminologists study globalisation in general and global organized crime in particular? Which instruments and ‘theoretical luggage’ do they have in order to conduct this kind of research? The aim of this book is not to formulate simple, straightforward answers to these questions, but rather to give an overview of contemporary criminological research combining international, national and local dimensions of specific organized crime pr- lems. The term global organized crime will hardly be used in this respect. In other social sciences, such as anthropology, there is a tendency to get rid of vague and abstract terms which can only serve to confuse our understanding. In our opinion, criminology should follow this initiative.
Author: Joachim Wagner
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
Release Date: 2011-08-31
Genre: Political Science
Muslimische Friedensrichter tragen keine Robe und haben keine juristische Ausbildung. Und doch sind sie Schlüsselfiguren einer islamischen Paralleljustiz, die das deutsche Rechtssystem zunehmend aushebelt. Gemeinsam mit deutschen Strafverteidigern setzen sie durch, dass Messerstecher, Betrüger und Mörder straflos bleiben. Polizei und Gerichte schauen den Machenschaften ohnmächtig zu. Joachim Wagner beschreibt spektakuläre Fälle und enthüllt, wie unsere Justiz vor einer fremden Rechtskultur kapituliert. Friedensrichter klingt nach einem ehrbaren Beruf. Doch unbemerkt von der Öffentlichkeit und sogar der Justiz hat sich in muslimisch geprägten Einwanderervierteln eine islamische Paralleljustiz etabliert. In den Verhandlungen zwischen den Täter- und Opferfamilien geht es oft alles andere als friedlich zu: Um Schulden einzutreiben oder die Gegenseite einzuschüchtern wird erpresst, geprügelt und geschossen und selbst mit Mord gedroht. Sind sich Täter und Opfer einig, wird die Strafjustiz massiv behindert. Richter erleben regelmäßig, dass sich Opfer und Zeugen schlagartig an nichts mehr erinnern, frühere Aussagen bagatellisieren oder Aussagen vor Gericht verweigern. Dadurch wird das Strafmonopol des deutschen Rechtsstaates systematisch unterlaufen. Joachim Wagner hat intensiv recherchiert. Er hat Strafakten analysiert und ausführlich Kriminalbeamte, Staatsanwälte, Richter, Strafverteidiger, Streitschlichter und Islamwissenschaftler interviewt. Sein Buch ist auch ein Justizkrimi, der in eine verborgene Welt führt: Es schildert die rätselhaften Rituale von Familien- und Stammesfehden und die Machtkämpfe von kriminellen arabischen und türkischen Clans.
Author: Piers Beirne
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Social Science
Ideal for undergraduate courses in criminology--especially those taught from a critical perspective--Criminology: A Sociological Approach, Fifth Edition, is a comprehensive yet highly accessible introduction to the study of crime and criminological theory. Authors Piers Beirne and James W. Messerschmidt present the topic from a sociological standpoint, emphasizing the social construction of crime and showing how crime relates to gender, class, race, and age. Providing students with a strong theoretical foundation, the book also addresses historical, feminist, and comparative perspectives and highlights the major types of crime and victimization patterns. The text is divided into three Parts: * Part I focuses on three questions: "What is crime?" "How can we measure how much crime there is in the United States?" and finally, "How can we compare rates of crime in different societies?" * Part II is a systematic guide to modern criminological theory and its historical development. * Part III examines specific types of crime, including property crime, interpersonal violence, white-collar crime, and political crime. Written in student-friendly language, Criminology uses abundant illustrations, examples, and case studies to elucidate key points. The text also offers many helpful learning aids, including chapter previews, lists of key terms, chapter reviews, questions for class discussion, and suggestions for further study. NEW TO THE FIFTH EDITION * Moves the theory chapters to earlier in the book, helping to better connect them with one another * Reorganizes the chapters on theory to showcase the self-contained, internally coherent nature of criminology--rather than criminology's place in the historical record * Adds examples throughout * Presents new and up-to-date empirical data in all sections * Discusses many new topics, including cultural criminology and green criminology * Covers numerous types of crime that were not discussed in previous editions (e.g., whiteness and crime, the rape-war connection, Ponzi schemes, domestic right-wing terrorism, and state- sanctioned torture)
Author: Stephen P. Frank
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Release Date: 1999-02-15
This book is the first to explore the largely unknown world of rural crime and justice in post-emancipation Imperial Russia. Drawing upon previously untapped provincial archives and a wealth of other neglected primary material, Stephen P. Frank offers a major reassessment of the interactions between peasantry and the state in the decades leading up to World War I. Viewing crime and punishment as contested metaphors about social order, his revisionist study documents the varied understandings of criminality and justice that underlay deep conflicts in Russian society, and it contrasts official and elite representations of rural criminality—and of peasants—with the realities of everyday crime at the village level.
Includes reports presented to the 1st- Conference of Directors of Criminological Research Institutes (1st-6th, 1963-1968 under earlier name: European Conference of Directors of Criminological Research Institutes) and to the 1st- Criminological Colloquium, 1973-