Modeling Methods and Practices in Soil and Water Engineering

Author: Balram Panigrahi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781771883276
Release Date: 2017-03-16
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book discusses the development of useful models and their applications in soil and water engineering. It covers various modeling methods, including groundwater recharge estimation, rainfall-runoff modeling using artificial neural networks, development and application of a water balance model and a HYDRUS-2D model for cropped fields, a multi-model approach for stream flow simulation, multi-criteria analysis for construction of groundwater structures in hard rock terrains, hydrologic modeling of watersheds using remote sensing, and GIS and AGNPS.

Soil and Water Engineering

Author: Balram Panigrahi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781771883931
Release Date: 2017-03-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Modeling aspects have added a new dimension in research innovations in all branches of engineering. In the field of soil and water engineering, they are increasingly used for planning, development, and management of land and water resources, including analysis of quantity and quality parameters of surface and ground water, flood forecasting and control measures, optimum allocation and utilization of irrigation water. The application of these models saves considerable time in decision support systems and helps in conservation and optimum allocations of scarce precious natural resources.

Soil and Water Engineering

Author: Balram Panigrahi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781771883931
Release Date: 2017-03-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Modeling aspects have added a new dimension in research innovations in all branches of engineering. In the field of soil and water engineering, they are increasingly used for planning, development, and management of land and water resources, including analysis of quantity and quality parameters of surface and ground water, flood forecasting and control measures, optimum allocation and utilization of irrigation water. The application of these models saves considerable time in decision support systems and helps in conservation and optimum allocations of scarce precious natural resources.

Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Engineering

Author: Megh R. Goyal
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781315342146
Release Date: 2017-09-01
Genre: Science

This book covers an array of issues on emerging agricultural engineering and technology, featuring new research and studies. The volume is broken into three parts: emerging technologies, energy management in agriculture, and management of natural resources, in which particular attention is paid to water management, a necessary consideration for successful crop production, especially in water-scarce regions. Topics include: alleviating drainage congestion solar energy for agriculture anaerobic digestion by inoculation with compost self-propelled inter-cultivators agrobiodiversity watershed development and management This volume offers academia, engineers, technologists, students, and others from different disciplines information to gain knowledge on the breadth and depth of this multifaceted field of agricultural engineering. There is an urgent need to explore and investigate the current shortcomings and challenges of the current innovations and challenges.

Soil Erosion and Conservation

Author: R. P. C. Morgan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781405144674
Release Date: 2009-02-05
Genre: Science

Soil Erosion and Conservation provides a comprehensive treatment of the processes of soil erosion, the methods that can be used for their control, and the issues involved in designing and implementing soil conservation programmes. Features of the third edition of this internationally recognised textbook include: New material on gully erosion, tillage practices, erosion risk assessment, use of erosion models, incentives for farmers and land users, and community approaches to erosion control Updated sections on the mechanics of wind erosion, soil erodibility, use of vegetation in erosion control, traditional soil conservation measures, socio-economic issues and the role of government Describes the methods used to assess the risk of erosion and predict rates of soil loss Outlines the social, economic, political and institutional constraints on implementing soil protection measures Covers erosion and its control for agriculture, grazing, forestry, mining land, road banks, pipeline corridors and recreation Provides worldwide coverage of the success and failure of erosion control using material from Europe, Africa, Australia, America and Asia An Instructor manual CD-ROM for this title is available. Please contact our Higher Education team at [email protected] for more information.

Principles of Soil Conservation and Management

Author: Humberto Blanco-Canqui
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402087097
Release Date: 2008-09-16
Genre: Nature

“Principles of Soil Management and Conservation” comprehensively reviews the state-of-knowledge on soil erosion and management. It discusses in detail soil conservation topics in relation to soil productivity, environment quality, and agronomic production. It addresses the implications of soil erosion with emphasis on global hotspots and synthesizes available from developed and developing countries. It also critically reviews information on no-till management, organic farming, crop residue management for industrial uses, conservation buffers (e.g., grass buffers, agroforestry systems), and the problem of hypoxia in the Gulf of Mexico and in other regions. This book uniquely addresses the global issues including carbon sequestration, net emissions of CO2, and erosion as a sink or source of C under different scenarios of soil management. It also deliberates the implications of the projected global warming on soil erosion and vice versa. The concern about global food security in relation to soil erosion and strategies for confronting the remaining problems in soil management and conservation are specifically addressed. This volume is suitable for both undergraduate and graduate students interested in understanding the principles of soil conservation and management. The book is also useful for practitioners, extension agents, soil conservationists, and policymakers as an important reference material.

