Mistakes Were Made But Not by Me

Author: Carol Tavris
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 9780547416038
Release Date: 2008-05-05
Genre: Psychology

“Entertaining, illuminating and—when you recognize yourself in the stories it tells—mortifying.” —Wall Street Journal “Every page sparkles with sharp insight and keen observation. Mistakes were made—but not in this book!” —Daniel Gilbert, author of Stumbling on Happiness Why is it so hard to say “I made a mistake”—and really believe it? When we make mistakes, cling to outdated attitudes, or mistreat other people, we must calm the cognitive dissonance that jars our feelings of self-worth. And so, unconsciously, we create fictions that absolve us of responsibility, restoring our belief that we are smart, moral, and right—a belief that often keeps us on a course that is dumb, immoral, and wrong. Backed by years of research, Mistakes Were Made (But Not by Me) offers a fascinating explanation of self-justification—how it works, the damage it can cause, and how we can overcome it. This updated edition features new examples and concludes with an extended discussion of how we can live with dissonance, learn from it, and perhaps, eventually, forgive ourselves. “A revelatory study of how lovers, lawyers, doctors, politicians—and all of us—pull the wool over our own eyes . . . Reading it, we recognize the behavior of our leaders, our loved ones, and—if we’re honest—ourselves, and some of the more perplexing mysteries of human nature begin to seem a little clearer.” —Francine Prose, O, The Oprah Magazine

Ich habe recht auch wenn ich mich irre

Author: Carol Tavris
Publisher: Riemann Verlag
ISBN: 9783641044183
Release Date: 2010-04-26
Genre: Self-Help

Das müsste nicht sein: Durch Rechthaberei machen wir uns und anderen das Leben schwer „Sorry seems to be the hardest word“, sang Elton John. Ob Finanzkrise oder verfehlte Kriegseinsätze, Umweltzerstörung oder Foltervorfälle im Irak – unermesslicher Schaden ist angerichtet worden, aber nirgends ist ein Schuldiger in Sicht, und schon gar keine Entschuldigung. Daher flüchten Verantwortliche auch gern in die passive Satzkonstruktion: „Fehler wurden gemacht“. Wie schaffen es all diese Leute, mit sich selbst klar zu kommen? Die Antwort des Autorenduos ist unbequem: mit denselben psychologischen Tricks, die wir alle anwenden, um unsere kleinen und großen Sünden vor uns selbst schön zu reden. Der Mann, der seine Frau schlägt, der Steuerzahler, der einen Teil seiner Einkünfte verschweigt, der Hotelgast, der sein Zimmer ramponiert, ohne den Schaden zu bezahlen – sie alle sind Meister in der Kunst der Selbstrechtfertigung. Zwei große Sozialpsychologen haben mit diesem enthüllenden Buch ein Psychogramm des Selbstbetrugs geschaffen. Sie ermutigen zur Selbsterkenntnis und zeigen Wege aus dem Teufelskreis von Irrtümern, Fehleinschätzungen und Rechthaberei. Aus Fehlern können wir lernen – aber nur, wenn wir zugeben, dass es sich überhaupt um Fehler handelte. Unterhaltsam und anschaulich durch prominente Fallbeispiele sowie allgemein geläufige Alltagssituationen.

Der Luzifer Effekt

Author: Philip G. Zimbardo
Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag
ISBN: 3827430275
Release Date: 2012-06-20
Genre: Psychology

