Modern Crystallography 2

Author: Boris K. Vainshtein
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642572548
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Science

The four-volume treatment Modern Crystallography presents an encyclopaedic exposition of problems concerning the structure of crystals, their growth and their properties. Structure of Crystals deals with crystal structures in inorganic and organic compounds, polymers, liquid crystals, biological crystals and macromolecules.

Structure of Crystals

Author: Boris K. Vainshtein
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642975127
Release Date: 2013-03-14
Genre: Science

Modern Crystallography provides an encyclopedic exposition of the field in four volumes written by Russian scientists. Structures of Crystals considers the ideal and real atomic structure of crystals as well as their electronic structures, the fundamentals of chemical bonding between atoms, geometric representations in the theory of crystal structure and crystal chemistry, as well as lattice energy. The important classes of crystal structures in inorganic compounds as well as structure polymers, liquid crystals, biological crystals, and macromolecules are treated. This second edition is complemented by recent data on many types of crystal structures - fullerenes, high-temperature superconductors, minerals, liquid crystals, etc.

Magnetism and the Electronic Structure of Crystals

Author: Vladimir A. Gubanov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642844119
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Science

The quantum theory of magnetism is a well-developed part of contemporary solid-state physics. The basic concepts of this theory can be used to describe such important effects as ferromagnetic ordering oflocalized magnetic moments in crystals and ferromagnetism of metals produced by essentially delocalized electrons, as well as various types of mutual orientation of atomic magnetic moments in solids possessing different crystal lattices and compositions. In recent years,the spin-fluctuational approach has been developed, which can overcome some contradictions between "localized" and "itinerant" models in the quantum mechanics of magnetic crystals. These are only some of the principal achievements of quantum magnetic theory. Almost all of the known magnetic properties of solids can be qualitat ively explained on the basis of its concepts. Further developments should open up the possibility of reliable quantitative description of magnetic properties of solids. Unfortunately, such calculations based on model concepts appear to be very complicated and, quite often, not definite enough. The rather small number of parameters of qualitative models are usually not able to take into account the very different types of magnetic interactions that appear in crystals. Further development of magnetic theory requires quantitative information on electronic wave function in the crystal considered. This can be proved by electronic band structure and cluster calculations. In many cases the latter can be a starting point for quantitative calculations of parameters used in magnetic theory.

Crystal Structure Analysis for Chemists and Biologists

Author: Jenny P. Glusker
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471185434
Release Date: 1994-10-13
Genre: Science

The fields of structural chemistry and biochemistry have blossomed in the last seventy years since X-ray diffraction was discovered in 1912. Dorothy Hodgkin, who obtained a Nobel Prize in 1965 for her X-ray diffraction work wrote 'a great advantage of X-ray analysis as a method of chemical structure analysis is its power to show some totally unexpected and surprising structure with, at the same time, complete certainty.' The results of all X-ray diffraction studies are used by chemists and buiochemists but these scientists need to be able to appreciate the significance and extent to which these results may be used. A number of books written for practicing crystallographers cover the theory and applications of X-ray diffraction, but few are of real practical use to non-specialists. In 'Crystal Structure Analysis for Biologists and Chemists', the general principles of crystal structure are presented in a highly readable way. The book of Glusker, who is internationally renowned, provides good coverage of theory, including data and understanding their significance.

Modern crystallography

Author: Boris Konstantinovich Vaĭnshteĭn
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: UCLA:L0065872129
Release Date: 1981
Genre: Science

Crystal Symmetries

Author: B. K. Vainshtein
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781483299105
Release Date: 2014-06-28
Genre: Science

Crystal Symmetries is a timely account of the progress in the most diverse fields of crystallography. It presents a broad overview of the theory of symmetry and contains state of the art reports of its modern directions and applications to crystal physics and crystal properties. Geometry takes a special place in this treatise. Structural aspects of phase transitions, correlation of structure and properties, polytypism, modulated structures, and other topics are discussed. Applications of important techniques, such as X-ray crystallography, biophysical studies, EPR spectroscopy, crystal optics, and nuclear solid state physics, are represented. Contains 30 research and review papers.

Crystallography in modern chemistry

Author: Thomas C. W. Mak
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
ISBN: 0471547026
Release Date: 1992-06-18
Genre: Science

A comprehensive resource book providing professionals and students with a broad survey of structural information delineating the parallel development of crystallography and modern chemistry. Provides detailed description of crystal structures in increasing levels of complexity, from metals to organics, inorganics, organometallics, and inclusion compounds. Examples used to illustrate topics have been carefully selected to reflect the major advances of recent years and to bring the reader to the forefront of active research by including topics of current interest.

Modern X Ray Analysis on Single Crystals

Author: Peter Luger
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110308280
Release Date: 2014-04-01
Genre: Science

This completely revised edition is a guide for practical work in X-ray analysis. Experimental developments e.g. brilliant X-ray sources, area detection, and developments in computer hardware and software have led to increasing applications in X-ray analysis. An introduction to basic crystallography moves quickly to a practical and experimental treatment of structure analysis. Essential reading from the student to the professional level.

The quantum Hall effects

Author: Tapash Chakraborty
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: UVA:X002240115
Release Date: 1995
Genre: Science

The Quantum Hall Effects presents a general survey of most of the theoretical work on the subject and briefly reviews the experimental results on the excitation gap. Several new topics like anyons, radiative recombinations in the fractional regime, experimental work on the spin-reversed quasi-particles, etc are added to render the monographic treatment up-to-date. To complete the picture this second edition includes three chapters on the integral quantum Hall effect.