Sedimentation Engineering

Author: Marcelo H. GarcÁa
Publisher: ASCE Publications
ISBN: 9780784471289
Release Date: 2008-02-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Prepared by the ASCE Task Committee to Expand and Update Manual 54 of the Sedimentation Committee of the Environmental and Water Resources Institute of ASCE Sedimentation Engineering: Processes, Measurements, Modeling, and Practice presents extensive advances in methods of investigation, measurement, and analysis in the specialized field of sedimentation engineering. A supplement to the classic Sedimentation Engineering (Manual 54), this new volume not only documents the evolution of the field over a 50-year period, but also reports on the state of the practice. This manual addresses new topics in physical processes, measurements, modeling, and practice, mainly in the context of rivers and inland water bodies. With contributions from internationally recognized experts in various fields, MOP 110 will benefit hydrologists, geomorphologists, sedimentoloigists, land-use planners, and soil conservation specialists, as well as environmental, hydraulic, and agricultural engineers.

Soil Erosion Research Methods

Author: Soil and Water Conservation Society (U. S.)
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781351415965
Release Date: 2017-10-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This new edition of Soil Erosion Research Methods retains the themes and layout of the first edition. However, most chapters have been revised and some additional chapters have been added. There are new chapters on modeling wind and water erosion. Extensive revisions and updating have been done in chapters dealing with assessment of erosivity and erodibility, erosion, crop productivity, measuring sediment yield from river basins and field plot techniques. There is extensive updating of current statistics on the global magnitude of soil erosion by water and wind and on denudation rates. Several new authors have made significant improvements in revising and updating available information.

Application of Soil Physics in Environmental Analyses

Author: Wenceslau Geraldes Teixeira
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319060132
Release Date: 2014-06-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The importance to preserve soil and water have is increasingly recognized. Agricultural practices and ecological trends both affect and are affected by soil physical properties. The more frequency of natural disasters, as landslides and thunderstorms addresses the importance to integrate soil characteristics in predictive models. Soil physics research has grown considerably specially in the use of innovative sensors, soil databases, and modeling techniques have been introduced into soil water relationship and environmental monitoring. Those advances are thoroughly dispersed in articles and conference proceedings In this volume, the authors will bring together the effectiveness of many new field and lab sensors and examine the current state-of-the-art in modeling and data analysis. It also includes innovative approaches and case studies in tropical soils. Future directions in soil physics research are given by key researchers in this discipline.

Water Resource Systems Planning and Management

Author: Daniel P. Loucks
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319442341
Release Date: 2017-03-02
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book is open access under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license. This revised, updated textbook presents a systems approach to the planning, management, and operation of water resources infrastructure in the environment. Previously published in 2005 by UNESCO and Deltares (Delft Hydraulics at the time), this new edition, written again with contributions from Jery R. Stedinger, Jozef P. M. Dijkman, and Monique T. Villars, is aimed equally at students and professionals. It introduces readers to the concept of viewing issues involving water resources as a system of multiple interacting components and scales. It offers guidelines for initiating and carrying out water resource system planning and management projects. It introduces alternative optimization, simulation, and statistical methods useful for project identification, design, siting, operation and evaluation and for studying post-planning issues. The authors cover both basin-wide and urban water issues and present ways of identifying and evaluating alternatives for addressing multiple-purpose and multi-objective water quantity and quality management challenges. Reinforced with cases studies, exercises, and media supplements throughout, the text is ideal for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in water resource planning and management as well as for practicing planners and engineers in the field.

Sustainable Management of Land Resources

Author: G.P. Obi Reddy
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781315341422
Release Date: 2017-09-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The depletion of land resources is one of the greatest challenges for mankind in this millennium. Shrinking land resources, weather aberrations, deterioration of land quality, and the globalization and liberalization of market economies have become intertwined to influence the sustainable management of land resources and land use plans. This important volume, Sustainable Management of Land Resources: An Indian Perspective, addresses these challenges. This comprehensive volume, covering important research, much of it gathered with the use of new technology, tools, and applications, is organized into four sections: (add bullets) land resource inventory and characterization geospatial technologies in land resource mapping and management soil nutrient status and management land use planning and livelihood security The volume looks at how scientists translate their knowledge and experience in sustainable land resources and management into implementable policy decisions, with a particular focus on India. Since India is an agrarian economy, the land resources assume a very critical role affecting the livelihood of a vast majority of populace in the country. The information gathered—and the methods by which it is gathered—is applicable globally. This comprehensive publication will be highly useful for the researchers, academicians, extension workers, policymakers, planners, officials of land resources survey, planning and management institutions/agencies/departments, and others.