Was bringt gute Menschen dazu, Böses zu tun? Wie können normale Menschen dazu verleitet werden, unmoralisch zu handeln? Wo liegt die Grenze zwischen Gut und Böse, und wer läuft Gefahr, sie zu überschreiten? Der renommierte Sozialpsychologe Philip Zimbardo erläutert in seinem neuen Buch Der Luzifer-Effekt, wie wir alle für die Verlockungen "der finsteren Seite" anfällig sind – und die unzähligen Gründe dafür. Anhand historischer Beispiele sowie seiner eigenen bahnbrechenden Forschungen führt er detailliert aus, wie situative Kräfte und gruppendynamische Prozesse zusammenwirken können, um aus anständigen Männern und Frauen Ungeheuer werden zu lassen. Zimbardo ist vielleicht am besten bekannt als der Kopf hinter dem Stanford Prison Experiment, einem Meilenstein der psychologischen Forschung. Hier erzählt er, zum ersten Mal und in fesselndem Detail, die ganze Geschichte dieser Studie, in der eine Gruppe freiwilliger Studenten zufällig in „Wärter“ und „Häftlinge“ aufgeteilt wurde, um dann in einem simulierten Gefängnis zu arbeiten und zu leben. Innerhalb einer Woche musste das Experiment abgebrochen werden, da normale Studenten sich in brutale, sadistische Wärter oder emotional gebrochene Gefangene verwandelt hatten. Indem er die psychischen Ursachen solcher verstörenden Metamorphosen analysiert, versetzt Zimbardo den Leser in die Lage, vielerlei entsetzliche Phänomene besser zu verstehen, von Straftaten der Wirtschaftskriminalität über organisierten Völkermord bis hin zu den Misshandlungen und Folterungen, die ursprünglich rechtschaffene US-amerikanische Soldaten in Abu Ghraib begangen haben. Die landläufige Vorstellung vom „faulen Apfel“ ersetzt er durch das Bild vom „bösen Fass“ – also der Hypothese, dass das soziale Umfeld und das System das Individuum pervertieren, und nicht etwa umgekehrt. Dieses Buch wagt es, der Menschheit einen Spiegel vorzuhalten, der zeigt, dass man vielleicht nicht der Mensch ist, für den man sich halten mag. Es zwingt uns zu hinterfragen, welcher Untaten wir – gefangen im Schmelztiegel der Verhaltensdynamik – fähig sein mögen, doch Zimbardo weckt auch neue Hoffnung: Er ist überzeugt, dass man nicht nur dem Bösen widerstehen, sondern gar selbst heroisches Verhalten entwickeln kann. Der Luzifer-Effekt ist eine schockierende und fesselnde Studie, die unsere Sicht des menschlichen Verhaltens verändern wird.

Stalking the Black Swan

Author: Kenneth A. Posner
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231521677
Release Date: 2010-04-22
Genre: Business & Economics

Kenneth A. Posner spent close to two decades as a Wall Street analyst, tracking the so-called "specialty finance" sector, which included controversial companies such as Countrywide, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, CIT, and MasterCard& mdash;many of which were caught in the subprime mortgage and capital markets crisis of 2007. While extreme volatility is nothing new in finance, the recent downturn caught many off guard, indicating that the traditional approach to decision making had let them down. Introducing a new framework for handling and evaluating extreme risk, Posner draws on years of experience to show how decision makers can best cope with the "Black Swans" of our time. Posner's shrewd assessment combines the classic fundamental research approach of Benjamin Graham and David Dodd with more recent developments in cognitive science, computational theory, and quantitative finance. He outlines a probabilistic approach to decision making that involves forecasting across a range of scenarios, and he explains how to balance confidence, react accurately to fast-breaking information, overcome information overload, zero in on the critical issues, penetrate the information asymmetry shielding corporate executives, and integrate the power of human intuition with sophisticated analytics. Emphasizing the computational resources we already have at our disposal& mdash;our computers and our minds& mdash;Posner offers a new track to decision making for analysts, investors, traders, corporate executives, risk managers, regulators, policymakers, journalists, and anyone who faces a world of extreme volatility.

Change Leader

Author: Michael Fullan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118106571
Release Date: 2011-07-26
Genre: Business & Economics

We live in a challenging, complex, inter-connected and unpredictable world beset by a range of seemingly insoluble problems. But, says Michael Fullan—an internationally acclaimed authority on organizational change—we have an increasing understanding of how to tackle complex change. This involves developing a new kind of leader: one who recognizes what is needed to bring about deep and lasting changes in living systems at all levels. These leaders need a deep understanding of what motivates us as human beings and how we tap into and influence other people's self-motivation. In his previous best-selling books The Six Secrets of Change, Leading in a Culture of Change, and Turnaround Leadership, Michael Fullan examined the concepts and processes of change. In Change Leader he turns his focus to the core practices of leadership that are so vital for leading in today's complex world. He reveals seven core practices for today's leaders, all of which appear to be deceptively simple but actually get to the essence of what differentiates a powerful leader from one who is merely competent: Practice Drives Theory Be Resolute Motivate the Masses Collaborate to Compete Learn Confidently Know Your Impact Sustain Simplexity Throughout the book Fullan argues that powerful leaders have built bedrocks of credibility, have learned how to identify the few things that matter most, and know how to leverage their skills in ways that benefit their entire organization. The author shows leaders how to avoid policies and strategies that focus on shallow and short-term goals and develop leadership skills for long-term success. With a wealth of illustrative examples from business, education, nonprofit, and government sectors Change Leader provides a much-needed leadership guide for today's turbulent climate.

The Way We re Working Isn t Working

Author: Tony Schwartz
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 9780857200495
Release Date: 2010-07-08
Genre: Business & Economics

This is the paperback edition of 'The Way We're Working Isn't Working'. Through his years of intensive work consulting to companies including Procter & Gamble, Sony, Toyota, Microsoft, Ford and Ernst & Young, with his firm The Energy Project, Schwartz has developed a powerful program for changing the way we are working that greatly boosts our engagement and our satisfication with our work and increases our performance. In this book he marshalls a wide range of powerful evidence from business research and psychology that shows that the current model of work is not only not optimal, it is specfically counter-productive because it saps us of our physical, emotional, mental and spiritual energy. In order for us to perform at our best, we must make a set of key changes in our work lives -- and in order to develop the full potential of their work force, our managers and companies must institute changes that will provide us with the regular physical renewal, emotional reward, mental focus and stimulation; and sense of purpose and significance that we need.

Denial

Author: Richard S. Tedlow
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 9781101196267
Release Date: 2010-03-04
Genre: Business & Economics

An astute diagnosis of one of the biggest problems in business Denial is the unconscious determination that a certain reality is too terrible to contemplate, so therefore it cannot be true. We see it everywhere, from the alcoholic who swears he's just a social drinker to the president who declares "mission accomplished" when it isn't. In the business world, countless companies get stuck in denial while their challenges escalate into crises. Harvard Business School professor Richard S. Tedlow tackles two essential questions: Why do sane, smart leaders often refuse to accept the facts that threaten their companies and careers? And how do we find the courage to resist denial when facing new trends, changing markets, and tough new competitors? Tedlow looks at numerous examples of organiza­tions crippled by denial, including Ford in the era of the Model T and Coca-Cola with its abortive attempt to change its formula. He also explores other companies, such as Intel, Johnson & Johnson, and DuPont, that avoided catastrophe by dealing with harsh realities head-on. Tedlow identifies the leadership skills that are essential to spotting the early signs of denial and taking the actions required to overcome it.

The Brothers John Foster Dulles Allen Dulles and Their Secret World War

Author: Stephen Kinzer
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9781429953528
Release Date: 2013-10-01
Genre: History

A joint biography of John Foster Dulles and Allen Dulles, who led the United States into an unseen war that decisively shaped today's world During the 1950s, when the Cold War was at its peak, two immensely powerful brothers led the United States into a series of foreign adventures whose effects are still shaking the world. John Foster Dulles was secretary of state while his brother, Allen Dulles, was director of the Central Intelligence Agency. In this book, Stephen Kinzer places their extraordinary lives against the background of American culture and history. He uses the framework of biography to ask: Why does the United States behave as it does in the world? The Brothers explores hidden forces that shape the national psyche, from religious piety to Western movies—many of which are about a noble gunman who cleans up a lawless town by killing bad guys. This is how the Dulles brothers saw themselves, and how many Americans still see their country's role in the world. Propelled by a quintessentially American set of fears and delusions, the Dulles brothers launched violent campaigns against foreign leaders they saw as threats to the United States. These campaigns helped push countries from Guatemala to the Congo into long spirals of violence, led the United States into the Vietnam War, and laid the foundation for decades of hostility between the United States and countries from Cuba to Iran. The story of the Dulles brothers is the story of America. It illuminates and helps explain the modern history of the United States and the world. A Kirkus Reviews Best Nonfiction Book of 2013

The China Problem in Postwar Japan

Author: Robert Hoppens
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781472575470
Release Date: 2015-01-29
Genre: History

The 1970s were a period of dramatic change in relations between Japan and the People's Republic of China (PRC). The two countries established diplomatic relations for the first time, forged close economic ties and reached political agreements that still guide and constrain relations today. This book delivers a history of this foundational period in Sino-Japanese relations. It presents an up-to-date diplomatic history of the relationship but also goes beyond this to argue that Japan's relations with China must be understood in the context of a larger "China problem?? that was inseparable from a domestic contest to define Japanese national identity. The China Problem in Postwar Japan challenges some common assertions or assumptions about the role of Japanese national identity in postwar Sino-Japanese relations, showing how the history of Japanese relations with China in the 1970s is shaped by the strength of Japanese national identity, not its weakness.

Teaching in Social Work

Author: Jeane W. Anastas
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231520935
Release Date: 2012-06-19
Genre: Social Science

Drawing from her extensive classroom and field experience, Jeane W. Anastas merges the "practice wisdom" of today's social work educators with contemporary theories on instruction and learning. Built around a teacher- and student-in-situation framework

Aspects of Leadership

Author: Carroll J. Connelley
Publisher: Marine Corps Association
ISBN: UCSD:31822038094090
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Philosophy

"The essays in this book are intended to inform leaders, and the general public, about the challenges of ethical decision making, the application of the law of war, and the important role of spirituality. Aspects of Leadership will educate readers and generate important questions that leaders should ask themselves, encouraging them to reflect upon their pivotal roles in these three areas"--Back cover.