Soil and Rock Behavior and Modeling

Author: Ronaldo Luna
Publisher: Amer Society of Civil Engineers
ISBN: UOM:39015064120127
Release Date: 2006-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Soil and Rock Behavior and Modeling represents the latest advances in the static and dynamic behavior of soils and rocks, including constitutive modeling and numerical methods. This Geotechnical Special Publication contains 65 international papers that were presented at the GeoShanghai Conference held in Shanghai, China from June 6-8, 2006. The book begins with two keynote articles that discuss soil constitutive modeling. The first section of the book discusses theoretical concepts and experimental procedures of soil behavior and laboratory testing. The second sections papers span from advanced concepts in rock mechanics to the interactions in constructed facilities. It also includes numerical applications of problems in rocks. The third section focuses on modeling soil behavior, with many of the papers using field and laboratory experimental data to verify their findings. Finally, the fourth section discusses the latest advances in soil and soil structure interactions under dynamic excitation. It contains results from work using shaking tables, wave induced loading, vibrations and numerical simulations.

Hydrology and Soil Conservation Engineering

Author: GHANSHYAM DAS
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 9788120335868
Release Date: 2008-12-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Streamlined to facilitate student understanding, this second edition, containing the latest techniques and methodologies and some new problems, continues to provide a comprehensive treatment of hydrology of watersheds, soil erosion problems, design and installation of soil conservation practices and structures, hydrologic and sediment yield models, watershed management and water harvesting. It also deals with the special requirements of management of agricultural and forested watersheds. This book is designed for undergraduate students of agricultural engineering for courses in hydrology, and soil and water conservation engineering. It will also be of considerable value to students of agriculture, soil science, forestry, and civil engineering. KEY FEATURES Emphasises fundamentals using numerous illustrations to help students visualise different phenomena Offers lucid presentation of field practices Presents the analysis and design of basic hydraulic structures Devotes an entire chapter to watershed management Provides numerous solved design problems and exercise problems to develop a clear understanding of the theory Gives theoretical questions, and objective type questions with answers to test the students’ understanding.

Soil and Water Conservation Engineering

Author: Rodney L. Huffman
Publisher:
ISBN: 1892769867
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Agricultural engineering

Emphasizes engineering design of soil and water conservation practices and their impact on the environment, primarily air and water quality. As in previous editions, the purpose of this book is to provide a professional text for undergraduate and graduate agricultural and biological engineering students and for others interested in soil and water conservation in rural and urban areas. Subject matter includes all the engineering phases of soil and water conservation for a one- or two-semester course.

Water Implications of Biofuels Production in the United States

Author: Committee on Water Implications of Biofuels Production in the United States
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309113618
Release Date: 2008-01-09
Genre: Science

National interests in greater energy independence, concurrent with favorable market forces, have driven increased production of corn-based ethanol in the United States and research into the next generation of biofuels. The trend is changing the national agricultural landscape and has raised concerns about potential impacts on the nation's water resources. To help illuminate these issues, the National Research Council held a colloquium on July 12, 2007 in Washington, DC. Water Implications of Biofuels Production in the United States, based in part on discussions at the colloquium, concludes that if projected future increases in use of corn for ethanol production do occur, the increase in harm to water quality could be considerable from the increases in fertilizer use, pesticide use, and soil erosion associated with growing crops such as corn. Water supply problems could also develop, both from the water needed to grow biofuels crops and water used at ethanol processing plants, especially in regions where water supplies are already overdrawn. The production of "cellulosic ethanol," derived from fibrous material such as wheat straw, native grasses, and forest trimmings is expected to have less water quality impact but cannot yet be produced on a commerical scale. To move toward a goal of reducing water impacts of biofuels, a policy bridge will likely be needed to encourage growth of new technologies, best agricultural practies, and the development of traditional and cellulosic crops that require less water and fertilizer and are optimized for fuel production.